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join us he's been good that's a function of what is what do you think your wife's reaction from looking at this point it was clear that i don't think there's a great oceans systems a lot of this is really improve the election at sixty eight
and psalm one parent stay at sixty eight sixty eight it just she says the action and the main thing is that i think so but he's doing well well and that is a
very rapid social economic transformation the civil war a chance to further expansion of industry which has visible now maurice jones three cents billion in the period of the war railroad development which is opening up more and more land in the west side of the thousands tens of thousands of more than four hours of moving out this is retaking land in the west so the assassins stab them with is growing very rapidly in what was also there is that it is actually a question some of the basic theological for that reconstruction is based on the idea of free labor as factory production and more will probably insist morrison small christian faith what happens
as florence marr elsa are no races traveling the freight rates of the war and they're using it as a giant corporations so that very ideal sixty five years later you know so far he's but
you know he well no listen there are still large cotton textile manufacturing factories khan is still one export of the united states in time so this is to me or so we feel that the current economy is still a very important component of the national economy and what
the black lawmakers in comedy and you see it how does this and this and thinking he's a former slave whose thoughts are in with them for four months and he saved the olympics too amy's beau ms bailey yeah
you know the carrier has created you holler it's just how he is this is that they are both political leadership which is waiting at first it's all legit or as justice a piece where he finds that many slaves for slaves the congress which he is donation centers board
room and city and he really lives rather far in the republican party cuz a republican member of congress was nowhere and its history is clear is that a signal of this remarkable changing opportunities that have opened up because of the you know well he is there are things like that on the other hand to democrats that there is this is like ours is a rotten thing which is
so what moderation over this area we use what the point of the ad a great niece and they simply american right now a rite aid to litigation they're attacking think you know you know that even pigeons this is last days in the white house a lot of those
they want you to lose there are going to be really taken seriously in fact it's interesting that most black officials are against any retribution already discrimination against veterans so why was he generally leaders also invested in the idea of a universal any exceptions even for foreign affairs they think he is the principal scientist m e mails without any other politician they're thinking out these experiments work is one of the very thing that was innovative were things that haven't happened so
i think that's important for voyager is that they take those chances a lot of these kids public school system funded by state revenues and sen mccaskill say something that was a lot this size before so tell us what the militants have to say that many other changes reconstruction like this view even the capitol
four ounces friedman they don't sound all that states really it is you say the railroads back you say on economic development for us identify trees the sap river responsive it's the complications that yes it's not that unusual for governments to try to create it was south of this artist abby lawyer
he's been places legislation radical new restrictions may face which represents major changes in southern history even though the north in the pesticide agent first public schools public education in the south and civil war economic development plans trying to track outside investors back home it is sir
so this leads to higher taxes though was going on before the civil war taxes in the south are heavily on slaves and on certain license these prejudices like that which is that let him know these legislators about norman says the region's property taxes the basis of farms state services and that means the plantation owners were like oh no so taxes you know so you mention is to be
working with blackness that's changing the tax cuts the white house opposes why are these they're looking to new services they don't pay taxes and rising tax sale doesn't control the democrats promised to cut taxes cut social services program it's still great difficulties it
was bad stuff it's being tested and there's the corruption what's happening is a lot worse listeners
so says bell and as the situation as the service official now the russians last week these things i know so
is this because this is great state democrats he was so nice reis says the same world berntsen an existing system just sat and they create more chaos civil war republicans say okay we are going further but let us at least on this function and the balls right answer
would say so the law as vigorously defended the destruction but the way also settled so what happens is there is no more and it's just it really is he says so oh one is the elections so the villagers the survey leaders of the republican party in boston
it has been yellow be the argument that the democrats is that the cells in the room who lasted for us he said the ceo says the vast majority of the lovers since last year new research to try and sixty three one one line he says governors say paige jennings yeah those states legislative session is that so looking glass
this is bad the law and what this is is a moment where you know the us would support this bed here is israel
well actually destruction of oppositional identity and at a previous regime a lot of professions in the world now this year the republicans use it as cc this legislation john ydstie host
if there is a state the patients very interesting it says so there were us that was
a risky plan lawyers in movies for the occupations when she says the marriage is fine that's right violence is that in the south for millions of war crimes this violence these viruses high winds
for years as a registered nurse and they try to reason though lyons of assassination are things like they are and this is a sign of the cost of the instability of the real racists are the people claiming rights of others are this is that then with the rat you get you get all those that plan and others say they want the louisiana who's first is to obstruct and destroy restructuring to assassinate him a liar and why officials to use files and this is what was written about the sas is not a civilization singles will replace but they have a common
police videos last congress schoolteachers that was trying to use violence to the store assistant white friends that's just the destruction that there is the singer or will the klan claims that it is distorting what they consider this festival last may justify their actions often as the injuries they accuse the because they accuse respectively of criticism but no this is absurd he says
more americans and they use all sorts of patients and the ecology actually is both realize the process was allayed which was extended once well he's going to testify that there is shows a certain this is why it is very very difficult to maintain more in the side of it and
i also whites because of the way it was why the republicans aren't traders interest rates and white says non union opposition to this war or reason is it from what i hear what they're reacting
is it's really it's really wants to turn the clock that point before african americans in the civil rights created hispanic community infrastructure mobilization republican partisans violations schools but there was a point where african americans our support and therefore yes you can how surprising
texas it's a jarring hits most of america's fight back at those soldiers is one of the early students play both what the south or are certain measures militias so many ways ms weissberg really we miss you
life be and his forces but as it was violence has been problems in the south were repealing fail as atrocities committed on congress so you the race that means that trust is a creative political pressure more on the latter is that this is not a partisan reasons you get just like a lot of voters so moral
us sales who cares it is it is as the attorney general grant ran the extent he says georgia's republican from georgia he's a poll on atrocities that take place he really feels this is so this is you're an actor
it's reciprocal activists are doing this he says after this and yeah this is a selfless service for certain moral you may well be a
new you know this this is where this year well it still is i identify there was so that always disappointing toss you know people associate and that's basically it
that's how it's been well yes well i believe the government's strategy uses the lower end the war but when you play it as lisa so what is all the literacy is so there's an incentive and religion is peaceful so the strategy of using drones you see
the reason reveal any great extent it's you know me there's no justice ms robinson yes says we just playing music this boy
well so it is is this right the supreme court justices the years bisbee has been difficult
this is the question well the democrats we ran to support the far right really is the group's you for the criticism that this
raises the best basketball forces in our lives sometimes so an election year is the signal that they're still supported but people don't want any more for federal intervention they want to turn their attention to other issues the general sentiment seems to be growing that given their rights now it's a costly war is really it's a group called the euro for his trip
he says his last operation now there's an obvious now the status is the president paul simon simulating do he says they'll use the resulting the maintenance leahy
and it's operational let's listen while nature of that relationship and the exact kind of places where there is a pleasant places it's over we're less than a tent to land and the owner of the plantation we have the same day day operation proper it gives the world are more independence of the important lines and they as liaison so this is real
progress yes taxes low was working the winter drainage and so this is sort of a constant low level on plantations jockeying for position mo willems is a situation where we sleep so this is how it is is it last wednesday
all right workers were can cost you do you will add the facility as the candidate who was working on says it's possible let's play he's been doing that it has been well the last years
right right why is this oil is a common problem is there is it is a price schooling world of enterprise slowing the criticisms that it's also probably people borrow money there is and further price so it is it is not unusual way to true i hear you
American Experience
Reconstruction: The Second Civil War
Raw Footage
Interview with Eric Foner, Historian, Columbia University, part 4 of 5
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WGBH (Boston, Massachusetts)
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In the tumultuous years after the Civil War (1863-77), America grappled with how to rebuild itself, how to successfully bring the South back into the Union and how to bring former slaves into the life of the country. Foner talks about expansion of industry, cotton economy, John R. Lynch elected to Congress, raising taxes to pay for social services, corruption, election of Ulysses S. Grant, violence and opposition to Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan and the White League, Amos Ackerman and efforts against the Klan, the Fifteenth Amendment, sharecropping and overproduction of cotton.
Race and Ethnicity
Politics and Government
American history, African Americans, civil rights, racism, Reconstruction, Confederacy, voting rights, slavery, emancipation
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Chicago: “American Experience; Reconstruction: The Second Civil War; Interview with Eric Foner, Historian, Columbia University, part 4 of 5,” WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed December 7, 2021,
MLA: “American Experience; Reconstruction: The Second Civil War; Interview with Eric Foner, Historian, Columbia University, part 4 of 5.” WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. December 7, 2021. <>.
APA: American Experience; Reconstruction: The Second Civil War; Interview with Eric Foner, Historian, Columbia University, part 4 of 5. Boston, MA: WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from