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The. Revolution in America. Look at the significance of student Rask on the college campus. This special documentary was produced by the National Information Network. At Northeastern University. Narrator These Days him.
In the past few years few issues have had greater impact on the American public than that of campus on rest of Berkeley's and Columbia is have become less the exception and more the rule. Some social commentators thought that the problems on the American college campus would subside in the 1970s but the headlines about Jackson State in Kent State served to warn us that the issues are still growing in the next half hour. This program will attempt to present a perspective on the campus situation today as we try to raise some questions. You will hear Americans like psychoanalyst Bruno Bettelheim Senator Hubert Humphrey college president S.I. Hayakawa and Ubi leader Gerry Reuben all talking about the problem of student unrest. Was was was was a
and the Great was beat. YA YA YA YA YA. Slogans of today why have some students chosen to idolize Holcim in an MT say tone. Many would answer that here were men who led a revolution for their people and succeeded. Maybe but psychoanalyst Bruno Bettelheim offers another explanation. That consciousness demand freedom and participation unconscious is a deep commitment of these young students to such leaders has met my love or to me the mystic the target of orthogonality deems suggests a desperate need for contorts. Say outside because they know we saw it that they cannot bring order into the US but I
was ushered away and I was looking out at a crowd chanting and singing things like coaching in the NFL is going to win. Gordon Hall's highlight your own extremist groups and was witness to a demonstration that did turn to violence. Some of the other persons at the demonstration Plano police overreaction writes for the violence that resulted. But Borden Hall explains the event this way. And suddenly rocks began coming through the front door of the auditorium those doors were also broken especially the windows up just up above them. But it seems to me that the first real act of provocation is when it was announced and I don't know who made the announcement but an announcement came over that nobody else would be allowed in because the place was filled and there'd be no more people in and then a chant went up and it was really a loud one. Pigs out and the people in and I went out of the building then and stood on the. The front steps outside so that I was right behind the police and I actually saw
probably 50 to 60 students charge the police line it was dark but you could see them because fighting and scuffling broke out and some of the students got up as far as the front door and were pushed back but even there I didn't see a riot sticks and one sticks in US who was mostly a wrestling match between the police and the students. What really happened that evening. Probably no one will ever agree but in an attempt to recount the events the following became obvious. There were a number of rocks thrown in the direction of the police by a small number of students intermingled with a crowd of some 3000 people. Some policemen were injured and as the police attempted to clear a quadrangle of all the people there many innocent persons were hurt and beaten the following morning and all university meeting was held and one young girl described the night's events. I knew if anyone died they all grabbing kids and bringing them in the wrong in the flat and they dragged
dad run kitty in and he would look like a leg like hanging off like you look like it was broken to something and a card tried to open the grafter all the brands and he couldn't get the dog out and he took the kids right through the gravel. And I was standing there I thought and then a kid was trying to take pictures of it and grabbed the kid by the head and they dragged him into it and you could hear them both carrying in their coming painting from to put it back because the camera was beaten up pretty bad and he came out kind of run a bloody thought at first. One might dismiss such a statement as overemotional and I'm substantiated. But in digging for more information we located the photographer or the girl referred to and I asked him what had happened. Incensed started to erupt which would be appropriate for my camera and prepared to be on black and white and attempting to do that I was attacked by a plainclothes policeman and I
explained to the fact that I was a newsman and trying to get some pictures. That's a battle that's right I got out of my mouth because a group of other these men attacked me attempted to. Take the camera from me and were successful but before they did that I was thrown through the door I was one of the lounges here where they were keeping people until I could get them in paddy wagons as I went through the lounge door and I flew through the lines. I saw people lying on the ground tending to be handcuffed might have been handcuffs out of the rock being beaten and beaten and it's really hard to even use the word beating because it doesn't really get the message across you have to see it and I started shooting pictures of that so that people could see the fact and then the police grabbed a camera and ripped the camera opened up the film and in the process I was being told that I was going to arrest for assaulting. A detector but Observer Gordon hall still holds the glass door
to the lounge was broken in a different manner and at one point the door was broken because a stretcher did not properly fit through the door and then the awkwardness and the clumsiness of trying to get a badly injured police officer whose front teeth were knocked out and he's bleeding heavily as they actually broke the glass and kicked their way into the place and then ultimately they took all that glass out of the thing and I heard later on from some students who claimed to be eyewitnesses to this that they actually saw in the student's own bodily through that lounge door and that's how the door was broken and that's an absolute fall so that's not the way the door was broken. And at no point was anybody found who any door as far as I could say that was the fact that I've been working for the newspaper here at the school taking pictures and later at an all university meeting the photographer told students and faculty members and his confiscated film might have resolved much of the controversy. I was taking some factual pictures because we would write a film
doesn't lie too much on the facts that came out of this picture it might scare a lot of people if they strip us pictures because that's pictures rather pictures of people that were hand caught. Next time they can be by five and six cops screaming at the stop. But those are the facts you have. That's not too much opinion just trying to. If I had a black and white that I could show you back in white but what I'm trying to do is give you the back of my thoughts in my head. Lucky that I still have that head and if we want to keep our heads you better start doing something about it. I would better start putting some back in right in our heads and then there is this prejudice and opinions because we're ready to gether met. We're American citizens. Student unrest is often blamed on the so-called student radicals. One student however makes clear that he had no interest in creating a disturbance that night. And like many
people he was simply caught in the middle of the action as a bystander. I'm not a nasty ass student but last night I was here and I was standing in the crowd by that tree with those people standing on the first rush of the police I was not on the second Rashi I was hit my head split open I was bleeding on the way back to my dorm I was in the parking lot. All right now the cops have been calling right now is running away. Two cops came from two cars came from the entrance. I ran one way I ran the other way. I fell on the ice but not nearly and I might have been to jump and I'm bleeding and the cop started beating on me I was on the ground they started kicking me with nightsticks. They started yelling at me I said you know I've grown why don't let me out let me out they stood up and they met me as I tried to get up I was hit again and as I finally got up I was
pushed and I finally get out of there in an almost uncanny parallel Gordon Hall described a similar occurrence in the parking lot and one can only guess as to whether it was the same incident the student described. At another point I was in the parking lot and some 10 to 15 policemen somewhere in that number came rushing through in an effort to clear out one of the parking lot and for the moment I was somewhat frightened I thought I might be trampled and overrun by the students who had been throwing rocks by the way in the parking lot at the police. We just lobbing them into the crowd and I saw the police then take off in pursuit of everyone in the parking lot and you know one of the kids who had been heaving rocks fell down in an effort to get away he slipped and fell on the pavement or some gravel there on this street and went out from under him. And even when the cops caught up to him they simply sort of hit him in the back with a small stick and said Come on get back here dogs and even in that situation no one was hit
and the police might have had some justification for grabbing somebody whom they believed to be a rock because walking the rocks had actually been flown and in the typical confusion of this kind of event the student asks an important question now you know I can't I didn't think I would want to go there. We're going to get me back but I can't see why I'm lying on the ground bleeding and they're hearing me yelling at me screwing me out maybe kicking me. I do not know if I can say except it happened to me last night. It is very difficult to lay an indictment at anyone's feet. The police were scared they were standing in front of a crowd of three thousand persons and some members of that crowd were throwing rocks at them. And when the police stopped to clear the entire area it is apparent that there was unnecessary use of force. To believe otherwise one would have to ignore both the bloodied hands and the injured officers. One professor however observed the night's events and in her anger and fear spoke at the university
meeting. I got together as a neutral observer to Kanye last night. To see what really happened. I heard about Chicago I heard about Washington. I've read about it. I did. Today I do. I cry at night. Yeah I am. I'm right there. Someone who worked for the attorney general who is coming here to make a statement. There are a lot there are criminal justice no trial observers were getting fined. They're not going to be able to do this again without people knowing about it. I was standing over by and by the other building and I saw at least eight people quietly walking along the street. Grabbed by Policeman beaten up by policemen and held back by policemen people standing around just like you doing absolutely nothing. They hadn't grown anyone they hadn't thrown
any stones they hadn't done anything. I sell it down but I don't do worms there were girls who got beat up. There were bones who were lying on a parking lot who were bleeding and the police came and started to jump around them. We were going to have signed statements from someone from a law school. That the proof when they left the quadrangle they rammed through our. They didn't even obey their own front will have us we'll get. Think about that do you prefer crime to pull one corpse down on the ground bleeding. I was reading it wrong and it's going to be printed and people have brought to bear what would have happened if the police had not been standing with their backs to the auditorium entrance and some three to three thousand five hundred if that's the bulk estimate of students who gathered in the
quadrangle and some of them obviously for confrontation and for no other reason. Webb would have happened if the police had not been there. But in light of the killings at Kent State and Jackson State and in the light of the bombings and destruction at some universities what happened at this demonstration was considerably less costly in terms of property and even more important in terms of people. Radical groups on many campuses attempt to align the students with the workers the blue collar people who are living symbols of the proletariat. And although one group the hardhats have rejected much of today's youth and have backed the present administration completely. Some labor unions welcomes student participation in their strikes and
in their attempts to block the corporate structure. Right right right right. The students are demonstrating in support of the workers rights for a few hundred fifty thousand workers on strike to show the unity between students and I am right. Right. Right they have coal you know for certain they're both fighting against the same people the ruling class of the country. It's important that you know they see the right groups workers the students post get their heads beat in the middle by the police. They begin to realize that they have a common fight was right right. This thread was that that was united by our rejection of values a rejection in
some cases of an entire culture and lifestyle. This is also characterized the student movement. It is important to analyze the cultural revolution going on today as well as the political revolution. Jerry Ruben defined it in the Chicago Seven trial describes the traditional American attitude towards Long hears says we're not going to be part of this whole program of genocide because America is out to destroy the long hairs were the new niggers white knickers and the next step is to get us a get if you go into the jails who's in the jails. Ninety percent of people in jail are black. They accuse us of the structure of the court system. That's the nicest comment I've ever been paid. Damn right we disrupted the court system. I cite. I wish it on anybody. They care now. We're going to see some of these. We aren't students under Washington and can't Doctor better Lyme however suggests that the lung here is symptomatic of a less obvious motivation of course nothing I see here is to for
I cannot help thinking there goes another drugstore who has an infant was practically scrubbed out of existence by spear heads. It's unable for good hygiene and loving care. And look at cement of preso here do so demonstrate it. How does it hold against parents who told times they could dress alike provided they came out looking exactly as the parents want them to. Exactly there as it made its appearance but I had a not so tight it's convenience. Jerry Rubin recounts his day in the Cook County Jail. I have I might have had my hair cut twice this year. First time was a Santa Rita rehabilitation center which is in Berkeley California. I think that rehabilitation center. I'm going to be rehabilitated. I've never been had billeted. None of us have been ability to. But in Cook County I was like really incredible. You see like they we were up on the fourth tier and they sent they sent the nice
pigs up to get us all come on Jerry you have a visitor downstairs so visitors about nine o'clock in the morning. You know it's like to the Jews just going in for a shower. If a visitor downstairs we said oh no we don't have no visitors downstairs on Thursday morning. What's your lair. No we don't have any lawyers so we ran back into our jail cells and we locked our jail cells. So you like your own jail cell. And the guy came back and said open up Jerry you're going to get your hair cut you want her your hair will grow back and I said that this this particular cop was black I said. Having me cut off my hair is like taking off your black skin. And he. I'd like to have my black skin taken off. And I said see what kind of country this is we are shamed your own skin. And then they then they open up the jail cells they came in after us and handcuffed us behind our back dragged this down four flights of stairs and took us one by one into the barber chair. The barber was an inmate and he was put into my year I'm not going to cut down I'm going to cut much off. I don't want to do this. The warden was there saying get a little here get it there we're going to make you a nice clean American boy Jerry. You know you we're going to we're going to make you real nice.
So anyway the barber cuts cut the hair off that the warden left and that well now they have our hair they have in little bags and they're going to sell our hair at the big suburban rich people's parties. And Joe was the sheriff who ordered the haircuts he went out to a big Republican fund raising dinner that night and he said you see as he showed the before and after pictures US Republicans get things done. Violence. Some historians have described America as a traditionally violent nation jury room and Gordon Hall Show us the polarization of American society is making violence more prevalent every day. Mr. Rubin praises the burning of the Bank of America and Mr. Hall remembers similar times when the universities were under threat from yet another wing. We have an. Emergency bulletin for. Santa Barbara the Bank of America is burning. Burning burning down the Bank of America was an act of.
The alternatives with the idea of endlessly appeasing militants on the basis that if you appease them they're going to go right is to completely misunderstand the totalitarian mind. And students can be taught totalitarians just as well as adults. And I think this is really the problem. And if I may just do a quick parallel in the early days when Senator Joseph McCarthy would come to New England to investigate alleged communists at Harvard and MIT spineless administrators then who would say well let McCarthy come in and investigate. Let him do this and let him do that and maybe if maybe if we throw a few professors to him he'll go away. But before McCarthy died he was going after President Eisenhower so you can see that you really don't have peace. The totalitarian minded by endless concessions and the best that I would just opt in favor of a single set of standards that lawbreakers a lawbreaker is whether the students or anybody else after Senator Hubert Humphrey was booed off the stage at one university.
We rode in his car and Senator Humphrey told us that the intolerance played by some students is a dangerous game. But there are a certain number. Student radicals and others that display all they the symptoms of a fascist mentality. That is they add other people's attitude was that you were stormtrooper tactics they spread fear they cause disarray and disorder. But I don't think you ought to get under that charge. It's hundreds of other young people who get involved in demonstrations. Free speech has always been one of the issues raised by student groups since the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley in 1064 where some people say the student revolution began but the free speech question has been turned upside down and now it's administrators who are complaining that students are violating rights of free speech and controversy. Speaker after speaker is heckled from the platform. Senator Humphrey explains that it is the
student who loses most when anyone's free speech rights are violated. I have a feeling that some people really believe that free speech they believe in their right to speech and their right and privilege do to stop others from speaking. And all I can say and I just put it very directly I think that these are matters that university students are going to have to face up to. University students must have their own ground. It's not that some kind of ground they want that spying that's up to them. Question Many people do participate. I think that the young people may have come to grips with this type of behavior disciplined their associates themselves. Students defend their position as they attempt to blockade a General Electric recruiter on a college campus. Now frustration just eventually because the university is shown by kicking strikers off campus and shown by getting the injunction it shown by ols position in the past that it clearly sides with the sides of the big corporations and big business
in the country against the workers and students. They've got a very big interest in keeping the workers and students apart to say it's not a question of a free speech or a student seeing a GI recruiter. I think that if it if she and the university wanted their students to be interviewed then they could hire a hotel room across the street. The idea is the university using its unlimited facilities to allow G.E. as a corporation to recruit that is extending special privileges to the corporations which they don't even extend to students or to unions or to anyone else. It shows the link concretely between the university administration and the corporations and the interest which the university serves one of the most controversial of all college administrators is as I hire Kala with his hard line at San Francisco State. He has become the single most vocal spokesman of college presidents. Heckled in one college on a Tory him he attempts to show that there are many similarities between
today's students and the young men of the thirties and one of the things that ring alarms me as part of the show you've been in the bunker It's up with and never examined so rapidly you are on the left. There's a similar time in saying the same or decide not to let anyone speak who disagrees with them. Thank you but the person from yes. Yes we see the same belief as a substitute. And you can hear this if you want. I'm not a
textbook Nazi technique the puppet. Do you see it right here and it's like oh OK. Thank you I'm a student revolution in the United States is complex and its affects more than just the students and the long run its political consequences may be less important than its social and cultural effects. The generation of the 1960s and 70s has already made many saw home yet significant departures from the conventional American lifestyle. One thing is certain where the student revolution continues to be relatively peaceful or takes a more violent turn. It will be much more than just a footnote in American political and social history. Indeed student unrest is fast becoming a full chapter in the history of the American society.
Views and opinions expressed on the previous program do not necessarily represent those of the program narrator. Northeastern University or this station is Northeastern University of the National Information Network and rock you revolution in America. I look at the significance of student on rest on the college campus is that this program is produced directed and written by Jeffrey M. Feldman of the communication center of the nation's largest private university Northeastern. Comments on the program requests for a recall his copy of the document may be a draft document of radio production. Northeastern University in Boston Massachusetts. Oh two wrong one Fantini as programmers who do clock mender radio production. Both of our sailors correct Aaron it was Dave ham. Here's a guy that's his life would be. See.
Series
Urban Confrontation
Episode Number
28
Episode
Revolution in America
Producing Organization
Northeastern University (Boston, Mass.)
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip/500-6688mp0s
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Description
Series Description
Urban Confrontation is an analysis of the continuing crises facing 20th century man in the American city, covering issues such as campus riots, assassinations, the internal disintegration of cities, and the ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation. Produced for the Office of Educational Resources at the Communications Center of the nations largest private university, Northeastern University.
Date
1971-00-00
Asset type
Episode
Topics
Public Affairs
Media type
Sound
Duration
00:28:45
Embed Code
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Credits
Producing Organization: Northeastern University (Boston, Mass.)
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 70-5-28 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:30:00?
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Citations
Chicago: “Urban Confrontation; 28; Revolution in America,” 1971-00-00, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed February 4, 2023, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-6688mp0s.
MLA: “Urban Confrontation; 28; Revolution in America.” 1971-00-00. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. February 4, 2023. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-6688mp0s>.
APA: Urban Confrontation; 28; Revolution in America. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-500-6688mp0s