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at two o'clock in the morning of march third at eighty nine the congress of the united states passed the annual indie an appropriations bill buried in the fine print and almost ignored by the sleepy congressman was an innocent looking right or to the bill all it did was open up a part of indian territory to white settlement two days later congress and you're having set the stage for a day of drama and huge and greed and glory that day oklahoma was born in the tiny part of the united states is too small for the amount of attention it would say that maybe it was the last place in the whole country doesn't play by either india or white without objection dr
lee right home alone they built columns aren't school and learn more about the white man's ways than some white man they thought their children anyway isn't indian and western part of their land and given all of the plains indians he was given it in the end in the tree those are snapped our higher
or a little longer or we shall see the united states government gave the land to the indian territory a place where they might live according to their ancient ways of hunting ground under which the white men could not enter a whole month which he might not live it was like the state and we promised to the united states for as long as the grass grows when all the western tribes were settled in their lands and the five civilized dr ricky's in their lands there was one place that can be
fatal the international and the reason for it meanwhile the herds of cattle were beginning to move up the chisholm trail across the territory into candidates that last february of all inhabitants of the amazon and lance was moving in the american cowboy is it
way at any point no way oh yeah
it's b it is said that in the anti years at the outside lands the cowboys move six million head of longhorn steer the territory that they get moving this story might've been different but after a few years some cattlemen set up permanent grazing on the other side like it wasn't long until harvard wanting to be a mass grave and we'll roll in the various law learn how man and the indians were not natural
allies but they joined together to keep the un assigned landes read from farmers now continue and they tear into the empty land the treaty of eighteen sixty six required the indians to allow any railroad bill through their territory by eighteen seventy the first line was at the border right at seventy three aligned with the texas line didn't assume that the indians were unimpressed while texans walk through the iron ore indians in northern indian territory population was scattered towns were too small to generate much full blood so little long even less transportation that's a little indians of the railroad president playing the distinction of being the only man in history to build a railroad two hundred and fifty miles clearly the land will have to be settled a railroad
lawyer announced that the other side land should be open to the whites and if they were not the people were taken matters into their own hands and there were two railroad stations and the other sideline this one i got very and one at oklahoma station on the banks of the north canadian stationmaster and oklahoma took some visitors through a surrounding hill one day and announced someday there will be a great to be here as you can see in every direction listeners were impressed with the beauty of the land but considered the stationmaster a little awkward rocker bill they decided not to mention that happened david paine is a little crazy to set some of these brands that was easy to believe observing his actions payne former homesteaders soldier dreamer announced a personal campaign to settle the other sideline in five years he devoted his life to every part of the country the climate of these
lands as perfect view of a graphically inspirations or not watching the atmosphere is electric and full of life giving well it's the readers believe in pain at times they let them in eight times they were turned back or the us cavalry famous line thrown into jail for lionsgate is mindful of the money at the courage or five years his followers through a number around the head orders are kansas city right here blooms into the territory in the invaders or even the secretary of the interior ask congress for stronger penalties against wade and the west dr woolley right you're welcome by now the army stationed hundreds of troops on the kansas line to deal with the numerous what roads were few communications readily the settlers evaded capture or days sometimes and we
thought were armed when the bipolar me in january the army was compelled to call for reinforcements are food supplies cut all the boomers allow the cavalry to its quarterback for kansas city of the printing press is running full speed railroad finance campaigns are bringing more settlers into the kansas kansas south of our kansas city of barbarism want to read into territory that belongs to art it was always be grateful and they can't until a double the normal population mr keith eighty nine congress passed a bill providing for the opening of the unemployment line the date was that for april twenty second nineteen eighty nine boomers were joined by others now from every part of the country they're common traits
whole determination and poverty in my my morning i'm renee montagne liana simonds everyone probably on the way to the south another eager thousands lined the sound canadian river on the way as a reservation your condition and only leaves a second fox reservation were starting points the railroads which a lot of the village cause for so many
years provided special trains and they were so poor conductors had to give up taking tickets and sat on top of the cars and road the rodney sharpie a conductor's fifty dollars which train would be the first to lead only to discover later that the information was all wrong how fast horses count on their speed for an advantage over them all to others relied on security long lasting art high late morning i'm wrong was online waiting only for no and the starting signal songs than one hundred thousand but no one really knew one thing was certain there were far more people than there was land and every man was determined to win his race will slowly the sun move upward time stretched until an approach of
germany you know then suddenly it was new you can be kind of the point you
can you can we can we can can in guthrie the confusion was unbelievable when the first train arrive the passengers founder their amazement that the best parts of town had already been claimed and a reporter from least swore the whole place was staked by deputy marshal who'd been set in early to keep the peace the mri and
all rachel bateman england comes out like to be firemen all riots around half the new discovered someone had made a horrible mistake
the run was hardly underway when some of the settlers began to realize that the whole thing was very badly organized and now suddenly the sins of congress and like a lot of that information for any kind of regulation or government accountability there were no street surveys suggesting law requires cities to file with a local court to incorporate but here there were no courts no one knew how many town was a man could hold or what size but if the government overlook such matters to the citizens did not they've formed boards of arbitration in guthrie in oklahoma city and one about deciding who was first on a disputed claim where streets and alleys should be and enforcing laws all without any legal justification obama said he was surveyed by two competing groups as an old town company was first on the scene since they claim the railroad was private property and start of their run from there one of the leaders was captain couch of the boomers the other group made the run from the top canadian river unfortunately the two surveys did not match resulting in a job in
oklahoma city's downtown streets there a pecan settlers are many lives and dislodging them was a long and bitter effort later with some amazement everyone recall that there were no drugs no murders and not much violence of any kind and no one was able to say was the congress in washington the day must have been john from one little rider to one minder all this and now there were thousands of land gravy white man running around in the middle of indian territory with no laws of any kind of restrain them it would be a year free of the lonely carloads of lumber were on the sidings and then went to work building a train load every train load of settlers poured into oklahoma city the settlement began the city madhouse then leap for moving trains and tumbled head over heels and came up running in search of an ongoing law one elderly lady grover's taken the center of the railway and refuse to buy it and
building material was precious stationmaster was deluged with ten thousand people mill about looking for lot selling and buying planes putting up its contractors and builders offered their services to anyone with an undisputed piece of life that most everyone was forced into the do it yourself category for a lack of money they would have already been declared illegal captain kao was elected mayor on june thirty two days after the runs the oklahoma city does that make sense which showed forty one hundred thirty eight men women and children by adding transients soldiers and ten percent nationwide has that boosted the city's population of fifty nine hundred twenty three they lived in fifteen hundred gray buildings protects the business survey was even more interesting there were thirty four groceries eleven stores live newspapers and milkman and lightning rod man among others
later another survey showed even greater progress previously on august twenty seven report the barber shops announce that henceforth all shops we charge twenty five cents where the country was growing through by august the town had electric lights and amazing luxury only half a dozen towns west of the mississippi could boast them the council had no authority to raise funds for operation of the government so fell back on finding gamblers five dollars a week on drop over fifteen on stud poker all through the summer and the next winter the settlers get their one bomb a lack of money the overwhelming majority had almost no pledge but those who stayed ahead what they came after land and they have the freedom they saw or most of them do
anyway when i came to iowa to a non gamer and know i got my and i was i ran my column i've made my way down and go oh i got it oh my oh my
i'm fine i know the others signed lanza the indians never turned
out to be the promised land so many of hopeful the land was a spry and the places and cross failure to the winners were as cold the summers and stop when these things were discovered a lot of tumors pack up and move on those who stayed pound opportunity in strange places and guthrie a grocery clerk named ridley noticed a strong demand for chewing gum and started making it in a back room of the store a reporter for harper's weekly was not so impressed sitting in the dust and he did that very shortly after the run he wrote the original boomers who caused oklahoma to be open for settlement have much to be responsible for not the least of which are tears and cries of hungry children love about fort bragg nc only the red shimmering in the heated air at the projected money that the captain david paine has ever built an expansive that will not be borne by the man who went into oklahoma on the second day of a future we're certainly not really it is one of the quirks of history that the monument to captain david paine never was built in fact
the only monument is a statue immortalizing the common man who made the rounds and it stands in oklahoma city on couch dr name fort payne's assistant captain couch who got a head start from the railroad tracks in oklahoma city as for the landless multitude they built their own monument that day the state of oklahoma the outlook for which was more than pretty it it i know
Oklahoma Heritage Film "The Run" Oklahoma Land Run
Oklahoma Land Run
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This segment of Oklahoma Heritage Film on the Land Run includes black and white footage with from March 3, 1889. It also included material related to the passing of the Annual Indian Appropriation Bill that held the rider allowing For Indian Territory to be opened up to white settlers. This segment discusses the legal basis for opening the Oklahoma District, now called the Unassigned Lands put into effect in 1889 when the U.S. Congress and Illinois Representative William Springer amended the Indian Appropriations Bill to authorize Pres. Benjamin Harrison to proclaim the two-million-acre region open for settlement. This covers the land run for the unassigned land in Indian Territory, David Payne and his Boomers, the Chisholm Trail, and Cowboys. Native American life prior to the land run is covered and addressed.
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Identifier: cpb-aacip-0d044e1df32 (unknown)
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Duration: 00:25:43
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Chicago: “Oklahoma Heritage Film "The Run" Oklahoma Land Run; Oklahoma Land Run,” 1988-05-18, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed October 1, 2023,
MLA: “Oklahoma Heritage Film "The Run" Oklahoma Land Run; Oklahoma Land Run.” 1988-05-18. American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. October 1, 2023. <>.
APA: Oklahoma Heritage Film "The Run" Oklahoma Land Run; Oklahoma Land Run. Boston, MA: American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from