Ancient European organs; Eusebius Church
I'm gonna explore one of the ancient organs of your note some facts of historical and musical interest. Hear the performance of music composed by some of its contemporaries. The organ which we will hear today in your CBS church in Farnham probably dates back to the 18th century with its majestic sound that is no doubt characteristic of its time. This was the baroque age the heyday of the classics the golden age we may say of organ building. It's indeed fortunate that so many old instruments have been so well preserved in the Netherlands. Perhaps the Netherlands are the most richly endowed with the splendid organs of this flourishing theory. Albert Schweitzer the man who gave the great impulse to a revival of organ culture wrote. The best understanding of the beauty and value of old organs is found in the Netherlands. And
no other country is as rich in splendid organ architecture. Although Schweitzer did not live to see the fulfilment of his wishes for these instruments. There is today in the Netherlands a vigorous movement which attempts as nearly as this is now possible to re-establish all the splendor of the many old instruments. The organist for this broadcast his home with Vin Tire and he will now play the car out by Geode as just give this lake by the 17th century German organist composer Heinrich demand. With
with with with. That was the Qur'an. But you'd assist given sleep by a 17th century German organist composer Heinrich Shadowman the organ featured in today's broadcast was built and erected between the years 1793 and 1796 by Johann a stream flow or stream flow was born in lips Germany in 1739 like his countryman Chris John Miller string flair migrated to Amsterdam as a young man. This accounts for the fact that most of his work is found in the western part of the Netherlands. In addition to large instruments such as the one we're hearing
now Stringfellow acquired quite a reputation for building extremely fine Cabinet organs small instruments with an exceptionally beautiful sound. Two such creations are still in use. One in the great church Narbonne and the other in the get to church in Utrecht. Angry shy demons called out but you'd dork Adam's followers performed
by Helmut Venter from the you say biggest church in Arnhem Holland. As already pointed out the organ we are hearing was constructed and directed by your Highness stream flair between the years 1793 and 796. At that time it was placed in the restored Evan Jellicoe Lutheran Church in Amsterdam. Here in one thousand twenty two a swell division was added in keeping with the times. This division was voiced on the romantic side and thus it did not quite fit into the overall tonal scheme of the original instrument which was baroque. Eventually this church was closed and the organ remained unused for some time. The original organ in the on m you say biggest church was completely destroyed during the Great War. Thus it was that in one thousand sixty two the Utrecht organ building firm of envelope and was engaged to move the stream flower instrument from the now closed
restored Lutheran Church in Amsterdam and erected in the Eusebius church in our name. It was at this time that the swell division added to the original instrument in one thousand twenty two was removed and every effort was made to restore to the case the specifications and the voicing their original baroque characteristics in the form in which we are hearing it today this impressive instrument has three manuals and petto and 50 stops. And now a third go round credited by the 17th century German organist composer Heinrich showed a man as ist das HIO. Yeah.
Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah.
Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Organist Vinter at the Johana stream flood organ in the U.S. biggest church in Harlem. Hollande has played around played you as he stuffs Heiko by Heinrich. Probably the two most important forms of organ music during the baroque
period where the chorale Praed youd find the President few most chorale Praed you somewhere within their composition require the holding or the sustaining of a single note for a relatively long period of time. Only the organ is able to sustain tones indefinitely undiminished in volume pitch and intensity and without variation in musical Tambora and thus with the advent of the Reformation early in the sixteenth century with its great emphasis upon the Protestant corral or on the organ was already on hand and as the ideal vehicle for exploiting its own musical possibilities and the religious emphasis you know errant in the corral. Very frequently the pudgy wooden fugue form also requires the sustaining of notes for long periods of time. There again the sustaining qualities of organ technique made it a perfect vehicle for this type of composition. Composers were not blog and sensing the special
properties of the organ and thus went about composing call around and produce woods and fields in profusion. This practice came to a tremendous climax during the baroque period when the person who was responsible for it more than anyone else was Johann Sebastian Bach. Just a certain way Bach gave such an impetus to the composition of color out pride and pride and fugues that their profuse creation continued for decades after Bach's death in 1758. It's appropriate that our concert from the USA be as church in autumn Holland conclude with a pledge you're dead if you look. Performed by how much Venter on the baroque organ built by Johann a shrimper during the years 1793 and 1796. In conclusion then produce food and feel good in G minor by an anonymous composer of the 18th
century. Yes. Thank you.
You. GO AS. You. Go and you. Know when. You obtain. The old. The old. I am. I am to it. Yeah. Yeah
yeah. You. Know what. But you would and Fugue in D minor by an anonymous 18th century
composer. If I'm listening to another program from the series ancient European organs presenting instruments erected during the period from the Middle Ages to the end of the 18th century. Today's broadcast highlighted the organ in your saviors church Arnim Holland built and erected between the years 1793 to 1796. My Your Highness St. Clair. Materials for these
programs are recorded by members of the European Broadcasting Union. Today's program being supplied by Radio need and especially for presentation in the United States by Stations of the NE on that one. Programme was prepared and written by Henry went over and produced at the University of Michigan at speaking and inviting you to listen again next week for another program of ancient European organs. This is the national educational radio network.
- Ancient European organs
- Eusebius Church
- Producing Organization
- University of Michigan
- Contributing Organization
- University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
- AAPB ID
- Episode Description
- This program features recordings of the organ at the Eusebius Church, Arnhem, Holland. Performances include works by Scheidemann.
- Series Description
- Recordings of noted organs at various locations throughout Europe.
- Media type
Host: Fidell, S. A. (Sanford A.)
Performer: Winter, Helmut, 1926-1983
Producing Organization: University of Michigan
Writer: Welliver, Harry B., 1910-2005
- AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 68-7-6 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
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- Chicago: “Ancient European organs; Eusebius Church,” 1968-01-09, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed November 28, 2023, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-h7081q4k.
- MLA: “Ancient European organs; Eusebius Church.” 1968-01-09. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. November 28, 2023. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-h7081q4k>.
- APA: Ancient European organs; Eusebius Church. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-h7081q4k