Education Reporting on Public Television
Notes to Front Page
1 James Henry Jr., An Address upon Education and Common Schools (Albany, 1843), quoted in Johann N. Neem, Democracy’s Schools: The Rise of Public Education in America (Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 2017), 31.
2 Robert J. Blakely, To Serve the Public Interest: Educational Broadcasting in the United States (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1979), 84, quoted in Carolyn Norah Brooks, “Documentary Programming and the Emergence of the National Educational Television Center as a Network, 1958-1972” (PhD diss., The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 1994), 43.
Notes to Education Documentaries in the NET Years, 1953-1972
10 N.E.T. Program Philosophy and Purpose: A Guideline for Staff Planning, November 1964, from NET Papers, Vice-President for Development Files, Series 3, Box 2, Folder 17, 1, quoted in Brooks, “Documentary Programming,” 156-57. The complete document is available in the appendix of Brooks’s dissertation.
15 “Johnson's Remarks on Signing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act,” April 11, 1965, http://www.lbjlibrary.org/lyndon-baines-johnson/timeline/johnsons-remarks-on-signing-the-elementary-and-secondary-education-act.
18The Library of Congress is in the process of digitizing and making available in AAPB its extensive NET Collection. All programs mentioned in this exhibit that are not currently accessible online in AAPB are available to be viewed at the Library of Congress Moving Image Research Center.
19 “News from NET” America’s Crises: Marked For Failure, n.d., from NET Programming Files, 1; Untitled document which lists NET’s Public/Cultural Affairs, 16, quoted in Brooks, “Documentary Programming,” 168.
22 “Coverage of the Civil Rights Issue During the Summer and Fall of 1963,” n.d., from NET Papers, Vice-President for Development, Series 3, Box 4, Folder 4, 1-2; Ed Pfister, “News from NET: Confronted,” 26 November 1963, from NET Papers, Vice-President for Development, Series 3, Box 4, Folder 4, 1, quoted in Brooks, “Documentary Programming,” 110.
32 Day, Vanishing Vision, 104. Created to provide the first live weekly program to the interconnected stations in the NET network, in the first year, PBL offered a “proto-magazine show” with different segments in each episode. By year two, PBL segments extended in length, often featuring a single long-form documentary for the entire program.
33 Zipporah Films, Inc., http://www.zipporah.com/.
Notes to Capturing Education Battles on Television, 1972-1980
41 Sarah-Ann Shaw, “The History of Say Brother,” The Say Brother Collection, last modified 2001, http://main.wgbh.org/saybrother/history.html.
42 For ways that non-commercial radio covered the Civil Rights Movement in the South, see the AAPB exhibit, "Voices From the Southern Civil Rights Movement."
44 Moakley Archive and Institute, “Busing in Boston: A Research Guide,” Suffolk University in Boston, last modified 2015, https://www.suffolk.edu/documents/MoakleyArchive/BusingInBostonResearchGuide_2015.pdf, 1.
45 Bruce Gellerman, “‘It Was Like a War Zone’: Busing in Boston,” WBUR News, last modified September 5, 2014, http://www.wbur.org/news/2014/09/05/boston-busing-anniversary.
46 Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Movement, “The Keys to the Kingdom (1974-80),” episode 7, PBS, first broadcast February 26, 1990, directed by Jacqueline Shearer and Paul Stekler, written by Steve Fayer.
51 WGBH Archives, “History,” The Ten O'Clock News, last modified 2003, http://main.wgbh.org/ton/collection_history.html.
Covering Education in the 1980s
59 For summaries of these texts, see Joseph L. DeVitis, ed., Popular Educational Classics: A Reader (New York: Peter Lang, 2016). The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching also funded the public television documentary High Schools (1983) to complement the report by Boyer. High Schools is available for viewing at the Library of Congress Moving Image Research Center.
60 Terrel H. Bell, “Education Policy Development in the Reagan Administration,” Phi Delta Kappa International 67, no. 7 (March 1986): 488, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20403138.
63 E. Patrick McQuaid, “A Story at Risk: The Rising Tide of Mediocre Education Coverage,” The Phi Delta Kappan 70, no. 5 (January 1989): K4, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20403906.
65 George R. Kaplan, “TV’s Version of Education (And What to Do about It),” Phi Delta Kappa International 71, no. 5 (January 1990): K2, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20404158.
National Education Reforms on Local Television, 1990-Today
71 See, for example, David C. Berliner and Bruce J. Biddle, The Manufactured Crisis: Myths, Fraud, and the Attack on America's Public Schools (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1995). For summaries of these books, see Urban and Wagner, American Education, 361-67.
72 Alyson Klein, “No Child Left Behind: An Overview,” Education Week, April 10, 2015, https://www.edweek.org/ew/section/multimedia/no-child-left-behind-overview-definition-summary.html.
73 “Race to the Top,” https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/issues/education/k-12/race-to-the-top.
75 “Who We Are,” Annenberg Foundation, last modified 2018, https://annenberg.org/who-we-are/.
76 PBS, “Longtime NewsHour Education Correspondent John Merrow Retires,” PBS NewsHour, last modified August 5, 2015, https://www.pbs.org/newshour/education/longtime-newshour-education-correspondent-john-merrow-retires.
77 “Charter Schools Make Gains, According to 26-State Study,” news release, June 25, 2013, https://credo.stanford.edu/documents/UNEMBARGOED%20National%20Charter%20Study%20Press%20Release.pdf.