New directions in social sciences; Effects of male hormones on women
They're all scoring and evaluating the raw data was accomplished before the investigator was told exactly which were his experimental and his control patients. There were other refinements but that gives you the idea of how the approach was made. The results wholesale differential changes between the responses of the experimental patients to the control and the control patients did not occur in any of the techniques used while generally negative several trends in the projective tests were suggestive of personality differences in the two groups of subjects opposed to XP all recognize the tests from which these interpretations are made without my mentioning which test they were. Experimental patients tended to show an increased sensitivity to sensual stimulation and a greater capacity to respond to external stimulation. These are post test results also in response to frustration they tended to exhibit exhibit a greater need persistence and decreased defensiveness and improved capacity for good intellectual argument zation was also noted in the experimental group. Further there was a slight trend toward a more mature psycho sexual development developmental level and the experimental group. There was no increase in sexually oriented psychological disturbance.
Likewise there was practically no change in sexual fantasy and ideation as tapped by the projective tests. Nevertheless the interview revealed a real and statistically significant findings which strongly supported the hypothesis for major indices of change in sex drive satisfactorily separated the experimental group from the control group at last and they point out to a level of probability at the close of the six week experimental period each and X reflected a different aspect of sex drive and each indicate a major increase in Dr in the experiment. That is a major increase in Dr in the experimental group while indicating little change or no change in the control group using follow up data obtained during the succeeding few weeks. The differences became greater on these indices thus further ruling out the chance factor. The interview data were handled by chi square. Each group experimentally control was dichotomized on the basis of the appearance are not appearance of marked change in behavior during the experimental period. The first of these four indicators the sex drive change was called quote feelings towards feelings toward sexual relations.
This was measured. That's the top half here and will speak for as to the six week period without reference to our first. Rather this was measured by evaluating the statements of each patient describing her feelings concerning the sex act proper in the post test interview following the description of her feelings about intercourse. The patient was asked to compare his present feelings with those she had prior to the six weeks just passed and during the major portion of her married life. Ten of the 18 experimental patients reported a definite and marked increase in positive aspect of feelings concerning intercourse. Five experienced no change and one reported a decrease. Two patients were separated from their husbands and consequently could not report changes in feelings about marital relations in the control group. Also two patients had no husbands of the sixteen remaining one control patient experienced a marked increase in positive affective feelings toward sexual relations and 15 had slight or no change you can see that in the table followup data tended to increase the significance of the results. The second of the major indicators the second half of the table.
It was called orgasm proportion. The data for this item were collected by asking each patient to estimate the percentage of her marital relations during which she reached orgasm. The measure then is the ratio of orgasm to intercourse. The ratio obtaining during the middle years of married life was taken as the baseline in most instances. In a few cases where a new ratio had been established more recently and had maintained itself for three years or more it was used as the baseline the ratio which developed during the experimental period was taken as the indicator of whether or not change from this baseline had occurred. Nine experimental patients experienced increases in the proportion of our guests to intercourse. Eight of these reporting a 1 to 1 ratio that is every time they had relations they had orgasm at Post and the other one was a 9 to 10 she said just occasionally. Even more specifically 1 out of 10 times she said she didn't have an organ. The previous average ratio of these nine women was approximately one to three. That's 33
percent type ratio. Only two of these nine women had been experiencing as many as three our gallons out of four copulation prior to the experimental period. Two women had been reaching orgasm 100 percent of the time and continued to do so following testosterone administration for patients reported no change and want to decrease in orgasm proportion. Again that to experimental and to control women without husbands were discounted in the controlled sample of 16 married women three patients either experienced a marked increase in R maintain a previously perfect orgasm proportion while felt no change at R and one had to decrease again the follow up data increase the significance. The third major indicator of change in sex drive was frequency of intercourse. Each patient was asked how many times a week our month she and her husband had marital relations since apparently this is something that few couple married couples do on schedule. Each woman reported the average frequency during the middle years of marriage. This was taken as the baseline from which the changes during the experimental period were judged. The overall breakdown of the 16 16 experimental patients
who had husbands showed nine experiencing a greater frequency of intercourse or a desire for greater frequency for having on change frequency and 3 reporting a decline in the frequency of performing the marital act. Only one control patient increase their frequency of intercourse and no others felt inclined to do so by crowd control patients the placebo made no difference in their rates of copulation and three had less frequent rates. Again the follow up date increase the significance of the findings. The final major indicator the bottom half of this table. It was labeled as sort of a catch all type of thing but I tried to get it from a person's personal point of view. The introspective report concerning sex drive before and after the experimental period this report was obtained by requesting the patient to discuss their feelings attitudes and interests concerning their sexual drive during their life prior to the first examination session of this study. They were then asked to compare their sex drives during the study weeks with what had been previously done experimental side increases want to decrease in their sex drives. While seven patients felt no change had taken place during the three weeks following the close the
close of the experimental period to more experimental women reported marked increases overall than 12 experimental patients reported increases. And six did not one control patient reported as an increased sex drive one reported decrease Dr. Weil 16 told of little or no change. Three other interview items showed non-significant trends in the predicted direction to experimental women reported increase in their rhotic sensations from the breast area and no controlled women reported such a change. Six experimental patients abandon negative feelings toward their husbands sexual demands following antigen therapy while no controls. Three experimental and one controlled patient said she noticed an increase in the sexual content of her dreams. Numbers and statistics seldom present the whole clinical picture. The following examples give greater meaning to the type and degree of change in sex drive which was induced in these women by the male sex hormone testosterone. One patient reported. My husband says I'm a new woman I have more desire I am more patient and it's different. I want to more often and I like it it's good like this I like it she was very effusive in the sort of statements as are
all of these. And the second other woman said I was stimulated during the days I felt like if somebody touched me I'd explode. And another. I didn't have any sex drive before I am so very much more patient now that I don't know exactly what to say about it. One forty eight year old woman and this one was my favorite. You'll see why I never experienced an orgasm in 25 years of married life prior to receiving methyl testosterone reported at the end of the experimental period. I do not think it's fair for the doctors to give those pills to a woman when she can have only one husband was alright. Your favorite to a 42 year old woman who for many years experienced quote no sex desire unquote and said that quote she did not like the idea unquote of intercourse on a return to the hospital for post examination reported. My husband told me to come back here and get a bushel of those pills. This just tonight is
a 47 year old woman who had quote always had a pretty I've been pretty patient unquote reported after the experimental period. Well the wrong person in this family got the Harmons. My husband could barely take care of me before but now I want it more often but it doesn't do me any good for a 40 year old woman who during 20 years of married life had felt her husband had a quote right to demand sex relations. It was just a duty when into gales of laughter when I asked post-test about her feelings toward her husband's sexual demands. In spite of the mark group reaction six of the 18 experimental patients did not show behavioral evidence of an increase in sex drive. Why did these patients fail to respond to the energy with increased sex. The data from it only a reasonable speculation. Three of them were suffering from you remember these are cancer patients three of these six were suffering from severe debilitating illness which was not relieved by the harm and the painful experiences of these women were such as to make a way just impractical if not impossible. During the experimental period they were largely
preoccupied with their illness. Two of the six patients whose response did not conform to the group trend were not married at the time of the study. These two patients also had severe but not incapacitating pain. The other non-conformist was married but her husband made only one sexual advance during a six week experimental period. These patients like the patients with debilitating pain had little or no opportunity for CO use. Although the opportunity for and practiced sexual relations are not essential factors for an increased sex drive to manifest itself with antigen from the present series they appear to be at least a catalyst for the reaction the presence of intense pain also seems to be and to act as an inhibiting factor. In conclusion then it may be stated that in the dosage administered methyl testosterone and androgen produces an increased sex drive in many women. Further the data supports the hypothesis that the male sex hormone is at least one of the important drivers of the sex need in women. Thank you. The program you just heard was one of a series of lectures given under the general title
of new directions in social sciences. It was produced and recorded by radio station KPFA Berkeley California under a grant from the Educational Television and Radio Center. Distribution of the series is made possible through the facilities of the National Association of educational broadcasters. This is the end AB Radio Network.
- Producing Organization
- pacifica radio
- KPFA (Radio station : Berkeley, Calif.)
- Contributing Organization
- University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
- AAPB ID
- Episode Description
- This program presents a talk by John I. Wheeler called "Psychological Effects of Male Hormones on Women."
- Series Description
- A series of talks delivered before the annual convention of the American Psychological Association in San Francisco.
- Broadcast Date
- Media type
Producing Organization: pacifica radio
Producing Organization: KPFA (Radio station : Berkeley, Calif.)
Speaker: Wheeler, John
- AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 58-10-4 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
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- Chicago: “New directions in social sciences; Effects of male hormones on women,” 1958-02-23, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed December 4, 2023, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-f47gvn79.
- MLA: “New directions in social sciences; Effects of male hormones on women.” 1958-02-23. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. December 4, 2023. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-f47gvn79>.
- APA: New directions in social sciences; Effects of male hormones on women. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-f47gvn79