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NDE are the national educational radio network presents special of the week. The British Broadcasting Corporation event G. This is you 10 memorable years of sport introduced by Gen X instead. The driving force within every champion is the will do they faster stronger more skillful. So sport is always changing. But as we recall the great men and moments of this decade we will see that the difference between 1960 and 1970 is total. There have been three Olympic games and in the first of them in Rome in 1960 the light heavyweight boxing title was won by an 18 year old American Negro named Cassius must set us clash by the middle of the decade. He was heavyweight champion of the world in the third round not a blow struck at us played dances
around the ring elusive tantalizing tormenting I thought it was an adequate one so beautiful punch in the face has not been tried to the left and right that goes in with another combination. Roger then moves away. Drops his barbs almost contemptuously dancers there promising about on his feet moves forward in those watches it goes in separate projects but it's not the way to the top. They were there. The county the county. This county. Got us players to shut but otherwise they won his title and defended it with scarcely an opponent's glove laid on him he was a far cry from his monolithic granite produces his motto was float like a butterfly sting like a bee. And this applies not only to feet and fists but also to the champions Tom. I would say Well from my point of view he will be in a bad fix because I will knock him out in round 6
if he starts talking. Get him in fact if he makes me so or he'll fall and fall. If you keep talking about me I'll get him in three if that don't do get him into if you run get him in war if you don't want to fight he should stay home that night. Things like that. I was only campaigning at a time like um fellows running for office and politics the Aleppo streets past pathways out. Walk up on your ass you're begging of all form and then once he's in office he puts on a suit his necktie and takes an appointment to see him and sometimes two beers and you don't have time to sing. So I'm in that sort of position I was only campaigning for a crown. The things that I feared wouldn't look too wise to do nail file after changing the style beneath the showman's veneer. The man of conscience we can see not the shadow of the future in the deceptively lazy answer to the boxing reporter's simple question did Clay have the
coveted killer instinct. No I don't like that term. Excuse me I don't like that term. The killing because it don't sound too good. They do say that as a rule in boxing they do say this fella has a kill instinct I don't have a killer instinct. We're not out to kill nobody What don't you know. My conscience will let me live if I even kill someone. As the decade ends Cassius Clay is no more in his place stuns Mohammed Ali a convert to the Muslim faith. Though unbeaten as a professional boxer he has been inactive in the ring for nearly three years because he will not accept conscription for the American armed services an important feature of the 60s has been the emergence of many sportsmen with deep convictions about human rights and dignity. Another significant trend has been the crumbling facade of amateurism. One of the biggest breakthroughs has been in lawn tennis. In 1968 eight countries staged tennis tournaments which all categories of player were free to enter and the advent of
Open tennis made clear just how much one man has dominated this decade as an amateur in 1962. Rod Laver won the championships of his native Australia of France England and the United States in 1969. A professional rugby player became the first man to make the grand slam twice. Madigan said on the set they're going to turn down the line about it in a full straight bs out of court live across them but to get at them it was a bit out of court again. It's once again there are body but it is there to take it put it down like they want to. I love playing tennis. It's a challenge to go out there and beat an opponent. Time regards itself as being on top spot when he's concentrating on every back and cross to the forehand. Not going to for anybody cross-court Laver back and on that I don't know. But again special Cincinnati and it's going.
To. Stay on top. Looking back at your record you have to continue to look ahead. There's a bit of tried to managed to feel that you don't rest on your laurels he says now to write a book on the center back in return Labor back inside folly down the line a dog on the back end high and you can get fairly short labor which would abound it doesn't rise to high House measures it comes back on the back end. They were dropped on the floor and I brought racing you can put a drink on the forehand side and nobody from Labor falls on the baseline high lob on the forehand from you can drive back and it's been a. Hard life. I think tennis is no easy sport. I'm going to few aches and pains to tell a lot. But. When you look at tennis and. What it's done for you I think my heart's pretty full. The champion at match point to retain his title says I'm the runner and John Newcombe now back in return for my God they were back in Bali. Now you can afford to open up to that I'm going to have a bad temper. You're going to.
Try to with tennis now open the final battle of amateurism will be fought behind the palisade of the pure principles of the Olympic Games subterfuge and barely disguised deceit have undermined even this bastion but until it falls there is certain to be a quicker turnover of champions in the Olympics and particularly in the Olympic centerpiece of track and field athletics in the three games of the 1960s discus thrower outer of the United States has won three gold medals and I'm standing achievement but he is then much the exception. 960 in Rome for instance was the year of Australia's her belly up but whatever. Second I'm off riding a wave or whatever she won't let you go yet he got into the fray to go back and earlier just try to go away from the making of things in a particular way are ludicrous. Keeping it home absolutely perfect thing you don't need to write a 490 are ya feel
process and have got to wonder if you are going to need a pen yard over your zeal for that sort of made out in fourth place and have how to pick up a great father he ought to go back to visit Australia not slick take it anyway. Still keeping it for the ticket home looking. They are right on the top 15 yards over your S.O. from an earlier post. Then you ought to go five four three two one. No not if someone from your site. Four years later in Tokyo the brilliance achievement was eclipsed by the New Zealand AP to snow his talk it was to retain his eight hundred metres title and win the fifteen hundred metres a double it had not been done for 44 years. In days when competition was fun it's obvious. In 1964 Snell had six races in a day when the eighth day came one title was already his and all that remained was the fifteen hundred metres final and this is how he remembers that race today and he made the final and
270 and been in the series for him. Graceful arm and with a mind though do you mean they were we were going on I'm going to need that good condition within the last play when I can make a mini break in there. Yeah everybody's arrangement when invited and I went and got em when you had to do it. Davies is now trying to hold the pace with about 400 yards to go. It is David. Frum. But out here called Snow Snow striding through on the outside but he still didn't rely on his great strength God knows ill and also not just behind. There goes no. No go striding right away from the field. He's got a lead of about 5 yards 6 yards. I can't don't think anybody can possibly catching a lot of it for a special is going to lead up to it to the finish expected. No one is going to think it over spilled is going to win. Don't win but I think I would know till in 1968 the
Olympics moved to Mexico City altitude oxygen debt and heat exhaustion became crucial factors in the in durance events no one who was not born at altitude or who could not afford to spend long periods training at altitude stood a chance. And so the African athletes came into their own Kaino and move from Kenya to Moody from Tunisia. Mama Wilder from Ethiopia the black races were really taking over for in the explosive events American Negroes retain their traditional dominance. Eight finalists that set I don't wait. OK very good stuff by car loss of America. We are both quested and on the other side of the Australian dollar as they cut the water but rather cut it out is still a potential there but it's not good if it's right but it's not obvious because it comes with it. Oh I think obviously if it were ever tried to go no further Where does not go. Where. But these great black athletes were no longer content to remain just that. Civil rights have become a burning issue in the United States and Black Power took the opportunity to
demonstrate its beliefs where they would be seen by millions of television watchers all around the world. It's quite evident. Well Brad Friedel I would say what we do know is that people in the world know that we were running to represent the silver medalist John Carlos and the stand for racial rights is not being made only in the track and field arena cricket dazzled Oliveira a cake colored by birth and in tennis the American Arthur Ashe. I won many admirers by their dignified and courageous conduct and in 1967 there was another breakthrough in golf where the black man's role had for long been that of the caddy who was not admitted to the clubhouse. Forty four year old child suffered when the $20000 first prize in the Greater Hartford Open and so became the first Negro to win an American professional tournament. But this was not the only changing Gulf in the 60s. This is South Africa's Gary Player in the old days.
They say don't worry about hitting a ball hit it straight or that's a lot of baloney. You've got to hit it fine straight today. Golf has taken a complete change of golf is not the same game it was five years ago one of the famous our covers Boxer said if you shot even force that you'd always win a tournament even for today you do not qualify in the United States now they play for an average of a hundred thousand dollars a week. That's the big change the incentive is greater. The fellas train harder today. They train physically and they train mentally which I don't just go along and just play golf like they used to. Lower scores and bigger prizes. These are trends that will continue into the 70s. But the richer the cake the more hands that reach for a slice. We're unlikely to see repeated the supremacies of the so-called Big Three plan. Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer the stresses they suffer have long been apparent to their manager Mark McCormack Arnold has been under a tremendous amount of strain because once you're at the top of course everyone's are shooting at you have only got one way you can go in there it's down. And every time you tee it up you're expected to win and if you win the public's indifferent
to it moralising if you don't win they're writing articles on what's happened to you is your business interfering with your golf are you not practicing hard enough or are you through. And I think Arnold has withstood it in amazing way over the past 10 years. Any time RL plays a fairly round of golf with a friend there may be nobody on the first team by the time they're finished there may be a thousand people following around as the hours go by the course. In 1969 Palmer was missing from the United States Ryder Cup team for the first time in the decade. He's now the age 40 and troubled by a painful hip. It may well be that he has left his glory in the 1980s. Even so Parma will have enjoyed a longer active career than any soccer star in soccer. The most widely popular of all spectator sports. The demand for success has become frighteningly fierce and violence on the field depressingly common. The skilled ball player needs you for resilience and nimble reflexes to survive. Only a handful of footballers stay at the top much beyond the age of 30. At the
root of many of the more distasteful saga roles has been a crash of Latin temperament and Nordic strength in terms of simple results during the 60s the two major continents come out even in the 962 World Cup final. Brazil defended the trophy against Czechoslovakia. So after 20. 30 minutes of the second half. We thought a stage defeat. While Cup final is Goff still. Brazil won Czechoslovakia one. I'm back and if they did not evolve or get ahead in their. Bed. It's just outside the post so to go kick of Czechoslovakia was ill pick it up again on the halfway line. First it was a get out of wings I checked its back is half now just across the field right square coffee with BD picked it up. Was it to ensure that I would want to pick up the edge if they are there by mail they bring you back to plummet. It's great they don't run because I was a girl has Eto'o. Was I have. The total right. The halfback and bought the show. That put Brazil on. 1962 and Brazil win. But four years later in England the Latin teams were brushed aside not always gently.
I knew Christ superceded the chance of bra's zeal but our zeal. In that pioneers of the new shape of soccer in the 60s were an all purpose team of nonstop runs with home advantage. They reached the final against West Germany and there they ran and ran until their reward came in extra time. Going to West Germany to win this very even still World Cup final of 1966 a long kick until Cosby. Headed away by Jack Charlton down to Nobby Stiles Stiles with a long ball through ball and ball will run for always worth after this when he turns it in good has got a shot it is a charge of us and if it. Was. It must be a go. I would have thought that we did. But he's not given it. I thought that the bar would be more subtle stuff. Yes it's good.
It's giving me an England with a witness for two. It's an oversimplification to call England's football merely defensive. It's nevertheless a fact that England conceded only one go on the way to that World Cup final and so it's possible to see soccer in the 60s personified by too many Pele the Brazilian genius scorer of a thousand girls in competitive football and maybe more. The calm defender who captains England all the more recalls a match in which they were opponents is not a particularly big fellow better. He's very strong in the air. He's got two good feet. You know he's quick. He can dribble he can do everything and I can remember one incident very very outstanding and I had him in a corner with only about a yard or so from the byline and I showed him the bottom to try and bait me there which I wanted him to do. And without even touching the ball I hardly moved his feet. He sent me to tremendous dummies and you know he got behind on the ball and no trouble whatsoever. It's never happened before and I hope it doesn't happen again. There's almost all stories just gobbles them yes but
I but if you don't you're not gonna go oh no. The Ecstasy of a goal by Pele. Meanwhile in another sport in rugby the predominant sound of the 60s has been a showy phlegmatic. The rugby juggernaut prepares to row the Olsen sound of an All Blacks back in training. Here was a new conception in rugby football in the late 50s. The New Zealanders had won matches with a duo pack kicking a scrum half and a fullback who never missed a penalty in 1960. They were beaten twice by South Africa. Since then their record reads played 36 132 drawn
to last two. These formidable thinkers were achieved by brilliant attacking team that was built round forwards who combined mass and mobility in a manner unprecedented Chris Laidlaw speaks as a scrum half who had the enormous pleasure of playing behind them. It's very stimulating. I used to complain a few years ago that I wasn't getting a ball partly a result of the fact that the forwards tend to take the ball as far as they can from situation to situation and if they can take it from a rock or a more. Themselves up the middle of the field and now do this each time. And sometimes if the opposition has been all that strong then we as backs haven't seen too much of the board yet it's an almost playing behind the style of rugby in the 60s. The stem from the ideas and inspiration of men like straight out the brilliant New Zealand coach Collin Meads who paid more than a hundred times in the old black shirt and Wilson winner the outstanding captain of the fifth All Blacks in Europe had to. WIN BUT. That.
Was. When I said. We must have a. Cause. Less trying. And the very last minute. The New Zealand All Blacks the team changed rugby in the 60s. THE CHANGE THE SIXTIES brought in motor racing was newness radical than the changes elsewhere. The machines of course went faster and on the whole they were more reliable but perhaps that was a direct result of the new breed of drivers. The old school of from one of the showman whose exploits away from the track would always been reported as avidly as their deeds behind the wheel dwindled but new men were quieter more analytical and the best of them was a sheep farmer from Scotland. Jim Clark approaches that milling crossing at about one hundred fifty miles an hour as he comes down towards tax court all the seven to 15 last time. Two hundred and twenty five miles now he's covered since 2:30 this afternoon.
He comes out if that's going to bring this to you. Just to watch the winning and the checkered flag drops and Jim Clark wins the 15 British You know Larry is Jim talk accent writing out of Stoke or not but we'll go over now to finish to see Jim Cox through and to see who is going to be second and Harry. Jim Clark and the Lotus win the British Grand Prix. Stan we look out now all of this huge crowd and has Jim come inside. Jim Clark coming inside towards us now and he's coming up to the finishing point the checkered flag is out and does not IMAX wins the British and I think you'll find if you talk to any race and they're all aware of the great dangers of racing here. There's a very good saying those old ones and bold
ones but many old bold ones will realize the limitations and the dangers there and trying not to run into these dangers. Ah but I can't let you get away with just that. Because when we were discussing the not the growing fourteen miles to the lap in the mountains climbing and diving on a narrow twisty road through eight hundred feet and you showed me a bit of roadway again down a gradient of about 1 in 10 and it's twisty all the way and you say that I get peak revs in top which means that you are doing that in nearly a hundred fifty miles an hour down a mountain lane now. This calls for courage whether you like it or not cause for confidence in yourself and in your machine. But still if you ask me know did I go down there at that speed. I thought I would say I didn't because I didn't have the courage commonsense and acute judgment made Jim Clark world champion in 1963 and again in 1965 in January 1968 he won his twenty fifth grand
prix to break the record previously held by Juan Fangio four months later. The man knowledged not only was the best but also as one of the safest of drivers was killed at Hockenheim in West Germany. He died in a mysterious accident on a straight stretch of track without another county but the tradition Clark established lives on in a new champion also a Scotsman also a man who's driving exclude six traffic comes to at any moment now on his last lap. Where has he got to yet I think I see him now coming past the back of the last time the back of her left hand are taken at about 70 miles an hour. He's running but he's not hurting their ears coming by. Jackie Stewart in the early am changing down for they have been through a go round I have been the right hand up and accelerate for the last time up to the checkered flag and Jackie Stewart winners of the product in the past we might have done for the complete antithesis of the noisy world of motor racing to cricket.
But the game that was nurtured on placid English fields has found the sixties a turbulent decade. Riots in the West Indies in India and Pakistan the few links between South Africa and the rest of the world stretched close to breaking point by racial issues. The game itself aside from any political questions rocked for a while by controversy over throw. But on the positive side we can reflect on 10 glorious years for the West Indies with only recently signs of decline above all this is been a memorable era for Barbados among the many illustrious sons of this tiny island none has achieved more than Garfield Sobers an all rounder whose versatility is unique. A batsman of rare accomplishment a fielder a swift as a PMA a bowler of pace and patience Sobers has shouldered also the responsibilities of captaincy learning as he has gone and accepting praise for what it is worth and no more. One can only be Pres by the performances and I think that so far under store I've been having some remarkable performances especially to test matches. I've been to England
before on two occasions and I've never performed so well and I think that this is why the papers praise you but the day you start to fail in the back row how can I you fail at the purpose probably would have the same interests. And it was the West Indies together with Australia who provided what was undeniably the most thrilling sporting occasion of the sixties. Never in nearly 100 years of cricket history had a Test match ended in a tie until there's been in 1960 Wesley hole begins the last over the first test. Australia need firearms to win with 3 wickets to fall all that much in bozo bin a striker will be able to be behind by Alexander. We could secure 128 Well we want to. Make it coming out.
On the label of the ball from all across the sting out of the ball a bit off for now to meet him on his legs the weight of the weight of the ball. It was done by the school or older.
I'm getting a. Bit of an. Order.
Thing. Or back of it it will both apply. The tide you have been out of the. 60s was written and introduced my generation produced in the London studios BBC by Michael K.. This is an easy R. of the National Education already own network.
Special of the week
Issue 2-70 "These Sporting 60's"
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University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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