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Document Deep South. Cotton bar and a factory in the heart of Dixie. A revealing story of progress documented with on the spot recordings by the radio broadcasting service extension division and University of Alabama for the next 30 minutes. It will make a trend. You will see the significance of a new industrial self. Changing self you will see how determined people are nature's plug into prosperity a move that more than ever is making itself felt in our nation's economy. The towed sentinel of the South has been struck down. And this one has the
crowd behind which towered above all of those now lies prostrate on the forest floor. Pity this poor tree don't. It's a jewel their mortality has just begun. It is prove this and no will no longer side with us. I'm a brain wave to birds on wing. I gently gestured to stars that night. It will be humiliated at the hands of men with dogs and they're out of a limb dragged from its native habitat lifted into waiting trucks and home many miles to a mill. But its destiny has been decided and its heritage its a proud one all right. What comes from Carolina or Florida Alabama hearkened anyone of our southeast in
states where 29 percent of the nation forest land is located. That's more than one hundred and eighty three million acres. You're. Good morning. It's MORNING if you stand in the rainforest the morning sun getting through planting down what in your path is a good lean bacon and saw me and a good thing you would like to happen. But the sound of the powerless all rushing its way deeper into the heart of the mighty monarch whom we quote then and the caller. Or hear that 30 seconds to fell a tree. You talk with the song form and you find the cutting time ranges from a half minute to perhaps
three and his crew of 11 men can cut from three to four hundred creeds in one day they were going ahead of the logging operation collect the tree that had been marked in advance about forestry engineer work hard from sun up to nearly thumb set their lunch and dinner pail and talk of the day their children will follow in their footsteps. I mean it's telling you guys that they go out I mean a lot of what they will be when they. Saw you. They walk up to determine the importance of forestry to the south. To determine its impact on our national economy we were started at the beginning in the forest among the loggers. You have señor Curry from the earth would you
have seen the power saws in the perspiring man and now. You're looking on it as bulldozers invade the city twisting turning during the fall and maneuvering along a giant place ready to low. It's a beehive of activity. This is a modern milling operation of the Deep South. Unlike the South itself what it calls an industry that has seen many changes. A power saw can now fall a tree in a fraction of the time it took two people who man a cross cut saw or gator tail as it was known. Instead of an axe a chainsaw as you is today to top the tree on the log you snake the way by Caterpillar tractor instead of a new. All of this cuts working time makes the job easier more economical. Sharing your amazement it is about a program of mechanization is Dr want to be Jones the man who has traveled with you around 11 states of the southeast.
He's standing now with Brooks Lambert general forester and wood supervisor of this particular operation going on like this going on. Well I think that if it operated right about a lot because. We got an A national pride get down to that. Oh I think we're a long way from him but that look like you have 15 of quite alarmed already on that thought that we will probably come up then than our plate loading. He had got it I would completely get it. Daniel got a crack in it for without it you don't read 4000 Burpee on that web glad it didn't go and it goes to get the mail. We've got the mellow when it right here. Ruben Alabama doesn't quite look like you are so
mellow. We will made good luck on your own. We could do your own little milk and like think of us lives a million more in the porridge utilisation business rather than operating just a slow meal in a true that a lot of people when they drive by the plant they think only of the manufactory and of a business. We run a sawmill plain and we'll creosote in plant we have awhile bound by factory here but I think about all the most important days of operation the one to which we give more to buy. Danger. Is the woodlands forest gang live it outside the office window you can see the white steam the smoke stack the stock pot of logs that characterize the milling operation. But inside you can see the future. In the fourth side to one of the company's youngest executives John Downing treasurer. Yes I would think that the South is probably the most important area forestry production in the future for three guns of Asian
production of three years in the world. It's true that the west coast produces more lumber and timber than the present time and they have a greater growth like a life that takes a mighty long time to grow one of those. Douglas firs and do a commercially sound operation where you can forward and I mean any document I think you would take several hundred years to get one there with any commercial value and some of those treated the cutting several thousand years old. But all of the cake for pine tree is to grow seedlings to save us all. I would say roughly 75 years of course considerably with the type of soil you have with that. That's a rough guess a 75 year cycle. It might be a problem with you're going to create Yes but then you probably cut something out of the way that your rights are before you would get it is a slowdown where you would have gone in beforehand and you would have a good fence post small poles
you few logs it would be to come out the ones that. We're defective for some reason they would go to this only oh you would have put wood production and you would finally got the rest of it in the form. So long as by the time you have a reproduction that you would almost need a book would stage again. In this country with her settled. This land of ours was covered with good intent. In New York and Pennsylvania beginning in the Carolinas and then with a farm and hooked up. To MS 13 colonies grew and independent the fledgling lumber industry grew up. And from the north came in from the world came a Brit the British or admired the towles highly pliable white power that it made excellent for more than a hundred years the American method of supply for this tremendous timber grain could not go
on forever. So at the turn of the last century lumber men looked to the south and the southern yellow pine. There they found a product that was valuable too and which found an easy market. Well that's the story that's the story handed down through many decades to the man of this modern milling operation. That's the story behind the house in the oval plate in the production of wood and wood products in the work. But that's not the whole story. That's not the story of the weight of the 100 regard for the future that accompanied his invasion that doesn't tell the story of reckless ruthless practices of stripping the land of all growth leaving behind the tops the stumps the beaten and broken saplings that marked the path of the third a logging operation.
No word has been mentioned to reveal the mountainous piles of sawdust and labs in shavings that mock the callous operation of Southern mills for years and all you could do that would be to cut a piece of wood right there and then you ought to play it and leave us. I just laughed. Mary what happened that day is going isn't it. Yes that's the thing of the pay it and the. Eerie dock you know. You know the ways that they had in the day to get it must have been oh right a lot of the material not yet that oh well what do you do about the fact that it seems that
we don't have a slab JONES We have a small amount of waste and we do have them solemnly why we chop it up use it for fuel and I boil the plant generate electricity with it which in turn runs the motors that run from it. You can expect your own log van which is just arrived now unloaded to be used to its best. Use completely. I would just follow one last word with that. And and they're now taken away dropped down into a pond where they're fixing.
It Out. Mike Mullen president of LML company a half an hour now from the word of the what happens at that point if it didn't come at him. Thanks. For coming in. Not a great deal of weight. Please try not to have
any. We try not to have any determination of today's Dixie proudly displayed in the spirit and spontaneity of people like Ed Lee McMillan the man who heads a milling operation that uses every scrap stick and splinter it uses sawdust and bark for fuel and even sell stumps tops and lambs. Yes we try not to have any waste. In forestry more than in any other industry. You can see the signs of lessons learned. Most of them the hard way. But all of them adding up to the momentum of a tremendous movement a changing South but forestry alone provides an amazing income in many cases forming the leading industry of the state. All total it goes a long way toward establishing America as the world's foremost producer of wood and wood products. But utilization alone is not the answer.
Let's look at what is required to do it. No doubt people playing in 1931. This year planning we plan to make 5 million tree they hear me playing them on the hear. That God try to care that about an average here do you think. Thank 700000 would be a little plain. We're running out of places planet we can plant a love like nature plant any plant where nature for some reason and no seat please. We plan in all fields and places we have a boat that didn't have the sweet treat baking to receive it in and you do your own seating and get extra growth. And not wait for the seed Bowl in there right. A lesson learned. And sometimes learn quite early in life. I talked to several people last year the way I think about informational plant climbed trees and I found out that their boys are in the speech you form associations
for each club that they have been given lots of hours on a 2008 run through the club nursery where they would take in the whole world planning will on their own ground because they thought it would develop an interest in what children were doing and it has been Might it satisfactory. They've got to make a lot of progress. Yeah I think so especially on the period of anybody who'll class of three will now be used why. That's right there's a lot of work in black or perhaps a lesson to be learned later. Don't you think that one thing that might be done with college level would be. An education of students along tree form idea that was starting to 1940 in this area. I did get an individual form with a few acres of ground that he owns educate him so that he knows a treaty can be grown as a crop just like corn a piece of cotton. Billy looks after his woods and realizes their value and he doesn't let somebody come in when you've been like so many people here.
This has taken its homework to heart. Remembering above all else to protect its vast natural resources. Today private agencies and farms are combining state and national voices to give nature a helping hand to give nature a chance. You remember a forest you saw it first from the hills you remember and you watch the grayish white smoke boiled up would bring greedily over countless acres of forest land. And you remember you were curious so you went down to watch the raging inferno and you saw where you blackened frantically trying to bring the fire under control. And you thought at the time of the fortune in the future going up in flames and you wondered what could have caused it. A careless match. A campers.
Later you learn that more than seven million dollars are spent each year for forest fire control in the Deep South. And now having seen something of the past forest resources of the South you know why. Well here in South Carolina and Kentucky and Tennessee and Arkansas and Alabama and Louisiana in Mississippi and in Georgia and in Florida half the lumber used in the United States is produced. And a great amount is exported. In fact if all the lumber produced in one year was laid into that would be enough boards to circle the globe 2400 and 21 times. Thought it your tree now in Lombard
now being stocked for shipment takes on a new me. Where will he go from here. We're joined now the trees in serving the increasing demand of a new South. Yes of what they serve the other parts of the country do we have poles and used your guns way New Jersey in the Midwest and Indiana we ship lumber anyway used to them this is the only reason we don't beat west of the Mississippi you go to freight rates they have prohibited all of our products I would say Blanket the United States eased to the Mississippi boxes you know to go overseas in the past there have been a great deal of indorsing So we do not hit directly for export we sell to the voters who in turn ship during the war. Example A great number while bone boxes removed by our forces overseas we ship them but along with all the ports of the world connection. Southernwood travels far. And its effects all far reaching.
What has been estimated that wood has 9000 uses twice the number of uses for steel Wood's nearest competitor uses that extend far beyond the common practicality of lumber pine for instance has given the south to other large industries. One of the extraction of naval stores rather than turpentine dates back to colonial days Winn-Dixie produce 65 to 80 percent of the world's supply. The second industry the pulpwood and paper industry is of more recent vintage its coming was explained to Mr R of M smiles you remember he's a forestry manager of the Gulf states Paper Corporation in Tuscaloosa Alabama. In the very early 1930s increasing markets for paper and definite shortages of East and lakes states pub were developed from this development. The trend of movement of the pulp and paper industry turned southward from a rather small beginning with the
manufacture of graph paper from southern pine. The industry has grown tremendously in the past 20 years. Today there are more than 50 major pulp and paper mills in the south and they consume more than 14 million cords. The Pope would then have grown tremendously too. And last year more than two hundred and fifty million dollars was paid out in salaries and wages. Today the south leads all regions of the nation in the production of pulp and paper. And something else. You discover that Southern economy is no longer based on raw materials alone. Today's South the new South is one of industry as well and
in forest it is the south it also produces the finished product. In North Carolina for instance. Well last year the finished products in Ward amounted to about seven hundred eighty eight million dollars worth of revenue. The North Pole that you have but to calculate here to the industrial temple of the Piedmont metropolis to catch the staccato beat of craftsman at work. I actually wanted to perhaps today I demanded throughout the nation throughout the world. Lumber from New York three were shipped to Mebane North Carolina. And so you and Dr. Jones followed their followed it to the white furniture company watched it being cut been constructed into modern and fringe but then who furnishings. You talked with the general superintendent Mr. Han's bean. Listen to his story of studied perfection of a fish and see how the future of turning out finished work listened against a background of hammers and hard
working assemblyman and woodworkers by running a mid-winter Furniture Mart the furniture manufacturers on the south side from Virginia and even from Indiana on the south southeast market place and display their furniture market. That market continues for two weeks and buyers from all sections of the country mostly of course from the south and the southeast stopped the building to make prices starting to the furniture that they asked me to meet. Well they're coming. Retail sales. I noticed that yesterday there was approximately seven feet. Third of course that's just the beginning. There will be many if our cars I have a
few weeks market is all out of line with the High Point Market. Push your car. It's certainly larger than the New York market the Jamestown or the Grand Rapids market so I would say the top one is next importance if your car has one in Mebane they make the baby bed less than 10 miles away in Burlington North Carolina. Amazon ring out in the manufacture of the car and it works. From cradle to grave one serves you. And in Dixie today they're winning the act but they are willing and wise. When the growth rings of each tree in circles with Tao and we can each come from the third
story for a growing nation. And novenas with foresight who seemed to have been far astray not only has a future but the future will also have forestry. And when the going gets tough when problems arise there is always a way and your determination of strength and ingenuity to answer the call of destiny I am writing that right is the way and the way the when or why it the way it. This has been program 5 document deep self a
series of actuality documentaries depicting the increasing importance of the South and the economic development of our nation. This week tall timber the fortune of the southern part of history. Your narrator was Rod Whitaker document Deep South is written and produced by the Royal BANNERMAN by the Dr. Walter B Jones as a senior consultant. Document deep Sol is presented by the radio broadcasting service extension to
University of Alabama and is from the. And indeed. President of the University of Alabama. This network.
Document: Deep South
Tall timber
Producing Organization
University of Alabama
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Episode Description
Half the lumber used in the U.S. is annually produced down South. Forestry and what it means to the Southern economy; What they're doing to protect its future.
Series Description
A series of documentaries depicting the increasing importance of the South in the economic development of the United States. Narrated by Walt Whitaker, written and produced by Leroy Bannerman, with Dr. Walter B. Jones as senior consultant.
Broadcast Date
Radio programs--United States.
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Advisor: Jones, Walter B. (Walter Bryan), 1895-1977
Funder: Fund for Adult Education (U.S.)
Narrator: Whitaker, Walter
Producer: Bannerman, Leroy
Producing Organization: University of Alabama
Writer: Bannerman, Leroy
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 54-15-5 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:29:14
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Chicago: “Document: Deep South; Tall timber,” 1954-01-01, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed December 9, 2023,
MLA: “Document: Deep South; Tall timber.” 1954-01-01. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. December 9, 2023. <>.
APA: Document: Deep South; Tall timber. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from