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the peak his program was funded in part by a grant from the alabama state council on the arts i hear a lot of regular season his first
his career started in college with the man known as three on the strand twenty years later the group is still growing playing a combination of comedy and enthusiastic audiences all over the country or has also known internationally as an authority on civil war music and working at his home in birmingham body of recorded ten best selling albums of union and confederate songs whose credits include soundtracks for film and television including julia cameron celebrated pbs series the civil war you are a great strength inner strength and american music is that it's from the heart that it's natural gas comes from the country and so nobody knows this feels about it just expresses it so that one we're just traveling in a larger films don't understand all my films are
exploring union position quite like to understand it so a star and rain the war translates well to ten years ago he really became the subject and more red porsche start with names dates places place strategies that certain battle and when we stay with when we start seeing numbers twenty four thousand and shot them one day that sounds so with four thousand man shot back well last season twenty four thousand individual is real and which won't have a story you all the things we hold dear in fact that in an a spring day in nineteen
sixty two in a place called seven pines just outside richmond the tar male population between the ages of seventeen shot in the stooges lots of the city's north side and so what you get to do is you know are these people so what you realize what what men were and what they did to stand for their convictions so what they didn't enter back along with action and the best way of failed to get to know these people as people as for their music following the eighteen sixty election of abraham lincoln as president of the united states one by one state's of the agricultural south broke with those of the industrial north and seceded from the union many senators hoped that they would be allowed to go in place many others felt that some had that the reconciliation could be you worked out what actually followed with four years of bloody conflict that left more than six hundred thousand americans dead countless thousands of others mind for life and also left the
south devastated because it was not considered un manly in the eighteen sixties to express one's emotions we find that their music and their letters express all of the joys and hopes and loneliness and victories in the defeats and it's because we can come to know the individual americans so well through their music that we study right now that arrow now rather than doing or
for nearly twenty years you know some vixen the fights over so called joe's written on north of motown and david and first remained silent they claim fifteen aaron in new york but there was there's new speculation which is another irony that a black family in a free black family in the infamous apple harvest them were opened and they show him a rope soled show let's start with the words written words there with them a weaver who married woman see her son scott simon very good up by sulfur and innovation and the county mayor pike and <unk> cherokee troops for the confederacy wrote these were drug into fighting words no like a generation when the
song dixie was it was such a popular melody that fear that like you say was even abraham lincoln's five or so it truly was when the war ii ended and they were using there's a union band that was playing a concert with a premiere as those in the day just be slapping just one award points that they get a customer says mr lincoln is there any song you'd like to hear he said well it's a song we had known for four years and i'm like you played dixie wouldn't say anything but you know there was another songs columbine you fly the law people who was bigger than dixie yeah that was more like the national anthem i think in them and they became a respected moren boyd tells a story of formation of the confederacy
from the very beginning of this war turns in both the north and the south canada beat up and happy and full of hope and fall of the the fall in the belief that we're gonna with them nowhere with them quickly will be at roosevelt come home and everything we just early warsaw's protected and felt that that the lack of knowledge of what was like what lay before the people just did not listen to the reason germans and so forth are told the press that some people said this is very bad this could be bad please don't go politicians as they look foreign saul the delta queen steamboat company regularly features civil war themed cruz's on its three flagship sing the delta queen the new american queen and shown here the mississippi query on a typical cruz includes lectures films and a little music jt nagle is all the power
the brothers baby arrives or the bonnie blue flag that bears a single star the rah rah rah follow the money the fact that there's a single standard rah rah rah around the body bag and there's a single standard as long as the union with drugs and weapons and i'd read that and i think it does but not when northern syria arrives tomorrow there's a single start raw so raw for the
single star for so that riders are iraqi around the body bag that bears a single star for scotland's up your land an old it may just end they end in alabama who to revive an age when the mississippi and georgia and florida is that right things now he used to write a
confederacy strong we are very likely to train settled by their heritage to sing and rather than submit ashamed to die we would prefer the surgeon for the bombing in baghdad but as a single star they're missing you know the union folks saying is that all of the most noted internet and when people started to write songs for people and not professional singer yasmin levy and so i got to make money in the nineteenth century with music was to write in associate music and there were roughly nine hundred and thirty written and published during the four years and the union had three thousand and forty or so obviously the chorus of music shows that with the numbers john stenger and former
editor of the civil war crimes illustrate all this are frequent guest speakers on the cruise this is also the year when american music publishing is finally getting off the ground as a business the first million sellers listener the mockingbird and that's a million and sheet music and mr lorenzen aware of all that has brought a lot of these facts your attention another one reason perhaps the innocence of all of them or to know this is a town with all the swindle coalition is not smart which are making ocean songs reason or so this is this is probably the biggest union to all the info site is right in the skull about crawford of the lake all the rewards once again
now let's go following a grand review of the union army of the potomac and eighteen
sixty one julia how was so impressed she rode horses to be set to a popular song of the day and the song became the battle song of the union army i have to say isn't it it is what they have given him an altar in leading
to think that i can read that is dave is martin o'malley five four or five what the music for many people is a kind of glue that holds a population together and when you need to fight a war you need to be held together by something and the great paradox in the civil wars that so many of the same songs we used by north as well as south that this was a war ironically fought by people spoke the same language prayed to the same god
and our were socially lovers of the same kind of liberty and so they find the great anthems about crafting songs by both sides have a great song like dixie written by a northerner it's part of a paradox of the civil war which is finally that in order to become truly one we had a divide ourselves into and more talk about that the more systemic set is the one thing that is the one form of entertainment that the nineteenth century american hank and the songs reflect every aspect of living and dying of civilian life of soldier life i've seen friends died of battles of hardships of funny stuff in fact the rome jack cover a little bit of all of this and to be some examples of tim southern terms they were written when you care for every southern tenure there was a moment in just as good are just as funny are what had really work then you know the most everybody you know this melody but somebody just take existing melodies and put new
words warlords to it here's an example secession bizarre watchword our rights we will defend our homes and by side we pledge argentina's they were guarded general was stephen's by side bible regard our general would join a sport going forward the wagon the disillusion wagon this sounds bizarre wagon rides blowing or the wagon disillusioned wagon the south to try and work on my wagon is the very best the running theory is good stuff around the side of a sudden good carolina is the driver with georgia so we wait the sound installation is
mr hughes not join a southern band we are not being is in milan justices our motto in providence ri got it sewed up in the way it went with a wagon wagon wagon wagon of all the song ritual honoring the window and so what i want is presented a union they don't in which real nice in a confederate you notice about the world war i suppose that's when most people in there they're kind of naive and that there were i had no idea what was the force of his right so there's a sadness but there's also optimism in i mean
for me the primary knocking them this next one is is the fire of all the design of the american family and you know that that's probably the biggest unions leaving homes on this is probably the biggest southern are confederate soldier and i've got to get on the record as an alley says with that was billable scalia are going to the war's winnable
political ad he writes this you're right roy date you'll be fine
and you strike a blow with my little a lot of ground with an archive that's a huge list of them dr i will be able in with a broadway veteran players in in it for for the first year americans continue to hope that the war in the shortened relatively bloodless then on april sixth
nineteen sixty two near a small tennessee church called shiloh church confederate forces under the command of general albert sydney johnson attacked the united states army of us grant by the next afternoon more than twenty three thousand americans are shot that this country was in shock america had never seen anything like it became obvious that the war was spinning out of control and that only god knew where it was going to him a survey of texas infantry mr kenny conley what he was witnessing a singer singing why you're this one glory like you thought it would be an out this was written shortly after the bell and it was popular really in north memphis and you listen to the words battle of that was full moon shadow doing it was a
massive straw and will cause your chin it was a vegas that and that was a lot of show it was just me they are or
are they father said something that is cause so many homes to be in all from that that was full show i am who wrote it cesar says
for years oh disney they let loose us
about the sad old man made and abc that they say if this is just go there are lady
you just take your money one you said it what do you do with a was a million and he had one he led more revenue and wonder
if so this is quite extensive way to sell the razor it's so lively gallardo the army was to me then there's all the sound of the long centuries red as a transfer to the fountain
drive away when his musket ball slap his face darkened graham wrote general with memories tender as he mutters a prayer for his children sleep and our mother may have done that then we're in all what is the tone there tonight in drawing his sleeve rock leal is eyes he dashes argues that our women and he gathers his gun posts up to his breast as ea to keep the hearts women he passes the fountain the blasted pine tree and is puts states that is and then we read yet onward he goes through the broad
belt of that towards the shades of the virus so dreary heart was it but nat wind at russell's the leaves was it the moonlight so wondrous live question would it look like the rubble and has lived but is that good and then splash in our choir along the potomac too bad those sounds say the rush out the river's last saw also the law in the face of the day it's up to you all what is known as the middle name to know you know there's a lot of things about this war are we partnering all about casualties and so forth that you know we're really never say war the quiet this next to end there's all kinds of laurie in support when the guys want war but they didn't find out
about that war was known to lasers and watches it was sold lazer lazer tutors the first one can better in the next when union and they they deal with exactly the same sentiments the realities of war so you're back in half tell us what the war went into the neighbor's the former commissioner recently saw got a long awaited said bars of larger good you were friends when cantor in oregon and respect so this is a very simple saying he arose oh it's great
and there's an atm i would drive it is don't you are willing to live that again is built to cause a lot of it and so on naomi it's a lot they need to
know isn't that just the tone it deals with a casualty of union casualty and that's the thing a lot about this is is there there's the heartfelt are supporting this as one of the finest example you this is the reality the city and asia that
mortar singing i live in southern full as laid on this cold sober stay hip he's funny and so any day it is my little baking
at a long long slow or c a very bad day at low and maybe longer there was a man named joe sweeney in a job was an entertainer used to travel in plays music wherever you empower him and force airman rhyner ever boast because most towns of any size would have an upper house were people like joel the father trade and apply for money and make a livin in a four to move on to the next table and their goal was very fine as many empty at the gig he had a lot of friends but friends live on a river so he would often get off the riverboat and you know stay with these folks for services but isn't i wouldn't swap stories tell you jokes and sang songs and dance together and things like this there was an instrument that hadn't brought over here from africa called a banjo or be at
nj are and joe noticed that every time a banjo was played people and they don't have the anatomy of its own wallop the party as it were forgotten idea that he would take the banjo which looked very much like this is probably look for greater record but the small strings on an instrument start in any entity like this right here right here are here to nearly got an idea to take the strain of trying to mastering the right here's our sincere and so you get to the teams reporters jostling one is a drone from the pipes out even and sweeney are pipes i'm sure a number two the dance beat of that period was that did it didn't didn't do it your musical score a horrific horrific and incomes wages or died at sixteenth and so when he had this this strain he began to descend right near the drama
i'm sorry joey's brother saved that's
right it's b snyder is a very were no insults later felt readers into my gun powder and the traditional sources due to the anaconda plan which has been progress so much dried up and so they had about other
sources which we come from human waste and so john houseman i write in selma alabama semrau wagons because he was covered in either december the power plant there in some island which put a good opener he got them better because of his novel idea he's in iran widens around the town thought the record because of ramadan he's a while and around the town together number one how to make an honor ok and so some i thought that was pretty funny so aereo at the about the way the south never lost about one account lack of ok this is this award i'm an outsider and sisters do not john erickson john allison
you are vague on the creature you've given to this cruel war made you and curious feature you'd have a stay while every man is bound to be a fighter and the women bless the brady viewers should be put to may the niger john harrison china house and how could you get the ocean dissinger wagons around the town and gather about the vote which we think the girls to work you know in giving love and is suing but you know now that the parade years to patriotic back they say that we're democrat
john allison john allison continued not been that ad meter or someone let's say modest mode making your purse all we are nothing it is quite where you know quite where you know gunpowder lie dry it serves other ea it but today one of the most powerful unions are lovely to have ever heard of fight or most powerful songs in the american repertoire was written into the law are already distraught afternoon that it was a guy with the battle of the wilderness which was in virginia nineteen sixty four just a powerful powerful silo like dubious for a prosecutor that
all you all your universe wherever you maybe i'll build pay attention as the meeting oh well you know all the blood in the wall of the misery and follow it down secession on levees so thousands left their native homes selling them to return and then is why and family be aware of that that was one in the raid by israel arkansans let his comrades i was shot in the shadow foundation the rebels fall by jury tiger's
day it was the struggles mr adams right and now our heroes sweetened with thousands of brave old marble slab of marketplace that shows where he was doing he died to save are even taller got the stars and sometimes killing origin has been just before the battle a general here's the route is as they
encircled the nine year the ruffles now he turns around and wonder and what you think he sees the jar jar militia the uber please he's big sure i think that song there's less debt almost long enough the subject and the rest in the rhymes are not a rough i wish this war was older when freedom rides and please we just our wives and sweethearts and double gruber peas please please please please we and who are pleased that was outlandish just the number please caesar's perhaps more than any other war interest in the civil war seems to remain unflagging especially in europe and in america
songwriters and performers are finding growing audience is for the music of the civil war and riders are also finding that they can create new songs based on civil war experiences and find a wide audience sammy watkins was a small farmer from the pleasant tennessee which is at them or can he was very typical southern small farmer non slave owner and joined the confederate army and eighteen sixty one enlisted and company h first and see rich and the company aged consisted of one hundred and internet for years were at one hundred and twenty million surrendered i can see the north carolina out of the one twenty members say a six a combination that was at the restaurant all because every single challenge for any head and that during the wall cocked up eh they want to ch what the letter i should
know southern he tells of his experience in the arms in funny so many different donald had done a way a florida for him and read that book and so moody rohde a song about the battle of the kennesaw liner this all now it's rabbits and in the song you hear mentioned the whippoorwills now average agent you're an interim one hour from the danger they are some was that the second way try and tell you on that finds the
same time so listen to the clip to show online suggests an all day long it is the us this week he is saying about this
in this mess at last this song the senate it's business this this
is bad yes yes yes it's been this back jasmine
he is in the pope's face it and this program we've tried to get expressed the the link between the feelings and the songs of the civil war and how the music of the civil war reflects the temperament and the hopes and the beliefs and the longings of the people who experienced it perhaps we can come to understand more what generally meant when he said you cannot have an army without music and what confederate general juno early said after the war when he was speaking to a former enemy and poland as the south that had your music we could have won the war thank you
syria the preceding program was funded in part by a grant from the alabama state council on the arts for a videotape of this program send a check or money order for twenty five dollars to the university of alabama center for public television po box eighty seven thousand tuscaloosa alabama three five four eight seven or use your visa discover or mastercard by calling one eight hundred four six three eight eight to five
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Music and Memories from the Civil War: Bobby Horton
Producing Organization
University of Alabama Center for Public Television
Contributing Organization
University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R) (Tuscaloosa, Alabama)
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Episode Description
Bobby Horton has several albums dedicated to union and confederate music. This piece shows some of his performances of these songs. It also looks at the history of civil war music as well as the history of the civil war itself. Part of the program focuses on the inspiration behind much of the music including leaving home, the reality of war, and the experience of Sam Watkins a confederate solider in company H.
Broadcast Date
Media type
Moving Image
Director and producer: Connell, Bill
Editor: Holt, Tony
Editor: Clay, Kevin
Executive Producer: Rieland, Tom
Executive Producer: Cammeron, Dwight
Interviewee: Burns, Ken
Interviewee: Stanchak, John
Narrator and Host: Foster, Dr. Bill
Producing Organization: University of Alabama Center for Public Television
Subject of the Piece: Horton, Bobby
Videographer: Sullivan, Preston
Videographer: Thurston, Mac
Videographer: Smith, George
AAPB Contributor Holdings
University of Alabama Center for Public Television
Identifier: cpb-aacip-8c34ef6745a (Filename)
Format: BetacamSP
Generation: Program Master / VHS Dub
Duration: 0:58:07
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Chicago: “Music and Memories from the Civil War: Bobby Horton,” 1995-08-08, University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed October 3, 2023,
MLA: “Music and Memories from the Civil War: Bobby Horton.” 1995-08-08. University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. October 3, 2023. <>.
APA: Music and Memories from the Civil War: Bobby Horton. Boston, MA: University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from