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<v Roger Vanderperren>For the boat people fleeing Vietnam. <v Roger Vanderperren>Death can come at any time and in many forms. <v Roger Vanderperren>Dysentery, exposure, starvation and brutal attack are all faced <v Roger Vanderperren>with frightening regularity. <v Roger Vanderperren>And those that do endure often end their journey too sick to walk or too <v Roger Vanderperren>weak to celebrate the safety of shore. <v Roger Vanderperren>Yet they keep coming. <v Roger Vanderperren>And in ever-increasing numbers. <v Roger Vanderperren>These desperate flights by South Vietnamese began with the fall of Saigon in 1975 <v Roger Vanderperren>as the North Vietnamese approached the city. <v Roger Vanderperren>Tens of thousands of refugees fled by every means possible. <v Roger Vanderperren>Rafts, small boats, even helicopters were used to reach the safety of <v Roger Vanderperren>American ships offshore. <v Roger Vanderperren>This flood of refugees soon receded to a trickle as the communists secured control. <v Roger Vanderperren>Only a few more boats managed to flee that year.
<v Roger Vanderperren>But eventually, the exodus began to build again. <v Roger Vanderperren>As more Vietnamese looked to the sea for escape. <v Roger Vanderperren>By January of 1979, the wave of refugees grew to 10000 a month. <v Roger Vanderperren>By me, it was over 60000. <v Roger Vanderperren>It has been estimated that only half of the refugees that leave Vietnam survive their <v Roger Vanderperren>ordeal on the high seas. <v Roger Vanderperren>Yet for the ones who are picked up by passing ships are lands safely ashore. <v Roger Vanderperren>Their journey for freedom and survival is not over. <v Roger Vanderperren>The conditions these people face on the ships and in the refugee camps can be as perilous <v Roger Vanderperren>as any they have encountered before. <v Roger Vanderperren>And it is part of the refugee story that is too often overlooked. <v Roger Vanderperren>One person who has witnessed this aspect of refugee life is a photojournalist for the
<v Roger Vanderperren>Minneapolis Star. <v Roger Vanderperren>Her name is Stormi Greener. <v Roger Vanderperren>In January of 1979, she went to Southeast Asia to photograph <v Roger Vanderperren>the conditions of refugee life. <v Roger Vanderperren>Onboard a freighter in Manila and on an island in Malaysia. <v Roger Vanderperren>Her photos and experiences tell of the plight of a people who have become little more <v Roger Vanderperren>than human cargo. <v Stormi Greener>This is the Tongan it's a sixteen hundred ten Frater. <v Stormi Greener>Harbored in Manila Bay. <v Stormi Greener>Twenty-three hundred and eighteen refugees on board. <v Stormi Greener>Heavily guarded by the Filipino Coast Guard on both sides. <v Stormi Greener>When I arrived in Manila. <v Stormi Greener>This ship had been anchored in the harbor for three and a half, <v Stormi Greener>four weeks. <v Stormi Greener>An Associated Press photographer and I hired a fishing boat and a little <v Stormi Greener>Filipino fisherman one Sunday morning at <v Stormi Greener>four o'clock hoping to elude the guard, or they
<v Stormi Greener>would be hoping that maybe they would be asleep and we could approach the ship and get <v Stormi Greener>aboard. <v Stormi Greener>As we approached, this is what we saw before <v Stormi Greener>sunrise, we realized that we wouldn't be able to approach as easily as we thought we <v Stormi Greener>would. We waited in the waters surrounding <v Stormi Greener>this ship. <v Stormi Greener>For about four and a half, five hours before we were actually able to <v Stormi Greener>to approach it, we were harassed a couple of times by the Coast Guard. <v Stormi Greener>They scared our fishermen to death. <v Stormi Greener>He was once we were able to approach. <v Stormi Greener>He was to come back and get us within a couple of hours. <v Stormi Greener>This was on approach, one of the guard ships had left the side <v Stormi Greener>of the Tongan gone to the mainland, gotten rations, brought <v Stormi Greener>them back, but hooked up on the other side with the other Coast Guard boat.
<v Stormi Greener>This left this particular side of the ship free and <v Stormi Greener>easy access for us as we approached. <v Stormi Greener>We were greeted from the side by refugees. <v Stormi Greener>They knew we were illegal. We're looking down at us. <v Stormi Greener>We were in a canoe and it was quite far down. <v Stormi Greener>We pointed to our cameras and motion for them to be real quiet of our presence. <v Stormi Greener>They knew pretty much what we wanted. They threw ropes over to us and direct us up the <v Stormi Greener>side of the ship. Once onboard, we crawled across the deck <v Stormi Greener>so we wouldn't be seen from the other side by the guards and climbed down into <v Stormi Greener>the hold of the ship. <v Stormi Greener>Was terribly crowded. <v Stormi Greener>Smelled of rotting cargo. <v Stormi Greener>And of just mass humanity crammed together in one small <v Stormi Greener>area where twenty-three hundred and eighteen refugees on this ship. <v Stormi Greener>Cargo was rotting. <v Stormi Greener>Was moist, it was wet, and maggots were forming in the tapioca
<v Stormi Greener>flour, which was part of the cargo. <v Stormi Greener>Filipino government had given that through their welfare department had given <v Stormi Greener>the refugees chairs and they were spread up in in this <v Stormi Greener>end of the hold of the ship. <v Stormi Greener>Something besides cargo for them to sit on. <v Stormi Greener>No matter how hot it was outside, it was too full, this hot inside the <v Stormi Greener>sun beating down listless children. <v Stormi Greener>No place to run and play. <v Stormi Greener>Nothing to do. There weren't any toys aboard. <v Stormi Greener>Was difficult walking through the bottom of this ship, not only because of the cargo, <v Stormi Greener>but because of the crowded conditions, was difficult getting <v Stormi Greener>between things without stepping on people or falling over others. <v Stormi Greener>They didn't seem to really mind they would reach their hands up and help you through. <v Stormi Greener>Someone would would drag their babies down beside them and point at them.
<v Stormi Greener>Take picture. Take picture. <v Stormi Greener>On leaving South Vietnam in small craft before <v Stormi Greener>they boarded the big freighter, they were only able to carry <v Stormi Greener>personal possessions that they could actually carry on their backs. <v Stormi Greener>This is what you see surrounding this woman. <v Stormi Greener>The ship, even though it is a cargo ship quite large, it's licensed <v Stormi Greener>to carry 28 crew members. <v Stormi Greener>Twenty-three hundred and eighteen refugees were living onboard. <v Stormi Greener>Sanitary conditions were lacking. <v Stormi Greener>Sanitary facilities were for those 28 crew members <v Stormi Greener>and the refugees took to the open sea. <v Stormi Greener>They were using that as a latrine. <v Stormi Greener>The top of the water around the ship was covered with human excrement. <v Stormi Greener>Further down the side, you would the same side that you see here, you <v Stormi Greener>would see other refugees throwing buckets and tins
<v Stormi Greener>over hook to the side, hook to the ends of ropes, dragging seawater up to <v Stormi Greener>do their washing. And they're bathing in. <v Stormi Greener>Ropes had been strung up in the hole down below. <v Stormi Greener>Some of them to hold hammocks. <v Stormi Greener>Others were holding clumps of wet clothing, waiting to dry. <v Stormi Greener>You can see here. <v Stormi Greener>These boys are eating a Neutra bun, which is similar to our hard rolls. <v Stormi Greener>It's packed with vitamins and minerals. <v Stormi Greener>This is what was being rationed out for breakfast. <v Stormi Greener>Some refugees on board were hoarding these buns and selling them <v Stormi Greener>to others later on that were out of food or <v Stormi Greener>that had. Hungry children. <v Stormi Greener>While I was on board, one woman came up to me <v Stormi Greener>and asked me if I could change a hundred dollar bill. She said she was out of food and <v Stormi Greener>needed to needed to buy some food for her children.
<v Stormi Greener>This young child was sleeping. <v Stormi Greener>Flies numbered in the millions. <v Stormi Greener>I bent down and shooed <v Stormi Greener>the flies away, and before I could take a picture, <v Stormi Greener>they were back. <v Stormi Greener>He has an eye infection and they just gathered right around his eye. <v Stormi Greener>Early in the morning, even when we were out in the water, you could hear <v Stormi Greener>laughter and some talking and joking going on. <v Stormi Greener>Spirits seemed to be pretty high. <v Stormi Greener>Later in the afternoon. <v Stormi Greener>Babies started crying. Older children started whimpering and. <v Stormi Greener>Arguments started flaring. <v Stormi Greener>Between adults at this point, we realize that <v Stormi Greener>we really didn't want to be on that ship much longer. <v Stormi Greener>There were some refugees that had told us a little earlier that our fishermen had
<v Stormi Greener>been taken back to the mainland. <v Stormi Greener>And we realized that we were stranded on board the only way back on the way off the <v Stormi Greener>Tongan was to give ourselves up to the Coast Guard. <v Stormi Greener>We dummied up some film. <v Stormi Greener>And started hiding what we had exposed while we were <v Stormi Greener>onboard and hid that. <v Stormi Greener>We went topside and we let them know that we were there. <v Stormi Greener>They become very became very hostile and. <v Stormi Greener>We were a little tense. We didn't know quite what was going to happen. <v Stormi Greener>We were taken from the Tongan onto the guard ship. <v Stormi Greener>We were taken back to the mainland and we were held in a guard office for <v Stormi Greener>about two and a half, three hours after they <v Stormi Greener>had called their ranks of superiors and we had been severely reprimanded. <v Stormi Greener>Our film had been confiscated. What they thought was our exposed film.
<v Stormi Greener>They felt, I guess, that they had this story well in their own hands. <v Stormi Greener>And they released us. <v Stormi Greener>French officials were coming in the next day to take 10 off <v Stormi Greener>the Tongan for resettlement in France after <v Stormi Greener>a number of temper tantrums. <v Stormi Greener>And going about the official way, the legal way to get back on the ship <v Stormi Greener>to do some interviewing and some shooting on topside. <v Stormi Greener>Number of times I was told no. <v Stormi Greener>I became such a nuisance that they told me I could go out with their local <v Stormi Greener>press and the friends of French officials to photograph. <v Stormi Greener>Those happy people that were ready for resettlement being taken off <v Stormi Greener>as we approached the ship. <v Stormi Greener>The refugees on board were sure that it was ration time and <v Stormi Greener>they gathered up along the sides with their tents and their buckets,
<v Stormi Greener>wanting their freshwater supplies and their rations of rice <v Stormi Greener>as the officials were taking these. <v Stormi Greener>This family of ten off-board they got this young child. <v Stormi Greener>And until they started going through. <v Stormi Greener>Their files and their paperwork. <v Stormi Greener>Did they realize that he didn't belong with that family? <v Stormi Greener>Here they're returning him to the Tongan. <v Stormi Greener>While this was going on, these people were being taken off. <v Stormi Greener>Others on board were watching, obviously. <v Stormi Greener>Not sure what was going to happen to them. <v Stormi Greener>Not sure what their destiny was when they might be resettled. <v Stormi Greener>Whether they would have to stay on the ship or they could go into a camp. <v Stormi Greener>Upon leaving, they again were <v Stormi Greener>gathered along the sides, waving and smiling, it was somewhat pathetic,
<v Stormi Greener>was almost like they could be taking off on a Caribbean cruise. <v Stormi Greener>The Tongan anchored in December. <v Stormi Greener>I was on it in January. <v Stormi Greener>These refugees lived on that boa for an excess <v Stormi Greener>of eight months. <v Stormi Greener>Resettlement camps are another part of the boat people story. <v Stormi Greener>Went to a refugee camp, an island off the coast of Malaysia, <v Stormi Greener>by far not the only resettlement camp in Southeast Asia. <v Stormi Greener>But at this particular time, it was the fastest-growing and the worst conditions <v Stormi Greener>prevail there. <v Stormi Greener>This is the island that we've all heard so much about recently. <v Stormi Greener>It's called Pulau Bidong. <v Stormi Greener>It's 18 miles off the coast of Malaysia. <v Stormi Greener>Malaysians have turned it into a refugee island. <v Stormi Greener>Six months prior to my being there, it was totally uninhabited by any human life form.
<v Stormi Greener>When I was on there in January, there were thirty thousand people <v Stormi Greener>in excess of thirty thousand refugees residing on the island on approach to <v Stormi Greener>the island. As you come up on one of these white beaches, the first <v Stormi Greener>thing that's visible is. <v Stormi Greener>Vietnamese fishing craft hull. <v Stormi Greener>You can more or less see how big this hole is. <v Stormi Greener>There's three people standing in the water just in front of it. <v Stormi Greener>This craft brought 250 refugees to the island. <v Stormi Greener>The vegetation that you see growing toward the beach here, I understand, is no longer <v Stormi Greener>there. <v Stormi Greener>Thirty thousand people living on eighty-five acres looks just about like this. <v Stormi Greener>It is this crowded, it's difficult walking around. <v Stormi Greener>In some spots, it's looking like a tropical paradise. <v Stormi Greener>Beautiful blue sea, nice blue sky, white beaches.
<v Stormi Greener>In fact, it really isn't. <v Stormi Greener>This boy is playing on a beach that is totally polluted. <v Stormi Greener>What you see around this child on the beach. <v Stormi Greener>Are not beach rocks. They are. <v Stormi Greener>It is human excrement. <v Stormi Greener>The skeletons that you see behind him are <v Stormi Greener>beached fishing craft that the refugees have taken apart. <v Stormi Greener>They're skeletons of boats that brought them to the island. <v Stormi Greener>They're using every part of anything that's left <v Stormi Greener>on the boat to build fires and to help them build their huts. <v Stormi Greener>The same beach the boys playing on, not too far from where <v Stormi Greener>he's playing, looking back toward the island and the hill. <v Stormi Greener>This is what you see. <v Stormi Greener>There isn't any place on the island to bury garbage. <v Stormi Greener>The garbage is not being taken from the island to the mainland for disposal.
<v Stormi Greener>And it just lies open on the beach. It's. <v Stormi Greener>A breeding ground for flies. <v Stormi Greener>And they number in the millions. <v Stormi Greener>And as I said, the island is being denuded and this is one reason why they're taking down <v Stormi Greener>every bit of small vegetation that they can. <v Stormi Greener>They're stripping it. They're using it for frames for Hutz. <v Stormi Greener>Covering it with plastic sheets, plastic flower bags, rice bags, <v Stormi Greener>those that were early arrivals on the island were lucky enough to get the corrugated tin <v Stormi Greener>that you see on the roofs in the in the background there. <v Stormi Greener>The pond that you see here is not freshwater, it's runoff. <v Stormi Greener>Water refuges are taking seawater. <v Stormi Greener>They're carrying it back up to their huts, up to the hill. <v Stormi Greener>They're doing their washing and they're bathing in it. <v Stormi Greener>It's running down to the bottom of the hill in troughs that they have dug. <v Stormi Greener>And it's just settling right here. <v Stormi Greener>This young girl is doing the family wash in seawater and she eventually will dump it
<v Stormi Greener>right into the same place. The stench is incredible and people are living right on top of <v Stormi Greener>it. <v Stormi Greener>Cooking over open fires. <v Stormi Greener>This is somewhat dangerous, too, if a wind happened to catch a flame. <v Stormi Greener>And. Set one of these tarps on fire that's covering these huts. <v Stormi Greener>The whole island would go up there. <v Stormi Greener>There would be no way of stopping it. <v Stormi Greener>Vegetation, again, is being used not only for for frames, <v Stormi Greener>for shelter, but it's also being tied together and used for beds. <v Stormi Greener>I counted 15 people in one family sleeping on a bed just like this <v Stormi Greener>one night. <v Stormi Greener>This man is. <v Stormi Greener>Pure Chinese. <v Stormi Greener>He speaks nothing, but he is on the island with nephews and <v Stormi Greener>family. <v Stormi Greener>The family has relatives in Australia and they hope eventually to be resettled there.
<v Stormi Greener>Twins were born on the island when I was there. <v Stormi Greener>Terribly unsanitary conditions. <v Stormi Greener>There is a dispensary and one room in the dispensary <v Stormi Greener>was was where these babies were born. <v Stormi Greener>There wasn't any fresh hot water being used. <v Stormi Greener>I did notice a huge barrel of seawater sitting over to one side <v Stormi Greener>after the baby was born. It wasn't washed off. <v Stormi Greener>It was just wiped dry and wrapped in semi-clean <v Stormi Greener>terry cloth towel. <v Stormi Greener>This is baby number one. <v Stormi Greener>This is baby number two, a refugee doctor delivered it. <v Stormi Greener>And then we see father when he realizes that there's more <v Stormi Greener>than one child. He's already got four. <v Stormi Greener>The night that I was waiting for the twins to be born. <v Stormi Greener>I walked back behind the dispensary.
<v Stormi Greener>Into a makeshift tent area look like a mini-war zone, it had four <v Stormi Greener>hospital beds in it. <v Stormi Greener>The beds didn't have mattresses. <v Stormi Greener>It had a piece, this particular bed had a piece of dirty <v Stormi Greener>burlap and a piece of cardboard on it. <v Stormi Greener>Mother was sitting there with her 18 month old child. <v Stormi Greener>She was spooning sugar water into the baby's mouth. <v Stormi Greener>The baby was extremely ill, was suffering from diarrhea, <v Stormi Greener>malnutrition and dehydration. <v Stormi Greener>The child was to be taken by police <v Stormi Greener>boat or by Red Crescent Boat the next morning to the mainland for treatment at the <v Stormi Greener>hospital. <v Stormi Greener>The next morning, there wasn't a boat available. <v Stormi Greener>And the baby died.
<v Stormi Greener>He was buried on the island that day. <v Stormi Greener>Again, an 18-month-old child. <v Stormi Greener>Well, when he left Vietnam upon arriving at the island, <v Stormi Greener>there wasn't fresh water available. <v Stormi Greener>32 wells had been dug. <v Stormi Greener>Fifteen of those were dry. <v Stormi Greener>The rest were being polluted by runoff, and seawater, <v Stormi Greener>and human excrement that was coming off the top of the hill during rains. <v Stormi Greener>They weren't boiling it well enough. <v Stormi Greener>They were watering the milk down that's being provided to them, which is can <v Stormi Greener>milk and it's far too rich for for babies. <v Stormi Greener>It's being fed to them. They're contracting diarrhea. <v Stormi Greener>There's not enough medicine on the island to control <v Stormi Greener>the diarrhea. And again, it's turning into malnutrition and
<v Stormi Greener>dehydration, the babies are. <v Stormi Greener>Are getting extremely ill. <v Stormi Greener>Skin disease runs rampant on the island. <v Stormi Greener>As you can see on the top of this boy's head. <v Stormi Greener>When I was in the dispensary, I counted 13 bottles of medicine for 30000 people. <v Stormi Greener>That's not very much. <v Stormi Greener>It doesn't control the disease. <v Stormi Greener>This man is 92. <v Stormi Greener>He had spent three days at the hospital on the mainland <v Stormi Greener>in Kuala Terengganu. They told him there that there wasn't anything else that they could <v Stormi Greener>do for him. <v Stormi Greener>He had to return to the island and here he's being carried. <v Stormi Greener>On his grandson's back from the beach, back up to their hut. <v Stormi Greener>They've become very ingenious about how they're living on the island, it's like a beehive <v Stormi Greener>of activity. They have a work crew setup. <v Stormi Greener>It's building a jetty out over the coral reefs that surround the island.
<v Stormi Greener>That's to help get rations to the island during the heavy weather. <v Stormi Greener>They have an information section. They're keeping track of every boat, every number of <v Stormi Greener>the boat. And exactly how many people and what their names are that arrive <v Stormi Greener>on the boats. <v Stormi Greener>They have a crew of interpreters, they're helping the <v Stormi Greener>officials from the different countries that are there interviewing and opening up files <v Stormi Greener>and trying to resettle the refugees on the island. <v Stormi Greener>They have their own special security force, along with the special <v Stormi Greener>police from Malaysia that are that are also on the island. <v Stormi Greener>This man is building an oven. They're actually baking French bread. <v Stormi Greener>They're getting their ingredients for the bread from the black market. <v Stormi Greener>And this is provided by Malaysian fisherman. <v Stormi Greener>Young adults, teenage boys are swimming out over the coral reefs.
<v Stormi Greener>Climbing aboard the Malaysian fishing craft, bartering their prices and. <v Stormi Greener>Wrapping their goods in and plastic flower bags, <v Stormi Greener>they're swimming it back to the island. <v Stormi Greener>And this is what you see here on the black market the next day. <v Stormi Greener>This is. This takes place constantly. <v Stormi Greener>You can buy a small package of cigarettes for two dollars and fifty cents, and I'm <v Stormi Greener>speaking American money. <v Stormi Greener>A can of Coca-Cola is 2.50. <v Stormi Greener>Half a liter of cooking oil was 12 dollars. <v Stormi Greener>Small bottle of soy sauce was six dollars. <v Stormi Greener>Fresh eggs were 50 cents. <v Stormi Greener>Beer was totally prohibited on the island. <v Stormi Greener>But if you had seven dollars, you could buy one. <v Stormi Greener>It rained the last day I was there. <v Stormi Greener>This is really the only freshwater bathing that anyone is is getting and they are taking
<v Stormi Greener>advantage of that. <v Stormi Greener>They're putting out their buckets in their teens and their waste cans, anything <v Stormi Greener>that will hold water in order to have some fresh water on hand. <v Stormi Greener>This is a saltwater bath, not a freshwater bath. <v Stormi Greener>This woman and her two children were the victims of a Thai pirate <v Stormi Greener>attack. After they left Vietnam, they ended up in the Thai waters. <v Stormi Greener>Their boat was attacked. <v Stormi Greener>This woman and her two children were forced to watch as the male member of the family was <v Stormi Greener>dragged to the side of the boat, dismembered to get his gold jewelry off, <v Stormi Greener>severely beaten and thrown overboard. <v Stormi Greener>There were two young women on that boat also that were raped by the fisherman. <v Stormi Greener>During the funeral of that small baby. <v Stormi Greener>It was being buried on the island on the top of the hill, I stood one afternoon.
<v Stormi Greener>And watched Vietnamese fishing craft approached the island. <v Stormi Greener>An estimated 300 Vietnamese refugees aboard. <v Stormi Greener>The Malaysian Navy gunboat that you see on the front. <v Stormi Greener>Stopped the craft. <v Stormi Greener>Officials climbed aboard the fishing boat. <v Stormi Greener>They searched it. They decided that it was seaworthy and they dragged it back out to sea. <v Stormi Greener>No one seems to know what happened to that craft or the refugees that were on <v Stormi Greener>it. <v Stormi Greener>An American official is swearing in Dr. <v Stormi Greener>Zee and his family to the United States. <v Stormi Greener>They're ready for resettlement. <v Stormi Greener>They were due in Minneapolis. <v Stormi Greener>About four months after I arrived home. <v Stormi Greener>I met them at the airport and I heard from Dr. Z <v Stormi Greener>a couple of months after they'd been in Minneapolis. <v Stormi Greener>He was unable to resume his schooling there and he couldn't
<v Stormi Greener>find himself a job without resuming his schooling. <v Stormi Greener>They have moved on to Chicago now. <v Stormi Greener>These hands belong to this woman. <v Stormi Greener>She's 86 years old. <v Stormi Greener>She left South Vietnam. <v Stormi Greener>With friends, she had no family. <v Stormi Greener>She was told that was the thing to do and she's now alone on the island. <v Stormi Greener>She has no relatives or any other ties <v Stormi Greener>in any other country. She stands to be on the island a long time if she doesn't <v Stormi Greener>die there. <v Stormi Greener>Malaysian special police insisted. <v Stormi Greener>When I went to the island that I take a bodyguard with me. <v Stormi Greener>He was a constant companion while I was there. <v Stormi Greener>And he refused to let me take any letters <v Stormi Greener>or any mail from the island for mailing. <v Stormi Greener>That was supposed to be done through the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.
<v Stormi Greener>One boy's last attempt to get a letter home, word back to his family <v Stormi Greener>worry was that he was needing help and money was to swim out to our boat. <v Stormi Greener>And beg us to take his letter. We did. <v Stormi Greener>We didn't mail it in Malaysia. <v Roger Vanderperren>The ordeals of refugee life are not isolated to boat people, <v Roger Vanderperren>intolerable conditions have caused hundreds of thousands of people to flee their <v Roger Vanderperren>countries. <v Roger Vanderperren>In refugee camps throughout Southeast Asia, Cambodians, Laotians <v Roger Vanderperren>and Vietnamese struggled to stay alive, although the faces and locations <v Roger Vanderperren>change, the death and suffering remain the same. <v Roger Vanderperren>The immediate needs of these people are food and medicine for without them. <v Roger Vanderperren>Many will never leave. <v Roger Vanderperren>And for those that do survive, there is a long future of living in the camps
Human Cargo
Producing Organization
WPNE-TV (Television station : Green Bay, Wis.)
University of Wisconsin--Green Bay. Center for Television Production
Contributing Organization
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
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Episode Description
This episode focuses on the refugees fleeing from Southeast Asian nations, primarily Vietnam. The narrator gives a brief history of Vietnamese refugees fleeing communism and describes the conditions the refugees endure while fleeing. Stormi Greener talks about her experiences photographing Vietnamese refugees, narrating over the photographs that she and her photographer took. She describes the cargo ship full of refugees she visited, which had been moored off the shore of the Philippines for weeks. Some refugees were taken off the ship for resettlement, but the majority was still left with their future uncertain. She also visited one of the largest refugee holding camps with the worst conditions, and she describes what she observed there and some of the people she met there.
Series Description
"UWGB Teleproduction Center staff joined with a photo-journalist from the Minneapolis Star to put together this 'behind the scenes' look at the plight of Southeast Asia's refugees--the 'human cargo' of ships with no destination and the unsettled inhabitants of crude holding camps. Reporter Stormi Greener relates the story of her journey to the refugees, from her vexing problems in battling military and political restrictions imposed on reporting refugee-related activities to her actual presence among the men, women, and children who fled their country seeking a better life. The predicament of these homeless people is documented in still photos taken by Greener and film footage from Visnews and the United Nations. "'Human Cargo' is the first of a two-program series on Southeast Asian refugees produced as part of WPNE-TV's weekly public affairs program ENCOMPASS. The second program, 'The Melting Pot,' features refugees who have resettled in Northeastern Wisconsin recounting their experiences in moving to a new homeland."--1979 Peabody Awards entry form.
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Director: Moore, John D.
Narrator: Vanderperren, Roger
Producer: Schaepe, Pamela Tucker
Producer: Smith, Stephenson K.
Producer: O'Brien, Lee D.
Producing Organization: WPNE-TV (Television station : Green Bay, Wis.)
Producing Organization: University of Wisconsin--Green Bay. Center for Television Production
Reporter: Greener, Stormi
Writer: Smith, Stephenson K.
Writer: Greener, Stormi
AAPB Contributor Holdings
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: cpb-aacip-980097394e2 (Filename)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 0:32:07
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Chicago: “Encompass; Human Cargo,” 1979-11-22, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 26, 2022,
MLA: “Encompass; Human Cargo.” 1979-11-22. The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 26, 2022. <>.
APA: Encompass; Human Cargo. Boston, MA: The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from