H is for joy; Narcotics and the law, continued.
The following program is produced as a public service feature by the radio division of the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago. With cooperation from the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and the Illinois division of narcotic control. We present news H is for joy. Last time when H is for joy came your way. We discussed briefly the international laws that govern the illicit narcotic traffic then more extensively. We covered the United States laws that attempt to govern and control the same immoral operation. This time we're going to examine the narcotic laws of one state Illinois. The
comment has been made that these legal explanations of the narcotic control laws are dry boring uninteresting. Perhaps so. But we feel that only by intelligent thoughtful enforcement can they be effective with this in mind we ask you the listener to pay close attention to what is said what you understand what you learned what you put into practice. This is the real test of any law. We are a nation committed to governing those who would deny the freedoms we hold dear. This is too important a thing to treat lightly. Most of these laws will be new to you. They were to us. So we sat we listened and we tried to understand not only the laws but the problems that face those who construct interpret and enforce them. Thus we can only ask you to listen intelligently to Paul J may turn technical advisor to the Illinois division of narcotic control as he talks about the laws of
Illinois. The law is geared to help those who desire it and to punish those who would refute the immutable sovereignty of the human soul. Mr. May time spoke at the University of Illinois in Urbana. He spoke to those who enforce the laws. Police sergeants lieutenants captains and sheriffs who meet the accused and guard the guilty. The narcotics investigation commission was created by the 69 general assembly in which they were to investigate the present narcotic problems and the enforcement by reference there till. As a result of their investigation a new uniform narcotic drug Act was introduced and passed by the General Assembly. This Act was approved on July 11 thousand nine hundred fifty seven along with this act. There were actual which were introduced by the commission 10 in number which were subsequently approved by the government.
The commission also requested that a separate state Division be set up to coordinate the work of the local law enforcement agencies and also the work of the federal government in the enforcement of narcotic laws under the Uniform narcotic drug act. Only those persons who are qualified may handle narcotic drugs. These persons are physicians dentist or Optus that Marion's pharmacists license wholesalers or manufacturers and other authorized personnel in a hospital or laboratory. The only way a person other than those that I have enumerated above may lawfully be in possession of narcotic drugs is by a prescription for a medical practitioner or on the receipt of such drugs from the medical practitioner himself. How do the license manufacturer wholesaler may only sell narcotic drugs to other
manufactures wholesalers pharmacists medical practitioners are persons in charge of a hospital laboratory. They may not sell to individuals or to any other professions other than those which I have listed here. All transactions of narcotic drugs. My only be done on official written order forms. These forms are provided for by the federal government so that a record is made of each transaction. And a lot pacifically provides that a physician may not prescribe narcotic drugs to satisfy diction. If they're treating something else they may use narcotic drugs but if it's just solely to satisfy addiction they cannot do so. A physician however may treat an addict who is confined to any city or county jail or a penitentiary or any county state or federal hospital or in any hospital approved by the division for the treatment of addiction.
The only other party who may sell narcotic drugs for use or consumption is a pharmacist and the pharmacist may only sell these upon a prescription. A doctor accepts out that a pharmacist my only dispense narcotic drugs when ordered on the official prescription blanks. These blanks may be obtained by the medical practitioner from the division narcotic control. We found that after we began putting out the official prescription form many times there were stolen. Actually they're only worth a dollar for a package of 100. So you could see that all you could charge these people with would be a mere petty larceny if they had it. So when a act has now been amended that the illegal possession of the official prescription blank carries with it a felony count of one to three years. Now the procedure which I have outlined deals primarily with what is known commonly as class a narcotic
drugs. And this class of drugs a doctor may not order these drugs by telephone. In other words he has to use the official prescription blank. The Act provides that either the blanks may be used in emergencies provided that the emergency is so stated. On the emergency blank. The division can readily see whether this has been of use as copies of all class a narcotic drug prescriptions must be sent to the division. So there is some control if they give the official blank is not used. Those drugs which have been readily found to be addicting are in your class AA and those drugs which are commonly used and found not to be too addicting are in your class B. The list was prepared from the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and is adopted uniformly throughout the nation. There is another class of narcotic drugs. These are not on as exempt preparations.
Normally they are preparations which contain a very small amount of narcotics and may be sold over the counter by the pharmacist. However the pharmacist must make a record as to whom he sold it and the date he sold it and this record must be made at the time of the transaction. It cannot be made at any other time. There is a limitation on the exam preparation that a person cannot obtain more than a certain quantity of narcotics within any 48 hour period. That is a person cannot go into the same store and obtain all three or four bottles of say two ounce paregoric for the pharmacist to sell such quantities would be a violation of the act within a 48 hour period. On the other hand it would be more likely that the addict would buy the limit at each store within a 48 hour period. I have the records would indicate this. Then the addict is a person totally at fault and he may be
prosecuted for obtaining the drugs under false pretenses in order to further protect the public. Certain labeling requirements have been established. In every package prepared by a manufacturer wholesaler the label must contain the name and address of the manufacturer wholesaler the quantity kind and form of narcotic drugs contained therein. The commission added at the last ace in the legislature a statement of law as enumerated by the only Supreme Court and that is law enforcement officers such as yourselves who has a duty of enforcing the uniform narcotic drug act and make arrests without warrants for violations of the act where the violation is committed in the presence of the person making the arrest or whether
arresting officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing such a violation. Any vehicle boat or aircraft which is used to unlawfully transport or facilitate the unlawful transportation of sale of any narcotic drug or in which narcotic drugs are unlawfully concealed or which is used to facilitate the unlawful conceal C element of narcotic drugs shall be forfeited to the state. This procedure is very similar to the forfeiture practice of the federal government. Therefore any vehicle which is used to facilitate a sale but may not be used in the actual delivery. This car is subject to forfeiture after a vehicle has been seized. It may only be released by the state of Illinois through the
division of narcotic control when any person violates this act or is placed on pro and is placed on probation or any person who the court has reason to believe is or has been an unlawful user of narcotic drugs and is placed on probation. The court shall require this is mandatory of the court as a condition of probation that the probation or submit to periodic tests by the division to determine whether probation or is using narcotic drugs. I think the important part here is many times in this in Cook County people applying for probation would come up and say Well a judge yes I stole that car. But after all I needed it I needed the money to support my addiction. And surprisingly that seemed to be the criteria for being granted probation in Cook County. On the con of that we place this requirement in here that now these people are on our probation as probation last normally 5 years
in which these people are going to be periodic checked to see whether or not their stand off drugs so when they make the promise to the judge that's what they're going to do what they're going to stay off of as far as we are concerned. The same requirement is placed upon the parole and pardon board who grants parole to a person whom the board has reason to believe has been an unlawful user of narcotic drugs or a violator of the act. Does any person who is on probation or parole for violation of the act is subject to taking these tests. Any person who does take the test is entitled to the results of the tests and any subsequent trial of that person. The results of those tests are admitted in evidence. The act was recently amended to make it easier for conviction of those who unlawfully use narcotic drugs. Now mobile punchers on the body surfaces or
scars or abrasions resulting from hypodermic needle punchers shall be prajna facie evidence of repeated unlawful use of narcotic drugs. But to be an addict is a misdemeanor subject to being imprisoned for 90 days to one year. The court may place such addicts who have been convicted on probation for a period not to exceed five years with a condition that they be confined for at least 90 days. And of course subject to the periodic tests which I have previous discussed to determine whether or not they're using narcotic drugs. This is really the crux of the Illinois narcotic laws. It was a feeling of the commission that if this act were properly enforced and all the attics placed under his jurisdiction. Addiction had nowhere to go but down. Down fewer Addicks fewer crimes
if properly enforced. That's what the law should bring about. But this is not the only law in the state of Illinois to govern the illegal sale and use of narcotics. There are others others that you'll hear more about next week on H is for joy. As we discuss the penalties provided for those who break the law. A script by Edwin at her production Bill Oberg. This is Ted Seeley speaking. The preceding tape recorded program was made available to this station by the National Association of
educational broadcasters. This is the NOAA B Radio Network.
- H is for joy
- Producing Organization
- Moody Bible Institute
- Contributing Organization
- University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
- AAPB ID
- Episode Description
- In this program, the second of three parts, Paul J. Maton, technical advisor to the Illinois Division of Narcotic Control, speaks about narcotic laws there.
- Series Description
- A documentary series about the nature of drug addiction, the current status of addiction, and various programs of prevention and treatment. Participants in the series include Dr. Rafael S. Gamso; Meyer Diskind of New York State Board of Parole; and Joseph Fiedoral, a Chicago policeman.
- Broadcast Date
- Media type
Announcer: Sealy, Ted
Producing Organization: Moody Bible Institute
Speaker: Maton, Paul J.
Writer: Vanetta, Ed
- AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 61-1-12 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
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- Chicago: “H is for joy; Narcotics and the law, continued.,” 1961-02-22, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed December 9, 2023, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-gb1xj27v.
- MLA: “H is for joy; Narcotics and the law, continued..” 1961-02-22. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. December 9, 2023. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-gb1xj27v>.
- APA: H is for joy; Narcotics and the law, continued.. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-gb1xj27v