thumbnail of Summer of Judgment; Part 1 of 2
Hide -
If this transcript has significant errors that should be corrected, let us know, so we can add it to FIX IT+
our summer of judgment the watergate hearings is made possible in part by a grant from the corporation for public broadcasting for the government or novella by the headquarters of the democratic national committee the court of law they said they'll of one hundred thousand dollars each or two former nixon reelection organ in court the former government where you are you are accepted the resignations of tomorrow because we were all
two of the finest there can be no i began by telling the president that there was a cancer growing on the presidency what did the president know and when did he know it the senate caucus room it's a square room a little pompous but practical just across from the capitol on constitution avenue o n charles of bell in this room senate committees investigated the sort of embarrassments in our political history from teapot dome to joe mccarthy in here ten summers ago the senate select committee on presidential campaign activities held hearings on the darkest passage in american politics
watergate it started in nineteen seventy two as a boy in the campaign headquarters police court stuff but the burglars turned out to have white house connections the effort to cover up those connections became a conspiracy in the white house to obstruct justice and the place the president above all when the truth came out president richard nixon resigned to get at the truth of watergate the senate committee brought to this room are remarkable for a vote burglars and fixers and menaced by ending including the president's principal assistance and a former attorney general the committee that examined them was a fascinating collection itself a bottle senator who seem somehow church run out of southern folklore they've got a slew of constitutional crisis with country we're beyond the personalities in the whodunit aspect of the story watergate was about big themes the constitutional separation of powers the protection of individual rights the function of a
free press the people of the united states were caught up in all this to the degree that might seem unlikely anyone who didn't experience that day after day week after week we watch the drama played out in one disclosure after another it was all on television and through television the people became a part of the process of judgment in the summer of nineteen seventy three so let's go back to early nineteen seventy three president nixon was settling into his second term he won the seventy two election by a landslide in spite of a potentially troublesome incident during the campaign the rest of the burglars on a political spying missions inside democratic national headquarters at the watergate office building the nixon managers denied any part in such monzon and most of the news media loss interest after a while but some gritty investigative reporters on a stubborn dirge dancer actor kept pursuing evidence of white house involvement in the break in watergate
wouldn't go away so the senate probably by the democratic majority leader mike mansfield set up a special investigating committee looking around for a chairman who wouldn't seem too partisan or self seeking than steel was drawn to a seventy six year old senator from north carolina sam irvin was the man for the job he was a democrat but conservative a former judge his fellows senators knew him as a nonpartisan authority on the constitution and the babel and as wily old country boy is error came out of north carolina chairman is undergoing up from time to time that he's just a country lawyer he'll miss to say he graduated from harvard law school with honors it's b
both yeah i went to mourn him to north carolina to visit senator irving now eighty six years old retired person recollections of that historic summer of forty seven why you had to come to be chairman of the watergate committee like as human beings out the window and he wanted to investigate the bass and i'll want to be there with one of the first thing he did was allow for membership among the democrats that there was a spike in the world of the puzzle about it and also i haven't done that they want the three reasons the virus was more innovation there is a live audience in the second was out of the most on our visit the credit is in and that that wasn't the right because that
vice presidential residence what did you expect to discover the beginning i think you would reach the president i mean no matter how the president was able to do what we would find that there are some of these overzealous aids adults there about the political bases did it down and you slowly are of the moment that the president wasn't well it's the issues on that question was no not only that with the use of all the long term and all about the officers but that it was so they all have psychological rest of this issue a statement and it said on the second floor that he would not have it is a vote for waves but i have to
be investigated and they have any information about that the other fact founders on the watergate committee intentionally were chosen from among senators who were not especially well known or outwardly ambitious for harrow office for the democrats besides urban herman talmadge of georgia joseph montoya of new mexico and daniel in a way of all why i try my best to convince my colleagues that we were not prosecutors some are we do the impression of the people in the united states that we were out to determine the guilt or innocence of persons involve that was not our job three republican side on the committee with the four democrat up incoming howard baker tiger as a trial lawyer in tennessee became vice chairman other republicans were edward gurney of florida who emerged as president nixon's chief defender on the committee at lowell weicker of
connecticut a maverick who's sense of moral outrage came out in very tough questions i think a lot of people feel because the tough questions or oppose that i start out not being quote against richard nixon warned nixon dictate or not so little that took a lot of learning over a lot of months before i got to the point where i felt that social problems for the president and presidents and sandbags but georgetown university law professor who became the committee's chief counsel reflects on what the committee newest and its investigation in march in april of nineteen seventy three there was a newspaper report suggesting perhaps white house and all the little suggestion was no evidence no indication that could establish any relationship our investigation began there fred thompson a political friend of our bakers from tennessee
was the minority council this young republican came to washington taking the hearings will last only about a month and assuming there wouldn't be much evidence of wrongdoing among the higher ups at the white house well when i started i couldn't believe that the hearings were quite clear up any questions about who was involved in and it was not in government certainly at the time there's no reason to believe the president or any of the people and had responsible positions on that dyson thompson recruited a staff of investigators that work around the clock and crowded offices in the senate basement sorting out a tangle of leads and interviewing prospective witnesses gradually they began to piece together a complex and bizarre story of the rarity of campaign funds wiretaps and still more burglaries early on a dispute developed over the order of witnesses to be put on the stand in the caucus chair and there was some sentiment for calling the big names person living in upton they're really cargo under the horse's mouth the hormones ireland medals
and really fun what was there every day and you know there wasn't a lot of sentiment that this was something that for the sake of the nation no one else should not the red zone for so some thought to bill and similar but rather the middle of the road approach some others of them purchase a measure they primarily wanted to go and kind of bottomed from the bottom to the top to bring in the year a lesser lights the witnesses and he's accused of going to fall and after a discussion of the story which really does pursue i'm gigi nineteen seventy three after the two final months of preparation the hearings began the three commercial networks and public television were there with live coverage these would become the most extensively televised congressional hearings before or since scott armstrong the committee investigator remembers the stock when he walked into the room that first day
we walked into the hearing room and suddenly salt and was just it was a circus that we hadn't expected i think all the service somewhat recoil from the notion that the kind of public scrutiny given us in that committee and the way in which it looked into the white house that is very self conscious and one area who were fully prepared to go to a ham senator irving brought down the gavel a mother committed radical as long and all that the nation can proceed or getting the loans and now think about our nation has just don't want a copy of our mission we will inquire into every fire and volley of really unrestrained by any we're aware that italy might ultimately texas the atmosphere that first day was like the first day of school is part ceremony on uncertainty nothing really heavy on the schedule reflecting their shoes build from the bottom plant the first
witness was not a showstopper but one robert a little well mr roberts oh please come to the witness table he was the former office manager of the committee to re elect the president no discrete i would like to use this opportunity to make just one brief point i joined the staff of the committee for the reelection of the president more than two years ago because i believe in president nixon and insults and dreams for america the public's fascination with watergate mounted by the day as the intense coverage by the news media so than there were complaints from people who miss their soap operas at the the first week the networks began taking turns covering recessions live robin for public television service covered live in the daytime from washington and then rebroadcast the hearings in primetime every night into the wee hours
aggressive investigative reporting in newspapers in mice and particularly the work of bob woodward and carl bernstein of the washington post had laid the basis for the senate investigation as for the relatively new medium of television its importance to these hearings to the process of public judgment cannot be overestimated i wanted every american citizen to be able to hear and see the witnesses for themselves and make their own judgments not have the judgment of somebody else and the only way to do that they can come to the caucus room and see and hear the witness themselves is to watch it and the only thing we have today and god bless we haven't is intelligent i was that and not because we want publicity for the committee but in order to be able to bring all the market into a democratic process which is the working other congress and i work but it did work the public's curiosity and concern were reflected early every morning and the lines that formed on constitution avenue to get into the hearings watergate also was the talk of main street
from late august in that summer of nineteen seventy three millions of americans sat in their living rooms and watch this remarkable story played out in the caucus room by real people some of whom became as familiar as the neighbors in the course of the hearing's over a million and a half letters poured into the committee most but not all were favorable fairyland one of sam bases principal assistants we were flooded with mail thousands of letters every every week we receive government there were two hundred and thirty throughout the night and that the artist during the day many people is going to perceive this to be a national client show with a cut in fact after questions that they were asked to these important figures in government and have in fact as the emperor the question so put on every day and i think it is an extremely healthy year participation broadly a citizen of this country and what they perceive to be a quiz show
that one of our nature and other important teacher democracy had never worked quite this way before never had a nation participated so intimately in an investigation of its known here early witnesses here in the caucus room could have been characters out of a crime story in the tabloids the cop on the beat the wire man or tepco owns the bag man who delivered this money gradually the witnesses constructed the story members of the committee to re elect the president planned the burglary the object was information to embarrass the democrats members of the white house staff were involved in authorizing harsh money for the burglars and it was all coming out of the break in was botched at democratic headquarters in the watergate on the night of june seventeen nineteen seventy two the committee quizzed the policeman who's beat was the watergate over time which is the time when you really going to see you at the time that you represented defendants was approved
five minutes next the committee heard from one of the burglars james mccord he demonstrated how about the telephone and on and the iris image of the us would be interconnected injury mccartin was known as a good lawyer man with the golden arm and was not martin wore my participation in the watergate operation on my part for whatever reason have had the planned operation element at the time was an arab was a mistake a very grave mistake which i regret he thought that he was a patriot that he thought he was doing things for his country that he had to know better but he did have a higher perception of his goals
and that he didn't think that he was doing something for as president than something for the white house even though somebody should've known better about doing and that when he realized that the white house and the president were not going to back a mile and they were not going to stand behind them and admit that yes we authorized this and this was a white house operation and that he was going to go down in history as simply a burglar a common criminal record james mccord couldn't stomach that is a background of the work that you are presently stand convicted on a multi account federal indictment charging burge early electronic surveillance and conspiracy theorizing out the right end of the democratic national committee headquarters of the watergate school an aria now awaiting sentencing on a convention a few months before the start of the hearings mccourt had written a letter to judge john so ricker who presided over his trial in federal court record reveal political pressure from the white
house to remain silent the judge made the letter public it was the first crack in the cover up when the lure of silence cracks a crowd begins to widen widen widen the wall crumbles and the pentagon investigated was the first track we got the court was a political pressure from the white house was conveyed to me in january nineteen seventy three the jungle real to remain silent j's at clemency by going on president quietly analysts receive financial aid and later rehabilitation job he saw that one strategy that is the white house was to blend in on the cia he was a great and cia and therefore he decided that he was going to go against that
speaking of my own feelings and anger because of what appeared to me to be a ruthless attempt by the white house to put the blame for the watergate operation on cia where did not allow i saw a person in a letter to call you dear jack i am certain that writing this letter if helms goes into one operations later today speed where it does not belong and the geological faults james mccord presentation had been somber anthony us away it's a former new york city policeman well a touch of damon runyon human to the caucus room cheerfully told committee of his role as the hustling messenger between the burglars in the white house besides messages he delivered hush money some of the burglars from herbert combo richard nixon's personal attorney and unofficial fundraiser i take it you're having
these conversations between yourself and the chicago bears and that we learn about changes us who had had it changed that what about the commonalities of it again all of the people that i call when we forget from mike and that began a column from michael michaels he was but the issue of what he was doing i suppose i like many others are camped fallen anyway was a wonderful sense of humor and listens but i must confess that a long time ago i lost my sense of humor and the activities
that you describe here today i tell my friends seems that today's mortgage opens tomorrow is testing and i would only answer this question try an appropriately for a description that you gave to me enormous drill is right now and presumably and present a lesser spirit as saying that martin is saying i think what we see here is not a joke every great tragedy it over a question if indeed you let us of what's disappointing that i can
assure your politics and i get dirty and thirty years so my question was and by the same token i fell asleep that day after day of attention and drama it would not work to have some balance in a humorous instance jim stewart mcgruder and the deputy director of the committee to re elect the president this ambitious young executive cooley explained how to break in and a whole scheme of political espionage had been masterminded by the reelection committee and he charged to john mitchell a former attorney general of the united states had personally after as the watergate break in when he was running the nixon campaign g gordon liddy the council for the reelection committee was the author of the plan they didn't have a common to have a third and final meeting with mr mitchell
on the living planet more about march thirty nineteen seventy so yes we had that there had been an ally in the decision making process in the committee because of the itt errant <unk> mitchell is on vacation in key biscayne i went down a key biscayne them history was there and we met them and win over promptly thirty to some thirty some decision papers may be relating to a direct mail advertising the other part of the campaign the last topic we discussed was the a final proposal of mr libby's which was for probably two hundred and fifty thousand dollars we discussed it again the pros and cons i think i can honestly say no one was critically overwhelmed with the project i think we felt that the information could be useful and mr mitchell agreed to approve the project and i then notified the party's of mr mitchell approval
what was that project was specifically initial entry into the democratic national committee headquarters in washington and that and a further debate if the funds were available we would consider them an entry into the presidential contenders headquarters and also potentially be a fountain blu hotel in miami use electronic surveillance electronic surveillance have five or feedback for photographing it back at one point sen baker asked him to explain why the committee to re elect the president had authorized a burglary or you're concerned about reaction was known for you to be a legal how she thought it improper or an ethical that you got the prospects for success we're very meager and you doubt the reliability of mr levy what color would've taken to decide against that line
very much it was the great prospects for success so tantalizing that you felt an irresistible let me i knew you would get into this line of questions i want it at what i think the response here i had gone to college as an example and there had of course an ethics as an example under william sloane coffin who i respect great great article he was going to be an amazing well i guess like porcelain things and i think you know again he was indicted for us we americans people are great
so kind when he's exclaimed we have to use these activities i fully accept the responsibility of having made a disastrous decision or at least participating i didn't make a decision but certainly participating in that decision really that is going to pay attention to my knowledge yes jeb magruder gave the appearance of a man who was sorry for what you've done any help the committee not so magruder superior jon mitchell the former attorney general and remember much what he didn't remember was not heavily laden with regret michel in the phrase of the day was stonewalling he had tried to protect the president from now on to watergate in the beginning and now he would lie awake try to protect them from the consequences of that john mitchell's allegiance to
richard nixon went back several years to the time nixon join mitchell's new york law firm the law partners also became close personal friends in nineteen sixteen and the new president made mitchell as attorney general for three years mitchell advanced his presence promise is a lot harder in america but michel was in on some unlawful conniving it was in his office at the justice department that g gordon liddy proposed a scheme of wiretaps and break ins against the democrats in the nineteen seventy two campaign has a smith chile outspoken martha raised eyebrows in the washington establishment her late night phone calls to reporters made headlines mitchell never go along with the inner circle around the president at the white house but he remained fiercely loyal to richard nixon he agreed to hear the reelection campaign and resigned as attorney general two weeks after the watergate break in he left the campaign went back to new york after the senate hearings he was indicted for trying to block a government investigation of financier robert vesco in exchange for a
contribution to the nixon campaign he was acquitted on that charge mitchell later served nineteen months in prison for his part in the watergate cover up now disbarred nixon's all our partner works in washington as a business consultant my reaction was representative of most of my colleagues that know as a valiant soldier standing up when general the urban committee wanted to know if mitchell had indeed offer as the watergate break here as jeb magruder city michal than that it was senators tried to get some idea of what the president had known about watergate mitchell didn't make it easy for them for years why hadn't mitchell taken it upon himself to tell the president that his reelection committee was the hand them right not only be kept quiet about that he hadn't told press them about earlier proposals for illegal activities
mitchell himself calls plans the white house hard as he had not told her husband about any of that mitchell said in order to protect him you're welcome the election re election of president nixon the frame of all i want to follow your way to retain you say you didn't want the nixon white house thank you well i think that's one and the same just thought before the president had found out about it obviously knew the percentage of his responsibilities in that area very vigorously and you know you do
thank you that's exactly right well i don't think as an adult and that they would have learned that while it's quite insane and i don't expect to spend they certainly do good morning thank you some of the senators were incredulous that mitchell could even a listen to a garden ladies astonishing proposal for assorted lawbreaking in the campaign after all it was attorney general of the united
states there is one man that is has got to stand above all else in this nation and the sense of enforcing our laws it's the attorney general of the united states i know that mr mitchell through years where he talks about a memphis was a reasonable fear i think chertoff about half the people united states you're just nice we were it is senator wyden pressing mitchell widely been appalled by the lady schemes why hadley reacted in a way that would put in the end that this kind of thing that eventually led to the plan for
a burglary at the watergate twenty seven in january nineteen seventy two or libya they plan your boss the office of the attorney general of the united states the plan really is it included elaborate charts electronic surveillance and breaking and entering prostitution kidnapping and marvel now you've indicated that in hindsight it probably should have thrown out the odds in hindsight you life of every american has to a great degree of celebrity traction will wright sits in the hand of the attorney general of the united states
zaman without any way that is exactly what happens as i say in hindsight are recruiters or senator baker tried to understand mitchell's concept of the presidency is the presidency so shrouded in mystery is there such an awkward magnificent about the precedent is there such an awesome responsibility on a multitude of problems in an undertaking of this nation but the president say in some instances must be spared the detail very difficult of situations which are more ordinary circumstances might be considered by some at least to be pried open decorations are criminal offense
is the presidency to be protected in that way as the splendor of the isolation so great that the president must be protected and it's on what case it is my opinion and my concern with respect to the president's asia at an oddball in connection with these matters or indirectly upon which really should've been protected from laws why india lives in the interest of israel and why isn't that a presidential brave decision while decisions that might be made with amanda in it are present a statewide shouldn't he be permitted to make that decision what is it that they are at that authority to someone else other than the president to take the materials that it will significantly affect not only his election prospects and changes but his presidency because of the consequences obviously for why shouldn't he maintains
if he were my conversation you haven't all those things are inferior in important to the ultimate reelection because i have no doubt at the time and i have no doubt about it it didn't care that he is now undergoing the hostility and suspicion of a nation in this first but with the allegations of cover up with the lingering suspicions about what he knew were greatly in that far to say that the statement that i am not prepared to accept surrender the nation's bills he was knowledgeable
i'm talking about says they obviously because we john we go well we still a long time and i'm delighted that i had this opportunity to probe into a great mentality and a great name also baker found himself in a very unique will remain any bones about the fact that he wishes flanders richard nixon and john mitchell and some of the other general john mitchell put the phone one day and ask our baker burrows friends organized at something not did not perceive as if those things never happens what you do is acknowledge and when we were together after two and a half days of testimony the committee excuse john mitchell but not before the normally control siam day charade ended dignan observation mr michell eloy was trying to the station and it may kind of the purpose of the barbarian invasions renowned longtime ally now both bands and throw the subject under the direct question that you don't want to have the right answer you might say you've got cancer and what we
actually find out what the specifics are what the occasion work a fallback to make every july while question of the fbi is whether not do it in an information on the dnc break in and your answer i found the john mitchell tried to evade us and to avoid answering questions he got the year award for stonewalling surely the most memorable witness of the summer was tandy the former counsel to the president unlike so many of the presidents men being came here to tell all we knew his testimony became the standard against which all future witnesses would be tested until they may hearings were about burglars and fixers after day in the hearings were about the president and the obstruction of justice john bain was a young man in a hurry soon after he came to washington he was
serving the most powerful men in government at the age of thirty he landed a job handed justice department working directly with john mitchell then the attorney general they became good friends after two years he went to the white house as counsel to the president when he was unable to get close to richard nixon white house inner circle men like bob haldeman and john ehrlichman blocked his access then came the watergate break in sending was coordinating the cover up that made it important to the president and he was in and out of the office when the cover up began to fall apart been suspected his superiors were setting him up as a scapegoat he went to the prosecutors were the story soon afterward lane was fired it happened the same day that halderman ehrlichman and ray jim klein dangerous than two months later jan they emerged as the star of the senate hearings he also was the key government witness in the trial of the major watergate defendants his cooperation got him a relatively light prison term of for months for obstruction of justice he now
lives in california with his wife marie disbarred he works as a freelance writer and radio producer has more devastating with disabilities from the beginning it was obvious that john dean could be an important witness as counsel to the president he knew the internal workings of the white house and he was willing to talk but he wanted immunity and he didn't want to tell what he knew to the steppe in committee in advance as other witnesses were arrested there it was worried that the that our republican members of the committee as well the republicans there are barber committee would report back into the white house is cooperation and therefore i think he had to appear before a staff or a committee there be no cooperation i figured out a way to work with john dean and avoid that danger i
suggested to him that we have what i call non meetings that i would go outside the senate office building made within that any plays he suggested he suggested his home sam days we've been going to john dean's house late at night to meet with dean his lawyer charles staff are there the real story of watergate began to come out here clearly doing was indispensable and day she had to convince the committee and step to bring into the witness table on his own terms rosaria still about the question of were doing was going to have to but the rules that we had a woman had become irresistible and how lost he had become irresistible dane's prepared statement two hundred and forty five pages long laid out what he knew about others' involvement in the watergate affair and his own role as the coordinator of the cover up in a sometimes shaky monotone he told a tale that could devastate the nixon administration
it's a very difficult thing for me about other people are more easy for me to explain my own involvement in this matter the fact that i was involved in destruction of justice the fact that i insisted another in her testimony to the fact that i made personal use of funds that were in my custody are eager to talk about these things myself and talk about one other thing that some of these people always referring to our friends the mom and i greatly admire and respect we repost the united states like to say this it is my family while the president wasn't all that he did not realize or appreciate it anytime implications of his involvement might think that when the facts come out of the president's argument when being talked about what the president knew about watergate he was drawing on direct knowledge
he recalled a conversation in the oval office a few months after the break in when he realized the president was aware of the cover up the president told me i'd done a good job and he appreciated that van mchone was pleased that the case and start living i was on i could not take it but others have done much more difficult things and i had done that the president's message the president's status of a situation like that are unable to do was to contain the case consistently been out of the white house before that moment that's right dean toll of another meeting with the president a few months later when the cover up was increasingly difficult to manage the convicted watergate burglars were demanding money there i told the president about the fact there was no money to pay these individuals to meet their demands he asked me how much it would cost
i told him it only make an estimate that it might be as high as a million dollars or more he told me that that was no problem he also looked over parliament a repeat of the same statement dean said he was exasperated by the president's unwillingness to see how serious this situation was was my particular concern with about the provenance not seem to understand the implications of what was going on for example when i told him that i thought was an obstruction of justice situation he'd argued with me to the contrary i can explain it to him also with a matter of money the man to come up previously he had very nonchalantly told me that that was no problem i did not know he realized that he was the beginning i haven't i haven't promised to hunt what i had hoped to do in this conversation was to have the president tell me we had to end the matter now accordingly i gave considerable thought to how i would present this
situation to the president and try to make as dramatic a presentation as i could tell him how serious i thought the situation was that the cover up continue i began by telling the president that there was a cancer growing on the presidency and if the cancer was not removed the president himself would be killed but i also told him that it was important that this cancer be removed immediately because it was growing more deadly every day being felt he had warned the president he was worried about his own culpability he was afraid he was being made a scapegoat for gay so john bain went to the prosecutors i told the president that i'd gone to the prosecutors and i did not believe that this was an activist wanted a brother in the end would be an act of loyalty i told him i thought his mother had an eye inform the president about all the prosecutors' of my own involvement in the involvement of others because mr morsi began asking me a number of leading questions
which was somewhat unlike his normal conversational relationship that have a poem which made me think of the conversation was being taped and a record was being made to protect yourself oh i became aware of this because of the nature of the conversation i decided i did not know it for a fact that i have to believe that the person would not take such a conversation toward the end of the conversation the president recalled the fact that one point we had discussed the difficulty of raising money and he said the one million dollars with nothing to raise to pay to maintain silence with defendants he said that he and he had of course only been joking when he made that comment as the conversation went on and it's impossible really recall anything other than the high point of it i became more convinced the president was seeking to elicit testimony from me and put in perspective but his perspective on the record and get me to agree to it the most interesting thing that happened
or in a conversation with her near the end he got up out of his chair went behind the chair the corner of the executive office building off office and inane nearly audible tones said to me he was probably going to discuss tons clemency recalls another color respond to these disclosures that amaze the comedian the country but many have trouble believing what they've heard when john dean first appeared on the same farm i did not believe the most substantial parties just like bears is nobody nobody lives completely and some people tell the truth completely the girls all four students are given credit for that he's very smart obviously but the property was twisting thanks to his sidearm if anyone of us at the outset believe it was two fantastic
for four days the committee questioned john bain taking him back to a crucial passages in detail senator baker asked the question are we heard many times during that summer with the central question at this point is simply put what did the president know and when did you know there was an effort by some other republicans to discredit the bases down information about genes own finances he admitted he'd taken money from the white house say for personal use part of it to pay for his honeymoon being maintained he planned to return the money we're calling her testimony to show that you had forgotten to get some money out of an account in new york and not one of the four thousand eight hundred and fifty dollars is that right i needed money did you
why didn't you well at one point i went in that and what i had in libya and in november when i was driving into my house and i have no idea how the question was if you didn't use the money for that we're going to use the money for his pocket of things that you ask any weakness on cross examination to question her credibility i don't believe that he did anything more to show that and show that john dean was an ambitious opportunists type young man who might have engaged in some particulars of that kind at one point been disclosed that the white house kept lists of its enemies he admitted he participated in this effort to harass an assortment of people saying isn't friendly to the administration mr dean i would like about where to a memo dated august sixteenth nineteen
seventy one an idea of justifiable this was a haldeman ehrlichman and others of the white house is dated august sixteen nineteen seventy one in this classified confidential subject dealing with our political enemies alike republicans this memorandum addresses the matter of how we can maximize the fact of our incumbency in dealing with prisons known to be active and their opposition to our administration's stated a bit more bluntly how we can use available federal machinery to screw our political enemies and your testimony have submitted several exhibits with lists of names political members of congress members of the media the members of the entertainment field cetera et cetera i'm
taking this demo together with the us i might and also senator before we go forward i don't believe that list is completely love it so happens to be a part and i received in had no access to warm up while or shut down that they may well be additional names an additional information available on them adrian utley one list would've been enough it turned out that senator weicker himself in a white house target an emotional speech he called for a higher standard of morality in the executive branch they're going to be no more threats no intimidation no innuendo know walking through the press to go ahead and destroy the credibility give individuals the executive branch of government wants to meet the standards of the american people separate in their minds and the time has come to stop reacting
and stop playing this type of again i say before you and i said when american people's commitment but i'm here as a republican and quite frankly i think that i express the feelings of the forty two other republican senators and republicans in the state of connecticut republican unease giovanni let me make it clear god i have bipartisan moment republicans do not cover all republicans do not go ahead and threaten republicans do not go ahead and commit illegal acts and god knows republicans though you their fellow americans as enemies to be harassed or rather i can
assure you that this republican those lesser right and as human beings at baines testimony produced a number of shocks the enemies list was one of them but it was dean's story in its entirety the implications of the whole pattern of operations in the white house that ultimately was so devastating i think john dean's testimony turn the hearings around complaint i think we we were leading up to am i think there is on that train and meaning for india what watergate was all about it's as i've indicated to transform the meaning of watergate from a political burglary to a message to the public that something dangerous to happen the united states john dean's testimony change the course of the hearings and of history but at
the time when it was also hard for some people to believe dean was david challenging goliath nobody had yet stepped forward to back him up being stallone and he knew it i quite aware of the fact that in some circumstances can be my word against one man's word to me my word against two men me my word against three men and probably in some cases in my word against four men but i am prepared to stand on my word and the truth in the knowledge of the facts i have and i know the truth is my ally in this and i think ultimately the truth is going to come out but how would the truth come out who would possibly confirmed been start surely not the president not his closest aides who could be expected to test that had been was lying how would we ever know after brie station great edges have a heinz will discover the white house tapes
Summer of Judgment
Part 1 of 2
Producing Organization
Contributing Organization
Library of Congress (Washington, District of Columbia)
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
If you have more information about this item than what is given here, or if you have concerns about this record, we want to know! Contact us, indicating the AAPB ID (cpb-aacip/512-mc8rb6ww1z).
Focuses on the summer, 1973 hearings of the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities. Includes excerpts from key testimony by John Dean, John Mitchell, John Erlichman, H.R. Haldeman and others.
Asset type
United States. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities; Watergate Affair, 1972-1974
Media type
Moving Image
Embed Code
Copy and paste this HTML to include AAPB content on your blog or webpage.
Associate Producer: Gamble, Joanna
Associate Producer: Ducat, Sue
Director: Sirianne, Mary Frances
Executive Producer: Winslow, Lindo
Host: McDowell, Charles
Producer: Green, Ricki
Producing Organization: WETA
Production Unit: Clevinger, Jill
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1860529-1-1 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 2 inch videotape
Generation: Copy: Access
Color: Color
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: 83065dct-1-arch (Peabody Object Identifier)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 2:00:00
If you have a copy of this asset and would like us to add it to our catalog, please contact us.
Chicago: “Summer of Judgment; Part 1 of 2,” 1983-00-00, Library of Congress, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 11, 2021,
MLA: “Summer of Judgment; Part 1 of 2.” 1983-00-00. Library of Congress, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 11, 2021. <>.
APA: Summer of Judgment; Part 1 of 2. Boston, MA: Library of Congress, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from