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OK. Oh oh. My father and grandfather and you all one markets all schoolhouses like this one I was outside in a well in the plumbing with your father outside in the woods. But many educators today suspect that the products of these old places would measure up pretty well against today's product especially if we are reading writing arithmetic. But things weren't really all that good back then and things today are not much better or maybe you haven't seen our consultant for hours.
Adult illiteracy we rank 49 next to last among American state college graduates the same 49 technical college graduate with expenditures per pupil very near the less gifted student opportunities. Virtually none. Teacher salaries forty nine to get any honest teacher would give F's across the board. But the truth is Arkansas has always had a problem with education. The proof is here and the Arkansas room of the University of Central Arkansas historical record is clear. I have the pages marked the year 1832 Albert Pike. He taught school year and for Smith but he had a problem with teachers salaries half his payment was on paper probably later by 1873. A certain Dr Smith addressing the teachers of Arkansas all spoke these words unwise legislation and other circumstances
not necessary to mention here. Progress in Arkansas Education has not been very rapid. The year 1921 Governor Tom McRae in a tough address to the teacher to Arkansas spoke these words. In this state we are face to face with an educational crisis. How are we going to get the necessary finances. Can it be done under the existing property tax method. This state must without delay quadruple her investments in education that year 1924 an educational leader Mr. W. E. Howell Brook had these words to say. Let us quit kid now cells with the model and sentiment that we have a great school system in Arkansas shall we tell folks the truth of the situation. Well according to the record of history we were making the grade back then and we're certainly not making it today. Really there's nowhere to go but up.
I don't think education in Arkansas will get better until parents start taking a little more responsibility for the education of their own children. Last year Arkansas graduated 20 math and science teachers. We need at least a hundred twenty six every year. Well I think the most critical need is for the people of Arkansas to realize that we can invest at almost the lowest level in this country in public elementary and secondary education and expect our system to be in the top 10. Not everybody can be a teacher. I'm really surprised at the state of Arkansas as well as some other states contain certified person who makes a D in a century in their teaching field. Why when you go downtown like today you find so many people just hanging around the streets they can't find jobs. Why not. Most of them can't get a job. This is I don't have the
education. If we raise. Our severance tax on petroleum products gas and so on to the to the level in Oklahoma would increase our revenue some 15 million dollars annually. That's not a great amount but it's nevertheless indicative if we race it to the level of Louisiana it would generate some 30 million dollars additional. Something's wrong. Who is to blame the school teachers superintendents principals the Board of Education in Little Rock or the kids themselves maybe. Why can't Johnny read or is there something wrong with us. After all schools are a good reflection of our society. That's us. Before we get into Arkansas Education maybe we should have a look at a more terrible problem no education. This is me no and Wilson is a former teacher who donates much of her time free of charge to help adults learn to read and
write. There are three hundred and sixty five thousand adults in Arkansas who are functionally illiterate. Twenty seven percent of the population. How does Arkansas rate among the other states. Forty nine thank God for Mississippi. Well no Kentucky hundreds more volunteers like Ms Wilson are needed over Arkansas getting a decent education in an Arkansas elementary or high school may depend on where you happen to live. For example take Russell and Darnell they are divided by the Arkansas River Russell schools a ridge diagnosed bore. The reason is a nuclear power plant on the reservoir side of the river. This plant gave over seven million dollars last year in tax revenues to Russell schools. Classes are ideally small for its students. Over 70 percent of its teachers have master's degrees. It's gymnasium would put the New York Athletic Club to shame. But there's a cloud on
the horizon for Russell schools. We feel like in every school district in Arkansas should be adequately funded. Like Russ Vail. Well Mr. Young according to this report on education in Arkansas I read districts with large utility Property Assessment like Russellville will be almost bankrupt in about seven years after a reassessment of what this would do to all school district particularly district with a large utility complex mag grants for the home there. Their revenue. Now let's see what life is like on the other side of the river and Dardanelle funding here per student is around half that of Russell. This whole trailer is used as a classroom. It did serve as a superintendent's office inside the school the situation is only slightly better. Biology teacher Bill Ingram won the honor in 1982 of being named our console teacher of the year. And this district we have the enthusiasm and we have the students I think really what we're short on are
facilities equipment I think in this class we need more microscopes and more time for lab more lab lab equipment outside. That we can do higher order thinking labs and that kind of Dardanelle has another asset which might be envied by any high school in America. Dr. B.J. Chandler for 10 years Dr. Chandler was dean of education at Northwestern University. But he quit wanted to come back home to Yell County. There are no school district faces very real problems we have to scrounge and improvise with regard to facilities we simply do not have adequate facilities or instructional materials and supplies there for things that are absolutely essential for quality education. There's a good curriculum curriculum materials to a very active involvement of parents in the educational program. Three are adequate physical facilities and for qualified and efficient teachers and
administrators. You have all of those four things. No sir we do not we do have I would say active involvement of parents. And certainly we have qualified teachers. But our physical facilities are terribly inadequate and the curriculum is in need of improvement and we're working on that right now. How about your physical education. Three four years ago we were spending 30 to 35 thousand dollars or athletics mainly football but we weren't spending a dime on health and physical education. In fact there was no program of any kind on health and physical education until two years ago. Very often with Arkansas schools you're either a prince or a pauper. It's either feast or famine. Let's see one of the very poorest school districts. Ever hear of
wood Springs Arkansas it's in search the county on the edge of the Ozark National Forest a place of beautiful scenery beautiful kids and little money. Mr. Edgar often superintendent of wit Springs district consolidation and practical for up to the distance would have to travel time that would have spent on the bus routes all of our kids get on the bus at seven o'clock now and get in it 8:30 in the morning and to travel another thirty eight miles distant from another half that they would need to travel for a bus. Most of that bus route 50 miles along the way how one bus route a six miles one way consolidation is not even a question here. There are no near neighbors to consolidate with. But consolidation can be and often is a burning issue. Each one of those consolidation proposals of a of District A and different they must stand on its own feet. And and I think the
people in the Arkansas Department of Education probably know which ones should be consolidate which ones will. Certainly if a school if the school district can't get an A rating from State Farm vegetation then it needs to the same in itself very carefully because I think that's a very minimum requirement for a school district is not doing that it's not doing the job probably for his children. There are many school districts of very small size that have high achievement scores and yet by the same token small school districts are far more vulnerable to poor skilled workers. It is absolutely impossible except at prohibitive costs to provide an adequate educational program at the high school level for our children in schools of less than three to four hundred enrollment. And that's marginal. Really About 500 is the ideal size. I think we have some high schoolers that are so small the
ability to offer to provide the offerings to young people in the nineteen eighties I think some of those high schools would better serve their children if there were more students there. But I think we have been misled to believe that if we eliminated for example the hundred and eleven districts in this state which are below 350 students that's about six percent of the students in this state. Last year they spent 30 million dollars all told in those hundred different our largest district in the state spent 53 million going to sanitation is not a nice word here in rural areas of the Veda County where six school districts are sometimes only four miles apart. It's not hard to understand why a small community fights to hold at school that school can be the cement which holds things together. It can serve as a community center a place to vote in the house. But the only question is can these
smaller schools educate well enough to fight her out of the teacher student body. Paul Hall of Fame Foundation we are salaried and while we're opposed to it. One is because our students do well. I do well in college I do well our ass are a team a team of course we're proud to rush through. We feel like we have a quality education here we have no disruptive factors. We don't have to have a dog in our in our halls charging out for drugs. We have no discipline problems no disruptive behavior. We have a good environment for learning here. But I'm against consolidation in the counties I do have children in school even male own wife for them to have to travel in the Alpha tarring all men. I guess that's the biggest tying in the best of all possible worlds every small town would have a nuclear power plant the heavily
for it school revenues this one gives a little town of Newark and independence got even richer schools in Russellville the school facilities are superb. No college journalism department in Arkansas can match your Kai's TV studio. Newark superintendent Dr. Robert de poster Well I recognize that there's great inequities that exists between the various school districts in the state and in the nation and I think the debate that's going on about things and I think is very good. I might say that I am more and I think our Board of Education is for equal educational opportunities for youngsters. I should point out that the inequities however are not new that they have in fact existed as an example here for a hundred years we have been going to the county seat towns of Batesville buying our tractors and our shoes and our clothes and have
not participated in the revenues from that town. So the inequities that have existed are really have been the better schools in your larger towns and the PERS schools and the towns of our size school facilities didn't make much difference back in 1815. Conway artist Doris Curtis painted her idea of Lawrence county's famous pioneer school. And again it produces early Arkansas leaders. Jones where a high school is a success of another sort it's not a rich school district. This year Jones were a high along with two of the district's middle schools were chosen by the Federal Education Department as outstanding. Only a few cities in America had three schools on this list. Jones where a secret is parental involvement. Community Support does every school in Arkansas get that. I don't think the teachers in Arkansas are doing as well as they could because they're not getting the
support they need. They're not getting the financial support they're not getting the moral support they're not getting the communities they're not getting their own administration support. They're having to reach into their own emotional and. Financial pockets to provide an education for the children of Arkansas. I don't think this is fair and I don't think the people of Arkansas realize this. I don't think they realize that most teachers provide a great many of the supplies that their students use I don't think they realize that the teachers use as much of their own personal time as they do their lunch hours their evenings their weekends. Dr. Chandler do you think that communities are playing their role in education. No I do not. I think as a general rule they are shirking their responsibility and turning it over to the schools and I think to a large extent the schools have imposed an isolation upon themselves. And it makes as much sense to me to try
to educate children without full participation in the whole as they would for the pediatrician to take care of the health of your child without any contact with the parents of that child. We ask our schools to do an awful lot. We mean some people even want to pray for you know we pray at home where we should pray and and we want school to give them career orientation we want to give them economic orientation we want to give them physical education which also can be done at home. We want to teach them manners and discipline which also can be done at home. And we'll be doing a lot hold off here. And so we're asking schools to do all these things. When our concerns grew where there were at their funds we didn't have to do anything but the to tell how to read write and cipher. These days in Arkansas teachers are in the eye of the storm over education. Did you ever wonder what it's like to be a teacher. It's very rewarding especially working with students that when it comes to all the hassles that you have to put up. We had like low salaries and poor facilities
and educational materials that cannot be furnished because of lack of funds it is very depressing and sometimes it makes you just want to program hands and point it in the long run I think we have much more effect because all the doctors and all the lawyers and all the CPS were educated and they were educated by teachers are teachers in effect have been subsidizing education for the children of Arkansas at my salary if I were a single parent my children would qualify for free lunch. And the other children in this school know it because they all take home a little sheet from the federal government that says what salary qualifies you for free lunches. And I am at the top of the salary schedule. I make as much as I can possibly make. There I said you know this as I said it's a short quick trip to the top. The question I ask not only in Arkansas but everywhere in America these days is why can't Johnny read it based on our review of data over the last
three or four years we know that we have about 10 to 12 percent of our students who graduate from high school with about an eighth grade reading proficiency. Why is a stuck to what lives you have here in Little Rock one of the best public school systems in the state. We recognize now without apology that we don't have the command of the science related to education as we should. If you look at some past explanations of why there have been the kinds of amount of failures you find all kinds of reasons across the board. But recently more educators have accept the fact that we've got to refine our technology and simply do better that which it is we are obligated to do. Do you think they deserve their diplomas. Yes because we as an institution have the
responsibility of helping those young people on the things that we set out for them. And what I said in my opening statement was it is not so much that they bear the responsibility of not being able to do it but that we as a professional group have not refined our skills and technology to make sure that they do it at an optimal level. Another part of controversy in Arkansas these days is the question of small scattered colleges versus fewer larger centers of learning. Arkansas Gazette editorial cartoonist George Fisher has some ideas on this. We have too many colleges and or the concept of having a college for every neighborhood convenience colleges as it would be fine if we could afford it. Here again it would get afforded the right but we can't. And what happens is we have colleges and in small communities where. We siphon the money off from the
top and take some of the excellence off of our larger institutions I think we have too many colleges I think we ought to draw the line have and gotten no more colleges until such time that we can afford such colleges and just last legislative session we voted in one more. Oh and in Arkansas I don't know where it will end I guess it will end when we have one college for every legislator or not. Dr. George Antonelli a dean of education at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff does not agree. Quality in America is diversity and diversity is basically a pattern or situation where each person can go and find the kind of education they want be that private be that public be that sectarian be that religious. I think our Constitution speaks to the issue of diversity and. To argue with that to decrease diversity increases quality
might not be a valid argument. We have a unique country in which we attempt to educate all people so therefore diversity I think is very necessary. And to argue that it detracts from quality I think is counterproductive to what America is really all about. Another debate is the issue of technical education. Are we preparing our youth for an industrial future. Maybe a high tech future. I'm not a native of Arkansas but I have been in Arkansas for about eight years and I manage a high technology plant producing a high technology product. I have a couple regrets. I love living in ARC and song. I love the neighborhood. I love the quality of work life and I love the work ethic of people in Arkansas. But I do have one big regret that most of the big jobs the better jobs in my plant I'm not field bar Kansans for instance I have
twenty six graduate engineers in engineering and management positions this plant not a single one has an Arkansan climate. Why we were we have recruited and all the mid-south schools since the plan started in 1976. We have had a few very few Arkansans available to fill these jobs who had the skill the training education necessary to do the jobs required for this high technology plant. It's the death of the fort of Arkansas school starting at the lowest level in the schools. The people who will graduate high school in many cases are either not prepared for college or technical school are not motivated by the educators who go on to technical education. Also I did do you know college level. There are not enough technical schools in the state to produce a number of graduates for instance. Recently a
survey was made of the needs of the engineers in northeast Arkansas along I've forgotten the exact number but this is something like 100 graduate engineers per year are needed in the northeast part of our state alone and most of those jobs being filled by people from outside of Arkansas. The Vo-Tech schools generally speaking are not geared for the future the future is now. The jobs are here. All elected office but took for the governor elected for two years. This doesn't really give the man time to embark on controversial programs or make perhaps unpopular program because he has essentially been running for re-election the day after election. Well maybe it's just a natural evolution of the trial and error. We tried a system in which the educate or set up curriculum and without the help of industry and maybe now we are aware of the need maybe that the two will get together very closely from here on.
Going to give me an example. What are they teaching in the Vo-Tech schools. Well they were teaching hairstyling and immobile mechanics just like the high schools were 25 30 years ago. What should they be teaching. They need to be teaching the technical subjects that the industrial people in the state and industries of state can get and show them. Especially that fundamental science background for these technical settings. All of the programs that we have in place were approved based on a demonstrated workforce requirement. Now some people in industry will say I need an industrial electrician and they say nurses and dressed men coming out of a local vocational technical school they say that's irrelevant. Well it is it's irrelevant to their needs. But I think our nursing care industry needs
technicians just as much is a fact fabrication industry in this state this. We have a very rigorous evaluation program being developed right now that will tie part of the program evaluation criteria to the percentage of graduates that are placed in an occupation related to their training. No other education program in the state has that kind of a criteria. Now let's go to the top. Higher education and Arkansas. Here is the tower of the main hall at the University of Arkansas on Federal. What you might call the flagship of Arkansas a system of higher education. The facade of Old Main is crumbling inside Old later scores of classrooms conference rooms and lecture halls. But there's nobody to begin repair not far behind Old Main as a giant hole it was dug for the foundation of a building for the engineering school. The problem
nobody again. University chancellor James Howlett is the principal problem at the Fayetteville campus is the need for additional state resources. These monies are nade needed to improve the support that we can provide for our family. To conduct a teaching operation in line with adequate facilities such that they can do the research and scholarly activities that they need to conduct. And finally we need to ensure that they have proper housing such as they can to facilities we have will be competitive with those of other aesthetician the leading front page article in a recent issue of the Arkansas Gazette featured the university and said Now what are the federal blue Favre blues I'm not sure I know what that means I do know that a lot of folks around here who are kind of blue and mainly around the university of this this university community as has been hard hit by this money problem. We lost two good teachers out of Tampa
this year. Mainly money. One went to the University of Kansas one to the University of Alabama Alabama. George Wallace stole one of our best teachers this year. They both left for substantially higher pay. Traditionally Arkansas has had this. This attitude that if if it's sports it's all right. The Razorbacks of the state heroes I kind of like. I sense that there might be a beginning of a turnaround here way for for example the the student newspaper The Arkansas traveler has had a series of very tough editorials this fall questioning whether we put too much attention into them to the Razorbacks and sports a fairly new idea on this campus where the sport's always reigns supreme. The fact is that's that's an indication that we do have some pictures of people students here who are in earnest about education and they feel cheated when they come up here and they get nothing but
the tone of the parties the Razorbacks hoopla in Dixon Street after after a game. The program in creative writing has been in existence for 18 years. We've had 300 graduates. If our creative writing program in that time in fiction and poetry who have produced over 60 books we think we are one of the best creative writing programs if not the best in the country but we've been eroding literature is really an inexpensive subject to teach. We need paper and pencil really. You don't need fancy equipment or big buildings. But we've taken maintenance budget cuts. We can't give assistantships and fellowships in the way that we could did seem 10 years ago. The faculty is leaving the campus. There's holes in the ground where a new building should stand. It's part of this general erosion.
Some of our most valued faculty members have already left and others I know are on the verge of leaving. Not just because of low salaries and lack of facilities but because of what lies behind that that the citizenry of the state. He said We are not committed to higher education. While the University's engineering school is waiting for that hole to be filled with a new building advanced research nonetheless goes on in an old pantyhose factory robbing problems money for a new building and we are desperate for additional operational funds and families are as I mentioned there are many need it is a new engineering. It's only farming and Arkansas is our major occupation. Our bread winner and a matter of pride here in the university's agriculture school research results are directly applied to the problems of our farmers new strains of grapes are created for the growing wind industry. Despite all of the accomplishments that we're making an agricultural research and
the tremendous facility and faculty that we have together here to continue doing this and beyond really on the cutting edge in science. We do have one problem that I would sensually some of my problem area with and that is we simply are not funded at the level that's going to take to continue to support these scientists in an operating budget sans and probably for the first time in history. Weeds are being cultivated here. Arkansas we. The goal to kill them quicker and better. This experiment is unique in the world. The university's chemistry department is nationally known for its work which is carried on against rather unbelievable odds. One visiting professor here last year called the physical plant a scandal and a disgrace. The ceiling is literally falling in. Last summer work stopped here. There's no air conditioning. Often chemical research demands a fixed room temperature or in the event of an
explosion in this lab. The only escape route is sliding down this road out the window. Nonetheless highly advanced research in structural chemistry which gets back to the origin of our universe still goes on. Also unique in American universities is a research and laser rays in the physics department here. It is heavily funded by the National Science Foundation here at the university and it's a question of make do with not enough a question of coping with problems which are getting worse. A surprising part of its budget comes from outside the state from companies which appreciate the quality of its research from donors private grounds. The people in the state of Arkansas are less generous not only for federal but for the other state educational institutions university professors here joked rather bitterly that they'd like to have an educational system worthy of the Razorbacks. If Arkansas has a sacred cow it's that beautiful brutal game we call football and the queen of the sacred
cows is the Razorbacks. But the cow gives little milk for education. Gazette editorial cartoonist George Fisher dares to call the sacred cows ribs from time to time. I am sport fan myself. I follow the Razorbacks and I root for them just like everybody else. But we live in a poor state and sometimes I think the elite forget about our priorities we send kids to school to get an education. But we will let some things get in the way sometimes tossing in half they can fit in here. Your problem I'm not sure that Iraq sought out the tail wags the dog but the GFA probably become more important place in the minds of the public than the educational program. Are you saying that football sometimes interferes with education. No I'm saying that sometimes education interferes with football that's apparently what happens a lot of times university walk. So if I can saw the passion for education that it does for the Razorbacks we would have the industrial genius of Japan the wealth of Saudi
Arabia and the culture of old Europe. But at least nobody has to pay for the Razorbacks. They are a money making machine. It's not the same for all other state supported University football teams. Here's Jim Blair vice chairman of the State Board of Higher Education. If you exclude the Razorbacks that micro profit then the rest of the colleges and universities in the state probably run a deficit of approximately four million dollars on Intercollegiate Athletics per year. Theoretically the students play and I think in actuality the students it would average out about 50 dollars per semester per student to find athletic deficits in a certain neighboring state. Things seem to be looking up in education. We're in a lot of poor small town named Verona and the state we used to be able to say thank God for Mississippi. One of the reasons we can no longer say thank God for Mississippi is to be seen in this little school building here.
This is one of the innovations Mississippi is using these days in first grade classes teacher has a helper which means she doesn't have to stop to help those kids which might be having a little problem. It's a simple idea but it has brought reading levels up dramatically up from the lowest 10 percent in America into an upper 60 percent rate. If there's one man responsible for convincing the people of Mississippi to pull themselves out of the bottom plays in American education it's an honest tough courageous politician who lives here in the governor's mansion. WM-What governor what or how did you do it. We did it only after a long hard struggle we did it only happen we have failed two times and regular session with the Mississippi legislature. But I sense that there was a feeling among the people of Mississippi that they were not satisfied with the quality of education that their children were getting. And so in a course of about six months
we went out and mobilize public opinion. We made telephone calls we wrote a lot of we had phone banks and we had a series of public forums over the state. It was a coming together of the people of Mississippi who were not satisfied with things as they were they were tired of Mississippi being last in education and they were determined to do something about it. And as a result of it mobilized enough for support that a reluctant legislature that had twice turned this program down passed it in the special session to be someone I can aid to. Well Governor one of the I ask you who walk with the major forces of opposition to educational reform here. Will you always have the stand patters you have a status quo people who say well it was good enough for me. My father and my grandfather. It's good enough for me we're getting along pretty well. You have some vested economic interests who were opposed to it. You had some opposition from from some of those that would have been required to pay
some additional taxes. You had some opposition from those in areas where public education has not been sustained on an adequate level. You had some frankly some racial law problems in connection with it but these there were pockets of resistance all up and down the line. But the overwhelming support of the people generally of this state is what brought the changes about the government. Specifically what are these sweeping radical changes that you've made here. Well first of all we took the position. That we must attract to the education profession the highest quality of teachers and we can get. And we cannot get the best teachers if we are not competitive in terms of salaries. So we've built into this bill a 10 percent increase in teacher salaries in addition of that of course we were obliged to address programs early childhood education has been a weakness in our system we we have no
state wide public kindergartens or at least we did not have until this bill passed. We now have set in motion a state wide public kindergarten program that we're going to effect in two years at the present time. We have created a reading aide or teacher aide program where this year and every single first grade classroom in every school in the state there's a reading aid a teaching aid or learning a for all the teacher and that particular classroom. We determined that there must be a higher standard for the certification of teachers and so we set up a teacher certification commission looking toward the process by which we determine the eligibility of people to enter the teaching profession. We determined that the measurement of the quality of a school system live in the product that school system turns out and so we have an advantage today performance based system of the timing school accreditation. That is not enough that the bathroom to clean is not enough that the doors
will lock. We want to be sure that the boys and girls at that school is turning out or have master the subjects to which they've been exposed in that school. And in addition to that we have we have a meaningful of compulsory attendance law that now has resulted already in some 3000 additional students who probably would have gone to school issue you know being in a role for the first time. Well Governor Southerners have been talking ever since the Civil War about the new South. This present concern over the self and education. Does that possibly mean we're going to start trying to make a new cell here. You think I think there's a spirit in the south that sees this a area as providing the leadership of this country. We are now the most populous area of the country in the first place. We are now the area that where I think more dynamic growth is taking place. And in order for this growth to be sustained and resort and in the kind of
economic benefits that the South must have there's a realization and a commitment that we must improve our standards of education that the South cannot take the leadership in this country unless it has a school system that is good at least as a rest of the country. Well Governor now that we in Arkansas are last in education I do you have any advice to give us. Well I'm with be presumptious of me to try to give in about in Arkansas and in vice I think you're fully aware of what the needs of Mississippi and Arkansas are very much like states of relatively small towns and medium sized cities. A lot of our rural areas I grew up in a rural area myself understand I think the state of mind of the people in my state and as I say I think it's very much like the people of Iraq and so so what I would say in terms of what you are in the process of doing in Arkansas years that you mobilize this public
opinion that exists I guarantee you it exists out there in the in every community in Arkansas Oh I can't believe that Arkansas law is any more satisfied with an inferior system of education in Mississippi has been. And I believe you do something about it. I am extremely optimistic as I've kind of listened to the discussions around the country and those in the state of Arkansas in particular. There is no question in my mind that the leadership that we have in the state now has set that as being a number one agenda and it will be accomplished. Oh I have a great deal of concern is that right. Working song has resolve in the will to put ourselves in position to compete with our job our quality and our skilled jobs in the future. I doubt that we will be one of the types ourselves to upgrade the quality of secondary biotech and college level education.
Nowhere to Go But Up
Producing Organization
Arkansas Educational TV Network
Contributing Organization
Arkansas Educational TV Network (Conway, Arkansas)
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
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Program Description
The program examines education in the state of Arkansas. Interviewees discuss needed improvements.
Program Description
"NOWHERE TO GO BUT UP' is a documentary on the past and present state of public education in Arkansas and addressed to the general public here. At its inception, it attempts to show, using the historical record, that Arkansas education has failed its mission in the past. It also attempts to prove that Arkansas continues to do so. For the most part, it portrays the important educational issues being debated today with encouraging vigor by Arkansas from all walks of life. The majority of the personalities in the documentary are from the field of education, but they also include students, townsfolk, and the Governor of Mississippi (the neighboring state with which Arkansas has a traditional feud to keep from ranking 50th among American states in education--and numerous other areas)."--1983 Peabody Digest.
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Arkansas Educational Television Network Copyright 1983. All Rights Reserved.
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Moving Image
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Editor: Parker, Dave
Executive Producer: Mottler, Mike H.
Narrator: Cole, William
Producer: Cole, William
Producing Organization: Arkansas Educational TV Network
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Arkansas Educational TV Network (AETN)
Identifier: 4160 (Arkansas Educational Television Network (AETN) Production Video Library (PVL))
Format: U-matic
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:43:38?
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: 83039edt-arch (Peabody Object Identifier)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 0:44:00
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Chicago: “Nowhere to Go But Up,” 1983-10-04, Arkansas Educational TV Network, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed November 26, 2022,
MLA: “Nowhere to Go But Up.” 1983-10-04. Arkansas Educational TV Network, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. November 26, 2022. <>.
APA: Nowhere to Go But Up. Boston, MA: Arkansas Educational TV Network, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from