Long, Hot Summer '64; Episode 10
Long Hot Summer 64 and a weekly summary an in-depth report on the struggle for civil rights. This is Ted mascot producer and your host for a long hot summer 64 on tonight's program a report on the recent election held it does get Alabama and the recent developments in the attempts to have the delegation representing the Freedom Democratic Party of Mississippi be seated in place of the regular Democratic Party from that state. First of this phone report received last night from Cindy judder of WGBH from Nashville Tennessee with a report on the recent election in Alabama. From Nashville and yesterday and I haven't heard it. I went down to Alabama to observe the municipal election that gravity gave no hint of the Center for much credit on that. I think I can go the right way and the first price it was the first to reckon and Supreme Court decision
in favor of the Dominion vs. rightful decision had repudiated the state of Alabama for carrying Mr. everyone of the city 4000 negroes that and then the native Not a single one single right person in the city toting record. In the second place it was the first time in Alabama 3 that the negro record holder held in the card. You are approximately 100 negro can run right in the elections and ground running OK for a right candidate for the 5 feet on the mayor council there was a strong possibility that the vote would America and all negro city council. The first thing that we discovered about direction was that the negro candidates and the community were deeply divided. It seemed to be split over the
question of militancy. So what are the negro majority. Will you recount the million professor of sociology and president of the turkey that it deserves. Yes the major civil rights group active in the in its founding in 1940. A girl Professor Good million was not a candidate in the city election. He had won the Democratic primary nomination for Macon County Board of Education one of the first Negro to hold such an honor and as a leading critic in the caring and ring a bell with a well-qualified. Three important things and in here got in with the first was that the city election could be the election that an individual was no good and that he could work with the council with no good unless it could work together in the second place
he felt the city council to get upgraded in the state and county political organization. What good would it be in that to elect someone who could not or didn't know how to work with a thing. Political director in Alabama and they're right that the educational value of the election as well. He noted that for the first time many negroes were voting there was a large number of negroes who are interested in expressing their opinion. He said that there now are the powers that were grossly incorrect for example the night before he had been talking with a group of negro who were discussing the coming election and discovered that they were talking about it and we were not after a candidate that were people with the same name. He said that a good number Greg are out
campaigning for the candidate ready. They did this without getting to know a replicant today and then blow up. He said he with the example of I don't know where I'm going but I'm going now that. Rogue negro candidate running for the city and I think represented a sizable fraction of the Negro community which oppose the you know we have two representatives of the negro apathy is that right with the non partisan voters we make on county they get that the Reverend Wright are the current group with the right and unity that they would fill in that they say they're for openness. And I'm glad I didn't take out as a reference point for the. And that had to be the Negro community. There were problems with the idea here in Iraq that running man that people would
be quite a back pack or a president of the local bank. They were out of her yard near the city hall rather where side by side with a great political director. You can't play a pool of politics that works with you with the cooperate that cooperate and has a right to govern with cooperate in the night especially with the people in the non partisan voters only working for where the non-NATO community. One that does not address the negro right. OK cooperation between them but ignore the problem ignore the fact that went with the girl right and wanted to work for a better community that the people and if you grab a token like we're together for in the way of government when I could ask a question of what
kind of interracial that they were working for. Their men have the right to attract business. I thought that this would would increase and improve the economic standard I think. And without their help you eliminate a lot of the negro rights problem. There were a few interesting point to make about the election. For example I have in front of me a ballot that was handed out by one of the thing a rowdy candidate let's see and there is a list that was put out there in a little ballot sample a little ballot in there that's still alive. However there were four negro candidates right now that
these four candidates were members of the non the more militant non partisan voters in the election itself there were thirty eight poll workers none of whom were negro. So I think it's fair to point out that in the primaries the Democratic primary held and then there were the girl play the girl poll worker which is the first time in this country that that had occurred to me. And the data via reckon the nonpartizan voters leak that ground floor after the talent some 250 to 300 soldiers Becket a voting illegally and not living or living outside the city. Minute 11 that self was not held at the city but at the faltering on the outskirts of town. If the armory is near our
Negro community but on the other hand is a long way from a large section of the Negro community found it difficult without transportation to walk over there. We want to get sample the right attitude toward the American that found that this was impossible because Ruth and I were together and I doubt if any of the right candidate would have broken with him. So what surprised me however was that we had various girls knowing her are correct we are from the right like the Arab world will be the new the division between the community. The results of the election are girl with three of the five the girls were defeated outright for the remaining two feet an acre candidate had to win at a run off
election that the held the counterfeit thing then to think now that the negro that are still in the running for the city council van like you in that the professor was yelling at him and say tell you that little local rebels part of the more moderate Negro community and their thing appeared on a sample ballot the bogus ballot that was now before the campaign. If you're reading Bring Me The Horizon many girls do it with good. That hardship and her holding her to reading after to sell did not exercise their newly won right. In those optimistic estimates are soft for voting rights not more than 65 or 70
70 percent of the Negro problem. It's difficult to say why the rocks have to be there for other people to discover the reason that it's cowardly to do that because 90 percent of the right population did go there. Will he win this thing to get a date. Are America to sit on the on the city council there are still many problems that we face. And as you can get well we have the high school close and I think 63 and there are girls who haven't reopened. Then you can see here I think it was right before the court. Trying to enforce the Negro on the Macon County do you think you will have to
be settled in the future. You might also be interested in the results of the election and will be going to see something that are not only involved then although this right because the election with a good healthy Iraq and in a city where the negro registered prefer working in a majority they represent 50 percent of copyright the result will think they are already on record which were held up now that there were as disappointing to the right supporters of the US. We're here now to see the civil rights workers for the quarter were re-elected.
And as a result many of the. The civil rights workers who had been involved in registering the voter have like garters of voter irregularity in the election that the group headed for a girlfriend you didn't answer considering his ordering that among other things if a negro Fellow rockers were directed from the polling place and not allowed inside. In other afro that more ballots were counted something thing than an actual head count of which is where I was told it. In addition the white Americans were marking their ballots to the right of the name not in the dark without it being so we're kind of all there will be in this way. Election officials could tell how the right and need to go with that
one polling right there in one district. Different types of data and other great thing whites were allowed to go before negroes and then in the long run longer at several polling places I think our soldiers were not permitted to observe the counting of ballots. The market will be bought out for I think the core of it will be something that will go whether they're right back where they were covered in that phone report from send each other of WGBH received last night send each other around Ruth CURTIS Both of WGBH are spending a two week vacation in the south.
Yesterday at the State House in Boston efforts were made in behalf of the Freedom Democratic Party. Later in tonight's program we will have a report from Washington from the national representative of this movement Rick Lee of the WGBH staff filed this report last night. This is directly reporting on the convergence of three streams of political and social effort which took place today. The Massachusetts Democratic Party led by Gov. Endicott Peabody was called upon this morning to join the seven other democratic state delegations who have already publicly indicated their support of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. This was the climax of this morning's proceedings which began three blocks from the State House where the press conference given by James Farmer national chairman of CORE the Congress of Racial Equality. Mr. Farmer began by explaining the reason for his visit to Boston. I am here as was indicated to testify before a committee of the Massachusetts Democratic Party on the seating of the Freedom Democratic Party delegates at the convention and unseating of the regular Democratic Party
delegates of what I shall say before that committee has briefly that Massachusetts has a choice to make at the Atlantic City Convention and that choice is between the racist Democratic Party of Mississippi and the Freedom Democratic Party of Mississippi. This indeed is the choice which the whole Democratic Party has to make. I think that it would be a hollow victory if in November Goldwater were defeated on Goldwater ism were allowed to continue to exist in various segments of the Democratic Party. This is the thing that we oppose the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party has become a symbol a symbol now of the whole civil rights movement the whole civil rights struggle. A symbol also of the intentions and the integrity of the American nation. Whether we are going to put an end to racism once and for all so that the thing which happened there a couple of months ago in the murder of the three civil rights workers can never again occur and certainly not with the
blessings are under the purview of the Democratic Party even of the state of Mississippi. I'd like to indicate furthermore that the regular Democratic Party of Mississippi is not only racist but is in fact supporting the Goldwater ticket. That was a county fair held in the showboat County which is the very county where the three civil rights workers were originally missing and where their body is later were found among the announced speakers at this fair which was billed as a political fair where George Wallace of Alabama former Governor Ross Barnett of Mississippi. And. Barry Goldwater Jr. These were the speakers who were announced for the county fair in a democratic state of Mississippi. Asked about the relationship between today's effort and the recent Mississippi
tragedy Mr Farmer replied If it is in connection with the murder of the three men two of whom were staff members of core make a Schwerner and James Chaney The other one Andy Goodman was a student at Queens College in New York who had gone down to Mississippi for the summer. Why his corps rejected a proposed moratorium on demonstrations until the election. Well first of all we do not think that a curtailment of demonstrations. Can or will mollify the white backlashes and the white backlash. Second the grievances against which we have protested in our demonstrations grievances of discrimination in employment segregation and discrimination in housing the lack of integrated quality schools still exist the grievances still exist. Therefore the demonstrations need to go on in protest against those grievances.
Now I want to point out very firmly that Korea intends to devote a major part of its efforts between now and November to voter registration. We are doing that core chapter here in Boston is working hard on it. Courts have to sue out the country north and south by doing it in the ghettos and outside of the ghettos. How do you understand the meaning of the so-called white backlash. What it seems to me has happened is that people who in the past have been apathetic and have had no firm position on it have now made up their minds one way or the other. The bulk of the American people have been somewhere in the middle without any strong feelings. But in recent months they have decided some have decided on our side. Others have decided on the other side urged by another reporter to amplify that statement. Mr. Farmer went on. Well that is precisely what the white backlash is as far as I'm concerned. I think that it
has been overplayed and overestimated. I seriously doubt that any significant number of persons have changed their views. In other words I doubt that any goodly number of persons who previously were with us or are now against us. These same reporters still not satisfied prompted the following definition. Well as it's generally used it means a resistance to the civil rights movement and that gives the implication that there are persons who formerly were for civil rights who are now against it. And I deny that. I think that they're apathetic persons who have now made up their minds on our side and others who have made up their minds on the other side and those on the other side or the backlashes. Have recent race riots hurt the cause of civil rights. I think there's no question about it. The recent riots riots always damage the cause of justice and equality. And we are opposed to rioting. We've made it clear and
our core chapters in the ghettos in New York and elsewhere hard work working literally round the clock making contact with those youth who are unemployed and on organized seeking to provide constructive channels for the redress of their grievances. Seven other states and the District of Columbia have already joined in the struggle. Asked why Massachusetts was chosen to be the eights. Mr Farmer replied Well Massachusetts chose itself as the eighth state. We would have been perfectly happy if Massachusetts had been the first. But I would like to point out now that Massachusetts will not be alone. It will have seven other states backing it up if it takes such a position as we have recommended. Is it likely that this effort to persuade the Massachusetts delegation to work to unseat the regular Mississippi party and support the seating of the Freedom Party will succeed. Massachusetts has had a liberal tradition. Furthermore Massachusetts was the home of the abolitionist movement. Massachusetts
has had a very significant role to play in the civil rights movement historically. And I think that would be a tragedy if Massachusetts were not included in that I asked to characterize the 1964 presidential election. Mr. Farmer made the statement what Johnson needs now is a very large a very heavy vote in November. If the Negro citizens feel that they have a real choice a real alternative that one party is firmly on their side while the other party is against them then there will be a large a very heavy Negro vote. All registered negroes will go to the polls while on the other hand if the Negro community feels that there is anti negro sentiment in the Republican Party under Goldwater and that the anti anti growth sentiment and segments of the Democratic Party has not been obliterated then I fear that they will be a small turnout and a small turnout would reverberate in Goldwater's favor.
Those were excerpts from a press conference held this morning in Boston by James Farmer national chairman of CORE the Congress of Racial Equality just as Mr. Farmer finished speaking. The second effort of the morning was beginning about three blocks away in front of the Massachusetts state house on Beacon Hill. I spoke with Canon James Britton one of the leaders of a silent vigil held in memory of the three murdered civil rights workers in Mississippi. I began by asking why the vigil was called. We have called this vigil in order to recollect the fact that three civil rights workers were lynched in Mississippi this past month. And in order to call attention to the fact that the Democratic delegation to the National Democratic Convention is considering how and whether or not to support the seating of the Freedom Democratic Party in Mississippi. How will that consideration be made. There is a study commission committee that's meeting this morning to hear
testimony. It started just a few minutes ago. That study committee will make recommendations to the delegates from Massachusetts at the time of the convention. Rick Lee of the WGBH FM staff in a report he filed last night this afternoon I spoke with Bill Haig's in Washington D.C. Mr. heggs is working with the Freedom Democratic Party on the national level. If you could give us some idea of the progress that the Freedom Democratic Party is making in other states of the Union. Well I don't know about how some of the other the going price is the problem. I talked to Governor Brown of California and apparently Governor Brown is going to have a second thought. I have a we have got or more probably four out of California. So we don't know there are probably putting you know pressure all to
keep down this movement back or things that represent a kind of saving victory for those cases that a Democrat defeated a Democrat it was. She gave us the right deal with the great heat so it is kind of hard right now. The brief will be presented to the public. How about a five day from now. Tuesday at noon will be delivered to John by the family made it go round others have been working on a private company ruling pointed out of course. You have quite an impact. As you know are you may not know that they
court and the junk against the party. Are you thinking of going to Atlantic City anything else. I feel that the thing that you can read some of the party members before the convention if they try to get to the convention. Or that all. Of them will have the delegates. No doubt about that now. The hearing apparently good for around 2 o'clock Saturday in Atlantic City Saturday. Point back and. Apparently that is again our present. OK apparently the whole thing on the television everything else so it would be like you tap people to be there. What happens after the credentials committee can they take it to the floor then if we get 11 delegates to vote for right there we've got to temper that that easy that I would come here tonight if we get it we got to win this for it
are you optimistic. Oh I think so you know it could go either way but I think you know there are enough factors that could really put it across. That was the telephone conversation I had late this afternoon with Bill Higgs who was working for the Freedom Democratic Party on the national level from Washington D.C. We just have a moment left on tonight's program to read you a letter to the editor from the Jackson Mississippi Clarion-Ledger newspaper. From the edition of last Tuesday August 11. Dear Editor years ago as a Jew Jesus Christ walked the hillsides of Israel where he was despised rejected and eventually crucified if he came to Mississippi in 1964 as a negro how would we professing Christians receive him. Then spake Jesus unto them and said I was hungry and you refused me admittance to your restaurants. I was thirsty and he would not serve me. I
was of the minority and he offered me no friendship. I craved learning and he would not let me enter your schools. I was tired but no hotel would receive me. I was your neighbor and you love me not. I was a citizen deserving equal rights but you kept them from me. I paid taxes and went into the service of this country. But the benefits there you gave me none. You Brit claim that you worship my father yet I could not worship with the. Then they answer him saying Lord when did we these things unto you. And Jesus answered them in as much as you have done it unto the least of these my brethren you have done it unto me. Gandhi once said I love your Christ but I hate your question entity. Need I say more. And the letter is signed from a female resident of Clinton Mississippi and with that letter to the editor from this past Tuesday's Jackson Mississippi Clarion-Ledger we come to a close of another edition of long hot summer 64 a weekly summary an in-depth report
- Long, Hot Summer '64
- Episode 10
- Producing Organization
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Contributing Organization
- WGBH (Boston, Massachusetts)
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If you have more information about this item than what is given here, we want to know! Contact us, indicating the AAPB ID (cpb-aacip/15-87brvgm3).
- In the tenth in a series of weekly news reports documenting the civil rights movement during the summer of 1964, Cindy Chutter reports on recent municipal elections in Tuskegee, Alabama, which she observed, and in Fayette, Tennessee, areas in which African Americans registered voters were in the majority for the first time. In both areas, however, election results were disappointing for civil rights supporters. Rick Lee reports on a meeting in the Massachusetts State House in Boston to decide whether the Massachusetts Democratic Party would join seven other state delegations and the delegation from the District of Columbia to support the seating of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) at the upcoming Democratic Party Convention in Atlantic City. National Chairman of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) James Farmer, in Boston to testify at the State House in favor of seating the MFDP delegates, holds a press conference. In Washington, D.C., Bill Higgs, working with the MFDP on the national level, discusses President Johnsons efforts to keep the MFDP from being seated and reports that state courts in Mississippi have issued injunctions to bar the MFDP from meeting and from going to the convention. The series was produced for the Educational Radio Network.
- African Americans--Civil rights--History; Tuskegee, Alabama; Fayette, Tennessee; Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
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Interviewee: Higgs, Bill
Producer: Mascott, Ted
Producing Organization: WGBH Educational Foundation
Reporter: Lee, Rick
Reporter: Chutter, Cindy
Speaker: Farmer, James
Writer: Mascott, Ted
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Identifier: 64-0037-08-13-001 (WGBH Item ID)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
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- MLA: “Long, Hot Summer '64; Episode 10.” 1964-08-13. WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. October 16, 2019. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_15-87brvgm3>.
- APA: Long, Hot Summer '64; Episode 10. Boston, MA: WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_15-87brvgm3