Oklahoma Passage Telecourse #115 Great Depression - Unit 3, Lesson 5
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- OETA (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma)
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- This episode of the Oklahoma Passage Telecourse #115 is hosted by Dean Lewis, Dr. Richard Lowitt, Irvin Hurst, and Marsha Weisiger. This lesson begins with Wiley Post and Will Rogers planning an adventure. This covers the Stock Market Crash of 1929 that led to the Great Depression It begins with a scene from the Oklahoma Docudrama Oklahoma Passage. Within this docudrama, which dramatizes 150 years of Oklahoma history, we see the Oklahoma passage of the Benton family which focuses on six generations beginning with Abraham Benton, a mixed-blood Cherokee printer who immigrates to Indian Territory in the mid-1830s. It is a look into the heart of Oklahomans who had to deal with the loss of everything during this critical time in American history which began in 1929 and lasted approximately a decade. This briefly talks about the shanty towns built by the homeless in the United States called "Hooverville." A Hooverville was named for the disappointment in President Herbert Hoover's ability to end the depression. Woody Guthrie is depicted as helping to bring music and help to people in these shanty towns. Concerns about Communism is addressed after the economic crisis. The Communist Party had been small and isolated prior to the Great Depression. The news of Wiley Post flying around the world is commemorated. Marland. William, otherwise known as "Alfalfa Bill" Murray was the governor of Oklahoma when the Depression began. He wanted to help the people of Oklahoma and the United States out of the Depression, so he ran for the Democratic nomination against Franklin Delano Roosevelt. This episode also mentioned Hitler and the in Europe during this time. This program looks into the homeless population due to the Great Depression. Starting in the 1920's and deepening in the 1930's hope seemed to disappear in what Oklahomans considered the land of milk and honey. Economic issues are examined that brought about the Great Depression. The New Deal is examined and the effect it had on Oklahomans. Although the New Deal failed to provide adequately or to bring the state out of the depression, federal programs had a significant impact on Oklahoma. The FERA dispensed extensive direct relief and initiated programs as diverse as tuberculosis eradication, cattle processing, and emergency nurseries, but the agency's activities absorbed only a portion of the unemployed. With the 1936 Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act the federal government tailored the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act to the needs of Oklahoma's Indians, providing health and educational opportunities and authorizing bands or tribes (except the Osage) to incorporate to borrow federal funds. Dust storms were the result of drought and land that had been overused. Drought first hit the country in 1930. By 1934, it had turned the Great Plains into a desert that came to be known as the Dust Bowl. In Oklahoma, the Panhandle area was hit hardest by the drought. This program examines the resiliency of Oklahomans to get through such a devastating time in our state's history.
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- Copyright Oklahoma Educational Television Authority (OETA). Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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- Moving Image
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OETA - Oklahoma Educational Television Authority
Identifier: AR-1233/1 (OETA (Oklahoma Educational Television Authority))
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- Chicago: “Oklahoma Passage Telecourse #115 Great Depression - Unit 3, Lesson 5,” 1991-09-04, OETA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed November 26, 2020, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-521-6t0gt5gb31.
- MLA: “Oklahoma Passage Telecourse #115 Great Depression - Unit 3, Lesson 5.” 1991-09-04. OETA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. November 26, 2020. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-521-6t0gt5gb31>.
- APA: Oklahoma Passage Telecourse #115 Great Depression - Unit 3, Lesson 5. Boston, MA: OETA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-521-6t0gt5gb31