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The following program is produced as a public service feature by the radio division of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. With cooperation from the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and the Illinois division of narcotic control. WE PRESENT. H is for joy. Midwest America sometimes called the heart of the nation on the shore of a great England lake stands a city a city of glass steel and concrete inhabited by some 3 million people. This city like New York City does not sleep it too is restless and as old as it is it still
suffers from Growing Pains. The city Chicago Illinois one of the pains of growing is in compassed in the 6000 narcotic addicts that live there. But to the federal narcotics bureau Chicago is more than a city of glass steel and concrete. It's the headquarters of the bureau's Ninth District and District Number nine is not the Chicago area alone. We asked Mr. George Bell the district supervisor what District Number nine includes other states Illinois Indiana and Wisconsin. Now just how widespread is addiction in your district. The addiction question and wished is primarily concentrated in the Chicago metropolitan area with some additional small percentages in Indiana and Wisconsin but the concentration is
around northern Illinois. Mr Bucky do you have any breakdown as far as the number of addicts in this particular district. Well in a state the state of. Illinois there's six thousand one hundred ninety one addicts that have been tabulated as of the cemetery first thing in my. I suppose the large majority of these would be in the Chicago area. I would say approximately 95 percent. And Indiana Larry one hundred seventy one addict and Ben. WHAT'S GOING ON SON There is one hundred sixty added that had to be laid it for me. Same here good guy man in the cemetery. Could you indicate to us the approximately approximate average age of the addicts. The average age of the adding those
that are reported are mostly between the ages of twenty one and thirty and I said it had appeared to be a national trend not a what percentage of these would be women any indication there. Well a percentage on a national total is about one for three I'd say proximately Niamh is Chicago's problem confined to certain geographic areas within the city. Yes it's. I'd say that the largest percentage of any illicit traffic is concentrated on Chicago's south side and west side. Why would you say that it's concentrated in these areas. Mr. BELL Well those are primarily the areas that
have an urban slum condition and its various social problems that arise in our district in a general high crime rate that is prevalent in the area. What working relationship does your bureau have with the Customs Bureau in dealing with the drug traffic. Why of course we cooperate with the Customs Bureau in many instances. We exchange information and particularly as it relates to their jurisdiction and smuggling and they furnish us information regarding the domestic tracking of their private their prime responsibility narcotic and for money smuggling. Yes and of course our responsibility is to crack
some of expressed the opinion that the new in the road to the St. Lawrence Seaway will not pose a threat in terms of being a new smuggling route for narcotics do you share this opinion. I do on the course although they see way has been opened up. For well actually not the Seaway but they Welland Canal has been open since 998 and there's a lot of shipping in Chicago but yes they will be additional deep sea shipping and here that will I'm certain post some smuggling problems but it will have to actually wait and determine that. Now we have had no incidences of reported smuggling of narcotic that you feel sir that the local and state laws in this district are adequate to cope with the problem of the selling of drugs and if not what changes would you like to
see which bars the state of Illinois is concerned I may have an action on. Law or penalties in Indiana they the laws are sufficient to trap me and this particular area. I am somewhat concerned with the state of Wisconsin where they state laws for penalties are marketing violations are and determining and other words. A defendant could possibly be sentenced from zero to ten years might be probably placed on probation off a second offender if the maximum is increased 10 years but the minimum much still and dark and I would like to see the officials in the state of Wisconsin crash legislation mandatory minimum sentences.
Sure Mark to lower them around and state or preferably a mark of those federal statutes. Mr. Bell mentioned Illinois law as being excellent. The word excellent carries a great implication with it so it might be advisable to get the reaction of another authority on the laws of Illinois. This time Harry J n slinger the United States Commissioner of narcotics it is the talk of the state of Illinois. Star as the model live for the whole country in relation to regulation of the trade the attacking the illicit traffic had the treatment off the drug addict and they're touring actually. We see tremendous progress. So by the testimony of Mr. Anderson here we see that Illinois has not only a functional but also a functioning law in relation to prevention and the treatment of the individual. What are some of these laws penalties.
How does the law of Illinois compared to other states. Here again is Mr. George Bell to answer these questions. Maximum penalty of course in the state of Illinois for a first offender not less than 10 years. Timeline far out is for any term from 10 to lie in and for any subsequent of bands that lie and have been no probation or suspension not sentence and not ok. For possession of narcotics they first the fans punish of Obama less than two years no more than 10 years and for subsequent offenses are a term of not less than five years to lie. And there will
be no probation our parole for second offenders in my category in Indiana would be similar to Illinois law in that regard. Now Indiana's laws are not as stringent as the Illinois laws. Firestone said and sale the fans. There's not more than about an hour bomb and not less than two years no more than five years. The Senate may be suspended in probation or parole may be granted unless the sale made to a person under 21 years of age for a second offense of sale. This section would apply when a previous conviction has been obtained under federal or state law. And the liaison officer is not more than a $5000 by car less than 20 years
imprisonment to lie well suspension of probation all parole and possession cases that first the founder says. A thousand dollars was not less than one or more than 10 years and the sentence might be suspended and the individual may be placed on probation or parole. And I sang and danced a maximum penalty shall be imposed that is $1000 fine and 10 year and the. I'm sometimes on probation on parole and they also have an addiction law there where the fine is not $300 yet imprisonment 180 day. Judge my action with whole or suspend judgment upon proof that the addict
and many didn't want treatment. Federal State or Providence indeed. We've spoken briefly about the three major problem areas of drug addiction in the United States. Perhaps Mr. Harry and slinger the federal not county commissioner can summarize it in this way. It's the far right that Detroit is concerned they have plans to take care of the pain of the drug addict by compulsory hospitalization if they get matching funds for the federal government. In Chicago the state of Illinois now has the bottle line for the whole country in relation to regulation of the trade. The attacking the illicit trafficking and the treatment off the drug addict. And they're doing excellent work we see we see tremendous progress in not only our city their plans going ahead for the treatment of drug addicts perhaps
probably on a civil. The basis rather than that but that day in California they say this situation is beyond our control that we can legislate no plans for hospitalization. Say the president is meeting saying for several days to get information to the traffic in that state particularly in relation to federal state and city cooperation to try to bring it under control. New York Chicago Cleveland Detroit Los Angeles a city actively or passively. And the problem of drug addiction. Each city composed of people deciding as a group and individual.
Getting a thing as. New. Script by Ed without her production by Bill Oberg This is Ted Seeley speaking in the preceding tape recorded program was made available to the station by the National Association of educational broadcasters. This is the end E.B. Radio Network.
Mother Dad. Are your children adequately informed about the dangers of my kind of addiction. Have you warned them about the person who would seek to peddle the referrer the camp of pot or joy to them. What are they learning in the school classroom about the effects of narcotic on the lives of those who would succumb to their subtle blackening. Think on these questions Mr and Mrs Average American. For the next 15 minutes think and listen to the following program is produced as a public service feature by the radio division of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. With cooperation from the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and the Illinois division of narcotic control we present. News. H is for joy. With.
Will all four 18 programs ages were Joy has sought to bring you as clear a picture as possible of the man or woman with a multiple needle punctures in his or her body. The person enslaved by the medical dictator the narcotic drug. We've tried to show how the addict becomes enslaved. What effects the addiction has on his total personality and some of the factors which keep him and slave through endless months and years. We've sought to trace the history of the social blight on society especially in the United States. We've seen what effect legislation and law enforcement has had in controlling the growth and spread of this blight. We've given you a present day analysis of the scope of the addiction problem. Direct from the lips of agents of the Narcotics Bureau of the United States. Today we launch out on the last leg of our documentary series. We begin to talk more about you with a listener. We commence a discussion on what can be done to prevent and treat the addiction problem. We start mentally toying with the concept of a cure.
Today we concentrate on education for combined with effective legislation and law enforcement. Education is the key to preventing the further spread or birth of narcotic addiction of any scope. The question What should we teach our children about narcotics is a difficult one to answer. It is the policy of the state of Illinois that there be compulsory instruction on the nature and effect of narcotics and alcoholic drinks to give you added lighting on this matter. We consulted Dr. James H Smith associate superintendent of school instruction for the Chicago public school system. We asked Dr. Smith about the origin of the state law and its enforcement to the public school system. This is what he told us. Well as far as I can ascertain it goes back all the way to 1889 where the change in 1897 and another change in 1 3 0 9 the statute in one thousand all nine it was very similar to the school called statue of
1945 under which we now operate. The code itself says the nature of alcoholic drinks and other narcotics and their effect on the human system shall be taught in connection with the various divisions of physiology and hygiene. So it's very definite in the state of law and in Chicago we teach it in our Health Physical Education. Says education of students in any area of the curriculum is only effective if the student wholeheartedly enters into that particular area and reacts to it in some tangible way. Does the Chicago Board of Education feel its narcotic education program is being well received by the students. Is it proving worthwhile and beneficial. Dr. Smith answers these questions in this way. While we think it has. Of course you must understand that anything such as this is very difficult to measure. It's very difficult to measure how much good we've done in speaking to youngsters for example. They harmful effects of narcotics
but we feel very definitely that the program has been worthwhile. It is worthwhile and it should be continued. We feel that what's a big city changing as fast as this one. Analysts say all the temptations of the set A young person these days in a large city that many of our youngsters come in from smaller towns and from rural districts and when they don't understand some of the situations they face. And we feel that this program prepares them and orients them to meet the conditions that they find in many of our cities that they didn't find in the places from which they came. But we have an entire ball fighting the use of narcotics. This is in the hands of every teacher. And then in our teaching guide and health and physical education we have definite going on at the places where this material should be taught with the textbooks that should be used in the reference books. Every text that we use in Health has some reference to the effects of narcotics in
our health guide to healthful living for the youngsters. We have a section in the senior year which is devoted entirely to this particular subject. And in addition of course we get the material from the American Medical Association and from other agencies which is very valuable to the teachers. There are a number of other booklets that are published by private people which we use in the way of text. These are very good. Some insurance companies have put out but they have been helpful the teachers. That means that every citizen must help law enforcement agencies to the Chalk Farm. We must have a public opinion that's a rouse to get narcotics. We must have the support of parents who supervise our youngsters and know where they are and we must have the support of people such as him a lot of radio on TV newspapers to keep the public informed. Keeping you the public informed that's a big order keeping your children in school
informed that's a bigger order yet many states across the nation have similar compulsory narcotic education statutes on their books as those of Illinois. Have you wondered as we have just how the teachers go about teaching units on drug addiction where they get their material and just how well the presentations are received by the students themselves. To further illustrate and substantiate the material given to us by Dr. James H Smith we consulted two teachers of the health and physical education in Chicago public high schools. We ask them the questions which we felt you would want to know the answers to and they gave us an Cyr forthright replies. Listen to the first teacher as he talked with us over the beeper telephone line exactly how do you go about teaching your students about the dangers of narcotics The let you approach your discussions or films or how. Most every approach we start with a lecture approach and what we call our health classes
which is one period a week for every youngster who has a role in the school. We lecture on narcotics and we follow this with class discussion question and answer period we are quite free in our approach to this particular problem. Where you get your source material to present but we've had material for quite a bit we get sound from our central office downtown and we have quite a few books on narcotic pamphlet things of that sort that we have collected and we have also some information that was given to us by the police department some years back. What can you say about the attitude of the students their attitude toward this particular subject. Well it is quite surprising to me. Type of presentation to our class from the freshmen we find that the youngsters are interested in knowing why. Some of
course they feel in that they realistic approach to something that is a vital part of almost every day some part any problem there with regard to coming into active contact with narcotic users or pushers. As far as women athletic department are concerned many in our physical education classes we have not met that particular phase of the narcotics problem. When I think administration go ahead and comment that I am not aware we are doing that. We are trying to give the youngsters a well-rounded program and help them we feel that part of that problem. Compulsory alcohol instruction which is serving a real worthwhile purpose from personal experience.
From everything we are operating in our help but I think that compulsory law pertaining to narcotic a very good one and I feel that every youngster and every girl ought to know the effect of America because why am I going forward even more so when I did it. How long has it been since you inquired about narcotic education in the high school your children attend. If you were to raise this question in parent teacher meetings if you talked with your children about the material they were being taught on this subject. Perhaps they would give you or report like this additional Chicago public school teacher gives exactly how do you there go about teaching your students about the dangers of narcotics. The next year approach or discussions or films or how I want to lecture and I want to know. But we have
found out in March. What do you get your source material to present to the students. Well we know from the know. What do you find the attitude is with the students about the subject. Away from the financial side of it. The fear of becoming. Not to have enough money to buy an automobile from a financial problem. Do your students coming in contact with your pushers. But they get it. Do you feel the. Kind of false story aspect of both alcohol and
narcotics instruction here in our state is serving a worthwhile purpose. Well I think I know very well what I think my day could have a lot more about that kid right in fact they all come out. How much can one learn about narcotics in a whole semester. How much can one learn about addiction in a whole lifetime or in a whole twenty six program radio series. The answer will vary with your interest and your concentration. But common sense should tell us that when we begin teaching our sons and daughters about a subject like drug addiction much caution must be exercised. The producers of this radio series tend to agree with Mr. Mallock IO Harney former superintendent of the Illinois division of narcotic control as he expressed his opinions before the Hillsborough Illinois co honest and Lion's Club in 1959 Mr. Harney remarked as follows and we quote. My opinion follows the policy advocated by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. This is a policy which questions the wisdom of mass presentation of the narcotics
subject to the very young. It is a policy which suggest that the study be included in overall lectures on health and education. The policy is identical with that expressed by a recent Canadian Senate committee which read as follows. The committee is of the opinion that while educational programs may be usefully established for professional groups for parent teacher associations and for adult groups generally such programs should not be used where they would arouse undue curiosity on the part of impressionable persons or those of tender years. And quote Mr. Harney concludes by suggesting that if he were responsible for narcotic education in the schools he would teach without elaboration or titillating detail. He would rather convey the stark dreadful slavery of narcotics and to speak of it as an unspeakable vice which simply should be outside the contemplation of intelligent people intelligent people who know the folly of the assumption that H is for joy.
Series
H is for joy
Episode
Addiction: Midwest status
Producing Organization
Moody Bible Institute
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip/500-mg7fw36n
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Description
In this program, George Belk of the Federal Narcotics Bureau comments on addiction status in Chicago and its surrounding area. Commissioner Anslinger speaks of civic cooperation.
A documentary series about the nature of drug addiction, the current status of addiction, and various programs of prevention and treatment. Participants in the series include Dr. Rafael S. Gamso; Meyer Diskind of New York State Board of Parole; and Joseph Fiedoral, a Chicago policeman.
Broadcast
1961-04-03
Media type
Sound
Duration
00:29:44
Embed Code
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Credits
Announcer: Sealy, Ted
Producing Organization: Moody Bible Institute
Speaker: Anslinger, H. J. (Harry Jacob), 1892-1975
Speaker: Belk, George
Writer: Vanetta, Ed
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 61-1-18 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:14:45
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Citations
Chicago: “H is for joy; Addiction: Midwest status,” 1961-04-03, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed September 21, 2021, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-mg7fw36n.
MLA: “H is for joy; Addiction: Midwest status.” 1961-04-03. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. September 21, 2021. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-mg7fw36n>.
APA: H is for joy; Addiction: Midwest status. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-mg7fw36n