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>> Woodruff: GOOD EVENING, M JUDY WOODRUFF. ON THE NEWSHO THIS THURSDAY E LEAD STORY IS THE SENATE CONFIRMATION OF SONIAOTOMAYOR AS THE FIRST HISPANICUSTICE ON THE SUEME COURT. THEN THE OTHER NEWS OF THDAY: LOOK AT THE TERROR THREAT IN SOMIA; WHO'S GETTING CASH FOR UNKERS AND WHAT ARE THEY BUYING; ANA SCIENCE STORY ABOUT USING ORENSIC TESTING TO DETERMINE T AGE OF IVORY TUS. MAJOR FUNNG FOR THE NEWSUR WITH JIM LEHREIS PROVIDED BY:
>> WHAT E WORLD NEEDS NOW IS ENERGY. THENERGY TO GET THE ECONOMY HUMMING AGAIN. THE ENERGY TO TACKLE ALLENGES LIKE CLITE CHANGE. WHAT IS THAT ENERGY CE FROM AN ENERGYOMPANY? EVERYDAY, CHEVRON INVESTS $6 MILLION IN PEOPLE, IIDEAS-- SEEKING,EACHING, BUILDING. FUELING GROWTH OUND THE WORLD TOOVE US ALL AHEAD. THIS IS T POWER OF HUMAN ENERGY. CHEVN. INTL. SUPPORTING MATAND SCIENCE EDUTION FOR TOMORROW'S INNOVATORS. THE ATLANTIC ILANTHROPIES. AND WITH THONGOING SUPPORT OF THESE INSTITUTIONS AND FOUNDATIONS. AND... THIS PROGRAM WAS MADE POIBLE BY THE CORPATION FOR PUBLICROADCASTING. AND BY CONTRIBUTIS TO YOUR PBS STION FROM VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU.
>> Woruff: THE U.S. SENATE CONFIRMED SONIA SOTOMAR TO THE NATION'S HIGHEST COURT TODAY E FEDERAL APPEALS JUDGE WILL NOW COME THE FIRST HISPANIC JUSTICE AND THEHIRD WOMAN TO S ON THE UNITED STATES SUPREM COURT. JEFEY BROWN HAS OUR LEAD STORY REPORT.
>> ON THIS VOTE THE YAYS ARE 68, THE NAYS ARE 31.
>> Reporter: THE CONFIATION VOTE THIS TERNOON MADE JUDGE SOTOMAYOR THE 111TH JUSTICE SUPREME COURT HIORY. AND THE MAN WHO NOMINAT HER, PRESIDENT AMA, MARKED THE CASION A SHORT TIME LATER.
>> WITH THIS HISTORIC VOTETHE SENATE HAS AFFIRM THAT JUDGE SOTOMAYOR HAS THENTELLECT, THE TEMPERAMENT, T HISTORY, THE INTEGRY, AND THE INDEPENDENCE OF MIND TO AY SERVE ON OUR NAON'S HIGHEST COURT. THISS A ROLL THE SENATE HAS PLAYED FOR MOREHAN TWO CENTURIES, HELPING ENSURE THAT EAL JUSTICE UNDERHE LAW IS NOT MERELY A PHRASE INSIBED ABOVE R CURTHOUSE OR BUT A DESCRIPTION OF WHATAPPENS EVERY SINGLE DAY INSIDE THE COURTROOM.
>> Rorter: 57 OF 58 SENATE DEMOCRATS APPROVED THE JGE, AS DID TWO INPENDENTS WHO GENELLY VOTE WITH DEMOCRATS; ONLY WARD KENNEDY MISSED THE VOTE. HE RAINED IN MASSACHUSETTS, SUFFERING FROM BRAIN CCER. ANOTHER AILING DEMOCRAT VETERAN, ROBERT RD OF WEST VIRGIN, DID APPEAR TODAY TO VOTE IN FAVOR. NINE REPUBLICANS CROSSEPARTY LINES TO VE "YES" AS WELL. AMONG THEM S GEORGE VOINOVICH OF OO. HE JECTED CRITICISM THAT SOTOMAYOR'S RECORD SHOWAN AGGRESSIVE LIBAL AGENDA.
>> JGE SOTOMAYOR'S OPINION FOR THE MOST PART WEREENGTHY, WORKMAN-LICKIMITED RULING THE SO OF OPINIONS TAT EXHIT THE JICIAL RESTRAINT ONE WOULD HOPE FOR A SREME COURT JUSTICE.
>> Reporte BUT THE MAJORITY OF REPUBLICANS VOTED NO, AND W IN THOSE SE RULINGS AND SOTOYOR'S SPEECHES AND WRITIN REASON TO OPPOSE HER CONFIRMATION. CHARLES GRASSLEY IOWA
>> UNFORTUNATELY, JUDG SOTOMAYOR'S SPEEES AND WRITINGS ER THE YEARS REVEAL A JUDIAL PHILOSOPHY THAT HIGHLHTS THE IMPORTANCE OF PERSONAL PREFERENCES ANBELIEFS IN HER JICIAL METHOD.
>> Reporter: DEMOCT TOM CARPER OF DELAWARE ID THAT KIND OF SCRUTINY PRESENTS A STANRD NO NOMINEE ORENATOR COULD MEET. 'S EASY TOAKE ONE LINE OM ONE O OUR SPEECHESO TAKE US OUT CONTEXT AND MAKE US APPEAR TO BE SOMEO WE ARE NOT. >>uarez: THE BROADER POLITICS OF THE VOTE WER ON DISPLAY AFTERWARD. DEMOCRAT RERT&] MENDEZ WAS ASKED WHETHER REPUBCANS WOULD SUFFER BECAUSE SOMANY OPPOSED THE FIRSTISPANIC JUSTICE.
>> FOR THE HISPANIC COMNITY, WHICH IS N MONOLITHIC, IT WAS MONOLITHIC ABOUT JUDGE SON SOTOMAYOR. IF YOU MEET A OF THE CHALLENS THAT YOU ARE TOLD YOU NEED TO MEET ANSTILL YOU CAN E TOLD NO, DESPITE FIDELITY THE CONSTITUTION,HE LAW AND PRECEDENT, EN IT SENDS A TOUGH MESSAGE TO US AS A COMMUNI. AND I THINK THAT SSAGE IS ONE THATILL BE SERIOUSLY VIEWED IN THE DAYS AHEAD BY THCOMMUNITY.
>> Reporter:EPUBLICANS HELD NO POST-VOTE BRIEFINGS ON THE CONFIRMATION. JUE SOTOMAYOR WILL TAKE THE PLACE OF RETIRING JUICE DAVID UTER WHO THOUGH NOMINATED BY PRESIDENT GEORGE H.W. BU, BECAME A RELIAE LIBERAL VOTE. HER SEATING IS NOT EXPECD TO CHANGE THE COURT'S IDEOLOGICA DIVIDE. SHE WILL BSWORN IN SATURDAY, ALLOWING HETO TAKE PART IN A SPECIAL RE-ARGUMENT OF A CAAIGN FINANCE CASE THE URT WILL HEAR NE MONTH. NOW FOR SO PERSPECTIVE ON WHAT TODAY'S CONFIRMATION MNS TO THE HISPANIC COMMUNITY AND BEYOND, WE TU TO: RAMONA ROMO, PRESIDENT OF THE HISPANIC NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATIO DANNY VARGAS, CHAIRMAN OF THE REPUBLIN NATIONAL HISPANIC ASSEMB; AND DREW KOHUT, PRESIDENT OF THE PEW RESEARCH CENTEFOR THE PEOPLE A THE PRESS. RAMONA RERO: WHAT DOES THE CONFIRMATION MEAN TO YOU?
>> TO ME IT'S A DREAM COME TRUE. IT'S A REAFFIRMATIONHAT WE LATINOS N BE RECOGNIZED A CONTRIBUTING MEMBER OF OUR SOCIET AND THERE ARE NO LIMITS TO WHAT WE CAN ACHIEVE.
>> Rerter: DANNY VARY GAS WHAT DOES ITMEAN TO YOU?
>> IT'S A GREAT AMERICAN SRY. A WOMAN WHO WORKED HAR, TWO EDUCATED, D THE RIGHT THINGS AND WAS ABLETO SUCCEED IN HER PROFESSNAL AND PERSONAL LIFE. AT THE SAME TIME, I WOULDAY IT WAS GOOD AND RIGHT THAT SHE WENT THUGH A RIGOROUS, STRICT SCRUTI THROUGH THE HEARINGS PROCESAND WAS ABLE TO ANSWER TOU QUESTIONS FROM BOT DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICS.
>> Repoer: YOU TOLD US BEFORE SHE WOULD NOHAVE BEEN YOUR NOMINEE. >>HE WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN MY NOMINEE. I WOULD HAVE PREFERRED NOMINEE FROM AN IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE THAT WOULD HAVE BE MORE TO THE CENTE SHE CLEARLY LEFT OF CENTER. BU I THINK IN HER RULINGSVER HER 17 YEARS ONHE FEDERAL BUNCH,HE'S DEMONSTRATED SHE CAN BE MAINSTREAM FOR THE MOST PT BUT I CAN SEE WHERE SINCERE CENTRISTSOULD HAVE SOME REAL ISSS WITH SOME OF HER REALIN AND ATEMENTS IN THE PAST >>Reporter: AND YOU TALKED WITH AUMBER OF THEM IN THEDAYS BEFEHAND ABOUT THOSE THINGS SO THEY WERE WR WRESTLING WITH THAT.
>> MANY, FOR EXPLE, ORRIN HATCH WHO'S BEEN AHAMPION THIN THE HISPANICCOMMUNITY R MANY YEARS, HE WANTS TO SEE A HISPANIC ON THE COURT. MIGUEL ESADA WOULD HAVE BEEN A GREAT NOMINEE TO GO THROUGH THE APPEALS COURT PROSS AND BECOME A SUPERIOR COURT NONEE. HE WAS TRTED VERY BADLY BY THE DEMOCRATSO HIS PROCESS TO BECOME CONFIRME SO I TINK IT'S GOING TO BE VY IMORTANT FOR US TO SAYHAT WHILE S WAS A GREAT NOMINEE, ERE WERE ISSUESTHAT PEOPLE HAD.
>> Reporter: MS. RORO, THERE WAS A LOT DURING THIS WHOLE PROCESS, THERE W A LOT OF TK TO STAY WITH THE SENE DEBATE OCESS, A LOT OFALK ABOUT THE ROLE ETHNICITY IN A PERSON'S... ANGENDER IN A PERSON'S ABILITY TO BE A JUDGE AND HOW THAT WOULD PLAY AS A JUDGE. AT DIDE... WHAT DID YOU TAKE FROM THAT DEBATE? S IT HELUL? WAS IT HEALTHY? DI ANYTHING USEFULOME FROM THAT
>> I FIND IRONIC THAT TH FOLKS WHO FOCUSED O THAT ISSUE DO NOT THINK ABOUT T FACT THAT 106 OF 110 SUPRE COURT JTICES HAVE BEEN WHITE MALES AND INHERENT IN A LOT OF THE QUESTIONS IS THE PREMISE THA ONLY WHITEALES CAN BE IMPTIAL. IT IS CLEAR FROM JGE SONIA SOTOMAYOR'S 17-YEAR RECO ON THE NCH THAT SHE ADHER TO THE RULE OF LAW. SHE IS A MAINSTREA JIST AND THAT IS THE KEY AND THAT SHOULD BE THE FOCUS OF THE DEBATE. I ALSO DISAGR M VARGAS' ASSESENT TAT THEY'RE ISSUE FO SINCERE SENATORS TO BE CONCERNED ABOUT. THE TEST CANNOT BE WHETHER YOU AGRE OR DIGREE WITH A JUDGE'S LIKELY RINGS. AER ALL, WE HAVE A FAIR AND INDENDENT JUDICIARY SO THAT WE HAVE A SAFE PLACE PEOPLE WHEN WE DISAGREE WI OUR GOVERMENT SO THAT WE CAN RE... THE POLITICAL PRESSURES ARE NOT GOING TO INFORM THE ULTIMATE OUTCOME LEGAL DECISIONS. SO I THINK IT'S A HORRIBLE STANDARD IMPOSEN A JUE HAT YOU CAN ONLY GET MY VOTE IF I'M A U.S. SENATOR IF I'M LIKELY TO AGREE WITH YOUR OPINIONS.
>> Reporter: MR. VARGAS, WH TO YOU MAKE OF THE DEBATE THATOOK PLCE OVER THE LAST WEEKS.
>> AIN, WE'RE NOT GOING TO REAY THE HEARINGS HERE. BUT AT WE HAD TO SEE WAS... MY RECOMMENDATI TO REPUBLICAN SENATORS WAS TOAKE SURE WE HAD FAIR AND RESPECTFUL PROCE, TWO THROU STRICT SCRUTI, ASK TOGH QUESTIONS BECAUSE I THI EVE JUDGE SOMAYOR WOULD HAVE PREFERRED TO HAVE TH STRICT SCRUTINYO SHE CAN GO THROUGH THE TOUGH QUESTIONS. I THINK THE REAL CCERN, THOUGH, IS NOT A PARTICULAR... HOW SHE MIGHT VOTE ON A RTICULAR CASE BUT HER VI OF THE ROLE OF THE COUR WE DO HAVE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERENT THAT GO THROUGH THIS BALANCING ACT TOUGH THIS TUG-OF-WAR EVERYY SO I THINK SOME OF THE CONCERNS OF SINCERE SENATS WAS WHAT HER VIEW OF THE CURT WAS GOING TO BE MVING FORWARD. Reporter: I THINK...
>> Reporter: I NT TO BRING IN ANDY KHUT BECAUSE YOU'VE BEEN TRACK THENTEREST IN THE CONRMATION. WE DON'TWANT TO RFLAY WHOLE DEBATEERE, BUT IN TERMS OF INTEREST... STRONG INTEREST. STRONGNTEREST. 54OF THE PUBLICAID THEY'D BEEN FOLLING THE ORY CLOSELY. WHEN WE WER TEALING WITH ALITO A YEARR SO AGOR TWO YEA AGO WAS ONLY 37%. SO THIS IS STORY THAT ENGAGED AMERICSF ALL ETHNIC GROUPS AND MEN AND WOMEN AND SO ON AND SO FORTH. 51% OF LATINOS. NO PARTICULARLY GATER THAN THE PUBLIC AT LARGE, BUT FOR BOTH LATINOS AND T GENERAL PUBLIC MUCH GREATERHAN USUAL FOR SUPREME COT NOMINEES.
>> Reporter: WE YOU ABLE TO LOOK AT SOME OF THE PARTICULA ASPECTS THAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT HERE, WE'RE DEBATING ABOU THE GENDER ISSUES, THE ETHNICITY ISSUES,HE THINGS THAT SRRED PEOPLE UP?
>> NOT SOUCH THAT T MORE THE BOTTOM LINE REACTIONS TO WHAT SHOULD HAPPEN HERE. R THEAST SIX TO EGHT WEEKS, WE FOUND SOLIDMAJORITIES WERE MAJORITIES OF THE PUBLIC SAYING THAT SHE SHOULD BE CONFMED. THE LASTOLL BY A MARGIN OF 50% TO 28%. AS YOU MIGHTXPECT, AMONG HISPANIC CITIZENS, TH MARGINS OFSUPPORT WERE MUCH HIGHER, 61% TO3%. AND WHAT WE HAD SEEN WITH BOTH JUSTICE... THE CONFIRMATION OF JUSCE ROBERTS AND JUSTI ALITO, A MUCH CLOSER DIVION OF OPINION ON BOTH OF THEM, ESPECLLY ALITO. SO SHE GOT A GOOD RECEPTION FROM THE AMERICAN PUBLIC, BUT ESPECIALLY FROM HISPANIC CITIZENS, AS YOU MIGHT IMAGINE.
>> Reporter: SO, MS. ROMERO, WHAT DOE THAT INTERES AND NOW THE CONFIRMATION TRANSLATENTO, PARTICULARLY INTERMS OF POLITI, THE POLITICAL IMPACT? WE HEARD SENATOR MARTINEZ IN OUR PIECE. WHAT DO YOU TNK WILL BE THE IMPA?
>> WELL, THK WE ARE A GENERS PEOPLE. FORGIVE BUT WE DON'T FORGET AND I THINK THE REPUBLICAN PARTY MISSED A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO RECONNECT AND REENGE WITH THE LATINO COMMUNITY. I WAS SITTING IN THE GALLERY TODAY AN WAS TAKING NOTICE OF WHO VOT YES AND W VOTED NO. AND MORE IMRTANTLY, THERE WERE WATCH PRTIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY TODHERE PEOPLE OF L RACES, ETHNICITIESND BOTH GENDERS WERE WATCNG WHAT WAS HAPPENING. SO ITHINK THIS WAS A MISSED OPPORTITY FOR THE REPUBCANS. I THINK IT SENT A HORRIBLE MESSAGE TO THE HISPANIC COMMUNITY BECAUSE WEFFERED ONE OF OUR VERY BEST A THEY FOUND HER WANTING. Reporter: MR. VARGAS? WILL THERE BE POLITICAL REPERCUSSIONS?
>> THERE MAY BE. I'LBE HONEST WITH YOU I THINK WHAT REPUBCANS NEED TO DO IS PNT OUT THE FACT THAT DEOCRATS TREATED CONSVATIVE NOMINEES LIKE MIGL ERADA, LIKE JANI ROGER BROWN VERY, VERY UNFAIRLY AND VE NEGIVELY. JUDGE SOTOMAYORAS TREATED WITH RESPECT, S WAS GIVEN A FA PCESS. AT THE END OF T DAY, TUGH, IT'S OING TO BE UP TO HISPANICS TO REALIZE WHE THIS FITS I THE EQUATION. THINK THEY'LL... THEYILL HAVE SEEN THIS VOTE AS SOMETHING THAT THEY DIDN'T LE, THEY DIDN'TGRE WITH BUTN THE BIG SCHEME OF THINGTHERE ARE THINGS LIKE THE ECONOMY, INS LIKE HEALTHARE, FOREIGN POLICY THATHEY WILL ALSO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT AS THEY MOV FORWARD IN VOTING IN T FUTURE.
>> Reporter: H DIVERSE IS THAT COMMUNITY? WE HEARD SENATOR MENDEZ TALK ABOUT...ENENDEZ TALK ABOUT IT WAS A DIRSE... IN THIS CASE HE THOUGHT IT WAS SINGLE BLOCK. DO YOU AGREE?
>> I AGREE. BY AND LARGE T VAST MAJORITY OF SPANICS SUPPORTED JUDGE SOTOMAYOR'S NOMINATION TO E COURT I WOULD EXPE MOVING FORWARD WE'RE GOING TO KEEP WATCHING HOW SHE RULES IN THE FUTURE I WOU LOVE TO BE ABLE TO SEE HER MOVE FORWARD AND BECE A GREAT SUPRE COURT JUSTICE. I THINK HER PERSONAL STORY AND LIFE ACCOMPLIMENTS WOULD BE A GREAT EXAMPLE TO NOTJUST YOUNG HISPANICS GROWING UPUT ALL AMERICANS. THIS IS A GREAT AMICAN STORY. BUT WE'RE GOING TO KEEP ANYE ON HOWHE RULES IN THE FUTURE ON THOSEIMPORTANTISSUES WILL AFFECT ALLMERICANS.
>> Reporter: ANDY YOU OKED AT THIS ASPECT OF TS AS WELL. ON T OTHER HAND, EXPECT REPUBLICAN SENARS VOTING AGAINST R FACED. WELL, THEY HAD T DEAL WITH THEIR OWN... THEIR PART AS WELL,IGHT?
>> THEY HAD TO DEAL WITH THAT SE THAT INCREASINGLY THIKS THEY'RE NOTCONSERVATIVE ENOUGH AND THEY'RE NO STANDING UP FOR THE INCIPLES OF THE REPLICAN PARTY. ON THE OTHER HAND, THE REPUBLICANS ARE IN A DEEP HOLE WITH HSPANICOTERS. IN THE FIRST TERM THEY WERE DOINQUITE NICELY... THE REPUBLICANS WER DOING QUITE NICELY THANKSO PRESIDENT BUSH'S POPULARY WITH HPANIC VOTERS. THEY WON % OF THE VOTE THGH. THAT FELL 30% IN '06 AND 30% IN '08 AND WE HAVE A SITUATION WHERE THE RUBLICAN PARTY IS 88% WHITE ANGLO, THE SAME PERCENTAGE THATAS WHITE ANGLO IN 2000. THE DEMRATS, ON THE OER HAND, HAVE CHANGED FROM 64% WHITE ANGLO TO 5 IN EIGHT YEA. HPANIC VOTERS ARE NO ATTRACTED TO THE REPUBLICAN PTY BY A MARIN OF 55%O 8% THE PEW HISPANIC CENTE FOUND IT'SHE DEMOCRATS WHO CARE MORE ABOUT THE INTERE OF HISPANICS IN THE THI COUNY. A PROBLEM.
>> Reporter: MS. ROMERO, I WANT TO END COMING BACK TO WHERE WE STARTED WITHHE LARGER IMPACT. AS I SAID? R OPENING ECE, THE THINNG IS THAT IN TERMS OF THE SUPREME COURT, THIS IS UNLIKELYTO HAVE A HUGE IMPACT. SUBSTITUTING JUDGE SOMAYOR FOR JUSTICE SOUTER. WHAT ABOUT FOR THEEGAL SYSTEM MORE BROLY, SNW DO YOU SEE SOME KIND OF BROADER PACT?
>> I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT BECAUSE O JSTICE SYSTEM RELIESN PUIC TRUST AND CONFINCE ITS PARTIALITY. IT ISIMPORTANT THAT THA SYSTEM REFLES ALLEGMENTS SOCIETY. HISPANIC ARE OBVIOUSLY T FAEST GROWING AND LARGEST MINOR NY THE COUNTRY SO THE PICTURES TTERS. IT'S IMPORNT FOR HISPANIC CHILEN AND IT'S IMPORTANT FOR ALL PEOPLE IN THIS COUNTRY FOR THE PICTURE O THE SUPRE COURT TO REFLECT THE BROAD SCOPE, THE RICH MOSA THAT WE ARE AS A PEOPLE.
>> Reporter: M VARY GAS, THE LASTWORD.
>> AGREE. I THINK THE OPTICS OF IT, OF HAVING A HSPANIC ON THE SUPREME COURT AFTERALL THESE YEARS IS A WONDERL THING. 'S A MONUMENTAL HISTORIC OCCASION. BUT I AGREE WITHENATOR HATCH IN THAT I THINK IT WOULD HAVE BE PREFERABLE TO HAVE A NOMINEE THAT M NOT HAVE BEEN THA CONTROVERSIAL, I THINK REPUBLINS IN THE SNATE ALSO SENT A MSAGE TO PREDENT OBAM SAYING THIS ITHE LINE, DON'T GO ANY FURER TO THEEFT THAN TS I ANY FUTURE SUPREME COURT NOMINATIONS TT YOU MIGHT HAVE.
>> Report: DANNY VARGAS, ANDY KUT AND RAMONA ROMER, THANK YOU VERY CH.
>> THANK YO
>> Woodruff: YOU CAN FIND OU HOW YOUR SENATORVOTED ON THE SOTOYOR CONFIRMATION AT OUR WEB SITE, NEWSHOUR.PBSRG. ALSO THERE, AN TERVIEW WITH AMY WALTER OF HOTLINE AUT THE POLITICS OTHE VOTE.
>> Woodrf: IN OTHER NEWS TODAY, FOUR S. MARINES DIED IN A ROADSIDE BOMBING IN WESTER AFGHANISTAN. THAT MADE ATEAST 15 WESTERN OOPS KILLED SO FAR IN AUGUST DURING JY, THERE WERE 44 AMERICANS KILLEIN AFGHANISTAN,LUS 31 SOLDIERS OM OTHER COUNTRIES. ON THE U.S. ECONOMY, THLABOR DEPARENT REPORTED FIRST TIME CLAI FOR UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS FELL RE THAN EXPECTED LAST WEEK. BUT IT WA'T ENOUGH TO LIFT WALL STREET TODAY. THE DOW JONES DUSTRIAL AVERAGE LOST RE THAN 24 POINTS TO CLOSE AT 9256. THE NASQ FELL NEARLY 20 POINTS TO CLOSE AT 1973. FEERAL IMMIGRATION OFFICIALS HAVE ANNOUNCED A MAJ OVERHAUL OF HOWHE US HANDLES DETENTION AND DEPORTATION. UNDER THE NEW PLA IMMIGRATION DETEION WOULD SHIFT AWAY FROM CRIMINAL SYSTEM, TO A CIVIL SYSTEM. ITOULD ALSO PROVIDE MORE DIRECT NITORING OF CONDITIONS AT FACILITIES THAT RGE FROM LOCAL JAS TO FEDERAL CENTERS. AS A FIRST STE FAMILIES WILL NO LONGER BE SENTO A FORMER TEXASTATE PRISON. IT WAS CRITICID FOR PLACING CHDREN BEHIND RAZOR WIRE. MOVIE DIRECTOROHN HUGHES DED TODAY IN A HEART ATTACK IN NEW YORK. HE WORKED ON A SERIES OF POPULAR FILMS IN THE '80s AND '90s. HISREDITS INCLUDE DIRECTING "FERR BUELLER'S D OFF" IN 1986 AS WELL AS WITING THE SCREENPLAY FOR "HOME ALONE" I 1990 PLUS TWO SEQUELS. HE ASO WROTE THE SCENPLAY FOR NATIONAL LAMPOON'S "VACION" IN 198 JOHN HUGES WAS 59 YEARS O.
>> Woodruff: AND ILL TO COME ON T NEWSHOUR TONIGHT: TRADING IN S GUZZLERS; AND TESTING FOR OLD IVORY. THAT FOLLOWSUR LOOK AT THE ISLAMIC INSURGENCY IAFRICA. SECTARY OF STATE HILLARY CLINTON DREW AENTION TO THAT IN KEA TODAY ON THE THIRD DAY OF HER 11 DAY TOUR OF THE CONTINENT. MARGARET WARNER REPORT
>> Warner: THE SEETARY OF STATE BEN HER DAY WITH A LEMN VISIT TO NAIROBI'S MEMORIAL PARK. SHE PLACEA WREATH AT THE SITE OF ONE OF THE DDLIEST PRE-9/11 AL QDA TERROR STRIKES AGAINST THE UNITED STATESTHE 1998 EMBASSY MBINGS IN KENYA AND TANZANIA. THE ATTACKS, WHICH HAPPENED YEARS AGO TOMROW, KILLED MORE THAN 220 PEOPLE, MOST AFRICANS AND WODED THOUSANDS MORE. TODAY SECRETARY CLTON SPOKE OF HE ONGOING STRUGGLE OF THE U. AND ITS ALLIES AGAINST THE THAT OF TERROR AROUND THE GLOBE.
>> I APPRECIATE GREATLY T COMMITMENT OF THE KENYA GOVERNMENT PARTNER WITH US AND OTHER NATIONS A PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD AGAST THE CONTINUING THREAT OF TERROSM WHICH RESPECTS NO BOUNRIES, NO RACE, ETHNICITY, RIGION, BUT
>> Warr: THEN SECRETARY CLINTON TURNED HER FOCUS TO SOMALITHE PLACE E U. BELIEVES W POSES THE GREATEST TERROR THREAT IN ALL OF SU SAHARAN AFRICA. SHE MET WITH T COUNTRY'S INTERIM PRESIDENT SHEISHARIF SHK AHMED AT THE U.S. EMBASSY IN NAIROBI, AND PLEDGED ADDITIONAL S. SUPPORT INCLUDINMILITARY A FOR HIS GOVERNME'S BATTLE AGAINST ISLAMIC MILITANTS.
>> WE BELIE THAT HIS GOVERENT IS THE BEST HE 'VE ADD IN QUITE SOME TI FOR A RETURN TO STABILITYNDHE POSSIBILITY OF PROGRESS IN SOMALIA.
>> Warne SOMALIA HAS BEEN WRACKED BY VIOLENCE AMONG WARRING FACTIS FOR MORE THAN O DECADES. BUT IN RECENT YEARSTHE TROUBLE'S BE FUELED BY AN INDIGENOUS GROUP OF ISLAST MILITANTS, KNO AS AL SHABAAB. IS BELIEVED TO BE LOOSELY LINKED TO AL QAEDA. ITS FIGHTERS HAVE BEEN BATING BLOCK-TO-BLOCK IN E CAPITAL OF MOGASHU TO OUST THE PRESIDENT, WHO TOOK OFFICE IN JUARY. CLINTON SAID TODATHE THREAT POSED AL SHABAB EXTENDS BEYOND SOMALIA'S BORDERS.
>> AL-SHABAB NTS TO TAKE CONTL OF SOMALIA AND USE IT AS A BASEROM WHICH TO INFLUENCE AND EVEN INFILTRATEURROUNDING COUNTRIES AND LAUNCHTTACKS AGAINST COUNTRIES FAR D NEAR. IF AL-SHABAB WERE TO OBTAIA HAVEN IN SOMALIA WHH COULD THEN ATTRACT -QAIDA AND OTHER TERRIST ACTORS IT WOULD BE A THREAT TO THE UNIT STATES.
>> Warner: N CT, THE GROUP WAS LINKED TO A FOILED TERROR PL IN AUSTRALIA EARER THIS WEEK. THE GENERAL LAWLESSSS HAS ALSO SPAWD ANOTHER THRE0BGAINST U.S. INTERESTS, PIRACY ITHE WATERS OFF T EAST AFRICAN COT. THEECTARY FLEW TO SOUTH AFRICA TONIGHT, THE SECD STOP ON HER 7-CNTRY AFRIC TOUR.
>> Warne FOR MORE ON THE STABILITY IN SOMALIA AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR T U.S., WE TURTO TRISTAN McCONNELL, A CORRESPONDENT FOR T INTERTIONAL NEWS SITE GLOBAL POST. TRISTAN, WEOME. SECRETARY CLINTON HAD SOME VERY STARK WRNINGS TODAY ABOUT T DANGER POSED BY THIS GROUP AL SHABAB IN SOMALIA. THERE ARE A LOT OF MILITANT ISLAMIC GROUPS IN THE WORLD. WHAT IS IT ABOUT SOMALIA THAT MAKES IT SUCH CONRN?
>> I THINK TT'S SO CONCERNING ABOUT AL SHABAB INOMALIA IS THAT SOMALIA IS THE WORLD'S PRE-EMINENTAILED STATE. THERE'S BEEN NO FUNCTIONING GOVERNMENT THERE FOR 18 YRS N. IT IS THE PERFECT EXAMPLE OF THE UNGOVERNED SPACE,HE KIND OF PLCE WHERE AL QAEDA ANDTHER GROUPS LIKE TO DEVELOP THEMLVES. AL SHABAB ITSELF IS AN ISLAMIST EXTREMIST ORGANIZATN THAT'S FIGHTING THE UNITED NATIO AND WESTERN-BACKED GOVERNMENT OF PRESIDENT SHEIK SHARIF AHMED IN MOGADISHU. BUT THEY THEMSVES HAVE ON OCCASIO PFESSED A ALLEGIANCE TO AL QAEDA AND AL QAEDA LIEUTENANTS HAVE CAIMED AL SHABAB FOR THEMSELVES. SO WASHINGT IS CONCERNED ABOU THE LINKHERE IS AND PARTULARLY CONCERNED THAT THIS MIGHT BOME KIND OF A HAVEN FOR WORLDWIDE JIHADISTS. Warner: SO IN OTHERWORDS THEY WER REALLY MOST CONCERNED ABOUT THE PSPECT OF AN AFGHANISTAN SCENARIO, PRE-9/11 AFGHANISTAN SCENARI
>> I THINK THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT THEY'RE CONCERD ABOUT. IF YOU LO AT THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY FROM 2008, ONE OF THE KEY THINGS THAT THEY WERE TALKING ABOUT THE WAS UNGOVERNED SPACE AND SOMALIA IS THE... REALLY THE PERFECT EXAMPLE OF THIS. THERE IS FUNCTIONING GOVERNMENT THERE. THERE IS A TRANSITIONAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN MOGADISHU BUT IT CONTROLS VERY SMALL POCKETS. THE FORCE, IF YOU LIKE, THAT HAS CONTROL ISOMALIA, IS THESE AL SHABABXTREMISTS. AND, YOUKNOW, THEY HA PROFESSORED AN IDEOLOGY OF JIHAD ISLAMISM, A, YOU KOW, WE'VE EN THESE W THESE ARRESTSIN AUSALIA THIS WEEK OF PEOP ALLEDLY TRAINED IN SOLIA PLANNING A TERRORIS TRACK IN AUSTRALIA THATHEY'RE SPREADING THIS JIHADIST IDEOLOGY FROM SOMALIA OUTWAS.
>> SO ARE YOU SAYING THAT THE GORNMENT IS SO LTLE CONTROL OVER THE SPACE INSIDE SOMALIA THAT, IN FACT, AL SHABAB AND OTER GROUPS CAN ALREADY SET UP TERRORIST TRAINI CPS IN THE COUNTRY?
>> CERTAINLY INTELGENCE SOURCES I'VE SPOKEN TO ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THIS. WE'VE SEEN IN SOME OF THEAL SHAB PROPAGDA MATERIAL THAT'S ONLINEND ELSEWHERE THA THEY'VE BEEN USING FOREIGN FIGHTERS FROM THE PAKISTAN, OM HE SWAT VALL, GUYSOMING IN FROM AMERICA, FROM BRITAIN, FOM ELSEWHEREO TRAIN AND, INDEED, TORING TRAINING CAPABILIES WITHHEM. SO THE FEAR IS THAT SOMALIA, A I SAID AN UNGOVNED SPACE, IS BECING AOCATION FOR THESE JIHADI TRAINERS
>> Warner:NOW WHAT DO THE U.S. SUPPORT REAL NSIST OF?
>> WELL, WT WEEARD FROM HIARY CLINTON TODAY WAS A REAFFIRMATIONF U.S. CMITMENT TO SUPRT THE TRANSITIONAL FEDERAL GOVERNMT OF PRIDENT SHARIF. NOW, WHATHAT MEANS, IT MEANS... IT BASICALLY MEANS ARMS AND ITEANS AID. NOW, INUNE THE STATE DEPARTMENT ADMITTED THAT IT HAD SENT IN AROUND 40 TONS RMS AND AMMUNITIONTO THE TRANSIONAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HILLARY CNTON SAID THEY WILL CONTINUETO PROVIDE ARMS AND AUNITION. TH WILL ALSO HELP WITH TRAINING. BUT ALSO TRE WILL BE A HUMANITARIAN AID ASPECT. ARND 40% OF SOMALIS TEN MILLION PEOPLE AREOW INNEED OF HUMANITIAN AID. THERE'S A DROUGHT WHICH IS AFFECTING FOOD PRODUCTION. PLUS, OF COURS THE ONGOING CIVIL W WHICH IS CAUSING TERRIBLE STRIFE FOR PEOPLE. THOUSANDS HAVE DI, HUNDREDS OF THOUSAN HAVE BEEN FORCED FROM THEIR HOMES. THIS IS A REALUMANITARIAN CRISIS. I MEAN, HE IN KENYA WERE I A ERE ARE AROU 300000 SOMI REFUGEES LIVING IN UALID NDITIONS IN REFUGEE CAMPS IN THE NOR OF THE COUNTRY. SO THIIS A BIGUMANITARIAN PROBM. IT'S ALSO A BIG SECURITY PROBLEM A WHAT HILLARY CLINTO WAS SAYING W THAT THE U.S. WILLO ITS BEST TO SUPPORTHE TRAITIONAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN BOTH THESE AREAS.
>> Warne I KNOW YOU'RE NOT IN SOMALIA, YOU'RE IN NAIOBI, BUT FROM WHAT YOU UNDERSTD WHO HAS THE MOMENM IN AT LEAST THE MILITARYONFLICT PART OF THIS STRUGGLE GOINGN IN MOGISHU AND ELSEWHERE IN SOMIA?
>> WELL, SINCE EARLY MAY AL SHABAB HAS LOED LIKE IT'S HAD HE UPPER HA. ALTHOUGH INTHE LAST FEW WEEKS, THE RICAN UNION PEACEKEEPERS HAVE BEEN RATHER MORE FORCEFUL IN THEIR DEFEN OF THE TRANTIONAL FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THIS 4,300 ODD STRONG CONTINGENT OF UGANDA AND BURUNDAN PEACEKEEPERS WHO ARE THE TO SUPPOSEDLY EP THE PEACE BUT TO DEFEND E TRANSITIONAL FEDERAL GORNMENT. NOW, WH WE'VE SEEN IN THE LAST FEW WEEKS IS IT'S LIKE SHING BAC ON AL SHABAB ANDNOW WE HAVA REAL STATE MIL SITUATION IN MADISHU. BUT IF WE LOOKT THE KIND OF CONTROL THAT PRESIDENT SHARIF'S GOVEMENT ACTUALLY HAS, IT'S VERY LIMITED, INDEED. AT THE MOME, THEY DO HAVE CONTROL OF A TO CALLED BELA TWAIN NEAR THE ETHIOPIAN BORD, BUT THAT WASN'T THE CASE A COUPLE WEEKS AGO. IN MOGADISHU THEY HA A PRESENTIAL PALACE, THEY HAVE CONTROL OF THEAIRPORT, CONTROL OF THEEAPORT. AND A HANDFUL OFOADS IN BETWEEN. BUT EVERYTHI ELSE IN MOGADISHU IS REALLY ALUCTUATING SITUATION FROM DAY TO DAY AND THE TRANSITIOL FEDERAL GOVEMENT REALLY HAS VERY LILE COROL OVER ITS OWN TEITORY. rner: TRISTAN McCONNELL OF GLOBAL POST, THANK YOU SOMUCH. >NO PROBLEM AT ALL.
>> Woodruff: AGAIN TO OUWEB SITE NEWSHOUPBS.ORG. YOU CAN TCH A SLIDE SHOW OF PHOGRAPHS FROM SOMALIA AND READ MORE ABOUT THE COTRY'S ECONOMIC A POLITICAL STRUGGS. THISS PLEDGE WEEK ON PUBLIC TELEVISION. WE'RE TAKING A SHORT BREANOW SO YOUR PUBL TELEVISION STATION CAN ASK F YOUR SUPPORT. THAT SUPPORT HLPS KEEP PROGRAMS >>> GOOD EVENING, AND THK YOU FOR WATCHING "THE NEWSHOURITH JIM LEHRER." I'M UL ANTHONY WITH PATRICE PASCUAIN THE WETA STUDIOS WHERE "THE NEWSHOUR" IS PRODUCED. WE ARE TAKIN BRIEF INTERMISON DURING THE NEWSHOUR THIS ENING TO INVITE YOU TO BECOME CONTRIBUTOR TO WETA. INDIVIDUAL SUPPOERS ARE THE BACKBONE OF IS ORGANIZATION. ALWAYS HAVE BEEN. YOUR SUPRT PROVIDES WETA WITH THE ABILITY TO PRODUCEROGRAMS LIKE THIS ONE. EASE CONSIDER MAKING A FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTION TWETA, ANHELP KEEP THE NEWSHOUR IN YOUR DAILY PROGRAM SCHEDUL
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>> Woodruff: NE, THE POPULARITOF CASH FOR CLUNKERS AND THE PUSH TO EXTEND TH PROGRAM. NEWSHOURORRESPONDENT KWAMHOLMAN BEGINS WITH SOME BACKGROUND.
>> Holman: FOLWING THE HOUSE'S LEAD, THE SENATEOVED TO PASS A $2 BILLION EXTENSION OTHE PROGRAM THISVENING. AND FOR SOME DEALERS, AT EXTRA CASH IS ITICAL. WE'RE JUST IN LIMBO OF WHA HAPPENS NEXT.
>> Holman: TS ATLANTA CHEVY DEALER SAYS THE PROAM HAS BEEN GOODOR SALES, BUT. AS OF LAST NIGHT THERE'S MORATORIUM, 'RE NOT DOING ANY MORE CASH FOR CLUNKERS DEA TIL WE GET WORD THAT THE SENATE HAS APPROED THE ADDITIONAL2 BILLION.
>> Holman: RHT NOW, HE SAYS 'S WAITING FOR $800,000 WORT OF REMIBURSEMES FROM THE VERNMENT FOR HIS NETWORK OF DEALERSHIPS. THE PROGRAM, OFFICIALLY OWN AS THE CAR ALLONCE REBATE SYSTEM R "CARS" OFFERS CASH BACK FO TRADING IN VEHIES THAT GET LESS THA18 MILES TO THE LLON. IF THE W CAR GETS AT LEAST FOUR MILES PER GALL BETTER MILEAGE THAN THE OLD, A BUR NETS $3,500. AND A 10-M.P. INCREASE EARNS ,500. THE IMPROVED MILEAGE REQUIREMENTS A LESS STRICT FOR W LIGHT TRUCKS. THE $1 BILLION SET ASI FOR THE PROGRAM WAS SUPPOSETO LAST UNTIL NOMBER. BUT IT HAS BEEN SO PULAR, THAT THE MONEY WAS USEUP IN A MATTER OWEEKS. THEEDERAL DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTION SAYS THAT AS OF YESTERDAY, THE PROAM TOOK 15000 VEHICLES OFF U.S. ROADS, MANY DISABLED AND HEADED TTHE SCRAP HEAP. DEALERS S THAT NUMBER IS KELY MUCH HIGHER. MANY HAVE HAD TROUE FILING PAPEORK WITH THE GOVERNMENT'S COMPUTER SYSTEM.
>> I BROUGHT IT HOME AND AT 00 O'CLOCK IN THEORNING WHEN EVEONE ON THE WEST COAST WAS SLEEPING, I PUMY STUFF IN.
>> Holman: THE OGRAM HAS BEEN A ON FOR THE BIG THREE AMERICAN AUTO MANUFACTURER OF THE NEW CARS PURCHASED THROUGH T PROGRAM, 45% ARE MADEY GENERAL MOTORS, FORD, AND CHRYSLER. THE REMAINDER ARE FROFOREIGN MANUFACTURERS,EVERAL OF WHICH ODUCE THOSE CARS IN THE U.S. SIX OFTHE MOST POPULAR REPLACEMENT MODE ARE FROM JAPANE COMPANIES, INCLUDING THE TOP SELLER: THE TOYO COROLLA.
>> Woodruff: FOR A CLOSER OK AT THE PROGRAMO DATE AND SOME OF THE QUESTIONS SURROUNDINGT, WEURN TO: ED TONKIN, THE VICE AIRMAN OF THE NATIONAL AUTOMOBILE DEALERASSOCIATION, A TRE GROUP. HIS COMPANY HAS 14 DEALERSPS IN OREGON THATELL DOMESTIC AND REIGN MODELS. HE JOINS USROM PORTLAND THIS EVENING. AND BRUCE BELZOWSKIF THE UNIVSITY OF MICHIGAN'S RANSPORTATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE. GENTLEMEN, THANK YOU BOTHOR BEING WITH U I'M GOINGO START TO YOU, E TONKIN. HOW WELL DO YOU THINK THIS CASH FOR CLUNKERS PROGRAM HASONE?
>> I THINK IT'S BEEN TERRIFIC, JUDY EVEN BETT THAN ANYONE EXPECTED. IT'S INTESTING BECAUSE ASOU SEE THE MEDIA, IN SOME OF THE PUBLICATIONS, PEOPLE ARE WONDERING ISHE STIMULUS PROGRAMWORKING, THE GOVNMENT STIMULUS PROGRAM. RE YOU HAVE PROBABLY THEOST SUCCESSFUL. YOU VE ACTION AND THEN REACTION. THE OGRAM CAME INTO EFFECT ON JULY 1, THE REGULATIONS WERE PROMULGATED, PRODED ON JULY 24 A THAT'S WHEN I REALLY TOOK HOLD, IT THERE'S BEEN AN PLOSION IN BUSINESS. IT'S BN TRIFICALLY SUCCESSFUL FOR NOT ONLYUTO DEALERS BUT AUTOMAKERS, BUT THE COUNT AS A WHOLE BECAUS THIS WILKEEP THE PLANTSOING.
>> Reporter: BRUCEBELZOWSKI, WHAT ABOUT TERMS OF GETTING GAS GUZZLERS OFF T ROAD AND GETTINMORE FUEL EFFICIENT CAR ON T ROAD? HOW DO YOU SIZE UP THE SUCCESS?
>> WELL, WHEN YOUOOK AT THE TRUE NUERS, THERE WLL PROBABLY BE ABOUT 225,000 VEHIES FOR THEIRST ROUNTHAT WILL GET TAKEN OFF THE ROAD AND NEW VEHICLES P ON THE ROAD THAT AREORE FUEL EFFIENT AND GIVE OF LESS EMISSIONS. AND THAT'S A GOOD THNG BUT WHEN YOU LO AT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF VEHLES ON THE ROAD, 260 MILON VEHICLES IN THE U.S. FLEET, IT'S GOING TO BE A CHALLENGE TO GET THAT TURNED OVER VERY QUICK. HAVING SAI THAT, IF YOU DON'T STA NOW, WHEN ARE YOU GOING TO START? AND I THINK IT'S HEADING THE COUNTRY INHE RIGHT DIRECTION.
>> Woodruff: BRUCE BELZOWSKI WHAT ABOUT FROM AN ENVIRONMENTAL -áTANDPOINT I SAW FROM NUMBERS TODAY THAT MADE IT SND LIKE, AS YOU JUST SUGGESTED, A DROP INHE BUCKET. WITH ALL THE CARBON EMISSIONS THAT ARE EATED INTHIS COUNTRY IN A YAR, THAT TIS REALLY IS JUST A MINOR BLIP. >>UDY, IHINK WHEN I LOOK AT AT'S GOING ON WITH TS PROAM FROM AN ADMINISTRION PERSPECTIVE, I REALLY SEE IT AS BEING PART OF A LARGER STRATEGY FROM THE ENERGY DEPAMENT IN TERMS OF THE OBAMA ENERGY PLAN. AND WHERE THERE GOING TO GO WITHHIS NOW AND IN THE FUTURE. WE'RE TRNG TO WEAN THE U.S. OFF OF FOSSIL FUE AND GE BETTER EMISSNS FROM OUR EHICLES AND THIS IS A KIND OF STEPIN THAT DICTION. ONE COULD EVEN LOOK AT THIS THE FIRST STEP BY THE ADMINISTRATION TO PUT THEIR TOE IN THE WATER SEE HOW IS IS GOING TO. HOW THE PEOPLE ARE GOING TO REACT, HOW IS IT GOING TO WORK IN THE MAKETPLACE. AND THE ARE OTHER LEVERS THAT THEY N PULL AND OTHER PROGRAMS THAT TY MIGHT WANT TO INTITUTE IN THE FUTURE THA MAY WORK EVEN BETTER THAN THIS OR FOLLOW O THIS.
>> Reporter: ED TONKIN, YO MENTIOED THIS HAS BEEN A BOON NOT ONLY FORALERS,T'S BEEN A BOON FOR AUTOMARS. HOW MCH OF A BOON? WE SAW IN THEEPORT THAT JUST HEARD TH, WHAT, ONLY% OF THESE CARSARE MADE... THAT ARE SELLING THE BE A MADE HERE IN THE UTED STATES. SO WHAT'S THE PICTURE A YOU'RE GEING OF WHICH CARS ARE ELLING BETTER, DOMTIC VERSUS FOREIGN.
>> WELL, JUDY, LET ME CORRECT THAT. % OF THE VEHICLES SD WITH THIS PROGRAMRE AMERICAN COMPANY PRUCED. MANY O THE ASIAN MADE VECLES, YOU CAN'T CALLHEM IPORTS YMORE BECAUSE THEY'RE ACTUALLY PRODUCED HERE IN AMECA. FOR EXPLE, THE TOYOTA CAMRY IS ONE OF T TOP-SLLINGEHICLES UNDER THIS PROGRAM AND IT'S PDUCED HERE IN THE UNITED STATES. SO YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT KEEPING CTORIES OPEN. BUT ALSO WHEN YOU CONSIDER, JUDY THATABOUT ONE OUT OF EVERY SIX JOBS IN TS COUNTRY IS SOMEHOW TANGENTILY RELATED TO PRODUCI AN AUTOMOBILE, YOU'RE HELNG SUPPLIERS WEL. NO BECAUSE THESE COMPANIES THAT WENTTO THESE COMPANIES,AMELY GENERAL MOTORS AND CYSLER-- FORD DI NOT-- THEY CU PDUCTION FOR A WHILE SO SO DEALER INVENTIES WERE CUTTI OUT T BEGIN WITH. NOW BECAUS OF THIS PROGRAM DEALS ARE FINDING THEMSELVES MOST RUNNING OUT OF VENTORIES. SO YOUE GOING TO SEE ABOUT 600,000 VEHICL BUILT AS A RESULT O THIS PROGRAM AT THE ENOF THIS YEAR I THINK.
>> Woodruff: BRUCE BELZOWSKI, HOW DO YO SEE THE AFFECT O THE BROADER ECONOMY? OR IS THERE ONE?
>> I'M LOOKING AT THIS FROM A BROADER PERSPECTIVE. IT'S REALLY KIND OF A NICE CONNTING PIECE TO WHAT'S GOIN ON IN THE STO MARKET. SO YOU LK ATHAT'S GOING ON IN THE INDURY,HAT'S GOI ON IN THE STOCK MARKET AND YOU SAY MAY WE CAN ACTLLY BUILD ON THIS AND USE THIS AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL PUSH FOR THE ONOMY AS WE CTINUE ON AND THISS ONE PIECE OF TH PUZZLE.
>> Woodruff: WANT TO COME BACK TO YOUD TONKIN BECAUSE I SA O REPORT TODAY IN THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TH ONE OF THE RESULTS OF THIS IS-- AND T QUOTEHE REPOR-- "DRAMATICALL GHER PRICES FOR SOME OF THESE NEW CARS BECAUSE THE DEMAND IS HIGH NOW THERE'S A SHORTAGE. SO MY QUESTION IS, IS ERE REALLY TH MUCH OF A SAVINGS HERE FOR THE CONSUMER? >>WELL, I THINK THE IS. HAVE NOT EXPERIENCED HIER PRES IN OUR ORGANIZATION D I'M NOT SUR THAT THAT'S ACCURATE INFORMION. BUT WHENOU COMBINE THE CARS REBATEWHICH IS $3,500 TO $500, AND MANY OF THE MANUFACTER INCENTIVES THAT HAVE BEEN ADDED ON IN AITION TO THAT, YOU'RE PBABLY GOING TO GET A BETTER CAR BUYING PRICE TRANSACTION THAYOU WOULD OTHERWISE. BEUSE THE MUFACTURERS ARE SEEING SUCH A TREMENDOUS OPPORNITY TO SORT OF PGGYBACK SO YOU MAY NOT HAVEHOSE HIGH INCENTIVES OTHWISE. I WAN TO ALSO AEE WITH THE GENTLEMAN WHO'S ON WITH ME TODAY ABOUT THE PSYCHOLOCAL AFFECT. I THINK IT TERRIFIC. I THINK ACTS AS A CATALYST IT'S GOOD NEWS IT'S POSITIVE, IT GETS PEOPLE THINKING ABT BUYING AGAIN. WE'RE SEEING SUCCESSES WITH IT. IT'S GOIN TO PRERVE AND CREATE JOBS AND I THINK GO NEWS ISHAT WE NEED. PEOPLE'S PERCTION BECOMES THEI REALITY AND THIS IS SOMETHNG THAT'S WORKING AN THE GOVERNMENT CAN FEEL RY GOOD ABOUT THIS,UDY.
>> Woodruff: BACK T YOU BRUC BELZOWSKIIF THE REACTION IS THIS GOOD, CAN THE MNUFACTURERS CAN THE DEALERS, KEEP WITH THE DEMAND NOW TH THE SENATE IS... NOW THAT YOU'RE GOING TO HA THIS ADITIONAL $2 LLION AVAIBLE? WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN?
>> I THNK THAT'S A GOOD QUESTION, JUDY. I MYSELF HAVE A CLUNKER THAT I'M TRYI TO TRADE IN A THE LAST UPLE OF DAYS IAS LOOKING TO TRY TO TRDE IT IN AND REAL COULDN'T FIND EUGH STOCK IN THE DETROIT AREA BECAUSE SOME SO MANY THE DEALERS HAD BEEN WASHED OUT OF A LOT OF TIR PRODUCTS. BUT I'M HOPING WITH THE INFLUX OF THE NEW MON AND ALSO THE FACTORY CONTINUING TO BUD NEW PRODUCTS,HEN YOU LOOK AT THE INDUSTRY, THIS IS KIND OF A CRSSOVER TIME WHERE EY'RE BEGINNING TO BUI '10s AND QUITTING BUIING09s. AND WHETHER THOSE ARE BOTH GOG TOILL THE GAP AND AVAILABLE IN AUGUST AS OPPOS TO SEEMBER/OCTOBER TIME FRAME, THAT'S WHAT I'M A LITTLE NERVOUS ABOUT. BUT HOPEFUL THE INDUSTRY WILL SORT TS OUT FOR ME.
>> Woodruff ED TONK, VERY QUICK LAST QUESTION. HOW DO YOU SEE THIS ENDING? SMOOTHLY WITH EVERYDY HAPPY WHEN THE$2 BILLION IS OU TRE? WELL, FIRST OF ALL I SEE IT WITH ME SELLING BRUCE A CAR, I NEVEWANT TO MISS AALE, SO BRUCE, COME OUT TO PORTLAN I THINK EVERYBODY WI BE HAPPY. THIS ISUCCESSFUL, YOU'RE GOING TO JUMP START E ECONOMY. ANYTHING THAT N JUMP STAR OUR ECONOMY IS GOOD, IT GIS PEOPLE HOPE ANDISION AND WE'RE STARTING TO HEAR POSITIVE THINGS IN THE MEDIA I THINK IT WILLEEP PLANTS GOG AND, MOST IMPORTANTLY, IT'S GOING TO KEEPOBS. THIS YEARLONE, 400 GENERAL MOTORS DEALERS OSEDUST BECAUSE OF MARKET CONDITIONS BETWEEN JANUARY AND MARCH BEFORE THE NKRUPTCY AND THOSE ARE LOST JOBS. SO ANYTNG THAT CANKEEP DEALERSHIPS OPEN KEEP PLANT GOIN THERE'S A WIN FOR OUR COUNY.
>> Woodruff:D TONKIN, BRUCE BELZOWSKI,I'M GLAD AT LEAS WE PUT THE TWO OF YOU TOGETHER WHEN IT COMES TO A CAR. THANK YOU VERY MUCH >>O AM I,HANK YOU, JUDY. THANK YOU, BRUCE.
>> THAS, JUDY.
>> odruff: FINALLY TONIGHT, A NEW WEAPON IN THE FIT AGAINST IVORY UGGLING. OUR STY COMES FROM JULIAN RUSH, SCIENCE CORRESPONDENFOR INDEPENDENT TELEVION NEWS.
>> Repoer: SELLING IVORY ISN'T ILLEGAL AS LONG AS IT MES FROM AN ELEPHT THAT DIED BEFORE 1947. UIL NOW, THAT'S BEEN DIFFICUL TO PROVE SO THE MARKETOR IVORY HAS CONTUED TO DRIVE POACHING.
>> L THE ELEPHANT I.V. THEY IS TAKEN HAS AT ONE STAGE BEEN ON THE FRONT OF A LIVELEPHANT. SOMEBODS KILLED THE ELHANT TOBTAIN THE IVORY ANDERY FTEN KILLED THE GAME WARDENSTO OBTAIN T ELEPHANT IN THE FIRST PLACE. PEOPLE ARE PRERED TO DO THIS IT'S ORGANED CRIME.
>> porter: DATING IVORY NEEDED AN EXPERT EYE AND RGERS HAVE GOT VERY GOOD AT CARVINGEW IVRY AND FAKING IT TO LOOK ANTIQUE. NOW FROM A TINY SAMPLE, SCIENTISTS CAN TELL OLD FM NEW AND ALL BECAUSE OF SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN E 1950s. E RADIOACTIVE ELEMENT IN THE FALLT FROM THE NUCLEAR BOMB TESTS OF THE E WAS CARBON-14. EVERY MUSHRO CLOUD, IT SEEMS, HAD A SILVER LING. THE SAMPLE IS CAREFUL PREPARED FOR ANYSIS. UNTIL THE NUCLEAR A, CARBON-14 IN THE ATMOSPHERE WAST A CONSTANT LEV. BUT THE NUCLEABOMB TESTS SUDDENLY ADDED EXTRA CBON-14 TO THE ATMOSPHERE AND CAUSE IT'S TAKEN UP INTO THE BOS AND TISSUE OFVERY PLANT AND ANIMAL ON EARTH, THE SCIENTISTSAN DETECT IT.
>> IF WE FIND TH LEVEL OF CARBON 14 IS ENRICHED, EN WE KNOW THAT THAT ANIMAL, THE ELEPHANT, W ALIVEURING THE CLEAR ERA AND TREFORE THE IVORY THAT WE'VE ANALYZEDS LEGAL IVORY.
>> Reporter: A STATE OFHE ART PARTICLE AELERATOR IS USED TO COUNT THE CARBON-14 ATOMS THE SAMPLE. THE USE OF CH A HIGH-TECH MHINE AS THIS AGAINST WILDLIF CRIME IS THE RESULOF A NEW COLLABORATION BETWE FORENSIC SCIENTISTS, CONERVATIONISTS AND LICE AND CUSTOMS. THIS SPECK TOMER THE IS NORMALLY USE TO DATE BNES FOR ARCHAEOLOGISTS OR ROCKS FOR GEOLOGISTS. IT'SHE FIRSTIME THIS DATING TECHNIQUE HASEEN USED IN A CASE OF WILDLIFE CRIME. IT BRIN A NEW WEAPONO THE FIGHT AGAINST AN ILLEGAL TRADE IN ANIMAL PARTS AND PRODUCT THAT ME HAVE ESMATED IS RTH MORE THAN A BILLION POUNDS A YEAR
>> WE NOW ARE ABLE TO FULLY ENFORCE THE WILDLIFE TRADE GISLATION, BEFORE WE WEREN'T LE TO DO THA SOIT OPENS THE DOOR FOR POLICE TO USEUNDS AND TO ACTUAL GO AFTER PEOPLE WHO ARERADINGN IVORY.
>> Reporter: THEATING TECHNIQUEAS USED IN COURT FOR THE FIRST TIME LAST WEEK. THOUGH THE WOMAN AUSED OF ILLEGALLTRADING IVORY WAS ACQUITTED, HER DEFENSE DID N CHALLENGE THE SCNCE.
>> WE STILL BELIEVE FORENS TESTS SUCH ASTHE ONES USED IN THISASE ARE VERY STNG AND SHOULD BE USED WHERE POSSIBLE IN ORDER TO HELP THNFORCEMENT AUTRITIES TO ACALLY STOP THESE TRADERS. SO IT WON'T STOP US FROM SUPPORT FORENSICEST DEVELOPMENTORN THEIR USE BY ENFORCENT AUTHORITIES. IT'S A KEY STONE MAKEURE THAT IN THE FUTU THERE ARE SUCCESSFUL PROSECUTONS.
>> Reporter: THIS IVORY WAS RECOVERED FROM POAERS IN KENYA IN AIL. BECAUSE OF THERADE IN FAKE ANTUE IVORY THE NUMBER OF EPHANTS KILLED IS RISING AGAIN. CONSERVATNISTS HOPE NOW THEY CA DATE IVORY SCIENTIFICALLY ANACCURATELY, THE FORGERS WILL THINK AGA AND THE ELEPHANTS WILL LIVE.
>> Woodruff: AGAIN, THMAJOR DEVELOPMEN OF THE DAY. THE U.S. SENATEONFIRMED FERAL JUDGE SONIA SOTOMAYOR T THE U.S. SUPREMEOURT. FO U.S. MARINES DIED IN A ROADSIDE BOMBING IN WEERN AFGHANISTAN. AND SECRERY OF STATE CLINTON PROMISED EXPANDED U.S. SUPRT FO THE GOVERNMENT OF SOMALIA AGAINST AN ISLAMIC EREMIST GROUP.
>> Woodruff: ONEWSHOUR.PBS.ORG O ONLINE-ONLY FEATURES TONIG ABOUT HEALTH CAR RE OUR PATCHWORK NATION BLOG TO DISCOVER HOW SMA TOWNS WEALTHY SURBS AND BOOMING COMMUNITIEVIEW THE REFORM OPOSALS. AND STEN TO EXPERTS ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT TAXG HIGH-END HEALTINSURANCE PLANS.
>> Woodruff: D AGAIN TO OUR NOR ROLL OF AMERICAN SERVIC PERSONNEL KIED IN THE IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN CONFLICTS. WE ADD THEM ASHEIR DEATHS ARE DE OFFICIAL AND PHOTOGRAPHS BECOME AVAILAB.LE HERE, SILENCE, ARE EIGHT MORE.
>> Woodruff: WE'LLEE YOU ON-LINE ANAGAIN HERE TOMORROW EVENING WITH MARK SHIELDAND DAVID BROOKS, AMONG HERS. I'M JUDY ODRUFF. THANK YOAND GOOD NIGHT. JOR FUNDING FOR THE NEWSHOUR WITH JIM LEHRER ISROVIDED BY: INTEL. SUPPTING MATH AND SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR TOMORROW'S INNOVATORS. CHEVRON. AND BY THE ALFRED P. SLOA FOUNDATION. SUPPORTING SCIENCE, TENOLOGY, AND IMPRED ECONOMIC PERFMANCE AND FINANCIAL LITERACY IN THE 21ST CENTU. AND WITH THE OOING SUPPORT OF HESE INSTITUTIONS AND FOUNDATIONS. AND... THIS PROGRAM WAS MADE PSIBLE BY THE CORPORATION R PUBLIC BROADCASTING. AND BY CONTRIBUTIONS TYOUR PBS STATION OM VIEWERS LIKE YOU. THANK YOU. Caponing sponsored by MacNEIL/LEHRER PRODUCTIO Captioned by Media Access Grouat WGBH acce.wgbh.org >>> GOOD EVENING, D THANK YOU FOR JOING US FOR "THE NEWSHOUR WITH JIM LEHRER. I'M PAUL ANTHONY WITH PAICE PASCUAL, AND WE ARTAKING JUST A FEW MOMENTS T ASK YOU TO DO SOMETHING RY IMPORTANT FINANCIALLY SUPPT THE NEWSHOUR AND ALL OF THE PUBLIC AFIRS PROGRAMS YOU ENJOY RIGHT HE ON TA BY CALLING 888-202-2777. TO UNDERSTAND WHERE WERE AND WHAT LIES AHD, THE NEWSHOUR HAS SET THE STANDARDOR NEWS AND PUBLICFFAIRS PROGRAMMING. JIM HRER AND HIS TEAM TAKE THE TIME TO HELP US UNRSTAND THE EVENTS AND ISSUES OF O TIMES. UR FINANCIAL SUPPORT NOW WIL HELP UTO CONTINUE TO MEET THIS COMMITMENT. PLEASE TE A MOMENT TO THINK ABOUT HOW THIS SERVICES IMPORTANT TO YOUND MAKE A PLED NOW. 888-202777.
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Episode
The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer : WETA : August 6, 2009 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT
Title
The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer
Producing Organization
NewsHour Productions
Contributing Organization
Internet Archive (San Francisco, California)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip/525-6t0gt5gd56
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Description
News/Business. (2009) New. (CC) (Stereo)
Date
2009-08-06
Media type
Moving Image
Duration
01:00:00
Embed Code
Copy and paste this HTML to include AAPB content on your blog or webpage.
Credits
Producing Organization: NewsHour Productions
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Internet Archive
Identifier: WETA_20090806_230000_The_NewsHour_With_Jim_Lehrer (Internet Archive)
Duration: 01:00:00
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Citations
Chicago: “The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer : WETA : August 6, 2009 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT; The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer,” 2009-08-06, Internet Archive, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 14, 2021, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-525-6t0gt5gd56.
MLA: “The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer : WETA : August 6, 2009 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT; The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer.” 2009-08-06. Internet Archive, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 14, 2021. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-525-6t0gt5gd56>.
APA: The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer : WETA : August 6, 2009 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT; The NewsHour With Jim Lehrer. Boston, MA: Internet Archive, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-525-6t0gt5gd56