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Like ghosts from a long ago forgotten past is hard for us to imagine a holding on the silence and shapes which quickly vanish in history as well as the illusion of such undefinable wildness that captivates us. This program is made possible in part by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting through the Pacific mountain network and by the doctor Zeke we all are. And at Nevada's Dumpty foundation
walls are symbols of an ancient time. A violin a modern prehistoric play. Carried out under the fiery skies and silvery. Light. Humans have always had a certain reverence for. Native people. Look that was a spirit that had much to teach about the natural world. Like the earliest humans who's live in a scattered nomadic hunting. Rules and sometimes been enemies and sometimes rival. Early humans and. Predators that hunted the same animals to survive. Wolves have traits we consider human such as intelligence loyalty and a social structure built around family. One time. Was occupied most of the Northern Hemisphere. Those times have changed.
Yellowstone National Park is the nation's definition of wilderness. It's been over 66 years since the howling song of the wolf has been heard and. Understood. The last wolf was killed in Yellowstone in the 1930s. Now an interagency team is reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone National. 17. Captured in British Columbia. Join 14 lives that were transplanted previously. From Alberta Canada. The rules are carried by slave. Holding patterns. They will acclimate to their new surroundings before retiring. This team was led by Mike Phillips the wolf recovery leader for Yellowstone National Park. Similar wolf reintroduction efforts are underway in Idaho a natural recolonisation is occurring in Montana in and around Glacier National Park. Approximately two thousand whales are left in the lower United States. Most of these are
in Minnesota. Wayne Brewster is the deputy director of the instead of a resource. There is a whole. Grouping of arguments. There. Is. A static argument. That argument says that if you have a wilderness wild land system like this that it's important to have this large predator that people have the chance to be able to see Wolf traction here Wolf also when they're in a remote setting like this. A primary objection wolf recovery is whether wolves will stay within park boundaries or eventually some wolves may disperse and reach livestock.
Rules may travel over territories of 800 square miles or more. To. Some. Release of rules was a joyous occasion. To others it's a threat to their way of life. And. Probably nothing conjures images of the American West more than does the. Most stretches of the West. I'm mystified by the return of the world as they see them as threats to their livestock and life. In the early 18:00 the American West was largely thought of as useless. Desert. Ranch is a civilized and unforgiving land but for those who came behind.
Many ranchers wonder why government agencies are working diligently to bring back a predator that was exterminated for killing livestock. The distinction between romance of reality is often blur. Yellowstone is not new to controversy. The fires of 1988 scorched over a million and a half acres. Park service policies were criticized. For the wolves the grizzly bear may have been the park's most controversial resident. About 200 Grizzlies live in fragile existence in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem. The theme reoccurs as to whether man and large predators can coexist.
Yellowstone is a land of fire and ice. No. More geysers in Yellowstone. Catastrophic volcanic eruptions occurred over two million years ago. The heat from these events is. Still powers the geysers and cuts from. The central portion of the park collapse from this. 47 mile caldera or basin was creating. This basin became one of the richest wildlife areas. No. Animals migrate in and out of park boundaries. Answering Only to the call of the Four Seasons. Spring Summer and Fall show the paradise of Yellowstone.
So the Splendor allows it to be recognized as an international Biosphere Reserve. World Heritage site. You. Know Yellowstone became the world's. First National Park. On March 1st. 1872. It's a place where virtually every species has been preserved. Except. Will. Fall. Is the time of a run. A. Bull elk gather harems of feed and protect them against rival men. Biologists see wolves as the missing link in Yellowstone. There hasn't been an official around Putzier to balance the increasing elk and bison.
Yellowstone which is a time of harsh. Hit yet also line. Temperatures reached minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Only the strong survive. Buffalo plow with their massive Hednesford grass hidden under drifts of snow. At the turn of the century. Less than 50 Buffalo existed in the park. Now Yellowstone boasts the largest free ranging Buffalo heard in the world. Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep occupy the sheer crags of Yellowstone's cliffs. Coyotes and Red Foxes have been impacted by the coming of the wolves will kill coyotes coyotes and foxes mainly scavengers. They lack the ability to consistently kill large mammals like elk and bison as the wolf.
River otters patrol. The streams of Yellowstone. Feeding primarily on cutthroat trout. Swim under the ice. Frozen rivers. Surfacing. Areas of broken and. Bald eagles are rarely seen far from. And are primarily fish in. The head and tail become white at four or five years of age when the birds reach maturity. Now wolves have returned to their ancestral home Yellowstone's Rose Creek pack. Crosses a snowfall. Biologists. Recognize two main species of. Tinas one. Great. And Canaan's Rufus. The red Gravel's range in color from black to silver. Two sheep were killed near emigrant Montana on the ranch of Horris and Susan Brailsford.
Number three a black Huling Wolf and Crystal Creek pack was found in the area. Radio tracking flights had been suspended because of the shutdown of the federal government. Biologists were unaware of that. Number three was outside the park. Susan Brelsford was the first to see world. I was up early one morning about pre-dawn and I was taking a picture outside of a great beautiful sunrise. And I heard some sounds that were unusual and I knew it wasn't a coyote and I knew it wasn't a fox. So I decided I wanted look because I thought maybe one of our. Guard dogs was hurt. So I got my boots on and went out to the creek. And when I got part of the way to the creek I noticed that there was something black on the side. So I walked over to about. 75 yards of the object. And I looked up there and it was a wolf young wolves of one or two years of age often dispersed from the pack in an attempt to form a new pack. Number three was probably seeking the company of other wolves.
Well you know you raise these ships. And you get a real attachment to them and it might be a favorite your favorite lamb and you come up and you see that its hindquarters has been eaten out by a predator. You know whether it be a coyote or a wolf you feel really bad about it and you wonder what it must've been like for that sheep. During the time it was being chased. And then. Stopped and. Eaten. The feds raised Norwegian fjord horses because they feel they are more resistant to predators see. A control program exists for problem world. Rancher re-imbursement offer is made by the defenders of wildlife. Wolf gets two chances that if he continues to harass livestock the wolves will be removed from the program. Horace Brailsford disagrees with using tax dollars for the introduction. The idea of a wolf introduction is. It's a real good idea if you don't live out on a ranch where there are any place where the wolves are. It's quite frightening to see a wolf that.
Can actually stand up and take a bite. Look here in the face without. Hardly getting off its haunches. In their first film looking this particular Wolf was black. In. Was a big wall. One. Hundred and twenty pounds strode about its back was at least waist high. Guard dogs protect their flock of sheep from predators. Live with a sheep on a year round basis. Introduced to the flock as a pup in a lasting bond transpires between the dog and sheep. The ranchers invest what they last for 10 years. Are. Our guard dogs are a very important part of our operation here. Before we had the predator guard dogs we were losing about one you a day. To coyotes. Since that time which has been about two years we haven't really lost any. Of our animals. To coyotes or foxes. When the wolf got here everything changed. Our females. Were not much
different. But our male completely wimped out. He stayed around the house he wouldn't go out. He just knew he was outclassed by this Wolf. I think that if indeed we are going to have wolves here relatively permanently we should. We should be in almost a war zone situation where the park is got radio callers on all these wolves. They know where the wolves are when one comes out of a park with a warning as to when wolves are in our area so we can bring their livestock in to what one would consider a safe zone and we wouldn't have that kind of problem. All this stuff was as illustrated by these captive wolves in Montana. Wolves are predators. They must kill or scavenge large mammals to survive. Wolves may eat five to 10 pounds of meat per day. Their stomachs are genetically programmed to digest meat and fact wolves have 42 specialized teeth that help them survive as.
The social structure. Is based on Gumbel's. Wolves dominating history based on their ranking within the pack. Usually older wolves are dominant younger wolves. Of the pack is led by dominant male and female wolf is called alpha. The social structure maintains the order of the pack. In West Yellowstone Montana the grizzly and Wolf Discovery Center allows an educational close up view. Wolves and grizzly bears are seen in a natural environment. Executive Director Gail forward thinks there is an important biological distinction between wolves being a predator. And that of a killer. Wolves obviously our predator. I mean that is their their method up like. They do it for a living room to eat meat. They are not in fact want to eat only sick and wounded
mice. But they also are a very social animal. They have attributes that we attribute only to humans in terms of caring for their family. With. Very strong family bond and. I think trying to dispel the myth of the killer versus Predator. You know that's a real fine line to distinguish and perhaps the question we answered the most is you know about how many attacks or how many people have been killed by wolves and you know. Actually you know there has not been a record of healthy will attack any human in the United States and that just seems to be something that most people just have no understanding or that part of the was. The Northwest Territories Canada the Northwest Territories one of the last while the expedition starts at Yellowknife the capital of the territory.
Yellowknife was not a fully developed town until 1934. One goal. Is. This. While most of these filmmakers John Howard just said on a quest to photograph and learn more about the legendary snow of this time was war. It's a land which aging Ice Age glaciers began their retreat about 12000 years ago at about the same time. Ancestors of the American Indians moved from Siberia to Alaska and South into Canada. These migrating native people moved with the caribou as far north as the clock ticks circle. This part of the territory is untamed wild lands of sub-Arctic on this vast this is interspersed with thousands of flights. It's a two sub-Arctic
desert less than 11 inches of precipitation per year. It's fairly simple. There was almost 24 hour a day like this close to the Arctic Circle. The sunsets only briefly you know it is time. To. And occasionally subtle clues on an ancient legend. The snow wolves of the tundra. Give only a glimpse of that. The expedition is led by Tom Fox. He's one of a slowly fading generation of river in the sky. Transportation is by small floatplane. Pontoons landing on the remote lakes which Dr. Wohlstand. And the glacial Estrace which serve as an oasis in a sea of endless talk. Yeah we were we were fortunate enough to have found a place here on the tundra where there's 27 dams and that's why the asker system alone which is almost unheard of. I
guess the popularity of the area here is that the caribou have left their calving ground in the spring. The walls are left behind to bare their props or happens to be muskox here in the area. Perhaps if they could. Feed on. Other rich again here at this wildlife crossing. Wolves are a subspecies of gray with. The scientific name Canis lupus octopus. Most live about 68 degrees north latitude toward the Arctic Circle in. The Northwest Territories maybe a zone of mixed breed between Arctic and Greenville. It's one of the few remaining places on earth where while this may be studied in the natural environment. The wolves here dead at the end of a long run. Deep in the Northwest Territories close to a fishing line. About 12 years ago. The owners found a starving female wolf. And began feeding her.
It turned out she had a litter of puppies that were struggling. Wolves have used this dead side every. Last 12 years. The. Wolves have just returned from a long winter on the sub arctic tundra. Goals keep a noisy vigil on small optional islands in the warm for early summer shrill cries serve as a warning to keep away from their nests. Gulls have chicks only once a year. The islands serve as a refuge from intruders like foxes and bull. The caribou migrate across this country dominate the land just hundreds of thousands of these animals come pouring through the water crossings. And it seems like there's animals everywhere. And yet they come through here. It seems
like there's not a thing in the land. Better than for the Armada. The wolves follow the caribou and the fox follow the walls. Of the carrion birds follow after these animals. The whole cycle of life the paths of the caribou. The caribou are the lifeblood of the Arctic the caribou eat lichens a small plant which covers the tundra and carpet's of. It across a rock sculpture is built by native people in the Arctic. In short means something that resembles a man. Some day to prehistoric times. They are used for navigation and caribou hunting. Country here virtually is a desert. And that's kind of a. I believe by the fact that there's so much water everywhere you go. And the water is being held in place by permafrost or preferably frozen lake bottom. There should though is that water or the ice melt from the bottom of the lakes lakes refuse to
come desert if you're familiar with. Bailey. There are about 20 percent larger than females. This is the main difference in appearance. Arctic was way between 100 and 135 pounds. They may live up to 13 years in the wild although most die before the age of five. Dear Falcon's Nest in the trees of the sub-Arctic these birds of prey are the largest of the Falcons. Are swift silent majestic hunters. Wolf societies based on Belmont's. Alphas dominate the subordinate's. Young members are continually delineated by the adults. This determines the order of the pack. The Omega is the lowest ranking member of the pack. A bag is probably the best candidate for disbursal. Ommegang means lives.
Rules may reach their full goal. But at first you. Don't really mature. Until three to five years of age. You. Know. The wolves are male and female and the alpha or dominant animals of the pack. The female was nursing. So you. Know.
How wolves churns their prey remains a mystery. An unspoken communication seems to occur. Often prey animals have a weakness known only to wolves. Or maybe age or sickness or other unknown fact. Much of the communication between wolves. And. This. Was a tremendous. Can run for many miles with little rest. They can run up between 35 and 40 miles an hour. A wolf may trot a five to nine miles an hour. Most kills. Are Made running. Wolves was travel from many miles in search of. Some of the terrible herds and migrations over thousands of miles of a life is primarily spent hunting socializing and sleeping. The last thing twilight of a summer's night. The wolves go on endless excursions for food. Their lives are timeless quests for survival. The Wolves of snow keep their
secrets. Male and Female plover's going to an elaborate dance trying to distract predators from their nests of plover's mimic injury to lure threats to themselves rather than their young. Both sexes incubate the nest plover's can fly at speeds up to 35 miles an hour. These ground masters are easy targets for wolves and foxes. Seem to have very distinct personalities. She stands by 30 inches tall. The wife has a fur coat streaked with just a bit of gray.
Wolves or the first dog. Dogs originated from wolves and became domesticated through countless genetic episode. It's nice to imagine how this domestication might have occurred. The first wolves they have come to the campfire at twelve to fifteen thousand years ago. Alpha males and females form a social bond that is usually only broken by death or displacement. They hunt travel and socialize together. Heat waves shimmer in the sub-Arctic summer. Muskox and one of the primary prey species is. Male. May weigh 600 pounds. Females 400. They run in herds of as many as 30 animals. Native people call the animal will. Be the. Thick undercoat of cashmere like here.
When wolves attack muskox and form a tight circle to defend their young with sharp horns and playing. The alpha males. Personality is one of bull. Wolves are at the top of the food chain in the sub-Arctic. Man. Is their only threat. Barren ground grizzly bears inhabit the tundra. Encounters around. The elephant for walks are they distinct. The answer. Is probably from the hooves of a caribou or muskox and. May possibly be from a fight with others. Wolves are often heard or killed in their quest for food. Caribou and musk oxen are not easy to kill. Biologists estimate wolves are only successful about 8 percent of the time and making. Wolves hunt as a
pack. Because it's efficient to do so. The pack may make it easier to pull down large animals. Wool's may make a kill every three to eight days depending on the amount of prey species. The Wolves of snow. Nothing only goes through the tongue. Far away voices travel on the wind. On the. West. That village was the last holdout of the group of native village elder hide. Away and means the caribou etre Indians and they were feared and once. Held as prestige by the other Indian battles because of their ability to go further up the barren lands. They were very successful hunters and very religious as well. Wolves defend their territory against other packs. Survival depends on the outcome.
It's a matter of life and death should other wolves deplete their food source. Ferocious battles of the dead are. Not. Common. Was that a one to three years. They dispersed from the pack. Called disperser as they search for new territories and mates. This is the way I knew Pakistan. When. They travel. For Miles. Seeking friendly company. Some are unsuccessful and become lone wolves. Lone wolves hunt and survive alone without the cooperation and benefits of the pack. Wolves are silent wanderers that cover hundreds and sometimes thousands of miles. Bald eagles nest in sheer cliffs high above a shimmering lake.
Eagles are found on. Every continent. Except that Arctic. They often have a wingspan of nearly seven feet. Bald eagles mature at about four or five years of a. Head and tail because white chicks are so competitive. That may be difficult for one to survive. Eagle Nest is the largest of all nests. Built by a single pair of. Bald eagles are primarily fishing. And. Fly it over 30 miles an. Hour. The. Snow is small bubbles in the sand looking for coolness in the warm summer day. Without warning for a Bunnell to brown explode from the brush. Cups. Of.
Brown. But by the end of the summer coats will begin to turn white starting their faces. That will remain white all year long not changing as the Arctic has Fox wolf pups are born blind that kind of thing. They weigh about a pound a piece of bread. At two weeks their eyes open they can hear at three. This is one of the first adventures. Late from the day. The pups. Begin the training process. They will need to survive. Both the alpha male and. Loving pandas. All members of the pipe take care of the pups. Males and females. Secrete a hormone called prolactin. Which stimulates nurturing. Pup. Mortality is higher. Only the strongest will survive. Litters. Average one to four pups in the Arctic. Four pups were observed with this wild sub-Arctic pack.
As the pups grow. They are often moved to a rendezvous site at about 8 weeks of age. The pups are left here while the adults hunt. By this time they are weaned of milk and eat mostly me. By fall the pups will be almost at their full adult size and travel with the pack. Pups have fully grown up between 6 months of the year. They don't mature as adults until about 2 to 5 years old. The alpha female versus the pups. Four or five times a day. Hordes of mosquitoes torment the wolves. Finally the snow wolves disappear in the darkness taking their treasures and secrets with them. I spent the last twenty years out here in wartime that I spent the deeper and more spiritual. The feeling becomes pretty difficult to explain that but. A person is is diminished. Now here. What lies and everyday things become
inconsequential to the importance of nature and all of our feeling of such vastness. Of personal experiences. On the tundra. I love it. I'll never leave here. The National Park Alaska. In 1939. Working out of a small cabin on the East Fork of the tall clad. Biologist Adolph Murie began a classic study of the Romans. His work serves as the foundation for the modern understanding of wolves and their valuable place in a wilderness ecosystem. Beneath towering Mt. McKinley. He told me he found a vast building that's largely untouched by humans right grizzly bears roam the. Endless. Beavers work fever's. The. Lodge. To escape the coming harsh winter.
The opportunist. Will sometimes take small mammals. Including. The. Wolves as communication with other members of the pack. Holding calls. To return after a hunt or separation. Wolves may howl with a longer upset. Howling can also be simply social and. The howl of the wolves sends chills up the spines. Yet its ambiance is something we can never fully understand. The wolf senses wilderness and ways which makes more sense for. A. Message on the way.
Braided Octa. Run to the both. Of the issues relating to those concerned the land. And how that land should be you. And northernmost Alaska. The debate concerning the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Defines these issues. The coastal plain. Hold significant deposits of. Thousands of migrating caribou and restaurants in. The area. The rules follow. These issues are symbolic. Arctic regions now face. More and more people. Have access to areas which before.
The river ends at Kaktovik a small native people village located on the Beaufort Sea. Kaktovik is largely dependent on whaling and subsistence. Village has sharply divided as told by brother and sister Flossie and James land. They say be a lot of money but the money will last five 10 years. We're looking at subsistence we are subsistence hunting for as long as I can remember. The world comes and I figure what would. I. Take away then a month just like the Exxon Valdez did. But. Animals kill. The whales down there it really has to be open there's going to be a lot of jobs. There's going to be for a long long period of time just like Bay just happened to be another good or bad. Does we are abundant we're going to have to go anywhere stay in or. Make a living and.
Make a good life. Instead of having to travel. To one place or another looking for a job. And having to relocate your whole family home. So. The Rio Grande Zoo in Albuquerque New Mexico. Lives One of the most endangered wolves in North America. The Mexican wolves once roamed the Southwest deserts of Mexico Arizona Texas and New Mexico. The local became a popular name which is Spanish and Mexican Wolf is probably extinct. Why. May exist. In captivity. The Mexican Wolf is genetically distinct. From all other wolves. The smallest subspecies of gray wolves adults weigh 50 to 90 pounds. David Parsons is the Mexican wolf recovery coordinator for the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service. Here the most endangered form of gray wolf in North America and possibly the world. We don't know of any confirmed live Mexican wolves in the wild at this time there are searches going on in Mexico. This wolf. Came within seven animals of becoming extinct. Assuming that there are none left in the wild. Recovery efforts are also underway for the Red Wolves of the southeastern United States. Red Bulls are Canute's rufous a small in size. Some biologists think Red Bulls may actually be a hybrid between wolves and Miles Red Bulls are extinct in the wild except for a small population we introduced in North Carolina.
The ambassador Wolf Kalani these interested children that are built in an educational setting. Kobani is the centerpiece of wild Central a learning experience program run by Pat Tucker and Bruce Weinstein. Of Hamilton Montana. A comes from the Blackfeet word for play. She's a socialized brain. That has been raised in captivity. While sentry's made audiences to. Third grade. For most this is the first time they've seen a woman for. Months. While sentry's programs are given in rural areas where well Wolf reintroduction might occur. While sentry attempts to provide unbiased information. And challenge stereotypes. Pat Tucker and Bruce Y.D. living it is hard if you want to save energy what ever you can. And so they will their tails down. To the top. It's one thing for people to see a picture of a wolf and it's another for them to
see a real wall. And we really thought it was especially effective for people in the rural areas to see this animal because a lot of people have real misconceptions of just how big they are how big their teeth are and you know they can actually see one and then judge for themselves. And so we decided to continue on with this program and the mission is to do public education in rural areas where recovery is a possibility where. People will really be making decisions of whether to shoot when they have a wolf in the crosshairs or not and hopefully you can help them. Make that decision. People who oppose wolves see our program. They come away. Complimentary. I mean because we represent the ranchers side we're not an advocacy group and we're trying to present facts and present also where. Where our attitudes towards war came in that you know that comes from the stories.
And it's it's very important for people to understand that Hindi is Kawana is dog companion and accompanies her on most educational missions. So our hope that if people have some sort of a balanced view if they really know what this animal eats and how it lives that will make better decisions about you know how to treat it this time around because we really did. Where. We were very vicious toward the world. We not only exterminated it but we had exterminated it in very cruel ways. Ways that. You know we were doing more than just dealing with an economic threat. At the end of 18 we were getting rid. Of evilness and we don't want that to happen again.
It's such a highly symbolic animal and people on both sides of the issue to them it symbolizes different. Is this know the devil it's evil. And then the other side tends to you know make a saint out of the Wolf. And neither of you is correct. You know Wolf is an animal. And it's every bit interesting in and of its own right. They. Smartens lives with Wolf hybrids and on Utah's Wasatch. Some. Are. Rescue dogs. Some summer house temporarily for shipment to. Move. Storm chasers are. Often. Can be traced back to remote Canadian Arctic ice.
The best definition I've heard of of what kind of a. Head. Of a wolf. I have to use these words Killebrew said it said a wolf doesn't make a good pet but it makes it good for him and I really have to agree with that. They can be your best friend. They can. Do everything you want them to. But if I believe it takes a special person to bring out the best in them and they're just not your average dog they're just a lot smarter than your average dog. And if you can differentiate between pet and friend I think you'd be all right. What I've learned from living with wolves is that they are not the evil beasts. People make them out to be and they're not to be feared. The way people fear them. And more than anything they're loving animals that actually love companionship with people when properly socialized. Shadow and Randy have a special relationship. Wolf hybrids have distinct and
different personality some loving and some more of wild. Shadows. Parents were very social. Turned out seminal. Most experts agree wolves are not pets. Many end up with facilities like a candy kitchen rescue ranch a on New Mexico. It's run by artist Jackie Evans and former actress Barbara Burgi. Wolves have high percentage points can not be domesticated. Hybrids are crosses between wolves and dog. They may socialize winds but they do not become dogs. They retain the traits of a wild. Wild sentry estimates that most have. Ended up dead before the age of two. Most are euthanized by overwhelmed donors or abused. The main message is that girls belong to no one. Barbara Burke. Yes I think a lot of people not all people but a lot of people think it might be cool to have a horrible pipe of his kids so they get them with some with the best intentions of keeping them. But they realize that the puppy
gets older that it's not a dog it doesn't behave like a dog starts destroying the house digging up the garden escaping and they realize they've got more than they can handle. They weren't educated by the breeders. About what they have. And so they get rid of them. Rooney and he was brought in to Albuquerque animal control around two and a half years ago by his owner along with a black female to be euthanized. We have no idea why the female was in such bad condition we had to put her down. But soon he was salvagable deep chain scarves around his neck. He was very thin totally malnourished. And so animal control. Got him and he said I'm here now over two and a half years and he's alive. Why. We. Wanted him dead. Now he's. Back. Jackie Evans founded the candy kitchen Rescue Ranch in 1991. This is the house. That sometimes comes in so. They provide a lifelong sanctuary for abused
wolves. A nurse sick injured was. Back to help. Like unwanted dogs and cats. The problem is to watch. OK this is dire. She walked wild out of the woods. She's been hit by a car a bad spinal cord injury. She was found by a couple who took eight days to track her and capture her she was starving. She went on local channel 7 news to get help because she didn't know how to handle her. However the dogs got through this newsgroup cause at my house for six months and Albuquerque was secured. And kind of gave up on her thinking that her prognosis was more than we used homeopathy a lot of alternative healing methods. She really responded. She has very strong boundaries she does not like to be restrained. And. I think she's got some coyote. We don't know where she was while she. Had. The original owners of the ranch sold Pinyin
candy. They kept the candy kitchen wolves in captivity can be the most gentle of animals and sometimes the fiercest. Permits from the U.S. Department of Agriculture are required to keep pure wolves hybrids are subject to local and county ordinances. One complication is the lack of an approved rabies vaccination for humans. The result is a story of controversy. These parks are about three weeks old and already have the instinct to howl.
The Humane Society of the United States estimates that a pet wolf or wolf hybrid attacks and kills a small child in the United States on an average of once every two years. Robert Burgi. I blame the owners of the wolf dogs and sometimes the parents of the children that have been hurt or killed. You cannot keep a dog on a chain. It creates a very aggressive animal with nowhere to go and a lot of kids wanted him. To. Unsecure yards with actually kill. The animal has to be contained and it has to be contained in a way that is humane and where the public cannot get to the animal you prevent it by not letting anyone have access to the animals at all. Especially if. You will really need a peripheral fence to fence around the containment.
So. In Yellowstone National Park number three was relocated some 60 miles from where he had killed sheep only a few days later. He returned to the trails his ranch and again Mattachine. After an interagency decision follows policy. Number three was shot and killed by animal damage control. The alpha male. Temp. Rose Queen. Was shot and killed illegally in Red Lodge Montana. Shortly after another attempt to get into the alpha female of the rose Creek pack. The tranquilized female and pups relocated back to the park to ensure their survival. These are the first documented pups to be born in Yellowstone and about 70 years. To. Overhaul the wolf reintroduction efforts appear successful in Yellowstone. Survival has been higher than expected to wrap around.
A viable population of which has been re-established in Yellowstone ecosystem. She just continues full recovery is projected by the year 2000 to several months later. The same pumps are now almost full grown. All the members of the rose Creek pack across an open snowfield and Yellowstone's Lamar Valley on a cold winter's day. We are only beginning to reach a simple knowledge of. The secrets remain hidden behind veils or misunderstand. You. Will stare right through. As if. Into your soul. Deep within the inner most beings of all. Is a
place with a songs of was carried on whistling which. Was close to the world. Want. To learn more about the snow wolves visit PBS on line at the Internet address on your screen. Hey. Hey. Hey. Hey. Hey.
I. Am. That. This program is made possible in part by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting through the Pacific mountain network. And by the doctor. KEILAR And Edna want stump the foundation. To order videocassette of the snow wolves for 1995. Please call PBS home video at 1 800 7:52 for PBS.
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The Snow Wolves
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PBS Utah (Salt Lake City, Utah)
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Program Description
"As narrated by television actor Joseph Campanella, THE SNOW WOLVES is a national PBS film which documents the plight of endangered wolves and reintroduction efforts. We feel it is one of the most important films that has been produced on wolves. It contains rare footage of the pure white arctic wolves which have only been captured on film once or twice before. These snow wolves were filmed in Canada's Northwest Territories and the result is an unprecedented and historic documentation of an arctic wolf pack and their pups. THE SNOW WOLVES also looks at reintroduction efforts in Yellowstone National Park. The film follows these efforts for a period of one year culminating in the first wolf pups to be born in Yellowstone in over sixty years. Other segments include the ambassador wolf Koani meeting children in a classroom setting, the almost extinct Mexican wolves and the red wolves of North Carolina, the wolves of Alaska as filmed in Denali National Park and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and the sad, poignant story of wolves as pets and in rescue facilities. "THE SNOW WOLVES is filmed from the Arctic to New Mexico over a period of a year and a half with the primary goal of education concerning a very misunderstood animal."--1996 Peabody Awards entry form.The first section of the program takes place at Yellowstone National Park, where wolves are being reintroduced, and the narrator discusses why wolves are being reintroduced and opposition against the reintroduction of wolves. The narrator also talks about how wolves survive and pack social structures. The next segment comes from the Northwest Territories of Canada, where film makers photograph the arctic snow wolves, and the narrator details the ecosystem in which the wolves live and conflicts over land use in the arctic. The next portion of the program takes place at the Rio Grande Zoo in Albuquerque, New Mexico, which is home to a group of critically endangered Mexican Wolves. The narrator talks about what makes the Mexican Wolf unique, and he also discusses the endangered Red Wolves. Another segment features ambassador wolf Koani meeting children in an educational setting, and the people in charge of the program talk about their efforts to educate about wolves in rural areas. Another segment focuses on a rescue facilities for hybrid wolves and wolves as pets. Finally, the program returns to Yellowstone National Park, documenting the first wolf pups to be born in the park in 70 years.
After all the controversy and delays, wolves have returned to Yellowstone
Broadcast Date
Asset type
Media type
Moving Image
Producing Organization: Public Broadcasting Service (U.S.)
Producing Organization: KUED
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Identifier: cpb-aacip-326bd732c6b (Filename)
Format: DVCPRO: 25
Generation: Dub
Duration: 00:56:46:00
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Chicago: “The Snow Wolves,” 1996-11-24, PBS Utah, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 26, 2022,
MLA: “The Snow Wolves.” 1996-11-24. PBS Utah, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 26, 2022. <>.
APA: The Snow Wolves. Boston, MA: PBS Utah, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from