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Thank you European workers. Today we visit briefly at the abbey church has become Belgium. Some bricks are Denmark some facts are historical and musical interest here performances of music composed by their contemporary. The small organ in the Abbey Church of music in them was erected in 79 to set builders I knew no one would ever been otherwise I didn't mind the instrument just built along. Typically for a tonal line is constructed in Laos where no trace of the Christian name now is to be found. And then transported to measure km by corrupt. Church records relate how parishioners assisted doc in erecting the instruments. Most of them is a small village on the northern outskirts of Brussels.
Only the taller of the church has retained its half Roman ask half Gothic architecture. The rest of the edifice was built as late as 1868 in earlier times this small church belonged to the Abbey of Villa gum which had four parishes one of the measure gum under its jurisdiction. The organ has only one manual no pedals and there are 10 stops placed above the balustrade of a choir loft Its action is mechanical by means of trackers. These can be heard in the softer passages of the music we are about to hear. Organist lampposts Luce now plays way links Freud thinks they're all mine is a line from the abbey church music I'm Belgium. For a dish there or mine is a lie by its wailing played by
organist led poets loose from the abbey church music I'm Belgium and thus we conclude a brief visit with one of the ancient organs of Europe. The second organ to be explored on today's broadcast of ancient European organs is housed in Fredericksburg chapel and healer in Denmark. This is a most remarkable instrument first because of its musical value but also because of the artistry and craftsmanship which went into the case and other appointments. The pipes in the organ case as was the custom of the time were speaking pipes in this instance the four foot principle was located there and it was covered with ivory ivory and ebony or used for the petal keyboard as well. The arrangement of the stop knobs was different. Those having the pedal stops were in the middle above the top manual those actuating the great organ were in two horizontal rows of five knobs on each side. Those controlling the solo organ are in two vertical rows at the outer end of each side. All stop
knobs are made of embossed silver. Those for the petal depict human heads. In the case of the great organ they show Diana heads the solo organ boasts lions heads with the rings through their noses. The entire organ stands completely enclosed in an oak case about 12 feet high 10 feet wide and six feet deep. Everything in the instrument has been made of wood. There are no metal pipes on a square wooden pipes. One thousand and one in all. Many made of rare Woods will return shortly with more interesting facts about this unusual organ and Fredericksburg Chapel Hill or Denmark. But now we will hear the organist pair Kemah from seven play five dances from Thomas minuteness collection. Music in vogue at the time the Fredericksburg chapel organ was relatively new. Sure.
Sure. Five dances from Thomas milliners collection played on the Fredericksburg
chapel organ in Hitler in Denmark. This organ the oldest organ in Denmark was constructed and directed by the German builder s a s company s company s was born in isolation in 15 6 day where his father Heinrich was organist from fifteen forty eight to fifteen seventy two in fifteen Eighty the elder company has established himself in the organ business in partnership with his son. But the side S A-S went to my bag in fifteen ninety nine and opened his own workshop in mud to bear the young compendious was quick to make friends with two important men of the time. First he met Heinrich curious Duke of Brahms Phi egg and soon he became the Duke's organist and in 16:5 received the title Duke Brunswick organ and instrument maker. It was in 16 5 that he began the construction of the organ we are exploring today. The instrument was 10 years of building all the while its construction being supervised by no less a musical
present age and the second important man with whom the young companions came into contact and the great Michael pry Torrijos the organ Pretoria supervised in its building stages the instrument we are now hearing must have been an important an excellent one because by Tori Amos mentions it in a organic raffia the second part of his monumental publication seen Todd Graham music on. Now we will hear Koran taught by the composer Peter Cornet who lived and worked at the time the Fredericksburg chapel organ was built and erected. Who. Who.
Koran by Peter cornet a composer who lived and worked at the time
the organ we are exploring on today's broadcast was built on the artistry lavished on this organ and its case are almost unbelievable. As mentioned before the instrument is housed in its own free standing oak case there are double folding doors on the front which hide the actual facade of the organ. These doors are gorgeously ornamented in the very finest Renaissance style the façade is divided into three sections by means of two richly carved columns on either side of the large arch. There are two winged flute playing Cupids. These three arches contain the great organ with the four foot principal in front. These pipes have their mouths decorated with ornaments carved in Ebony between each principal pipe there is a 16 foot reed pipe made of boxwood also with Ebony ornaments in various designs of the instrument was originally tune to what we now refer to as the untempered scale.
Fortunately this original tuning still persists meaning that the use of keys in which the instrument can be played is strictly limited. The pitch is well over a semi tone higher than concert pitch today. Organist pair can affronts and now plays and Valeyard by yond amok on the organ in Fredericksburg troppo in Hillary Denmark. Thanks. Thanks. Thanks. Thanks. Thanks thanks. Thanks.
Thanks. Thanks. Thanks good. God yard by yonder Bach composer who lived and worked at the time the instrument we're hearing was relatively new and the account of the Fredericksburg chapel organ in Denmark would be incomplete without some mention of the various accessories it contains. For example above the stop knobs controlling the conventional stops there are four more silver knobs one depicting an all to roses and one a fool's head. Incidentally although such practices were not common in organ building at
the time they certainly were not rare. They must be classed as highly unusual to say the least. When they are all is drawn and fastened in an open position this causes two deep seas to Homme in 16 foot picture rows number one is a treble and two is rate of beating can be accelerated by drawing a diameter head. Number 5. Although rows number 2 is now disconnected it probably actuated a symbol down or a bogus report card. The fool's head opens a little door to the right of the manuals in the compartment inside. There are six pipes each of which may be made to sound by means of a small knob whereupon they sound constantly much like the fixed drones of a bagpipe. At this point it's impossible to refrain from suggesting that the bird whistles rowing surf Bunder and other contraptions of the theatre organ of the 1920s were not in the least original merely copies of an idea three centuries old. The
concluding composition to be played on this organ in Fredericksburg chapel in Hillary Denmark is by a high on Lawrence born in 16:10 and died in sixteen eighty nine. We were here for dances on a mound Korans left on a desk by a new and a minuet. Four dances by a yawn Lawrence a composer whose life coincided
with a period in which today's ancient European organ was built and directed the organist was parakeet from Santa. Muerte. Heard last. Night. You have been listening to another program in the series ancient European organs presenting instruments erected during the period from the Middle Ages to the end of the 18th century gather with facts about them and the structures of which they are housed. And music composed by men who were their contemporaries. Today's broadcast was recorded in the abbey church. And there's a Belgium by the Belgian radio and television and in the Fredericksburg chapel in Hillary of Denmark by the Denmark radio in
Copenhagen. Specially for presentation in the United States by Stations of the NE our network. Program was prepared and written by Honeywell over and produced at the University of Michigan. Several speaking of liking to listen again next week to same time for another program our internal European market. This is the national educational radio network.
Ancient European organs
Frederiksberg Chapel
Producing Organization
University of Michigan
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Episode Description
This program features recordings of the organ at Frederiksberg Chapel, Hillered, Denmark. Performances include works by Mulliner; Cornet; Macque; and Lorentz.
Series Description
Recordings of noted organs at various locations throughout Europe.
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Host: Fidell, S. A. (Sanford A.)
Performer: Frandsen, Per Kynne, 1932-
Producing Organization: University of Michigan
Writer: Welliver, Harry B., 1910-2005
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 68-7-12 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:29:40
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Chicago: “Ancient European organs; Frederiksberg Chapel,” 1968-02-20, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 28, 2024,
MLA: “Ancient European organs; Frederiksberg Chapel.” 1968-02-20. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 28, 2024. <>.
APA: Ancient European organs; Frederiksberg Chapel. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from