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<v Speaker>On August 4, 1972. <v Speaker>And in Africa, announced a shocking decision, a decision which affected the lives <v Speaker>of tens of thousands of human beings. <v Speaker>That man was General Idi Amin, president of the African nation of Uganda. <v Speaker>His decision was to expel all of the Asian people who lived in Uganda <v Speaker>and who held British passports. <v Speaker>They would be forced to sell their possessions, leave their homes behind and go. <v Speaker>[music] <v Speaker>The University of Wisconsin Green Bay presents, <v Speaker>Are people uprooted? <v Speaker>Your host is Tom McCoy. <v Speaker>People suddenly uprooted without a home. <v Speaker>Where would they go? <v Speaker>Finding an answer to this question was a big problem for the Asians.
<v Speaker>But President Amin didn't stop there. <v Speaker>On August 9th, he added all nationals from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh <v Speaker>to his expulsion list. <v Speaker>Within a few more days, he had even added Asians with Ugandan citizenship to the list. <v Speaker>However, Amin did make temporary exceptions for Asian physicians, <v Speaker>dentists, lawyers and other professionals who would be needed to help the Ugandan society <v Speaker>function. And after negative reactions from other African leaders. <v Speaker>President Amin did exempt Asians with Ugandan citizenship from his expulsion orders. <v Speaker>But most of these Asians felt threatened enough, however, that they decided to leave <v Speaker>their Ugandan homes anyway. <v Speaker>As the Asians began making preparations to leave, Kampala, the capital city of <v Speaker>Uganda, became a center of activity. <v Speaker>The city health center worked overtime in response to the demand for vaccinations. <v Speaker>The Asians involved in the expulsion decree between fifty thousand eighty thousand <v Speaker>people would have to be out of the country by November 8th, 1972.
<v Speaker>Asian store owners held sales to clear their stock <v Speaker>in preparation for selling their businesses. <v Speaker>President Amin had said that those Asians not complying with his 90 day expulsion <v Speaker>deadline would be, and we quote, sitting on a fire. <v Speaker>As crowds of people sought passports from the British passport office, British and <v Speaker>Asian officials responded to this shocking news by meeting with President Amin <v Speaker>in Kampala. At first, it looked as if some sort of compromise could be reached. <v Speaker>But then President Amin repeated his tough stand. <v Speaker>Asians have kept themselves apart <v Speaker>as it closed community and have <v Speaker>refused to integrate with <v Speaker>the Ugandan Africans. <v Speaker>Their main interest has been to exploit <v Speaker>the economy of Uganda and Ugandan
<v Speaker>Africans. They have been <v Speaker>milking the economy of the country. <v Speaker>Afterwards, he was asked what could happen if Britain refused to take the Asians. <v Speaker>Before I handed -- I handover, the government to another <v Speaker>government, I must reorganize this <v Speaker>country properly. <v Speaker>And this is the part of my program to follow. <v Speaker>I am the best friend of British and <v Speaker>uh - and the best friend is the friend who tells you your mistake. <v Speaker>And that is why I said that the responsibility of <v Speaker>actions in Uganda, it is the responsibility of <v Speaker>Great Britain. <v Speaker>President Amin had removed any doubt that the Ugandan Asians might have had. <v Speaker>Immediately they began selling their businesses, homes and other personal property at
<v Speaker>great losses as they prepared to abandon their once comfortable but now threatened <v Speaker>life in Uganda. <v Speaker>Most of the Asian people did not really want to leave, but feared for their family's <v Speaker>welfare if they stayed. Mr Abdul Kayyam Meer, formerly of Kampala, was <v Speaker>one of these threatend Asians. He tells why he and his wife took their two children from <v Speaker>Uganda, even though President Amin had exempted them as professional people. <v Speaker>The reason was just - because I have told you some that we were exempted people <v Speaker>myself, my wife being professional people, teaching. <v Speaker>But the only reason was that because my son was arrested by the army people for not <v Speaker>having an identification. But the the identification lie with the mother at home <v Speaker>and that is a passport or exempted card. <v Speaker>So I had to leave Uganda in that case, to be on the safe side. <v Speaker>Many Indian, Pakistani and Bangladesh nationals <v Speaker>made plans to return to their native countries. <v Speaker>The Asians with Ugandan citizenship, who had now become stateless, didn't know what to do
<v Speaker>or where to go. <v Speaker>A few thousand of these people would eventually be accepted in countries such as Canada <v Speaker>and the United States. Others would wonder about homeless. <v Speaker>But about 27,000 of these expelled Asians knew they would go to Great Britain. <v Speaker>Their British passports said they had a right to go there. <v Speaker>And besides, they had nowhere else they could go. <v Speaker>The Ugandan Asians were not the only ones who were making plans <v Speaker>to travel to Great Britain. A team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin, Green <v Speaker>Bay also booked a flight to England in late 1972. <v Speaker>They did not plan to emigrate, of course. <v Speaker>Rather, they intended to study at close range the responses of human beings <v Speaker>and of governments to a social crisis situation such as the one imposed by President <v Speaker>Amin. <v Speaker>Their study focused on this question, what happens when people are suddenly <v Speaker>forced out of one world and thrust into a completely different world against <v Speaker>their wills? The University of Wisconsin Greenbay research team studying
<v Speaker>this impelled migration phenomenon included Dr. E. <v Speaker>Nelson Swinerton, a political scientist who investigated the various responses of <v Speaker>governments, both national and local, to this very pressing and complex <v Speaker>human problem situation. <v Speaker>Dr. G. Lynne Lackey, a sociologist who examined the social factors, race <v Speaker>relations, language barriers, employment and housing problems involved with the <v Speaker>rapid influx of a large immigrant population into an established society. <v Speaker>And Dr. William G. Keupper, a geographer who studied the patterns of settlements <v Speaker>in the movement of the Asian immigrants into British society, either through resettlement <v Speaker>centers or directly into community life. <v Speaker>We asked Dr. Keupper how these Asian people happened to be in Uganda in the first place. <v Speaker>Actually, Indian merchants have been trading along the East African coast for centuries, <v Speaker>beginning as early as perhaps two thousand years ago. <v Speaker>By the 1800s, about the time the British were beginning to arrive, the Indians had <v Speaker>achieved domination of the trade of the western Indian Ocean, arousing the suspicion and
<v Speaker>the envy of the Arabs and later of the British. <v Speaker>So the number of Asians have been traveling and trading through British East Africa for <v Speaker>several hundred years? <v Speaker>Yes, indeed, they had. <v Speaker>But the Asians began arriving in East Africa in substantial numbers <v Speaker>about the turn of the century. In fact, just before the turn of the century, beginning <v Speaker>with the recruitment of about 30,000 indentured laborers to aid <v Speaker>in the construction of a railway from Mombasa on the coast to Lake Victoria. <v Speaker>The building of this railway and the increasing European interest in the region <v Speaker>encouraged thousands of other Asians to migrate to East Africa to what has become the <v Speaker>countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. <v Speaker>This volitional, non-government supported migration was to continue for over 50 years. <v Speaker>Did the laborers settle in East Africa after their obligation to the railroad had been <v Speaker>completed? About 6,000 of the indentured laborers settle in East Africa, <v Speaker>mainly, of course, in Kenya, because that's where the railroad was constructed.
<v Speaker>But it's important to remember that the bulk of the Asian population <v Speaker>in East Africa that descended not from these indentured laborers, but rather <v Speaker>from the other - the other immigrants. They came from a number of different regions <v Speaker>in India, <v Speaker>and while most of them came from an essentially rural or agricultural background, <v Speaker>very few farmed in East Africa. <v Speaker>Why was that? <v Speaker>I suspect the major reason was the wide range of economic opportunity in the commercial <v Speaker>sphere that was available to them. <v Speaker>But the British colonial regime did place restraints against Asian - Asian land <v Speaker>ownership in some areas. <v Speaker>It sounds as if the East African government discriminated against the Asians. <v Speaker>In some ways they did right from the very beginning, but they also discriminated against <v Speaker>the African. What evolved, as a matter of fact, in East Africa was a three <v Speaker>tiered society. The Europeans were at the top. <v Speaker>These were the businessmen, the government officials, the white settlers.
<v Speaker>The Africans were at the bottom and the Asians occupied <v Speaker>the middle stratum where they provided an economic linkage between the top and the <v Speaker>bottom, but were sharply segregated socially <v Speaker>and politically from both the European and the Asia- and the African. <v Speaker>Would you see that the Asians were caught in the middle? <v Speaker>In some ways, they were caught. <v Speaker>On the other hand, within that middle sphere, there was a wide range of economic <v Speaker>opportunities available to them. <v Speaker>And so it didn't take the enterprising Asians very long to become dominant in such <v Speaker>activities as skill labor, commercial, wholesale <v Speaker>and retail trade and to some degree even in finance. <v Speaker>So then the Asians, who are not native Africans, actually <v Speaker>control the economies of these three African nations. <v Speaker>In many ways they did. This didn't particularly bother the Europeans, because, <v Speaker>of course, their interests were protected in this upper stratum.
<v Speaker>But it certainly antagonized the African because they saw the Asians standing squarely <v Speaker>in the way of their political, social and economic development. <v Speaker>Indeed, the Asians had not integrated into African society. <v Speaker>They had intentionally remained apart, keeping their own separate traditions and living <v Speaker>style. They ran businesses of all kinds in Uganda, ranging from small shops <v Speaker>to large conglomerates. <v Speaker>President Amin accused the Asians, and often rightly so, of sending the profits <v Speaker>from their Ugandan businesses to foreign bank accounts. <v Speaker>Because they didn't reinvest in the development of Ugandan business and especially <v Speaker>African enterprises Amin. <v Speaker>Accused the Asians of sabotaging the economy of his country. <v Speaker>With this excuse he ordered them to leave. <v Speaker>The Asians then had to sell their homes and businesses at great losses to African buyers <v Speaker>and were allowed to take only a small portion of their savings with them when they were <v Speaker>expelled. The rest of their money was impounded in Ugandan banks.
<v Speaker>With 27,000 Asian immigrants arriving by November 8, <v Speaker>Great Britain had to make some fast plans for accommodating them. <v Speaker>The British government and volunteer organizations confronted this massive influx of <v Speaker>Ugandan Asians with remarkable speed and efficiency. <v Speaker>Dr. Swinerton of the University of Wisconsin Greenbay faculty studied the response <v Speaker>of the British government to this crisis situation. <v Speaker>Well first of all, the British government never seriously considered not accepting these <v Speaker>British Asians. These people had British passports. <v Speaker>They were British citizens. And after they were expelled from their homeland, they had no <v Speaker>other place to go except to Great Britain. <v Speaker>So to handle the sudden influx of people, the British government organized the Uganda <v Speaker>Resettlement Board. <v Speaker>While I was in London, I had an opportunity to talk to Mr. Thomas Critchley, who is <v Speaker>director of the Uganda Resettlement Board. <v Speaker>He told me how the board was organized. <v Speaker>Well, the chairman was a former head of the home office in this country. <v Speaker>A number of the other members were people with experience in government.
<v Speaker>Others had experience in local government. <v Speaker>Some came from the voluntary movement, which played a very big part in this emergency. <v Speaker>And we had one Asian representative on the board. <v Speaker>Basically, how did the board organize its work? <v Speaker>Well, our work was divided really into several stages. <v Speaker>First of all, we were concerned with their reception at the airports. <v Speaker>And we set up special teams comprised partly of volunteers and partly <v Speaker>of civil servants. And these were working round the clock 24 <v Speaker>hours for about six weeks, seven weeks while the air left was at its height. <v Speaker>They were meeting the people there at the airports. <v Speaker>That was the first phase. <v Speaker>Secondly, and this really overlapped the first phase, we were setting <v Speaker>up the resettlement centers. <v Speaker>We didn't at first know how many people would be going into the centers and how many <v Speaker>would be going straight to the community. <v Speaker>Um, the original proportion was about 30 percent going into our centers.
<v Speaker>But towards the end of the airlift, when Amin's deadline approached, <v Speaker>about 90 percent were coming in much more than we'd supposed. <v Speaker>And so we had to open, in all, 16 centers with accommodation for <v Speaker>about 15 or 16 thousand people. <v Speaker>That was the second phase. <v Speaker>And then the third phase was that the board took on the responsibility to try to <v Speaker>resettle these people from the camp. <v Speaker>Is that correct? Yes, indeed. <v Speaker>This has been our ambition all along. <v Speaker>We've seen these centers as being temporary, offering temporary accommodation. <v Speaker>And all the drive from the end of the air lift has been in getting these people into the <v Speaker>community settled in houses of jobs. <v Speaker>One of these resettlement centers was set up at Greenham Common, a functioning American <v Speaker>Air Force Base in Newbury, England. <v Speaker>During the last 15 days of September, various government and service organizations, <v Speaker>as well as volunteer workers from local parishes, readied the camp for the influx <v Speaker>of Ugandan Asians.
<v Speaker>The chief administrator of Greenham Common was Brigadier Beyts. <v Speaker>In an interview with Dr. W. Warner Prange of the University of Wisconsin Greenbay, <v Speaker>Mr Bates explained operations at the center. <v Speaker>We had the Department of Environment who were the main help, and <v Speaker>this was supplemented by voluntary services in the form of women's royal voluntary <v Speaker>services. Royal Red Cross and ?inaudible?, but above all, by <v Speaker>the voluntary workers in the local parishes around you had <v Speaker>been encouraged to come and work by the Salvation Army <v Speaker>who have been tremendously helpful here. <v Speaker>You are providing facilities for recreation and education. <v Speaker>You have your own school, have you not? <v Speaker>We had our own schools started the fourth day after we opened <v Speaker>here and this has provided schooling for <v Speaker>small children and also teenagers. <v Speaker>In all, we have had 400 small children here at school
<v Speaker>and some 60 teenagers. <v Speaker>Do you think the people in your center might get too accustomed to the security <v Speaker>of the camp and shy away from the realities of life. <v Speaker>Uh, in a very <v Speaker>few cases <v Speaker>this is true, yes, where particularl there <v Speaker>is no father and mother is alone with the children. <v Speaker>She, in fact, has nowhere else to go. And she is in a very helpless state. <v Speaker>The vast majority are very anxious to leave the center, <v Speaker>although they have had a quite happy time here, particularly over Christmas <v Speaker>when they were entertained very well by all the local people. <v Speaker>They do think that it's time they moved on. <v Speaker>And the longer they stay, the more rusty they become and more <v Speaker>lazy minded and so on. And they are very anxious to move on. <v Speaker>I found that the Ugandan Asians were most anxious to move on.
<v Speaker>They were anxious to leave the resettlement centers and to begin life anew for themselves <v Speaker>in Great Britain. Unfortunately, some of the Britishers weren't quite as anxious to <v Speaker>receive them into their communities. <v Speaker>In the beginning, there were even some public demonstrations opposing the immigration. <v Speaker>Most of these ill feelings, though, I think we can trace to fear of one sort or another. <v Speaker>Initial estimates of the numbers of Asians arriving in Britain were greatly exaggerated. <v Speaker>Also, I think there was probably a very real fear of competition for jobs, <v Speaker>for housing, which is very scarce in Great Britain and for other societal resources. <v Speaker>Racial bias was evident as well. <v Speaker>But as the time drew near for the Asians to enter the towns and boroughs, <v Speaker>the British by and large rallied in support of the Asians and welcomed <v Speaker>the immigrants. <v Speaker>Doctor Swinerton talked with Mr. Jaffer, a former Asian member of the Ugandan parliament, <v Speaker>about this very change of heart among the Britishers.
<v Speaker>You were here when General Amin issued his decree. <v Speaker>What was the reaction of the British people to this decree? <v Speaker>In the beginning, when this news came in, the government <v Speaker>and the people thought that there would be about a 100 or 1,000 people arriving <v Speaker>here. Then the figure went to 55,000 and everybody <v Speaker>was frightened. But when Amin said that he was going to put people <v Speaker>into concentration camp and when he gave so much publicity to the Hitler <v Speaker>and said that Hitler would - what Hitler did for Israel was the right thing. <v Speaker>Then the people got frightened that if that happens to the Asians or British Asians, <v Speaker>then people would be in real difficulties. <v Speaker>And the whole mood of British government and the British people completely <v Speaker>changed, and it came into favor of receiving Asians - <v Speaker>British Asians into this country. <v Speaker>I would like to give it illustration of the first flight
<v Speaker>which arrived and I was at that airport. <v Speaker>And at the airport, I was basically trying to see the reaction of the people who <v Speaker>came in. The first batch came in the bus from the <v Speaker>airport at air terminus and I was looking at their face. <v Speaker>It was so - There was so much worry. <v Speaker>They didn't know what's going to happen to them, whether the British would receive them <v Speaker>properly, whether they would be looked after, whether - what will happen? <v Speaker>Yhey had no idea. And when they were taken to the camps they - they they assured <v Speaker>them that they have the best accommodation. <v Speaker>They had all the facilities they can - cannot expect in their life. <v Speaker>And immediately on the same evening, about a 100 letters <v Speaker>from the villagers were written back to them that you can all come here because people <v Speaker>here receive you with both hands open. <v Speaker>And that encouraged people to come to England. <v Speaker>Otherwise, people would not have come. People would have preferred to buy a new one,
<v Speaker>because they thought what welcome would the British would give them. <v Speaker>And they didn't want to die. <v Speaker>After their arrival at the airports, some of the Asians moved on to the resettlement <v Speaker>centers for temporary housing and counseling while they were seeking jobs and homes in <v Speaker>the British community. These immigrants were not starving, tattered refugees. <v Speaker>They were middle class, business class people who were suddenly evicted from the country <v Speaker>they lived and worked in. <v Speaker>They did not want to be integrated either with the Africans or with the British. <v Speaker>They wanted to preserve their Asian heritage. <v Speaker>It was this preference for self-imposed segregation which had led to their <v Speaker>expulsion from Uganda. <v Speaker>And this attitude also influenced their reception by the British community. <v Speaker>One of the community relations officers in London, Mrs Parricide, discussed some <v Speaker>of the problems which the Ugandan Asians faced as they attempted to settle in the London <v Speaker>boroughs. <v Speaker>Oh, the problems are that when the immigrants
<v Speaker>are living in the camps, they have relatives <v Speaker>living in new home. <v Speaker>Those relatives get in touch with them at the camps and invite them <v Speaker>to come in and live with them, forgetting that they themselves <v Speaker>are living in cramped conditions and there wouldn't be enough space for the <v Speaker>relatives no matter how welcome they are. <v Speaker>They forget this at that time. <v Speaker>Now what happens is that they take them in. <v Speaker>Put up with them somehow or other for, say, a couple of weeks. <v Speaker>And the third week they're down to my office asking for accommodation, <v Speaker>whereas I don't have an accommodation available as such because <v Speaker>the landlords don't actually send us a list of any accommodation <v Speaker>available. They can't because what they want to do is to exploit <v Speaker>these people. By charging high rent? <v Speaker>Charge very high rents. <v Speaker>Now language is one of the real problems, isn't it?
<v Speaker>Yes, it is a very real problem, because even <v Speaker>though the heads of the families speak English, <v Speaker>the rest of the family does not speak English, especially the women. <v Speaker>And, um, it is the women who are faced with the problem. <v Speaker>Have the Ugandan agents been able to find employment in your burrough? <v Speaker>Yes, some of them have. <v Speaker>But the Ugandan Asians whom I know <v Speaker>a very large percentage of them do not speak English, <v Speaker>although they are skilled in certain trades. <v Speaker>They cannot obtain employment without <v Speaker>any knowledge of English. <v Speaker>Generally, how have the people reacted to these new arrivals? <v Speaker>Very well, actually, they have tried to help them as far <v Speaker>as possible. <v Speaker>I would say that especially of the host community
<v Speaker>who have gone to great lengths to help the Ugandan Asians. <v Speaker>Even yet, many of these Ugandan Asian immigrants are not really settled in Great Britain. <v Speaker>They have left the resettlement centers. But that doesn't mean they've found homes or <v Speaker>sometimes even jobs. <v Speaker>It doesn't mean their children have all been placed in schools. <v Speaker>And for some families, it doesn't even mean that they are completely united as a family <v Speaker>group. So the problem of the Ugandan Asians is not yet solved. <v Speaker>Dr. Kipper spoke with Lady Eirene White, a member of the House of Lords, about <v Speaker>Britain's continuing responsibility toward the Asians. <v Speaker>Well, I think the immediate reception of the Uganda nation was on the Hill <v Speaker>very well carried out. <v Speaker>It was done, as you know, on very short notice in many cases. <v Speaker>But the government rapidly established a number of centers all <v Speaker>over the country. And the voluntary organisations, the social <v Speaker>welfare organizations in this country, rallied round I think very
<v Speaker>creditably. So, I believe that certainly the immediate reception was a very <v Speaker>well carried out operation. <v Speaker>Those a very generous comments. Lady White. <v Speaker>But in the past, you have been critical of the government's response to the problem <v Speaker>of stateless Asians being separated from their families. <v Speaker>What do you think the government should do in this matter? <v Speaker>Well, I believe that this is a problem of sufficiently small proportions <v Speaker>for the government to be prepared to risk some, I think very slight <v Speaker>political backlash on this. <v Speaker>After all, you've given a figure of 300. <v Speaker>To be fair, I think it might be a little more - 400 <v Speaker>to 500 possiblt all told if we made a really full analysis <v Speaker>of this because it includes a certain number of <v Speaker>persons of the kind you you mentioned stateless heads of families who are, in fact, in <v Speaker>the United Kingdom, but under restriction because they came in illegally.
<v Speaker>But it does appear to me that where the wife and the remainder <v Speaker>of the family are here by right because they retain British citizenship <v Speaker>and are therefore entitled to claim support from <v Speaker>the state here as British citizens, that it really is foolish from all points <v Speaker>of view. Quite apart from the humane situation of splitting families <v Speaker>that the breadwinner should be allowed to come in and support his own family if that is <v Speaker>what he wishes. <v Speaker>The Asians' position in Kenya seems to be deteriorating. <v Speaker>How do you think Britain would respond to yet another immigration crisis generated <v Speaker>in East Africa? <v Speaker>I think the Kenya administration is a far more stable one, both at ministerial <v Speaker>and official level than anything you've ever experienced, frankly, in Uganda. <v Speaker>So I think the dangerous is a good deal less than some people suppose. <v Speaker>But I wouldn't pretend that it isn't there. <v Speaker>We've seen what happened in Uganda in the Autumn of 72, and we followed the response
A People Uprooted
Producing Organization
WPNE-TV (Television station : Green Bay, Wis.)
University of Wisconsin--Green Bay. Center for Television Production
Contributing Organization
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
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Episode Description
This episode is part of the "Impelled Migration" series, and it covers Ugandan President Idi Amin's decision to expel all Asian people who lived in Uganda in 1972. The host begins by introducing the situation and discussing preparations Asian people in Uganda made before leaving the country. British and Asian officials met with Amin, hoping to reach a compromise, but Amin doubled down on his decision. Some refugees were accepted in the United States and Canada, but the majority traveled to Great Britain. The University of Wisconsin sent a group of students to study the effects of impelled migration on these people as they adjusted to British society. The program includes interviews with several professors on the research team, and they discuss their findings, as well as provide historical context for why the Asian people were living in Africa and why many Ugandan people resented them. The program also includes interviews with British officials who discuss their efforts to accommodate for the large influx of refugees. This program includes interviews with Thomas A. Critchley, the head of the Uganda Resettlement Board, Brigadier Beyts, the chief administrator of Greenham Common, Abdul Kayyam Meer, a displaced Ugandan Asian, Sherali Bandali Jaffer, a former Asian member of the Ugandan parliament, Lady Eirene White, a member of the House of Lords, and Mrs. Prasad, a community relations officer in London. The program also interviews several professors at the University of Wisconsin, Greenbay including Dr. W. Warner Prange, Dr. G. Lynne Lackey, Dr. E. Nelson Swinerton and Dr. William G. Keupper.
Program Description
"'People Uprooted' examines a human crisis that occurred in the autumn of 1972, when Uganda's President Idi Amin expelled tens of thousands of Asians from his African nation. This social and political upheaval received international attention, as approximately 27,000 homeless Asians sought refuge in unfamiliar, overcrowded, but generally receptive British communities. The documentary questions the responsibilities of governments and of individual human beings in situations of social and political urgency. The program incorporates film shot on location in England where faculty from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay were researching the effects of the Amin decree. 'People Uprooted' was produced for and telecast by WPNE-TV, public television Channel 38, Green Bay, Wisconsin."--1973 Peabody Awards entry form.
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: Amin, Idi
Director: Sink, Robert H.
Interviewee: Meer, Abdul Kayyam
Interviewee: Swinerton, E. Nelson
Interviewee: Kuepper, William G.
Interviewee: Critchley, Thomas
Interviewee: Lackey, G. Lynne
Interviewee: Prasad, Mrs.
Interviewee: Beyts, Brigadier
Interviewee: White, Eirene
Interviewee: Jaffer, Mr.
Interviewer: Prange, W. Werner
Narrator: McCoy, Tom
Producer: O'Brien, Lee D.
Producer: Sink, Robert H.
Producing Organization: WPNE-TV (Television station : Green Bay, Wis.)
Producing Organization: University of Wisconsin--Green Bay. Center for Television Production
Writer: Maki, Jacqueline R.
AAPB Contributor Holdings
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: cpb-aacip-3034985d466 (Filename)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 0:32:06
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Chicago: “A People Uprooted,” 1973, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 26, 2022,
MLA: “A People Uprooted.” 1973. The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 26, 2022. <>.
APA: A People Uprooted. Boston, MA: The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from