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Radio television the University of Texas presents the Yankee dollar. Why. The Yankee dollar. What is it Bud. Well it by. Radio television the University of Texas in cooperation with the National Association of educational broadcasters invites you to tour Mexico with Richard Ariano as he talks to political leaders and to voters to management and to labor to rich to poor to the people of Mexico. One thing will guide these conversations. What is the American dollar bought south of our border. What can it buy. And above all what image of us is our money creating.
American money finds its way into Latin American countries in different ways. Cheap of these are through foreign aid. The federal dollars through monies spent by vacationers the tourist dollar and through money invested by businessmen. The company dollar through the channels through which our money flows or fails to flow affect the image it creates an order to more fully understand investment capital. Mr. Ariano talked with on his director general of the Center for industrial product devotee in Mexico City there is a recording of that interview where he says we're very happy to have you with us. The first question that I'd like to ask you is for a definition of the central or the industrial product of any sense what its function is that in those you believe in the same group in Mexico was created by as a result of an everyman between the American
government and the Mexican government for the exchanging of technical assistance of the United States to Mexico and their beauty is of course doing his brother's duty in almost all of the. Elements of blood and by productivity What is that you mean by this. Is there a formal definition or product given that you use in this way. Yes indeed. Are we going to see the bird didn't give the result of their brother gained divided by their means that we have employed to obtain it. Therefore if we obtain a larger result from it and from unless every word
in the name we consider that the DVD has increased and therefore grow due to the legal G there is a way to avoid all they way he's being human possibilities. There are all the ways we generally have in laws of time. We've been hearing all the musical elements in the firmware that we can dispose of industry and leaving it going there for a bro DVD can be grown here as a means of reducing waste or otherwise the best way of employing and making use of all the resources we can obtain. In essence then it's a measure of efficiency. You're trying to secure
larger art but with the same input or possibly with a smaller you know. Now as I understand it your program your training is essentially one of how to better use utilize existing resources using me. We think that madam I mean man Bauer is a mean elemental. Two are doing their best. Social Development. For instance here we dug about and I had our faults. We feel that it has been a great benefit for American industry in that region but I think time in the center of Africa you have enormous falls broadly as large as a nation and nevertheless that has not improved their standard of living in crappy
dance around that means that Niger losers is we that without their ability to make use of them to a certain extent useless. We could say also that therefore it's maddening to me they're ever did their development possible through the use of all their resources. What that one specific empirical evidence can be made within the Vatican City Center program. There are certain division between you know how. The motivation you know how the development of human desire. We only have one gene that raising the standard of living of that makes you can be blue. It's typically of the larger would be blue that we have in
Mexico being only a thing that will ever bet the D gene and that the draining of every one of them to use the resources that they can obtain. Then we really know the various parts of our that is. Do drain all the people that we can to obtain a better use of their powers and live in Delhi but we think that it's not all. We feel that there are many people who know how to do things and never went to them. They can play have no interest in using their abilities enjoy education we have to motivate them and we think that motivation was for management
to apprentice you motivate your management as you love me again. There is my. Where you. Gone then did we ever mean what he's earning when he's making his move. You're in a certain thing you look forward to improve. He's going nations that means that we have to break to a certain extent that gone blessings of the people and businessmen who are satisfied. But they are doing because they either aren't going gee the gaijin of many other factors that are not a guarantee for their bit you know of his of his welfare.
Therefore we need to move to better than who's in what manner does the right activity center actually go about finding these two elements know how and the motivation you know to come up with a more productive you know productive land in the first place. We need to start by using all the elements in there that are already used in other countries and the United States and then we have a danger through their American assistance air through their eyes yea that formerly was there for a flooring operation ministration and before that it was measure blank. We used all of those elements in many gauges we have even used their manual
does laid into Danny Gage. Anybody who wanted to learn. Of course they mangled with a brush with the purpose of learning. Generally they don't need a great deal of motivation. They bring their motivation along with them but the many gauges the gun bennies send their bears are milled to be Jane. In the second place we had been using all guidelines of training to show people that with less effort with a gun obtain better results with less investment they can obtain better profits and therefore in many cases we have had very brilliant but in some other cases we find this is me who learned when to do or don't want to change at all.
In those cases we have to find there way too much of a gun man to accept changes in his way of life and his way of handling his business. This game thing happens with supervisors they have their own way of handling music by dman a form that those who want to have any changes in what he has been doing with jobs a workman who goes their own way of training and we never see gays we have to show that was on benefit if we won. Make them hear what we are going to teach. Then at the same time we have to be always trying to motivate them. Ing with the browser's of human relations and good communication. Eans I have planned to make them feel more
satisfied with more than just that gigs and their old ones that were used. You know I understand that you have a concept here and you gather from that which can be translated into English literally as an accelerated training. Would you mind explaining to us what this consists of. I venerate the dreaming was started in France and afterwards in the United States and real legal and Cs in Selig in one or two main activities in the Eagle wriggle room of any profession. I would say for instance welding out of all that I did years or subjects that a man has to study when he wants to be him again. But if he's going to wait three or four
years before he begun to make any without earning anything. In many cases economic and therefore he would abandon them we start then if we can select one of the elements for he says well let me explain that with this. If you gaze that we make it in their blood and selling these companies in that they were the blood was increasing. There are. Buildings and therefore they need about a mile by GPS and you get out there if
you could buy their cell for you guys and others. But they need whether they go in the game where those from Mexico that were fired when there were very expensive. They have high salaries and most of there were there were complete began exe. I mean he had neither the vision there and then one of the harmony engineers so just the elements of accelerate the train. Then under that then the logical and direct Jim of the master of mechanics who led the meadows and we're going to be welded a welding element there damn digital and so forth. They do
cater and then ship goods that really the known anything around 18 years old and in their beer of about five or six weeks. They'd be game and game real with others who would well as well as of any of them again except that they had been seeing Timex. In that we obtained in filing for those Hibbard you didn't know anything about any of the venues and earning any money were entering the room that moment. About two pages and I want another day. They are in the blood and they could keep bugging me to be a video for you. They could be a real mechanic. I was studio guest a well-known in the field of industrial management doctor
Springle dean emeritus of the College of Business Administration is an author of numerous books on industrial management. Dr. Bernard sword is assistant dean of the College of Business Administration the University of Texas. Both gentlemen have extensive experience in the industry and are well qualified to evaluate our Mexico City conversation. Dr. Sprague goal had this to say. We were intrigued with the comments of Mr. Cohen Ariano on the tape that just preceded the subject of increasing productivity is of tremendous importance not only in Mexico but in every country in the world including the United States. The productivities center in Mexico City has undoubtedly been doing a very fine job. One of the great problems of increasing productivities in any country is the will to increase productivity.
The question of they mores of IT people and whether or not they think they must be completely trained as mechanics or whether they're willing to learn a special skill that isn't currently in need. Another thing that is of a great importance is a question of balance. It's completely unnecessary to have all people equally trained as general mechanics unless they're going to be used to general mechanics production itself is seldom a mass use of general mechanics but rather the specialization of mechanical skills to the extent that the volume of production were justified. Throughout the history of our own country and I'm sure this is true in Mexico too. There's always been a certain amount of reluctance on the part of management as well as the workers to change that sort of a human characteristic.
But if we can show them that there is something in it for each of them both management and their workers are more readily they will more readily accept the things that need to be done you know order to achieve the change. A balance is especially important in any emerging industry. You don't want too many around mechanics or too many welders or too many of any particular group. It's almost futile to train people for something unless there's an opportunity for them to use the skill that they're quire to their training. Actually there is room in some communities for large scale production. But the emerging industrial communities nearly always have to start in a smaller way. They can't expect to duplicate the mass production techniques used by General Motors and Ford in the States or in Mexico except in rare instances because the volume of production
needed is not sufficiently great. And if they did have a doubled production in one area they'd have trouble selling that particular volume of production. A real increase productivity is a balance between what people want and what people can produce. And one becomes the. Buying power of the other. The question of intensive training programs is not new. We've used it in this country 40 years ago and we've used to 20 years ago. It's merely a matter of the germ that you need a certain number of people finding out what the requirements for these particular skills are and then giving these people the training needed to perform these particular skills. Another thing a man doesn't have to learn just
one skill. For instance they were talking extensively about welding and man my very readily be trained to be a welder. He may also be trained to be a production machinist on a lathe or on a milling machine or on a grinder and actually he may be trained to do all three of these things if the volume of production is not sufficiently great. Same thing applies to their so-called building trade skills. A man does not have to be an all round plumber. To be a good strong plumber's helper or to do many of the things of a maintenance nature in plumbing and the same thing applies to electricity. A man does not have to be an all round electrician to do many of the things that electricians have to do. To me it's almost absurd to have a trained electrician going around training like books. And yet that is exactly what had been done in some communities.
Of course that involves a game a mower race of people. If it is customary for light bulbs to be changed on a by electricians. Then you have to get the consent of the people to be willing to accept. The training of a man to be not a highly skilled electrician or hire a steel plumber but he can do both of these within limits. Dr sword supplemented Dr Spiegel's ideas by offering the following suggestions. I should like to make several comments about the management. And this interview I think he emphasizes the need for a competent management capable of blending material resources technical skills and human effort. This also indicates the need to train management as well as to train technicians. My opinion in developing any
country these two efforts should be made at the same time so its management will be responsible. For coordinating plant efforts of people and the materials which are used in the manufacture of any product. I was quite interested in the emphasis placed on the blending of technical know how and the responsibility of management for proper blending of all of the efforts. I was also interested in another phase of the responsibility of management. And this phase relates to the unfreezing of old habits and attitude indoctrination and training and new methods and new approaches. And then the rephrasing and the use of these new approaches in increasing productivity. It was especially interesting to me to note the comment about changing
the habits of businessman and changing the habits of Supervisors and foremen as well as the habits of the worker. Breaking this complacency requires of course special techniques and motivation stimulation of people who want to change their way. Until you have a genuine desire on the part of people who want to change their habits and do want to modify their scales you will never really have the maximum increase in productivity which is desired. Now I was interested also in the comment that you raise the standard of living through teaching training and better uses of the abilities of people. Another comment that was made in the interview stressed the need for continuous development. People
once people are trained in a society that is developing and growing methods techniques and approaches will change through an evolutionary process which means that any industrial society must continue to emphasize the development and training of people to prepare them for better jobs. The new techniques will develop as an industrial society grows. If Mexico follows the pattern of many other countries as they develop their technical ability increasing emphasis will be placed on refining managerial techniques and problems relating to human relations. Many young growing and real society. The first natural emphasis is on technical skill. Then as they technical know how develops there is a shift to an increasing emphasis on managing the technical know how and the
resources. And as these techniques develop there will be an increasing emphasis on the motivational problem. However as indicated in the interview the Mexican people at the present time recognize the importance of motivating their people to want to increase their productivity. I point out that this is the job of management to stimulate the people that they are directing to increase their efforts and want to give more. As an individual and a group to accomplishing the increased productivity. I was interested in the accelerated training program doctors prego commented that this was not new but it does indicate a real and very practical approach to the problems facing a country that is not fully developed its industrial know how.
Dr. sword I think your comments are very potent which leads me to think that we ought to make a serious effort in hollow programs like these to try to develop a strong interest in a so-called middle class group the supervisory group and people who are one step below the supervisors. They have a tremendous influence upon the productivities of the people. They like lads have a tremendous influence on the being willing to accept changes. It would seem to me that our good friend south of the Rio Grande day would be well advised to make a very serious effort to develop a good strong dynamic middle class group. Now this means that you've got to be willing to give people opportunities. It's not enough to train people to be supervisors. If you refused to give them opportunities this comment you made on
Opportunity Knocks prego as. I think a very very important factor and I think in the past overlooking the importance of this factor has tended to retard the growth of some industrial concern. I was also interested in the interview and one comment made that the better use of manpower is the way to improve social development. But you implies that. One way to accelerate social development is to increase the productivity and make available a higher standard of living throughout the social structure. This will enable people to get away from a subsistence level of living and move toward a higher standard of living and more leisure.
The yankee dollar
Federal dollar
Producing Organization
University of Texas
KUT (Radio station : Austin, Tex.)
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Episode Description
This program explores the influx of money from the American government that has provided to Mexico. Guests are: Jesus Rivero Quijano, director general, Center of Industrial Productivity, Mexico City; Robert Spriegel and Bernard Sord, University of Texas.
Other Description
A documentary series on impact of U.S. dollar on Latin America, especially Mexico. Ther series is hosted by Richard Arellano.
Broadcast Date
Global Affairs
Media type
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Director: Crocker, B.W.
Host: Arellano, Richard G.
Interviewee: Rivero Quijano, Jesu_s, 1888-1970
Interviewee: Spriegel, William R. (William Robert), 1893-1972
Interviewee: Sord, Bernard H.
Producer: Norris, R.C.
Producing Organization: University of Texas
Producing Organization: KUT (Radio station : Austin, Tex.)
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 64-6-5 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:29:15
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Chicago: “The yankee dollar; Federal dollar,” 1964-01-08, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 21, 2022,
MLA: “The yankee dollar; Federal dollar.” 1964-01-08. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 21, 2022. <>.
APA: The yankee dollar; Federal dollar. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from