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Samson I have heard that names are used a little differently in Ethiopia for example. My name is Charles winter now. What would you call me Mr Winter. Oh yes all right Charles. Your name is some some Saiful would I call you I to sell you food out themselves so I would use your first name. Yes but if you were to have a son would he be called. So you feel like you'll be close to somebody so somebody Sampson. WELL KNOW YOU ARE some sense i.e. food what is your father's name. My father's name is safe. Is that his first name or his last name his first name. So his first name becomes your last name. Yes. And your first name would become your son's last name. Yes. Oh that's all very clear now. So I am I to Charles and my son would be called on somebody's child.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in cooperation with UNICEF the United Nations Children's Fund presents. How do you say hello. A series of radio programs by Charles winter about children of the developing countries. How do you say hello today from Ethiopia in July. Ted and what. I am standing here in Ethiopia on Mount and Toto with a newfound friend. Would you like to introduce yourself to the girls and boys for 14 years. At the foot of this mountain and spread out before us is the city in which you live Samson tell the girls and boys its name into stone. Cut that off if your eyes have a has a very exotic
sound to me what language is that. Oh how Dick I'm Harry. Is that the language of Ethiopia. Yes is there a meeting for the Amharic name is Abba. It means in your flat. I was taught at this was a very very very ancient city how old with the new flower below is actually me. It's about 80 years old. I noticed as we were talking that we are surrounded by tiny animals carrying a huge burden was one of the animals we're surrounded by donkeys you well know they're going down the road that we came up in the car or they're going down to the right of us here on a dirt road. Where are they going. They're going to the sea. They got wood so coastal you know let's get our donkeys easy to get along with there but they'll take it down now right. Sampson Here's a question Have you ever tried to ride a donkey. Yes. And what happened
to you. Kick me down. What are some of the things that we're going to see when we descend Mt. toto to going to your city at us have a look and listen with European songs Ethiopian for Ethiopian food. That sounds intriguing what kind of food can I eat here in Ethiopia. What what was that again. Well in general and what shall I ask you what they are or shall I wait until you show me. Should wait until I sure know how to write I'll do that. Let's follow those donkeys down into it as I do that shall we. And I rather think that some of the girls and boys listening might know exactly where Ethiopia is because you tell them. Who is in charge of the country. And. When I listen. Right.
I have heard it said because of the differences in the calendar that your country has 13 months of sunshine What is the climate really like here in Ethiopia. The climate is very good but to have children will soon be claiming this more in the big rainy season and what happens to girls and boys to get out to play or to have to stay inside all the time they have to stay inside a time when you say big Raney just how big are these rains. Then all this time. You mean 24 hours a day seven days a week. You know sometimes it then suddenly stops and then it says and stops and continues. How do you feel about the rainy season. Is over I'll bet it is. We have stopped in at the Holy Trinity Cathedral here and as I was and our service is just in progress I'm going to be talking with I do I know who's connected with the church director of the Ethiopian Orthodox mission. How do I know
I think the girls and boys would like to know what the religion is here in Ethiopia. What is the name of the Ethiopian Church. Writers refer to it as the Coptic Church. Does this is. Not the. Right way of. Jets out of churches. No not the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Just how important is the church in Ethiopia. And when I challenged about 2000 years of age being the chuch and. And it is also the state just the same. Sampson as we entered the church this morning we took off our shoes. What's the reason for this. When was this was it keeping ships. He went and spoke to him. Take off your shoes and just took the shoes off and that's why we're taking our shoes way
just because it was a holy place. As we stand here at the back of the church I noticed that attendants are going around offering what looked like sticks or staffs to people they have around a top or a flat top almost like a crutch. What are these for. People because they feel tired when they're standing. And you said something very important that we haven't yet mentioned. People stand through the services here then yes. Could you tell us something about your religion for example I know that some churches have fasting periods. Does your church have any fasting periods. When people give up certain things. Yes we have a number of fasting appears to have seven important. Lasting peace. I think I can see that. The tension that church has in past seasons. What is the longest fasting period you would have fasting of she says. Which is 56 days.
Last chance and you said this was true. We celebrate Christmas. Jane what a night. Well now do you get presents the way girls in western North America. Get presents. We also with our Christmas have a Santa Clause. Those who are supposed to come and do girls and boys give us some exotic lands in your Christmas. Do you give gifts to children. You don't give to your parents. We don't. Is the church. Built in any particular fashion here. He didn't. Show up and it says they have CDs inside the hole in your 40s but the ark under where they celebrate and secondly just the horny is with
me in my head it. Then people started something I've noticed that as we've been talking at certain times during the service people have knelt on the floor and seen to touch their foreheads to the floor one of the day they kissed the girl shows it to Bush in that set and they were saying this is misogyny oppressive service to watch outside. Behind is the busy world is rowing by. Inside it's a world of peace and sand it's music. Bellows and beauty. I wonder Simpson what do you like best about the service was you launching. This song. First. Sampson are you feeling particularly brave right now. You're brave enough to give me a language lesson in America. Yes I would I say something like
like thank you and i'm how Rick said. I must say yes. All right. How would I say hello in an hour and I still think. Say it again. I like stealing tennis to leg right. Could you count for me from say 10 to 100 in a park. I said hi are so last so sad so that's how my now is that they're looking around the city and seeing the newspapers here and out as I have noticed that your language is not written in the same alphabet in the same way that ours is. How is your language written exams and straightening symbols written in symbols do you mean that for every sound you say and I'm hearing there is a certain symbol that you write. Yes I know this would make spelling very easy wouldn't it.
Yes it's stated right exactly as it sounds. Oh that sounds like a special bonus that English girls and boys don't have. How many symbols would you have for these different sounds. Hundred to six What would you have to memorize all these different symbols. Yes both the sound and how to write them. Yes. Are there any symbols in our heart that would be difficult for me as an English speaking North American to say so I just. Oh just a second what was that again. And said Well very good I won't try them because they are obviously difficult sounds and for my language lesson quickly thank you again and I said Can I look. I'm Assad going to. All right I'm a psycho. I cannot speak at least two words and I'm all right. Thank you Samson. Well the moment of truth has arrived. Sampson has brought me with some friends to an Ethiopian restaurant and we're about to have an Ethiopian meal. I should mention that we're seated in a
private room in the restaurant on Ethiopian stools there are three legged and they fit very comfortably just now we've had served in tall glasses and orange colored liquid. What's this called Sampson. It's called H. That sounds like one of those difficult sounds you told me about in your alphabet. Say it again. What is this made of Samson. Neda I knew it was our last show we clinked glasses and try to edge. Sharp and sweet at the same time in a second taste just confirms the first that it's delicious. Ted's I like what can we expect next Samson. Don't speak to eating injera and watch those two famous words you told me about the waitresses just brought in a
huge worker basket it must be two feet across the top and conical in shape it is like an hourglass almost. And sitting on top of that I would look like enormous pancakes or even crumpets. One of these exams is that in general this is a injera And as I talk to you the waitress has taken a bull from the table and which is a delicious looking concoction of sauces and one of the AIX OS. And what's the meat in there so she can see. Oh chicken eggs Anna and a sauce which is pouring in the middle of this pile of enjoy on top of the basket. Samson what do I do now how do I eat injera and watch you put their genitals or whatever you put it together. Oh. Now as Sampson told me that he took a hold of the edge of the end Jura which I'm doing now. He tore off the piece now I put it in the middle of the OUAT and pick up some of the meaty sauce with it. It's folded in half now
I fold it in quarters. And I pop it in my mouth. Oh and it's the spiciest most delicious thing you've ever eaten. Oh me for more endure and want. Yes we eat Sampson Are there any particular customs that one observes with eating enjoy and want we do not have but we should eat. Oh we shouldn't talk as we eat. Well in that case I'll put the microphone down and I will continue to gorge myself on enjoy and watch it. Well we have had a meal of enjoy and want We've had three different kinds of OUAT chicken and two kinds of lime water. All of them equally delicious. It's been a silent but very satisfying meal and sounds and I've got a question for you why were we silent during the meal. Because it kind of spice goes you know when it's going to make you Chuck.
Oh whoa not my windmill my windpipe maybe so you can pipe. All right so I didn't show during this meal anyway. Is there any special eating custom in the family when you eat and your and one have to Cuba first to his wife and then he eats and so is the wife of the Indio frozen there's a cheerful thought. And with that I must thank you very much for this fine meal of enjoy and water and make a confession to you Samson. It's been so delicious and so spicy that my nose is running and I've got to go away and blow it right now. Your calendar and Ethiopia is different from the one in North America. It's described as having thirteen months doesn't in fact have 13 months. Oh yes it does but this time let's say you're only five or six days one with this five or six day month come what come after the end of the year.
Why is it five or six days is it not the same every year. After And for yourself. So for this it is just five days after four years it will be six days. Well that would be something like our leap year then to North America. When does your years start. Star Center. September. This is the same year in Ethiopia that it would be in North America now. There is a difference of seven or eight years. So your calendar dates the birth of Christ differently from the western calendar. Sams and I are standing now side of an imposing looking gate for a huge columns on the top of the two Senate ones are the lions lying down looking at us not real ones they're made of stone aren't they Samson. There are huge gates for cars to go through and there are two side gates for people to go through. What is this place and some of the importer's house which it isn't. And school a job be a palace.
This is his personal dwelling place then. Yes it is but we feel very honored because I know that people aren't always allowed you know here we go through that gate Sampson and start down that long pathway toward the palace. Yes we can. Just beside one of the entrances to the palace we have stopped before a golden colored cage it would be about five feet by four feet and almost as tall as I am. And inside it as you can probably hear there are some birds do these birds belongs AMS and they built for the Emperor. Would he have bought them or would they be gifts to him from other people that gifts from other people. Does he have other animals here at the palace. Yes he does such as life that acts like she does. All right. Can we see them too. Yes we can survive with it.
Outside the palace as we came through the gate we saw you in the stone lions the symbol of the country of Ethiopia. Now we're standing as you can hear in the background before the real live lions of the royal Lions belonging to his Majesty. What kind of lions are these black mean like are they peculiar to your country or would they be found elsewhere. Elsewhere there are men that block me. I can see the Mailer has a magnificent black mane and this makes him an Ethiopian lion. This is that Mrs. Lion with him. Yes. They look very happy and very content even though he's making a lot of noise about things. What other animals will we find in his Majesty was a beer given by Canadian government. Well let's go and see the Canadian bears. Sure. An unbelievable sight we came to see the Canadian bears and what are we seeing but a young Canadian
lady inside the cage with the Bears. Would you tell the girls and boys your name please. It's just. That sound you just heard was the bear taking the microphone and it's about what I heard was a very obvious question how do you happen to be inside the cage with the Canadian berries in his Majestys you hear an address. Well the Bears let you speak for a moment I think. Let me speak a moment but I'm afraid it's a long story. Well. I used to work at a game farm in Canada. He just got that microphone and you want to take it in your hand. No I don't. Miss it. I'm poking into the cage trying to get misread if I possibly can with the bear is determine to be interviewed First I think. I think I was starting to tell you that in the spring of 1966 where two little bear. Very tiny little Canadian black bear cubs from British Columbia. And they weighed about four pounds each at that time and they were about seven weeks old.
And they were totally irresistible. And I kept them I had help in keeping them when I was at the game farm. But at the end of the year the management of the game farm decided they didn't want black bears anymore. And we had no place to stay. I heard a. Businessman in Calgary that one of the Ethiopian princes whose son is in school in Calgary just happened to want a pair like this. So I'm afraid I have to skip quite a bit here but we did end up in Ethiopia eventually and this representative to his Imperial Majesty. And I guess I was presented along with them. You want to fight them. I should tell your girls and boys that when Miss Reed fades on and off it's because she has a great big bear who's tussling with her inside that cage as she tries to talk to us. She tells me he wants to fight I'm glad I'm not here and she's in there. Do you have any problems with these bears misread.
Oh we have lots of problems. I'm keeping two animals in an environment where these particular animals do not live and we have all sorts of problems. We have the usual sort of barmy problems of parasites and proper diet and cleanliness and so on and then we have problems with visitors who want to get a little bit too close and find out it isn't safe to get too close. Is that sound from the bears. It is from the basis is that a sign of happiness or sadness. Very good. Would you care to introduce the berries to the girls and boys mystery. Yes this little boy on my right side is named buns in a piece about 200. What you found is you just now looking at microphone. That's. About 100 pounds. They're bums Lee and sci fi may I say hello to them on behalf of the Canadian girls and boys. Tell
me do either you or the Bears ever get homesick. I think we do yes we do but we have to resign ourselves to the fact that we can't go home. Well with that nice contented sound from those bears I want to know this side misread has a hand in one hand and each both of these pairs and I tell you they're huge. I think we'll say farewell to Josephine Reid and the Canadian various news Majesties you hear and I was able to thank you Mr. Reed. His Majesty's palace grounds are full of surprises. We have just left the Canadian bear and now as you heard Sampson open the door of a unique building. What is the sense in Japanese made it for the end. And it's a perfect duplicate of a Japanese tea house with a very charming Oriental garden in front. The mats are on the floor just as you'd find in Japan and I'm sure that His Majesty if he comes here must have a very pleasant and peaceful moments. Maybe we should close the door before we leave you Samson.
Before we go any further tell the girls and boys where we are right now. Well in the palace looking at the chickens are we outside or inside the cage let outside the cage. Where are we going next. We're going in say this may be a final farewell seeing girls and boys listen closely. Ths is the key in the lock. And there goes the gate. Well Sampson you feeling brave. C'mon let's go. And here in front of us not two feet away is a great big beautiful healthy looking cheetah spotted tawny colored animal. I have heard that the cheetah is the fastest animal in the world do you know the name of the sounds and there was a youngster chasing that she thought was a Landrover hundred Thank you all with us for help and I was ahead of flint and the Cheetah was ahead of him.
Well should we pat him Sam's Yes we shipped all right. That purring sound you hear is the cheetah happily accepting it. Nice bit of scratching under the jaw. Scratch more Sampson. You. Know how about a little more about Sampson's a food for example if you've got any brothers or sisters. Yes I have two brothers and sisters sister and where does Sampson fit into this family of brothers and sisters. Youngest of the family. I'll tell you a little secret that makes two of us because I was the youngest of the family too. How do you like being the baby of the family Samson. Very nice or because my parents like the youngest Well that's kind of nice for you isn't it.
Another personal question can you recall just now right away the worst thing that ever happened to you in your 14 years of falling from a bicycle. What happened to you when you fell from your bicycle did you break any bones. Yes. Brookline current. Oh they're all better now. Yes all right. Some some good you tell the girls and boys a riddle or a proverb or something like that and I'm Eric Abetz I love gem but a silo took a bus I let my butt with it be an English Sampson run before the sun says. Enjoy yourself while your father is alive. This has been a program in a radio series by Charles winter entitled How do you say hello. Produced on location by Bill
Shaw for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund. We'd like to thank the government of Ethiopia for their hospitality and assistance. This program was distributed by the national educational radio network.
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How Do You Say Hello?
Episode Number
Producing Organization
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Series Description
How Do You Say Hello? is a series of radio programs hosted by Charles Winter and produced by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in cooperation with UNICEF. In each episode, Winter visits a different country in the developing world and talks with a young person about their local traditions, culture, history, language, and community. Throughout their conversation, they visit various local points of interest and describe these events and environments. Winter also interviews adults and other members of the community.
Global Affairs
Local Communities
Media type
Host: Winter, Charles
Producing Organization: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 69-25-1 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:27:02
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Chicago: “How Do You Say Hello?; 1,” University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 9, 2023,
MLA: “How Do You Say Hello?; 1.” University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 9, 2023. <>.
APA: How Do You Say Hello?; 1. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from