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Music in the making. Produced by Milliken university under a grant from the Educational Television Radio Center in cooperation with the National Association of educational broadcasters. The Milliken School of Music presents Professor Hubert Miller of all in a recorded consideration of reform in opera by Guk Professor Norval. Opera has been called the art form of complete unreality and yet the history of the evolution of operator reveals a strong and constant current towards reality at least in the sense of true human expression. The so-called reform of opera by Luke in the 18th century is one of the most important milestones in the history of opera. Just what was this reform. What were its fundamental issues. We read facile answers to these questions in conventional histories of music and in books of reference. But let us not be satisfied to pin a conventional label on a critic as a reformer who brought opera back to a realisation of the
basic idea of its origin drum up their music. Drama with music. It would be impossible to believe that any genius no matter how great who came into the world before the advent of Gothic architecture could have immediately succeeded in building a great Gothic cathedral and every art a period of evolution has preceded the greatest manifestations of particular forms and types. Sometimes the great genius of the innovator type curtails is period. But as a rule the greater the art form the longer the evolution before creative spirits have perfected ideas and tools to use every creative artist must have his means of expression. No artist of any type has ever created these mean singlehanded. Let us not consider briefly two important factors in understanding the significance of Glick in his life work in the evolution of musical art. 1. The stage of evolution of music to contributory causes in life and taste of the period.
At the time I was born more than a century had passed since the birth of opera in Italy and 16:00 it is interesting to know the early development of opera occurred within the first two decades of the 17th century. The first great reformer of opera cloak was born within the first two decades of the eighteenth century and the second great reformer of opera Wagner was born within the first two decades of the 19th century. Perhaps the next great reformer was born within the first two decades of the 20th century and has now approached manhood. He may use the limitless possibilities of the sound of film in a new thrilling type of opera such as we scarcely dream of. Whenever a new art form comes into being two things are bound to happen. One during the inevitable period of experimentation. All sorts of undreamt of possibilities enter the picture and sometimes tempt creative spirits in
directions for which are far removed from the original objective to the expanding possibilities are usually exploited by a mercenary and mediocre artists for their own profit thus degrading the art form in question. These things have happened in literature in the drama in painting sculpture and architecture as well as music. One striking example of a new development undergoing such a visit Cuba is in our own modern life. Is the film possibly someday Electra on the art of the screen will show a slide of cycles and explain the reforms of twenty four hundred a DE and large ng upon the absurdities the Garrity use and and the unblushing commercialization of Hollywood in the 20th century. Already if one observes the production of films or speech with experienced producers in Hollywood one finds that every department
involved scenario writing film cutting stage costuming directing and shooting bristles with formulas. The conditions of opera in the 17th century and early 18th century presented although in a quite different ways similar problems to the creative artist formulas for the construction of opera multiplied during this period. Mediocre and unimaginative composers created a low standard of taste. Strange customs arose and none more comprehensible to us than the phenomena of the male singer who sang in a high soprano voice. This type of voice dominated opera for a long time. We can only realise the absurdity is by imagining the role of the bearded Hercules son by a man in a high piping soprano voice. We cannot understand to the full what necessitated glucose reform without a consideration of this type of voice in the very beginning.
However as we hear a lot of faith today we witness the last vestige of the male singer the role of Orpheus written for a male out who has now sung by a woman. We will now hear the aria from author Faye. Really well 0 0 0 0 0 0. 0. 0
0 0 0. 0. 0 0 0 0 0. 0. Oh oh. Oh.
You're. On. Your.
Own. The Glick saw the necessity to change certain absurdities which took place in the world of
opera. He realized that the unity of music drama and human emotion should manifest itself in a truer picture. I shall now sing the tenor are you from if again in this opera critic the reformer had the leading role sung in natural voices. Just last night I have been a good writer for knowing. They know you know if he was God that he. Was.
Was meek. First leave eat. Eat
eat eat eat. Eat Eat was. Oh no why. Thus we have much more back of Gluck's reform than I mere interest to purge the offer of under matic obscenities and restores the original premise. The integration of drama and music professor Hubert Norval has brought your record of consideration of reform into opera. Vigeland. Alright.
Music in the making was produced by Milliken university under a grant from the Educational Television and Radio Center. This program is distributed by the National Association of educational broadcasters. This is the end E.B. Radio Network.
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Music in the making
Gluck's reform of opera
Producing Organization
Millikin University
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Episode Description
This program focuses on the major changes that composer Christoph Willibald Gluck brought to opera in the 18th century.
Series Description
Instructional comments and musical illustrations using faculty and students from the Millikin University School of Music. The first thirteen programs in the series focus upon historical aspects of music. The second half of the series explores music's technical side.
Broadcast Date
Gluck, Christoph Willibald, Ritter von, 1714-1787. Orfeo ed Euridice.
Media type
Producing Organization: Millikin University
Speaker: Norville, Hubert, 1905-1986
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 56-8-6 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:14:22
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Chicago: “Music in the making; Gluck's reform of opera,” 1962-02-03, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 29, 2023,
MLA: “Music in the making; Gluck's reform of opera.” 1962-02-03. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 29, 2023. <>.
APA: Music in the making; Gluck's reform of opera. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from