thumbnail of Assignment: The World; 1992-10-29
Transcript
Hide -
<v Ginnie Bacheler>Welcome to Assignment: The World for the week of October 29th, 1992. <v Ginnie Bacheler>I'm Ginnie Bacheler. Our top story this week with the debates behind them, the <v Ginnie Bacheler>presidential candidates make a final push. <v Ginnie Bacheler>On Tuesday, Americans will elect the next president of the United States. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The race for the White House is getting closer by the day as Clinton's lead is narrowing. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Both Clinton and Bush have spent this final week campaigning on the road. <v Ginnie Bacheler>For 9 consecutive days, the 2 candidates have made campaign speeches across the country <v Ginnie Bacheler>and appeared on radio and television talk shows. <v Ginnie Bacheler>For the first time polls show Ross Perot with over 20 percent of the vote. <v Ginnie Bacheler>With Election Day closing in, Perot has gained popularity with his effective use of <v Ginnie Bacheler>television advertisements. There will be many decisions voters will make on Tuesday. <v Ginnie Bacheler>In addition to choosing a president, 12 states will elect a new governor and over 100 <v Ginnie Bacheler>seats in the House of Representatives and the Senate will be filled. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Voters in some states are deciding on issues such as term limits, the death penalty and <v Ginnie Bacheler>equal rights. Across the country, a record number of Americans have registered to vote <v Ginnie Bacheler>this year. Officials from both major parties are hoping for large turnouts for their
<v Ginnie Bacheler>candidates. <v History announcer>310 years ago this week, October 27, 1682, William Penn, Pennsylvania's <v History announcer>founder, first landed in America. <v History announcer>The king of England, Charles the Second owed Penn's father an unpaid debt and asked the <v History announcer>king to repay the debt with wilderness land in America. <v History announcer>A charter was granted giving Penn the territory west of the Delaware River between New <v History announcer>York and Maryland. Penn wanted to name the region New Wales, but a Welsh member of <v History announcer>England's Privy Council objected. So Penn decided on Pennsylvania, which means Penn's <v History announcer>Woods. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The Vietnamese government last Friday pledged the release of all photographs, documents <v Ginnie Bacheler>and personal effects relating to missing American servicemen during the Vietnam War. <v Ginnie Bacheler>President Bush called the move a real breakthrough in accounting for the missing <v Ginnie Bacheler>soldiers. For nearly 20 years, Vietnam denied having any information <v Ginnie Bacheler>on American POWs and M-I-A's still in their country. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Because of strained relations, Washington refused to establish diplomatic ties <v Ginnie Bacheler>with Vietnam. With this latest cooperation from Hanoi, however, President Bush
<v Ginnie Bacheler>announced the U.S. will send 25,000 dollars in aid for flood victims <v Ginnie Bacheler>in Vietnam and pledged U.S. <v Ginnie Bacheler>aid to help Vietnam identify their own M-I-A's. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Lithuanian voters gave a startling victory to former communists in the Baltic <v Ginnie Bacheler>nation's first elections since winning independence. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The Democratic Labor Party, a group of former communists, won at least one third <v Ginnie Bacheler>of the 141 seats in parliament. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The results were a blow to the Sąjūdis party who lead Lithuania to its independence <v Ginnie Bacheler>in 1990. Voters rejected the Sąjūdis party because of poor economic <v Ginnie Bacheler>conditions in Lithuania. The Democratic Labor Party supports better economic <v Ginnie Bacheler>relations with Russia, a position that gained popularity because of a serious fuel <v Ginnie Bacheler>shortage in Lithuania. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Japanese Emperor Akihito arrived in Beijing, China, Friday in an effort to symbolize <v Ginnie Bacheler>friendship between China and Japan. <v Ginnie Bacheler>It is the first time a Japanese monarch visited China in their 2,000 year <v Ginnie Bacheler>history. Many Chinese remain angry that the Japanese government has not offered
<v Ginnie Bacheler>compensation and apologies for suffering caused during World War Two. <v Ginnie Bacheler>To avoid any incidents during the Emperors visit, the Chinese government issued a ban <v Ginnie Bacheler>on protests and demands for apologies and compensation. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Part of the reason for the visit is the improving trade relations between the 2 <v Ginnie Bacheler>countries. Japanese companies signed agreements to invest twice as much in <v Ginnie Bacheler>China this year, and the Japanese government announced it would provide a multi-billion <v Ginnie Bacheler>dollar loan package to China. <v News brief announcer>Looking briefly at other stories in the news, the CEO of General Motors, Robert Stempel, <v News brief announcer>was forced to resign Monday. During the 2 years he led the company, GM saw the worst <v News brief announcer>losses and layoffs in company history. <v News brief announcer>Commanders of the 3 main forces in the Bosnian war met for the first time at the Sarajevo <v News brief announcer>airport. U.N. officials hope the peace talks between the Muslim, Serbian and Croatian <v News brief announcer>leaders will clear the way for winter relief efforts. <v News brief announcer>And Israeli and Lebanese leaders made little progress in Mideast peace talks Monday as <v News brief announcer>fighting continued in southern Lebanon. 5 Israeli soldiers were killed during a guerrilla <v News brief announcer>attack, which sparked even more violence.
<v News brief announcer>Lebanese officials said fighting will stop when Israel completely withdraws from Lebanon. <v Ginnie Bacheler>And it's time now for the answers to last week's clues in the news. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Unscramble our first clue and you get Canadian elections. <v Ginnie Bacheler>On Monday, Canadians voted against a package of constitutional reforms designed <v Ginnie Bacheler>to give French speaking Quebec special status. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Quebec has sought special treatment and greater autonomy or political freedom <v Ginnie Bacheler>for that- from the rest of Canada for more than 200 years. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Some fear that without the constitutional reform, the country may eventually break apart. <v Ginnie Bacheler>In the middle of the turmoil facing the Canadian people, a rare display of unity was <v Ginnie Bacheler>sparked by the Toronto Blue Jays capturing the World Series championship title. <v Ginnie Bacheler>It was the first time any country outside the United States played in the World Series. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Fill in the blanks of our second clue and you get Columbia mission. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The space shuttle Columbia lifted off from Cape Canaveral Friday, carrying 6 astronauts <v Ginnie Bacheler>on a mission to deploy a 4 million dollar satellite. <v Ginnie Bacheler>During their 10 day voyage, the astronauts deployed the Italian built laser Geodynamics
<v Ginnie Bacheler>satellite. It will study the movements of the earth's crust, hoping to help scientists <v Ginnie Bacheler>predict earthquakes. Other experiments include growing crystals. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The astronauts hope to produce the largest, purest industrial crystal, paving <v Ginnie Bacheler>the way for faster computers and the testing of a new camera system. <v Ginnie Bacheler>And for our third clue we gave you Thursday, Friday and Saturday, which represent the <v Ginnie Bacheler>days that presidential candidate H. Ross Perot paid for 30 minute campaign advertisements <v Ginnie Bacheler>on network television. This is the first time a candidate has spent this much of his own <v Ginnie Bacheler>money campaigning for the presidency by purchasing TV time. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The Republican and Democratic nominees spent federal funds to run their campaigns. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Perot spent nearly 27 million dollars of his own money on his campaign during the <v Ginnie Bacheler>first 2 weeks of October, most of it for the television advertisements. <v Ginnie Bacheler>After the 3 spots aired, Perot picked up several points in the polls. <v Quiz announcer>Time now for our first pop quiz. <v Quiz announcer> In our story about Vietnam, what did the Hanoi government agree to release to the U.S.? <v Quiz announcer>Was it American servicemen?
<v Quiz announcer>Photographs of POWs, M-I-A's? POWs <v Quiz announcer>families? And the correct <v Quiz announcer>answer is number 2 photographs of the POW M-I-A's. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum offers an array of flying machines <v Ginnie Bacheler>and spacecraft never before assembled in 1 place. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Over the next month, Wyatt Doremus will take us on a tour of this fascinating collection <v Ginnie Bacheler>tracing the history of flight. <v Wyatt Doremus>The museum was started in 1946 when Congress passed a law establishing a National <v Wyatt Doremus>Air Museum. In 1966, the law was amended and the National Air <v Wyatt Doremus>and Space Museum was founded. <v Wyatt Doremus>Its mission memorialized the history of aviation. <v Donald Lopez>I think the museum is very valuable to just show <v Donald Lopez>our own nation and the world what we have accomplished in air <v Donald Lopez>and space. Successful flights started in this country- of aircraft flight started in this <v Donald Lopez>country, and I think it's a place for Americans and foreigners to come and see the
<v Donald Lopez>actual vehicles that did that, did these things and made these breakthroughs. <v Wyatt Doremus>Almost half the galleries in the museum cover aviation examples of the airplane as a <v Wyatt Doremus>vehicle of transport, jet aviation and flight testing can be found. <v Wyatt Doremus>The main gallery is home to some of the world's most famous aircraft. <v Donald Lopez>The most famous, I guess, have to be the right flier. <v Donald Lopez>December 17th, 1903, made the first really successful <v Donald Lopez>flight in history and the first flight that was made under control and took off from <v Donald Lopez>a level ground and landed at the same height. <v Donald Lopez>It didn't glide or anything. It flew. <v Donald Lopez>We have the spirit of St. Louis, which is one of the most famous aircraft. <v Donald Lopez>That's the 1 that Charles Lindbergh flew from across the Atlantic, from New York <v Donald Lopez>to Paris. That is probably 1 of the best known planes in the <v Donald Lopez>world. <v Wyatt Doremus>In addition to the aircraft, artwork related to flight can be found in the museum. <v Mary Henderson>We have a collection of about 3500 artworks relating <v Mary Henderson>to the theme of aviation and space flight. <v Mary Henderson>And also our collection goes back as far as ballooning.
<v Wyatt Doremus>An average of 9 million people a year visit the museum proving that man's interest in <v Wyatt Doremus>the skies and stars above is as strong as ever. <v Mary Henderson>It's an exciting place to work and it really is a very exciting place to learn things, <v Mary Henderson>too. I think that if you were to really spend the time and really read <v Mary Henderson>and study the labels and look at the artifacts, I think that you would leave here with a <v Mary Henderson>very good education in this area. <v Wyatt Doremus>For Assignment: The World, I'm Wyatt Doremus. <v History announcer>63 years ago this week, October 29, 1929, the Wall Street crash began. <v History announcer>The economic growth of the 1920s led more Americans than ever to invest in the stocks of <v History announcer>corporations. In late October of 1929, a decline in stock prices set <v History announcer>in, panic selling followed, stock prices lowered drastically, dragging investors to <v History announcer>financial ruin. When the year ended, the government estimated that the crash had cost <v History announcer>investors 40 billion dollars. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The hot issue in education reform during this presidential campaign is the concept of <v Ginnie Bacheler>school vouchers. A voucher is similar to a coupon and lets parents decide to send
<v Ginnie Bacheler>their children and their money to the public or private school of their choice. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The money for the vouchers comes from school taxes parents already pay. <v Ginnie Bacheler>The controversial twist is the idea of public school money going to private schools. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Supporters of the program feel it will make the public schools improve to compete with <v Ginnie Bacheler>private schools for the best students. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Those opposed to the voucher system do not want taxpayer money to go to private schools, <v Ginnie Bacheler>since it will take money away from public schools. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Some feel it helps rich schools get richer, leaving those schools with the greatest need <v Ginnie Bacheler>in more serious trouble. Others argue the voucher system only benefits the wealthiest <v Ginnie Bacheler>families in schools. Well, we'd like to know what you think. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Do you support the school voucher system? <v Ginnie Bacheler>Be sure to discuss this issue in class after the show and write to us. <v Ginnie Bacheler>We received over 5000 letters in response to our issue question. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Who would you vote for for president? The majority of you, 40 percent would vote for <v Ginnie Bacheler>Governor Bill Clinton. 30 percent of you said that you would vote for President George <v Ginnie Bacheler>Bush. Twenty six percent of you would vote for H. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Ross Perot. Four percent of you were still undecided. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Anna Nelson from Sioux Falls, South Dakota, would vote for Bill Clinton and writes, I
<v Ginnie Bacheler>would vote for Bill Clinton because he cares about the environment. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Mary Newman from Hesperia, Michigan, would also vote for Clinton and writes. <v Ginnie Bacheler>I'm tired of President Bush's lying about no new taxes. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Jenny Foster from Baldwinsville, New York, writes, I would vote for Clinton because he is <v Ginnie Bacheler>in favor of stricter gun control and is against the sale of automatic weapons. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Vikram Kirby from Arlington, Virginia, writes, Bill Clinton is pro-choice and I am a <v Ginnie Bacheler>strong believer in women's rights. <v Ginnie Bacheler>I believe there is really no other choice if we want this country to become as strong and <v Ginnie Bacheler>united as it once was. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Many of you voted to reelect President Bush. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Armin Bockman from Westminster, Massachusetts, writes, I would vote for George Bush <v Ginnie Bacheler>because Clinton says what the public wants to hear and will change his views to do so. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Choaning Johnson from Nashville, Tennessee, writes, George Bush has a lot of experience <v Ginnie Bacheler>in world affairs and knows what he is doing. <v Ginnie Bacheler>He's a good leader. Kevin Moreno from Park Ridge, New Jersey, writes, George Bush is <v Ginnie Bacheler>a family man who cares about his family and his country. <v Ginnie Bacheler>He has good values and would lead our country in the direction that it would benefit <v Ginnie Bacheler>best. Rachel Pontier of Orange City, Iowa, agrees and writes, I think that
<v Ginnie Bacheler>President Bush is a very good president. <v Ginnie Bacheler>He is also against abortion and so am I. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Some of you wanted to vote for Ross Perot. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Chad Bixler from New Milford, Connecticut, writes, Perot will make a good president <v Ginnie Bacheler>because he is a businessman who wants to work for the people of the United States. <v Ginnie Bacheler>KerriAnn Pauls from Henderson, Nebraska, agrees. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Right. We need to get out of debt and Perone knows how to make money. <v Ginnie Bacheler>We enjoyed reading all of your letters and look forward to your responses to our 2 latest <v Ginnie Bacheler>issue questions. Do you support the voucher system? <v Ginnie Bacheler>And should TV networks announce the projected winners while the polls are still open? <v Ginnie Bacheler>If you'd like to receive an Assignment: The World press card include a self-addressed <v Ginnie Bacheler>stamped envelope. Send your cards, letters, poems and photos of yourself <v Ginnie Bacheler>to Assignment: The World post office Box 21 Rochester, New York <v Ginnie Bacheler>14601. And it's time now for next week's Clues in the News. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Our first clue is a scrambled letter clue. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Two words W N E is the first word, second word S R <v Ginnie Bacheler>G S C N O E. <v Ginnie Bacheler>Our second clue is a location 33 degrees, 34 minutes north latitude.
Series
Assignment: The World
Episode
1992-10-29
Producing Organization
WXXI (Television station : Rochester, N.Y.)
WXXI Public Broadcasting Council
Contributing Organization
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip-526-cr5n87418k
If you have more information about this item than what is given here, or if you have concerns about this record, we want to know! Contact us, indicating the AAPB ID (cpb-aacip-526-cr5n87418k).
Description
Series Description
"ATW presents a recap of the news to school children along with interesting features & [quizzes]. It is primarily viewed in classrooms throughout the U.S. It merits Peabody consideration because it precedes Whittle and Turner by decades; ATW is in its 33rd season."-- 1992 Peabody Awards entry form.
Broadcast Date
1992-10-29
Asset type
Episode
Media type
Moving Image
Duration
00:15:11.577
Embed Code
Copy and paste this HTML to include AAPB content on your blog or webpage.
Credits
Producing Organization: WXXI (Television station : Rochester, N.Y.)
Producing Organization: WXXI Public Broadcasting Council
AAPB Contributor Holdings
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: cpb-aacip-96353d73409 (Filename)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 0:14:30
If you have a copy of this asset and would like us to add it to our catalog, please contact us.
Citations
Chicago: “Assignment: The World; 1992-10-29,” 1992-10-29, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 28, 2022, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-526-cr5n87418k.
MLA: “Assignment: The World; 1992-10-29.” 1992-10-29. The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 28, 2022. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-526-cr5n87418k>.
APA: Assignment: The World; 1992-10-29. Boston, MA: The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-526-cr5n87418k