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Music in the making. Produced by Millikan university under a grant from the Educational Television and Radio Center in cooperation with the National Association of educational broadcasters. The middle school of music presents Professor Clyde Hess chairman of the violin department in a recorded consideration of the history of violin technique. His musical selections here play the theme from the La Folie of variations by Correlli the Grove from the D-minor concerto by Teenie and a few measures from a violin concerto by Sibelius. And here to take over at this point is Professor Harris. Very often when we think of violin technique we think of the fingers as they pass over the strings. But it's also very important to consider the bowl as it crosses a string and produces a tone. Then there's a combination of thinkers and bone that result in style
musicianship and also very important. The early liveliness had nothing as a background on which to build technique and style. They were the beginners themselves. The early violins as they left the hands of the great makers Maadi Stradivarius Warner had a short string length due to the short neck. This was very satisfactory at that particular time because the early violinist knew nothing about the higher positions and playing in first position was facilitated by the short string length. The ease with which they could play in tune the distances they had to reach with their fingers was very short. However as time went on and the higher positions came into being it became necessary to change
the neck in the violin. The blow that was used by these early virus was also a handicap. Short in length heavy awkward. Anything but conducive to playing long passages and and very graceful fast passages. The boy also was bent out like the bow of archery rather than Ben and as a boy we know used today. That these early composers Correlli tired Teenie Vivaldi and Vitaly could do so much with the limited means at their command is indeed remarkable. Violin music and music in general owes a great debt to these early violinist composers. They did a tremendous job in setting down for posterity. Some of the
finest most beautiful and lasting music that has ever been written. I like to play a melody the theme from the correct play of 40 this is the Thompson arrangement that I am playing. I think you'll agree that that melody is deserving of lasting
importance. The growth from the D-minor concerto by Tartine e. Is also a Leicester dev of the fine gift the early violinist composers hand for writing lasting music. We're.
Relieved. Another great composer who contributed to violent technique.
With jazz Bach Bach wrote six for violin solo. He explored all the possibilities of the first five positions. He also taxed to the extreme the capabilities of the all short mo. And about the same time the bug died in Germany a man was born in France who was destined to change the whole art of violin playing. This man was Francoise toward toward invented the modern Boer. He determined the link to be a slightly over 29 inches. He found Pernambuco would be ideal for strength and flexibility. He invented the modern frog with a screw to tighten the bore. His great genius worked out the most perfect balance that has ever been attained with a new bow. A whole new development technique came into being. The first great violinist to use it or want to be Audie they already contributed a great
deal of the violin technique in writing many concertos that were used in his day as head of the violin the bar in the Paris Conservatory. His influence was very great. He had pupils in Rhody and Bailey or and I graded my or him Kreitzer who also contributed to violin technique. The works of these men are written for the students of the Paris Conservatory. I have come to be the road to be traveled by every aspiring violinist as violins came to use the higher positions. It was discovered that a long neck was necessary in the violin. If the higher positions were to be used all of the old violins went back to the repair shop and a new neck was put in. There is a navel the violin has to play in the upper positions with greater ease in 1784 two great violinist
composers were born Paganini was born in Italy and born in Germany. Explorers contribution was musical. He raised the standard of the Violin Concerto to that of an art rather than just a showpiece pang and then he developed the technique of the violin and with extreme limits every demand of born fingers is to be found in the compositions of Paganini. Sense is time little new in the way of bowing fingers has been added. His 24 caprices are not only studied by every serious student but they appear in spotted pieces on many programs. Finest composers did most of the work in developing the technique of the violin as far as the born fingers are concerned they not only explored the possibilities of the instrument but they said how on paper what they discovered so others could private by their work. However the great music for the violin was not written by a violinist to the great composer of Mendelssohn by Brahms
Beethoven Tchaikovsky as abettors and many others. We all had tremendous depth in the development of the third day of mining technique is in ship and style. Are so important that borne fingers alone will not suffice. Beethoven and Brahms respected the technique of man as it was known they collaborated with violinists to be sure that what they wrote was playable. On the road what he found and his concerto for years was not played. A new technique had to be developed. So we all Tchaikovsky ADAT in the development of technique. A violin concerto of Sabaidee this has come to be one of the foremost environs repertory I'd like to close with a few measures of this concerto. Professor Clyde Hess is brought to record consideration of the history of violent
technique. Music in the making was produced by Milliken university under a grant from the Educational Television Radio Center. This program is distributed by the National Association of educational broadcasters. This is the end E.B. Radio Network.
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Music in the making
History of violin technique
Producing Organization
Millikin University
Contributing Organization
University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Episode Description
This program features Professor Clyde Hess looking at the history of violin technique.
Series Description
Instructional comments and musical illustrations using faculty and students from the Millikin University School of Music. The first thirteen programs in the series focus upon historical aspects of music. The second half of the series explores music's technical side.
Broadcast Date
Media type
Producing Organization: Millikin University
Speaker: Hess, Clyde
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Maryland
Identifier: 56-8-13 (National Association of Educational Broadcasters)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Duration: 00:14:20
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Chicago: “Music in the making; History of violin technique,” 1962-04-26, University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 5, 2023,
MLA: “Music in the making; History of violin technique.” 1962-04-26. University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 5, 2023. <>.
APA: Music in the making; History of violin technique. Boston, MA: University of Maryland, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from