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<v Speaker>This program was made possible by a special grant from the St. Paul Companies, <v Speaker>Inc.. <v Speaker>KPRC, TV, Dallas, Fort Worth Presents. <v Speaker>A national health quiz. <v Speaker>Starring Cheryl Tiegs. <v Speaker>And Peter Graves. <v Speaker>And featuring Stuart Pankin.
<v Speaker>Good evening and welcome to the National Health Quiz. <v Speaker>Tonight, you'll have the opportunity to investigate the state of your own health, to <v Speaker>uncover hidden enemies within your mission, should you choose to accept it, is <v Speaker>to take the National Health Quiz. With us tonight, here's your chance to disavow the <v Speaker>actions that happened during <v Speaker>Cheryl Cheryl Please, if you would not tonight. Excuse me. <v Speaker>I've retired my trench coat to mothballs. <v Speaker>I had to when I couldn't figure out how to make Italians fall off their bicycle just by <v Speaker>mentioning a ?inaudible?. <v Speaker>But you are right about one thing. <v Speaker>We're going to ask our audience to do some detective work. <v Speaker>Not with a gun and gumshoes. All you'll need is a pencil, a piece of paper and the <v Speaker>national health quiz form published this week in your local newspaper, TV Guide or your <v Speaker>public television station, Viewer Guide. <v Speaker>Now, for those of you who didn't clip the form, don't worry, you'll still be able to take <v Speaker>the test. You'll need two pieces of paper instead of one. <v Speaker>We'll explain how to make your own form as we go. <v Speaker>So why don't you gather up your materials? <v Speaker>As Cheryl explains now what tonight's test is all about.
<v Speaker>Tonight you're going to be able to measure your body age. <v Speaker>You'll learn if your body is older or younger than your present chronological age. <v Speaker>And how to set those youthful odds in your favor. <v Speaker>You'll be quizzed on your general medical knowledge and asked about your personal health <v Speaker>risk factors. We promise that we won't grill you with a rubber hose and a spotlight on <v Speaker>your home. But if you answer the questions honestly, we'll help you identify your <v Speaker>risk factors so you can start on a personal health defense program. <v Speaker>Best of all, there's no charge for the housecall. <v Speaker>We're hoping you will take this personally because it's your personal habits dictated <v Speaker>by your lifestyle that usually determine the state of your general health. <v Speaker>We may not have discovered the ultimate cure for prickly heat or tennis elbow, but <v Speaker>medical science has made startling breakthroughs during this century. <v Speaker>We have practically eliminated such acute infectious diseases as polio, smallpox, <v Speaker>yellow fever, whooping cough, scarlet fever, diphtheria and other killers.
<v Speaker>Sophisticated technological advances hardly imagined a generation ago now <v Speaker>allow us to move through the human body and understand this complex and marvelous <v Speaker>organism. Right down to the individual cells which comprise it. <v Speaker>We now know how to replace a disease kidney with a healthy one. <v Speaker>Repair an injured eye with laser beams and keep damaged hearts <v Speaker>beating through bypass surgery and the installation of pacemakers, we can peer <v Speaker>through solid bone to discover the tumor. <v Speaker>Chart the rhythms of the brain like the price of gold on Wall Street and canoe down <v Speaker>the alimentary canal to find an ulcer. <v Speaker>Of course, most of these breakthrough advances deal with the body after the damage has <v Speaker>been done. The fact is, our major health problems these days are not infectious <v Speaker>diseases. <v Speaker>After all, you can't catch a heart attack or a stroke. <v Speaker>The responsibility for prevention of disease has shifted from the medical community <v Speaker>to the individual. The ball is in your court.
<v Speaker>That's right. Heart disease and stroke. <v Speaker>And to a large extent, cancer and diabetes are problems that we can help control. <v Speaker>While these diseases are not always curable, they are often preventable. <v Speaker>And the attempt to avoid them has prompted a whole new field called prospective medicine <v Speaker>to meet one of the top prospector's. We went to the renowned Department of Prospective <v Speaker>Medicine at Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana. <v Speaker>There we talked with one of the pioneers in the field, Dr. Jack Hall. <v Speaker>We asked him to tell us what perspective medicine is, prospective medicine <v Speaker>is a way of performing examination. <v Speaker>Not so much defined illness today as it is to identify what <v Speaker>your risk are an illness tomorrow or in the next 10 years. <v Speaker>Dr. Lewis Robbins, my associate and myself have been aware that insurance companies <v Speaker>have used this kind of data for great economic advantage over the past <v Speaker>50 years. We believe that each of you can use the identification <v Speaker>of risk factors for a great personal health advantage over the next
<v Speaker>10 years. If you know what your risk are and are <v Speaker>helped with a program to reduce these risk, you should enjoy life more fully. <v Speaker>You should also extend your life expectancy significantly. <v Speaker>But in order to have accurate predictions, doctors Robbins and Hall had to correct and <v Speaker>include as much statistical information as they could find. <v Speaker>Hundreds of thousands of elements of scientific research, actuarial statistics <v Speaker>from insurance companies and federal agencies and so on. <v Speaker>They fed all this information into a computer to use as a base for predicting the health <v Speaker>risks of individuals of specific age, sex and other group categories. <v Speaker>The result of all this work was a way to help doctors perform prospective health <v Speaker>evaluations of their patients, called the Health Hazard Appraisal. <v Speaker>Dr. Hall worked with our research staff to design a national health quiz test will be <v Speaker>giving you this evening. We asked him to say a few words about it. <v Speaker>Of course, the real test appraisal that we run on, people here at Methodist Hospital
<v Speaker>is designed for an individual with a very specific age sex, <v Speaker>race, medical history and health habits that make our results more <v Speaker>precise. For each individual, when we tabulated the data for the National <v Speaker>Health Quiz, we had to simplify it in order to administer it to such a large <v Speaker>audience. However, we believe it still identifies the higher risk <v Speaker>and such a priority for risk reduction. <v Speaker>And that is an excellent guide to get yourself back on track and to find out what <v Speaker>your risk are and do something about it. <v Speaker>The most important reason for doing a health hazard appraisal is not to find out when <v Speaker>you're probably going to die, but to identify what your risk are. <v Speaker>So you can reduce these and extend your useful life expectancy. <v Speaker>All right, class, sharpen your pencils and your wits and let's get going.
<v Speaker>And remember, the only way to fail this quiz is to decide not to take it. <v Speaker>And we'll be testing you in two areas tonight. <v Speaker>Your general health knowledge and your personal health risks. <v Speaker>There are separate ways to grade each and you'll need a separate piece of paper for each <v Speaker>category. <v Speaker>All right. <v Speaker>Cheryl will handle the risk factor questions. <v Speaker>Fire when you're ready, Cheryl. <v Speaker>OK, at the top left corner of your test forms, or <v Speaker>if you don't have on your scratch sheet, write down your age. <v Speaker>I's on your own paper. <v Speaker>The. <v Speaker>To each risk question, you'll be adding or subtracting numbers from your actual age. <v Speaker>So keep a running total as you go. <v Speaker>These numbers represent your body age as compared to your actual age. <v Speaker>First, we'll divide you into four age groups. <v Speaker>If you are thirty four or under, you'll be represented by the gold color.
<v Speaker>Thirty five to forty four represented by blue. <v Speaker>Forty five to fifty four by green. <v Speaker>55 and over red. <v Speaker>Each time we ask you a risk question. <v Speaker>Locate your age group and follow the points given for that group. <v Speaker>These will always appear in the same portion of the screen and always with the same <v Speaker>color. <v Speaker>Got it. <v Speaker>Our first risk category is heart disease, a killer that took the lives of more <v Speaker>than 600000 people in the United States last year. <v Speaker>More than three times the number of American lives lost in all of rural war, two <v Speaker>high blood pressure is one of the main culprits here. <v Speaker>The average pressure is 120 over 80. <v Speaker>Do you know yours is you are significantly higher than that, or is it about average <v Speaker>or is it lower than average? <v Speaker>Evaluate yourself and find your risk score and your age group quadrant.
<v Speaker>If you don't know what your blood pressure is. Consider yourself average. <v Speaker>Unless a health professional is told you otherwise. <v Speaker>And for goodness sake, have it checked. <v Speaker>The American Heart Association says that an estimated sixty two and a half million people <v Speaker>in the United States have undiagnosed, high blood pressure. <v Speaker>Now, once you've located your score, write it into the space marked blood pressure <v Speaker>just below your age. <v Speaker>Remember to keep the decimal point straight. <v Speaker>Now, subtracted from your actual age or add to it if you have a minus score because you
<v Speaker>have slightly low blood pressure. Deduct that number from your actual age. <v Speaker>If you have a high score due to high blood pressure, add that number to your age. <v Speaker>If your average you have a zero and your heart age remains the same. <v Speaker>Blood pressure is an important component of your overall health. <v Speaker>It's actually something like the plumbing in your home. <v Speaker>The amount of pressure depends on the force of the pump. <v Speaker>Let your heart and the condition of the pipes, your arteries. <v Speaker>If your heart's working harder than normal or if your arteries are narrower than they <v Speaker>should be, then you've got high blood pressure. <v Speaker>Here's our first medical knowledge question. <v Speaker>All of you will need your other sheet of paper for this one if you got. <v Speaker>All right, now, which are the early symptoms of high blood pressure, a <v Speaker>dizziness. <v Speaker>Be shortness of breath. <v Speaker>See spots before eyes be pounding headache,
<v Speaker>e flushed face. <v Speaker>F None of them g. <v Speaker>All of them. One more time. <v Speaker>Which of these are early symptoms of high blood pressure? <v Speaker>A, dizziness. <v Speaker>B, shortness of breath. <v Speaker>See spots before eyes. <v Speaker>The pounding headache. <v Speaker>E flushed face. <v Speaker>F none of them. <v Speaker>G. All of them. <v Speaker>Five seconds. Choose your answer. <v Speaker>All right. Those of you who picked F, none of them go to the head of the class. <v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points. <v Speaker>The fact is, high blood pressure has no early symptoms. <v Speaker>That's why it's called the silent killer. <v Speaker>Left undetected and untreated, it contributes to heart disease, stroke and kidney
<v Speaker>failure. We're not here to preach, but it's obvious everyone ought to have <v Speaker>his blood pressure checked regularly. <v Speaker>All right. Let's move on to medical knowledge. Question number two. <v Speaker>We'll examine another major contributor to heart disease, cholesterol. <v Speaker>Americans are already big meat eaters and we're eating more oil based synthetic foods all <v Speaker>the time now frequently weigh up for fried food or junk food, <v Speaker>grease fix. <v Speaker>Consequently, 42 percent of our calories arrive in the form of fat. <v Speaker>This tends to clog up the walls of the blood vessels to go back to the plumbing <v Speaker>example. It's like, well, like a lime in the pipes. <v Speaker>Now, the plaque area eventually narrows the blood passageways and lessens
<v Speaker>the amount of blood which can squeeze through. <v Speaker>This starves and weakens human tissue. <v Speaker>Consequently, the heart has to work overtime. <v Speaker>But at the same time is being starved of the oxygen and nutrients it needs to do <v Speaker>the job. Eventually, this results in the work slowdown or strike <v Speaker>that we know it's heart disease. <v Speaker>Obviously, if you eat too many high fat foods, you know, we promised we wouldn't. <v Speaker>I guess I will get on with the questions now, which are the following is the on <v Speaker>the run meal for a person concerned about fats. <v Speaker>A, fried chicken. <v Speaker>B, cheese pizza. <v Speaker>C, hamburger. <v Speaker>D, tacos. <v Speaker>E, roast beef on a bun. <v Speaker>Five seconds to answer. <v Speaker>Rejoice. Pizza lovers. According to the September 1979 issue of Consumer Reports,
<v Speaker>cheese pizza is best under these circumstances. <v Speaker>But since a roast beef sandwich ranked close second. <v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points if you picked B or E, both being the year, correct. <v Speaker>Incidentally, by far the highest fat content turned up in the old standby, the good old <v Speaker>American hamburger. But you needn't avoid them entirely. <v Speaker>Most nutritionists say that hamburgers are a pretty good complete meal. <v Speaker>The problem is that man does not live by a hamburger alone. <v Speaker>Usually he orders French fries and the shake to go with it. <v Speaker>Cheryl, let's see if your heart's in the right place or at least <v Speaker>a healthy place. Go back to your risk sheet for this one. <v Speaker>The average cholesterol count for North Americans is to 20 to 30. <v Speaker>Is yours higher average or lower than that figure? <v Speaker>If you don't know your cholesterol count and if you've not been told it's high for your <v Speaker>age, consider yourself average and put down a zero. <v Speaker>But assuming your average here won't take the place of actually knowing for sure.
<v Speaker>So have it checked. <v Speaker>Write down your risk score in the space, mark cholesterol or on your scratch sheet <v Speaker>and put it just below the blood pressure total. <v Speaker>Now add to or subtract from your running age total. <v Speaker>Are you young at heart? If not, you might examine your eating habits and cut down on <v Speaker>those fatty high calorie foods. <v Speaker>Let's move on to the next risk question, which concerns cigaret smoking. <v Speaker>Every time you inhale tobacco smoke, nicotine is absorbed immediately into <v Speaker>the bloodstream and is carried to every part of your body, including your heart. <v Speaker>It has the same effect with every puff as if you were mainlining adrenaline, which <v Speaker>explains the increased heart rate, the increase in blood pressure, blood vessel, <v Speaker>constriction, all of those things that abuse those arteries. <v Speaker>So that means your heart has to work harder.
<v Speaker>The carbon monoxide and cigaret smoke takes the place of oxygen in the blood, thereby <v Speaker>starving the tissues of the oxygen they need. <v Speaker>That's right. Carbon monoxide, the same stuff that comes out of your automobile exhaust <v Speaker>pipe, the same poisonous gas that people use to commit suicide. <v Speaker>We've divided cigaret smoking into three categories smoker, short term <v Speaker>quitter and non smoker by smoker, we're talking about anyone who <v Speaker>smokes at all, no matter how few, a short term quitter. <v Speaker>For our purposes, here is one who has stopped smoking less than four years ago. <v Speaker>The non smoker is one who has never smoked or quit more than four years ago. <v Speaker>Morning fudging on this part of the test may be hazardous to your health. <v Speaker>Look in your age group and write down your score in the space market, smoking or just
<v Speaker>below your last total on your scratch sheet. <v Speaker>You won't need a calculator to see that people who smoke add years to the ages of their <v Speaker>hearts as well as running the risk of heart disease. <v Speaker>Have you got your score? <v Speaker>Dr Hall has asked us to assure you short term quitter's to take heart. <v Speaker>The benefits start the day you quit smoking. <v Speaker>Within a day, there's a measurable difference. <v Speaker>Figure up your score. As with the previous risk questions. <v Speaker>Our next risk category for heart disease is diabetes. <v Speaker>Diabetes is a metabolic disorder of high blood sugar. <v Speaker>It often has no early symptoms but can have lethal long range effects like <v Speaker>breakdown of the arterial walls.
<v Speaker>Diabetes can sometimes be controlled through diet and exercise and sometimes with oral <v Speaker>drugs and insulin injections. <v Speaker>Tell you points according to whether you have uncontrolled controlled or no <v Speaker>diabetes at all. <v Speaker>If you're one of the lucky majority that check. <v Speaker>Zero. Remember that just because you don't have diabetes now doesn't guarantee you <v Speaker>won't develop it later. If you have any blood relatives who have had diabetes, <v Speaker>this increases your chances of developing it. <v Speaker>Also, there's a definite correlation between being overweight and adult onset <v Speaker>diabetes. If the disease is in your family, you ought to know about it and consult <v Speaker>your physician. All right. <v Speaker>Add your score for diabetes to your last total, Peter. <v Speaker>You'll need your medical knowledge. Scratch sheep for this next question. <v Speaker>We'll look at the role that exercise plays in keeping your heart and circulatory system <v Speaker>healthy. We all know that exercise is good for you.
<v Speaker>Everywhere you go these days, you see people jogging and biking, roller skating, playing <v Speaker>strenuous games like tennis and handball. <v Speaker>But how much do you really know about your heart and exercise? <v Speaker>Here's a question that might help you find out. <v Speaker>Medical knowledge. Question number three, which of these exercises would <v Speaker>be better for your heart? A climbing one flight of stairs 10 times a day. <v Speaker>Be climbing 10 flights of stairs one time a day. <v Speaker>Once again, is it a climbing one flight of stairs 10 times a day or <v Speaker>B, 10 flights of stairs one time? <v Speaker>Choose your answer and write it down on your medical knowledge scratch sheet. <v Speaker>As question number three. Yeah, five seconds. <v Speaker>The correct answer is B, climbing 10 flights of stairs. <v Speaker>One time a day. You give yourself 10 points if you chose the right answer.
<v Speaker>And tonight, no penalty points will be assessed to elevator passengers. <v Speaker>The whole idea behind cardiovascular exercise is to put a mild strain <v Speaker>on your heart and circulatory system and to keep it up until your pant and sweat <v Speaker>don't bite off too much at first. Work up a progressive program of exercise. <v Speaker>By the way, your fitness program really doesn't require the purchase of a jogging suit or <v Speaker>shorts or pants shoes. <v Speaker>One of the best forms of exercise is a brisk daily walk. <v Speaker>Or take those stairs and you'll soon find yourself breathing in short pants <v Speaker>back to your risk factors shape. <v Speaker>This question deals with exercise. <v Speaker>And for purposes of this test, if you don't maintain a regular exercise program <v Speaker>or at least walk five blocks three times a week, you're sedentary. <v Speaker>Average is considered anywhere from the equivalent of six to 20 blocks three times <v Speaker>a week. Or are you a heavy exerciser, meaning a regular program of vigorous <v Speaker>activity in excess of walking 20 blocks three times a week?
<v Speaker>Sedentary average or heavy? <v Speaker>Consider your status and give yourself appropriate points. <v Speaker>In Alice in Wonderland, the queen complained that it takes all the running you can <v Speaker>do to keep in the same place, if you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least <v Speaker>twice as fast. <v Speaker>Well, it may not be that bad here, but you do have to walk the equivalent of six blocks <v Speaker>three times a week just to stay even. <v Speaker>Anything less. And your heart gains age and your risks climb. <v Speaker>Tell your score. Next, we'll examine your family history. <v Speaker>This question refers to longevity. <v Speaker>Did your parents or grandparents lived to be 70 or more if your parents are still <v Speaker>alive and under the age of 70? This question will refer to your grandparents.
<v Speaker>Did both your parents or grandparents live to be over 70? <v Speaker>Did one parent or grandparent lived to be over 70, but the other did not? <v Speaker>Did neither of them live to be 70? <v Speaker>Check the chart and pencil and the appropriate answer. <v Speaker>Well, people are adding up their scores. Let me add that longevity is an hereditary <v Speaker>factor. But heredity also plays a role in heart disease. <v Speaker>And again, it's important to know your family medical history. <v Speaker>So write down your score and figure you're running total. <v Speaker>The last heart category has to do with your weight. <v Speaker>For this one, we want you to write down your present weight, not the one you'll be at <v Speaker>during the diet. You're going to start next month. <v Speaker>You won't have to pass your paper to the front. <v Speaker>So put down your honest weight and no cheating. <v Speaker>Now, take a look at the chart. <v Speaker>The left hand side is four men and the right is for women. <v Speaker>Look down the first column of figures for your sex and find your height.
<v Speaker>Then read across to find what is the ideal weight for how tall you are. <v Speaker>The next column over is what constitutes serious overweight. <v Speaker>Are you within your ideal weight or are you overweight for your sex and height? <v Speaker>Remember that the left hand side is for men and the right is for women. <v Speaker>Look down the first column of figures for your sex and find your height. <v Speaker>Then read across to find what is the ideal weight for how tall you are. <v Speaker>The next column over is what constitutes serious overweight. <v Speaker>Are you within your ideal weight or are you overweight for your sex and height?
<v Speaker>Well, Cheryl, these numbers don't take into account body frame size and other variables. <v Speaker>So we a lot of 20 percent leeway between ideal weight and what constitutes <v Speaker>serious overweight problems. <v Speaker>So those of you with an extra role here and there won't be too seriously penalized, a <v Speaker>little grape in the wrong places is not considered a serious health threat. <v Speaker>Now, what we want to do is compare your actual weight with your ideal weight and <v Speaker>what is considered overweight for your height and sex and therefore a serious health <v Speaker>risk. <v Speaker>Are you below your ideal weight? <v Speaker>Are you about it? Your ideal weight? <v Speaker>So within a few pounds, or are you close to being overweight or beyond? <v Speaker>Evaluate yourself. <v Speaker>OK. Here comes the scores. <v Speaker>Find your age group on this chart and write down your score tally. <v Speaker>You're running total. The number you come up with will be the total body age for your
<v Speaker>heart. <v Speaker>So if you've been giving the old ticker a bad time, take heart, chances are it will <v Speaker>forgive you for a multitude of sins. <v Speaker>The human heart is amazingly resilient and we'll repair the damage done by years of abuse <v Speaker>if only you give it a fighting chance. <v Speaker>For those of you with old hearts, go back and see what habits caused your high scores. <v Speaker>Was it smoking, overeating, <v Speaker>lack of exercise? <v Speaker>Why not change those habits? Get started now. <v Speaker>No heart ever beat true on more good intentions. <v Speaker>Let's take a look now at the second of the three major disease killers, cancer. <v Speaker>Now, there's definitely a scare word, isn't it?
<v Speaker>But it really needn't be. Cancer can be cured. <v Speaker>Over a million and a half cancer patients attest to that fact, having gone five <v Speaker>years with no reoccurrence. Yes, cancer can be cured. <v Speaker>And to a certain extent avoided through preventive body maintenance, better education <v Speaker>and early detection. <v Speaker>Cancer is not just one disease, but a whole group of them characterized by uncontrolled <v Speaker>growth of certain cells. <v Speaker>I'm sure you've been apprized of the seven warning signals put out by the American Cancer <v Speaker>Society, but it won't hurt to reexamine them now, just as a reminder. <v Speaker>So watch for a change in bowel or bladder habits, a sore <v Speaker>throat that doesn't heal unusual bleeding or discharge <v Speaker>any thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere in digestion <v Speaker>or difficulty in swallowing. <v Speaker>A change in a ward or a mold and any nagging cough or hoarseness. <v Speaker>Thanks, Peter. Now, here's question number eight on the body risk portion of the quiz
<v Speaker>that concerns lung cancer, the top fatal cancer for men and the fastest <v Speaker>rising cancer among women. <v Speaker>Unfortunately, women have come a long way baby in this area. <v Speaker>Well, that's it. The big question we're defining smoker, nonsmoker <v Speaker>and short term quitter in the same way we did for the heart disease portion of the quiz. <v Speaker>So mark your scores accordingly. <v Speaker>The surgeon general's warning is more than just a familiar slogan on a pack of cigarets. <v Speaker>Study after study has shown that cigaret smoking is damaging to the life system in a <v Speaker>variety of ways. Now, those of you who do smoke doesn't think that you're hooked forever. <v Speaker>Twenty nine million former smokers in this country have beaten the rap, and you can, too. <v Speaker>Have you got to score Talpiot with the figure you ended up with for your heart age? <v Speaker>Remember that these numbers represent your body age as compared to your actual age. <v Speaker>So keep a running total as you go.
<v Speaker>Now get out your medical knowledge sheet for question number four. <v Speaker>It's about smoking and lung cancer. <v Speaker>Now, not all lung cancer is caused by smoking. <v Speaker>We've all heard about other materials that do it, pollutants, asbestos, etc. <v Speaker>But by far, smoking is the major cause. <v Speaker>Now, here's the question. The substance in cigarets that is associated with lung cancer <v Speaker>is A, tar, B, nicotine, <v Speaker>C, carbon monoxide. <v Speaker>Again, the substance in cigaret smoke that's associated with lung cancer is A, tar, <v Speaker>B, nicotine. C, carbon monoxide. <v Speaker>You have five seconds <v Speaker>to answer a tar. <v Speaker>Nicotine and carbon monoxide are closely associated with heart disease, but it <v Speaker>is the tar in cigarets that's carcinogenic.
<v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points if you got the right answer. <v Speaker>The next section on cancer has to do with women only. <v Speaker>So, Sheryl, why don't you take over our next cancer question concerns cancers <v Speaker>of the cervix and breast. Men you can give yourself a zero risk factor on <v Speaker>all of these questions. One of the factors which may influence the incidence of cervical <v Speaker>cancer is the age at which a woman began having regular sexual intercourse, <v Speaker>especially if the woman had several different partners. <v Speaker>The categories for this question are as follows. <v Speaker>Did you have regular sexual intercourse before 20? <v Speaker>Between the ages of 20 and 25? <v Speaker>Or after the age of 25? <v Speaker>Here are the risk scores. <v Speaker>Find your score and compute your new total. <v Speaker>You know, Cheryl, precancerous conditions can be detected early before they become real <v Speaker>cancers. An annual pap smear can detect 90 percent of all cervical <v Speaker>cancers, 90 percent.
<v Speaker>And that's because the cells of the cervix usually go through mild to severe changes <v Speaker>called dysplasia before they become cancer. <v Speaker>So there is time to detect it early. <v Speaker>It's important to have that pap smear. <v Speaker>Which brings us to our next risk factor. <v Speaker>The Pap smear results. And remember, a negative result is not bad news. <v Speaker>It's good news because a negative result means no cancer cell irregularity was found. <v Speaker>Here are the groups. <v Speaker>Group one, if you had no PAP tests in the last five years. <v Speaker>Group two, if you had one Pap test in the last five years and it was negative. <v Speaker>Group three, if you had three or more negative tests in the last five years, <v Speaker>while you are finding your scores and computing, your new totals are run down the <v Speaker>categories. Again, one, if you have not had a Pap smear test in the last <v Speaker>five years. Two, if you have had one negative Pap test in the last
<v Speaker>five years. And three, if you have had three or more negative PAP tests <v Speaker>in the last five years. And now for the breast cancer risk factors, women only <v Speaker>again. <v Speaker>Is there a history of breast cancer in your family? <v Speaker>Say a mother or a sister and two or more relatives? <v Speaker>One or no history of breast cancer. <v Speaker>The scores here are the same for all age groups. <v Speaker>So evaluate yourself and write your risk. <v Speaker>Score down and add it or subtract it from your previous running total. <v Speaker>And now the final question in the breast cancer area. <v Speaker>Do you have a history of benign or non cancerous tumor? <v Speaker>Answer simply yes or no. <v Speaker>The risk scores are the same for all age groups. <v Speaker>Do you have a history of benign or non-cancerous tumors?
<v Speaker>Find your score and compute your new total. <v Speaker>As you can see from the numbers, having a history of tumors, even if they are benign, <v Speaker>is a serious risk factor in breast cancer. <v Speaker>If you have such a history, you should take special care in performing regular breast <v Speaker>exams. <v Speaker>There is a medical knowledge question that men can answer to get out your quiz <v Speaker>sheet for medical knowledge. Question number five. <v Speaker>Breast cancer occurs in about one out of every 15 women. <v Speaker>Once again, early detection improves survival chances. <v Speaker>So a monthly breast self-examination is important for all women. <v Speaker>You men should pay attention to this to a significant number of breast lumps are <v Speaker>discovered in women by their bed partners. <v Speaker>Nobody can tell you exactly what a lump will feel like or where it will be found. <v Speaker>The idea of the exam is to become familiar enough with the territory so that you can <v Speaker>detect any changes that might occur. <v Speaker>OK. Here's the question. Do you know which of these women has the lowest risk
<v Speaker>of developing breast cancer, which is least likely to get cancer of the breast? <v Speaker>A childless woman. <v Speaker>B, a woman who nurses one to three children. <v Speaker>C. A woman who gave birth to her first child after the age of 30. <v Speaker>For medical knowledge, question number five. <v Speaker>Which of these women are least likely to develop breast cancer? <v Speaker>A childless woman. B, a woman who nurses one to three children. <v Speaker>C. A woman who gave birth to her first child after the age of thirty five <v Speaker>seconds to write down your answer. <v Speaker>The correct answer is B the woman who nurses one to three children, <v Speaker>childless women and women who give birth to their first child after the age of 30 <v Speaker>are at higher risk. You got the correct answer. <v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points. If you did not get the right answer, you got a zero.
<v Speaker>The third kind of cancer we're going to talk about is colorectal cancer, the most common <v Speaker>cancer among men and women. <v Speaker>There are more than 100000 new cases every year, and the mortality rate from this <v Speaker>range of cancers is about fifty two thousand a year. <v Speaker>In spite of the fact that the potential for saving lives is greater than for any other <v Speaker>kind of cancer. Now, that means it's not being recognized and treated soon enough <v Speaker>after the age of 40. Everybody should have a yearly exam. <v Speaker>Now, even though the cause for colorectal cancer is unknown. <v Speaker>Research has linked it with two other diseases of the digestive tract, chronic <v Speaker>ulcerative colitis, which is a frequent inflammation of the colon and congenital <v Speaker>multiple polyposis or polyps which grow in the colon and rectum. <v Speaker>Research has begun to suggest that this condition may be due in part to diets that <v Speaker>are high in beef and are deficient in high fiber content. <v Speaker>We've prepared for risk questions for colorectal cancer men. <v Speaker>You can now re join us for the remainder of the cancer risk questions.
<v Speaker>Go over to your risk score sheet for this question. <v Speaker>Have you been diagnosed as having polyps? <v Speaker>Yes or no? If you had. <v Speaker>Give yourself a plus point five score. <v Speaker>If your answer is no. Give yourself zero. <v Speaker>Combine this score with your last total. <v Speaker>The next question concerns rectal bleeding. <v Speaker>It may be caused by hemorrhoids. But then again, you can't rule out colorectal cancer <v Speaker>unless you've had a checkup. <v Speaker>Did you experience rectal bleeding? <v Speaker>Add point seven to your total score.
<v Speaker>The next risk factor is ulcerative colitis. <v Speaker>That's only an inflammation of the colon. <v Speaker>But over long periods of time, it can become a serious disease. <v Speaker>Have you been diagnosed as a long term suffer from ulcerative colitis? <v Speaker>That is 10 years or more. <v Speaker>Short term ulcerative colitis is 10 years or less. <v Speaker>Check the chart and grade yourself accordingly. <v Speaker>The final risk factor question for cancer of the colon and rectum is, do you have <v Speaker>a routine stool exam? <v Speaker>A yearly exam is particularly important for people over 40. <v Speaker>The risk score is the same for all ages. <v Speaker>If you have a routine exam, you can deduct points seven years off your body age. <v Speaker>Gary, you've arrived that now is your total risk factor for cancer place this total
<v Speaker>in the box marked risk level two, or if you're working with a scratch sheet only market <v Speaker>cancer risk. <v Speaker>And we've demonstrated that cancer can be prevented or at least controlled. <v Speaker>The elimination of smoking is the most beneficial change you're going to affect. <v Speaker>Now it's time to move on to the third major disease killer stroke. <v Speaker>Stroke is the sudden loss of neurologic function, and it usually caused by loss or <v Speaker>blockage of the blood supply in the brain. <v Speaker>This can be caused in various ways, sometimes by a traveling blood clot or a hemorrhage. <v Speaker>But most often strokes are a result of the process of hardening of the arteries. <v Speaker>What actually happens is called thrombosis. <v Speaker>That's when a blood vessel in the brain or the neck leading to the brain becomes narrower <v Speaker>due to pack buildup from cholesterol or from hypertension until it finally <v Speaker>closes off the supply entirely. <v Speaker>The brain tissues that were fed by that blood simply starved to death, and that is a <v Speaker>stroke. Now for medical knowledge, question number six, you got your scratch sheet out,
<v Speaker>OK? True or false, strokes always occur without warning. <v Speaker>Does a stroke always occur without warning? <v Speaker>Write your answer down as medical knowledge. Question number six, <v Speaker>if you answered false. Give yourself 10 points. <v Speaker>Strokes can sometimes occur without warning, but they most usually are preceded <v Speaker>by certain signs and warning symptoms, such as a numbness <v Speaker>or weakness in the hand or leg or one side of your face. <v Speaker>Difficulty with speech such as slurring the blurring of vision or <v Speaker>eye movement impairment, dizziness or loss of coordination. <v Speaker>Why don't we go to our risk factors for stroke? <v Speaker>Now, the risk factor categories for stroke are exactly the same <v Speaker>ones you encountered in the heart disease section.
<v Speaker>They are blood pressure, cholesterol, <v Speaker>cigaret smoking and diabetes. <v Speaker>Let's check your blood pressure again. <v Speaker>Remember, the average blood pressure is 120 over 80. <v Speaker>But if you don't know yours, consider yourself average. <v Speaker>Jot down your score in the space provided or just under your last total score. <v Speaker>Keep a running total as you go. <v Speaker>Now we're back to cholesterol again. <v Speaker>It's the second risk factor for stroke. <v Speaker>Check your cholesterol level against the norm of from 220 to 230. <v Speaker>Is yours higher or lower or are you average? <v Speaker>Again, if you don't know your count, consider yourself average, but have your doctor <v Speaker>check you out for sure.
<v Speaker>Have you done your math now, okay. <v Speaker>Well, it looks like smoking has turned up again as a high risk factor. <v Speaker>Do you see a pattern emerging? <v Speaker>Answer these questions in the same manner you did before. <v Speaker>Are you a smoker? Short term quitter or non smoker? <v Speaker>Remember, a short term quitter is one who has given up smoking less than four years <v Speaker>ago. <v Speaker>Find your score and combine it with your previous total. <v Speaker>If you've decided to quit between the previous smoking questions and this one, good for <v Speaker>you, but obviously don't market Southdown as a short term credit yet. <v Speaker>You'll notice the points are higher for our next risk category.
<v Speaker>Diabetes. That's because diabetics are in greater danger of strokes than of heart <v Speaker>attacks. So answer this one. <v Speaker>Do you have uncontrolled diabetes? <v Speaker>Do you have diabetes that is under control or do you have no diabetes? <v Speaker>Remembered 80 percent of all diabetes has developed in later life, especially <v Speaker>by overweight people. If you've got your score added up and now the number you've arrived <v Speaker>at is your total score for risk levels one, two and three. <v Speaker>The following health risk area is actually not a disease at all unless you consider <v Speaker>America's fascination with the automobile a form of disease. <v Speaker>The auto is a familiar killer. The claimed 50000 lives last year and will probably
<v Speaker>claim even more this year. <v Speaker>Every time you set foot in a car, you're increasing your chances of becoming a statistic. <v Speaker>The answer to medical knowledge, question number seven concerns the car. <v Speaker>And it may shock you. Get out your knowledge scoresheet for this question. <v Speaker>In which of the following age groups is auto accident the number one cause of <v Speaker>death? <v Speaker>A fifteen to twenty five be ten to twenty one. <v Speaker>See one to forty four, five seconds to decide. <v Speaker>The answer is C, that's right. <v Speaker>If you were between the ages of one and forty four, you are more likely to die from auto <v Speaker>collision than by any other means. <v Speaker>Driving a car is risky business, but riding in one may be even more dangerous. <v Speaker>Ten points to those who answered with letter C..
<v Speaker>Now let's go over to Cheryl for our risk questions and scores. <v Speaker>There are four risk categories that can be statistically tabulated for auto accidents. <v Speaker>They are the amount of mileage driven in a year. <v Speaker>The use of seat belts, drinking and driving. <v Speaker>The use of drugs and driving. <v Speaker>Here's the first question for your auto accident risks. <v Speaker>How many miles do you drive in a year? <v Speaker>Less than 12000 miles, between 12000 <v Speaker>and twenty four thousand miles a year, over twenty <v Speaker>four thousand miles a year. <v Speaker>How many miles do you drive in a year? <v Speaker>Here are your risk scores. <v Speaker>They are the same for all age groups. <v Speaker>Find the number of miles you drive each year and write down your score. <v Speaker>Under the last total.
<v Speaker>Do your arithmetic. <v Speaker>The next factor is seat belts. <v Speaker>What percentage of the time do you wear seat belts when you drive? <v Speaker>Less than 20 percent of the time, 20 to 60 percent of the time. <v Speaker>Or do you wear your seat belt more than 60 percent of the time? <v Speaker>The scores here are the same for all age groups. <v Speaker>Find yours and tally it with your previous totals. <v Speaker>Estimates show that up to 12000 lives can be saved annually if you buck <v Speaker>yourself up by buckling up. <v Speaker>Here's risk factor number three. <v Speaker>Nothing personal, but how many drinks do you have in the average week? <v Speaker>Figure it up. And don't forget to count beer.
<v Speaker>Do you consume. Zero to seven drinks, eight to 24 drinks a <v Speaker>week or more than 24? <v Speaker>That zero to seven, eight to 24 or more than 24. <v Speaker>The scores are the same for all ages. <v Speaker>We'll define a drink tonight as one and a half ounces of 86 proof liquor. <v Speaker>One twelve ounce can of beer or five ounces of four to five. <v Speaker>One like sherry report. <v Speaker>Add your score to the running total. <v Speaker>Drinking and driving is a dangerous combination. <v Speaker>But did you know that drugs and driving is even more lethal? <v Speaker>Traffic accident figures bear this out. <v Speaker>And by drugs, we mean tranquilizers and sedatives, barbiturates and even some <v Speaker>antihistamines, as well as marijuana, cocaine and heroin. <v Speaker>We put it up to you. Do you ever take any of these drugs or medications and then drive?
<v Speaker>Now, you should transfer your total to a risk level number for the figure you come up <v Speaker>with, is your total body age for the risk portion of tonight's quiz? <v Speaker>Get your bookkeeping and audit. <v Speaker>Now we're gonna finish off the medical knowledge portions were the last three questions, <v Speaker>so go over to your other scratch sheet. <v Speaker>We will examine suicide, homicide and cirrhosis of the liver <v Speaker>from the overuse of alcohol. <v Speaker>Now, if you're wondering why these considerations are included in a national health quiz, <v Speaker>you'll soon see why. While you may not consider them an imminent threat. <v Speaker>Suicides and homicides account for over fifty thousand deaths each year. <v Speaker>There is medical knowledge. Question number eight. <v Speaker>At what age are both homicide and suicide among the top three killers? <v Speaker>During what years are they both included in the top killers? <v Speaker>A eighteen to twenty five.
<v Speaker>B forty five to fifty six. <v Speaker>C fifteen through twenty nine. <v Speaker>At what age are both homicide and suicide among the top three killers? <v Speaker>Five seconds. <v Speaker>The answer is C ages 15 to twenty nine. <v Speaker>During these 15 years, suicide and homicide are only surpassed occasionally <v Speaker>by motor vehicle accidents as the major causes of death for our young people. <v Speaker>If you selected C as your answer, give yourself 10 points. <v Speaker>Now, here is question number nine. <v Speaker>It has to do with the cause of homicide. <v Speaker>Already most homicides, a premeditated <v Speaker>be committed in the course of a robbery or illegal act see committed <v Speaker>in family and social situations. <v Speaker>Once again, most homicides, A, premeditated, B, committed in the course
<v Speaker>of a robbery or at least legal act. <v Speaker>C, committed in family and social situations again. <v Speaker>Five seconds. <v Speaker>The answer, sadly, is C.. <v Speaker>Most murders involve not strangers, but friends and even family members. <v Speaker>We seldom kill our enemies. It's the loved ones who wind up murdered. <v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points. If you correctly answered medical knowledge, question number <v Speaker>nine. Here is the final medical knowledge question. <v Speaker>True or false? Is cirrhosis of the liver a reversible disease? <v Speaker>In other words, can your body repair the damage to your liver from too much drinking? <v Speaker>Is cirrhosis of the liver a reversible disease? <v Speaker>True or false? Five seconds.
<v Speaker>The answer to question number ten on your medical knowledge quiz is false. <v Speaker>Give yourself 10 points. If you got the right answer, once the process of cirrhosis <v Speaker>begins, there's no turning back. You stop drinking and then start again. <v Speaker>Your liver will start deteriorating again from the same place you left off. <v Speaker>So are you a young person who's living in a middle aged body or an <v Speaker>older person who's young at heart as well as the other vital organs, <v Speaker>your body seems to be rejecting you. Why not transplant those old bad habits with <v Speaker>some sound good ones? If you were penalized for smoking and drinking and being <v Speaker>overweight, you know that these are erasable problems. <v Speaker>Just because you may not have done well on this test doesn't mean you flunked the course.
<v Speaker>Yeah, that's right, Sheryl. Most of us still have time to correct ourselves. <v Speaker>And in a very real sense, we can begin to reverse the aging process. <v Speaker>Keep your scoresheet around. Refer to the problem areas and start improving now on the <v Speaker>most important score of any test you'll ever take to learn more about your <v Speaker>prospects, you may contact health care services and continue your health hazard <v Speaker>appraisal. That's health care services at Methodist Hospital. <v Speaker>1604 North Capital Avenue. <v Speaker>Indianapolis, Indiana. ZIP Code 46202 <v Speaker>Wow. Now you've taken the test. <v Speaker>I'm sure you have some questions about what it all means. <v Speaker>As I said in the beginning, the idea of the National Health Quiz was not to find out <v Speaker>when you're going to die, but to find out what factors in your lifestyle and health <v Speaker>habits that you can change to live a long and fruitful life. <v Speaker>I see people every day in the heart clinic and in the operating room who would have <v Speaker>failed this health quiz because they would not attend to the warnings.
<v Speaker>We try to help them by putting in heart pacemakers and other kinds of surgery and <v Speaker>medicines, remedial diet and exercise programs. <v Speaker>However, there's often not much that we can do beyond really just catch <v Speaker>up and patch up procedures. <v Speaker>Preventing the life threatening diseases we've talked about tonight is up to you. <v Speaker>You must work with us in a new kind of partnership to beat the epidemics of heart <v Speaker>disease, stroke and many kinds of cancers. <v Speaker>Look back over your test, as Cheryl has suggested. <v Speaker>If the score wasn't what you're wanted. Find out what the factors are in your lifestyle <v Speaker>or health habits that need changing and change them now. <v Speaker>If you scored well, then use this to reinforce a preventive maintenance <v Speaker>lifestyle that you can live with for the rest of your long and healthy life. <v Speaker>If I may paraphrase a popular TV commercial, you can take care of <v Speaker>yourself now or you can pay me later if I have left out anything on <v Speaker>my portion of the quiz. <v Speaker>Just take two aspirin, call me in the morning.
<v Speaker>If not, this program will terminate in five seconds. <v Speaker>And as we've seen tonight, there's no good reason for any of us to self-destruct. <v Speaker>Good night. I thought you were telling me you weren't gonna make any mission impossible <v Speaker>jokes. I lied.
National Health Quiz
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The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
KERA (Dallas, Texas)
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Program Description
Cheryl Tiegs and Peter Graves present a quiz designed to be taken in the home. This national quiz is intended to assist you in measuring your body age vs your chronological age and discover your personal risk factors.
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Food and Cooking
Health and Nutrition
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Actor: Pankin, Stuart
Associate Producer: Touzel, Jane
Executive Producer: Dowe, David
Host: Graves, Peter
Host: Tiegs, Cheryl
Producing Organization: KERA
Writer: Touzel, Jane
Writer: Anders, John
AAPB Contributor Holdings
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: cpb-aacip-7b2c42e0f7a (Filename)
Format: U-matic
Identifier: cpb-aacip-1cacaccd36a (Filename)
Format: 1 inch videotape: SMPTE Type C
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Chicago: “National Health Quiz,” 1980-12-31, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, KERA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 28, 2022,
MLA: “National Health Quiz.” 1980-12-31. The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, KERA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 28, 2022. <>.
APA: National Health Quiz. Boston, MA: The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, KERA, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from