Rally for the Oakland Seven and Huey Newton in Berkeley, California
Speaking from the Black Panthers the German second in command to Bobby Seale and several anti-war and draft demonstrators downtown at 12th and Fallon at the same jail with our minister of defense here with you know now we're going to appeal the same grant because of the same grand jury that indicted him within a matter of 22 minutes without even covering the evidence the so-called evidence as opposed to a place that ice man dark grand jury that we referred to was appealing to you to support. The fact that we don't need I start managing mad dog years will appeal to
you to support the fact that we don't need racist policeman who shot Huey and we don't need racist policeman who lies ahead of you. We're in fact witness position that we've taken against the racist policeman who brutalize doesn't are black in our communities and bringing it to the level where it is that you know say there are only three kinds of power a level where a group of people control the economic situation or level of power where a group of people have ownership of land at the third level of power. Common referred to as military power and we refer to as self defense power with the gun has come into reality. We're saying that black people who protested police brutality and many of you thought
we were jiving who thought we didn't know what we were talking about because many black people in the community probably couldn't answer your questions articulately that you are experiencing the same thing that when you go out in front of any draft and when you go over and you demonstrate against us that those cops will come down and brutalize your heads just like they're brutalized the heads of black people in the black community. We're saying now that you can. A direct relationship. That's for real and that's not abstract anymore that you don't have to abstract what police brutality is like when a club is there to crush your SCO that you don't have to abstract. What book Police brutality is like when there's a vicious service revolver there. Tell you a place that you can see an effect that the real power of the power structure and maintaining its racist regime is manifested it is occupying troops as manifested in its police
department with guns and bullets that infect black people the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense or educating black people to the position continually that we were you arm to defend us so that in fact rather he would be no who's now been confined downtown. Change in the same jail with the same many demonstrators and draft demonstrators that in fact this draws something very significant that we're going to have to try and work together on. Some people are probably wondering how in the hell is it that what they will call the most militant group in the country can come along and tell white people that you and I are going to go down to the courthouse today at 2 o'clock at 12:00
Valentino at Oak 12 in fountain in Oakland and we're going to march around the courthouse demonstrate the fact that we want you with the Newton set free and that you want to enter draft demonstrators also set free. Thank the masses the masses of people who stand against the power structure of Oakland J Frank Coakley who first started his career out as a naval attorney in the Navy he was an attorney. A ship blew up were 50 black men while working on the ship. There was some more goods to be loaded off the ship with the 50 black men say we don't want to go back on the ship because we think that is very dangerous. And these 50 black men merchant marines were charged with mutiny and Jay Frank Koechlin
started his career by prosecuting these black men and getting as much as 50 years in prison for these black men. I'm saying that J Frank Coakley is a racist. Don't know I'm saying. And at the same rate has gone out to do the same thing to any draft demonstrators. I'm saying that it's necessary for us to realize that this is a real situation. I'm not go I get black or white I don't do that no mo. In other words I stop being a racist a long time ago. You haven't stopped being racist though. But I'm going to show you something. It's a lot of people running around and I can't blame them and my culture I feel markets is very beautiful. A lot of the take in our culture a little too far. Because when you and I decided we're going to get down to the real nitty gritty we decided also that we weren't going to stoop to the level of a Ku Klux Klansman and hate a person just because of the color of their skin.
This is very important because this is where racism starts. This is where racism is manifested. I'm saying that in fact we are not concerned with the color of your skin. We are concerned with the oppression that black people are subjected to the indecent housing the gross unemployment the way we railroaded through the courts the way we drafted off into the military service the way black people have mis educated in the schools in the school system. These are the things and the racist police brutality and murder of black people in the black community. And when you start dealing with something like that by picking up the gun you haven't got time to hate a person because the color skin. You hate what the races will do to you. I'm saying that a black cop. Will Beat I hands just like a white cop will do. I am saying that all white caps will be white people's hands just like white cops will be black people say is I'm saying that if you go out on your day and Ingleby no jab we don't take what I am saying that you are taking a position against the racist regime that in fact the power structure is what
maintains the racism that exists in this country. When you start looking at what 1300 cops before the watch right. And now there are 6000 cops in Los Angeles. When you look at Oakland three years ago there were only 350 cops and now there are over a thousand cops and they're there to patrol black people and look at the hands of any demonstrators when you look at San Francisco and there were only five hundred fifty cops and over twelve hundred Now the hands of black people and the hands of any demonstrators. When you look all across this country and you see the doubling tripling of the courtship going of police forces throughout these cities and a build up of troops with them in the rest of the world the national guardsman this is all to suppress what the people want to stop and the race is Regina this is all to beat I Hertz to beat us to the ground and make us submit the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense risk uses to submit. We're not going to submit. We're asking you to come down today at 2 o'clock leaving this rally when it's
over and come to Fallon and oak. Downtown and let us demonstrate the racist power structure of Oakland. Thank you. OK let me bring back rock Telegraph at one o'clock one o'clock to go to that demonstration on behalf of you and the seven leaders right over here. You want an announcement.
Profit Organization Dow Chemical is returning toward campus on Monday to recruit and asked us to consider what we ought to do about that we decided it wouldn't do any good just for them an off campus since most of the other corporations who come here are just as bad so we decided to take that Sproul Hall to protest the fact that the university is welcoming doubt to the stockyards and training students to go into that corporate meat grinder so if you'd like to join us we're going to start a picket line Monday here on the steps. Thank you. I like the president and I love the university and Joshua's mother Becker. Thank you very much. I was going to tell you I have an airtight alibi. My
time of this alleged conspiracy took place on my alibi is that I gave birth on October 19th. Well I just think we are spoken out against or spoke out before against repression against other people. Different parts of the world different parts of this country. And now finally struck home. We're now confronted with people that were still people in the movement right in the Bay Area or in a long prison sentence for having done what thousands of protesters wore. I read in the Oakland Tribune It's the only paper that's publishing the calculus
price that Coakley had an explanation for right. He's been picked out these particular people. He said there are hundreds and thousands of people who protested against the war and against the draft but he singled out the most radical and the most militant to prosecute. I think Oakley was unusually honest in what he said and then in fact what they're trying to do is take those people that they think are least popular and put them in jail and thereby try to strike out the entire movement and silence it. Well I think we should let them know that politics is not a popularity game and when they can't get any of us they're going to have to take all of our friends anybody and everybody in this movement that's protesting or resisting the draft. Thank you. Thank you sir. We could not read long time ago that
we could not continue to wage this kind of aggressive and racist war without it taking out domestic consequences on the United States. We expected this regression. We should have respected it and expected it. We should also respect that that is going to deal with it. But we should have respected it. We have to do what I want to emphasize today is to remain calm in the face of the oppression and to think before we act. Primarily because this administration is desperate and is frightened and is acting in this way out of desperation and fright and we have them up against the wall. They cannot stop this opposition except by trying to place everybody in jail. Well we accept the challenge. We accept the challenge let them try to place everybody in jail. But let's not panic in the face of this repression simply become an
every action is taken to be carefully planned let its consequences be understood and let us move forward and just keep pushing them back into the world. We've seen a whole series of events which are taking place get also become a hard turn toys in the United States. Oh I want to say that this peace movement should have called for the immediate withdrawal of troops from New York and it's right and it failed to do that and it should have done just as it calls for all of the future in the future we have to understand that its aggressive and its consequences for a long time to get all communities in this country on the broad democratic rights of all of us coming
from the right in the ghetto. I know we have a case if you I know you have the case of the right Jones was three years in jail and the judge you're very ascends was due to the fact that the judge Michael let me write your own. If you read the poem you might understand why the judge didn't write you but that's no reason to censor jail. We also have the spark Raskin case the coffin case just come on I want to mention to you the Entente you go in trying to fight these people. Reverend coffin and I don't say this to attack him I say it to make a point at the moment. Reverend crouton we're going to stay on the three joined of Korean War hero he has since changed his politics.
But that's where he comes from. I'm Marcus Ruskin was a special assistant to the White House staff to John F. Kennedy. That's right becomes wrong. I suggested of course that Dr. Spock we all know about it I'm reading his book every day. The point here is that I think the same reason this government take out your hand in another year of the pickguard that would make it impossible if not to crush an entire movement. So I would just point out that we should not take prosecution against bokken recognize that the point of that nation. I don't think they will grow you come to this question of the so-called conspiracy. You got seven
people charged with conspiracy. I've been told by different lawyers that conspiracy does not necessarily have anything to do in secrecy. Conspiracy people violate the laws of the state. Question secrecy doesn't enter in here. Well I don't think anybody conspired to conspire I conspire to end this war and to abolish the trial that's why we conspired to such a legal and damage that oh we've got a right to do it. Oh yeah you can always change those laws. If there was ever a conspiracy going on a real conspiracy it's a conspiracy and all the silence the peace moment in this country is a conspiracy at all. To propagate mass
police violence against people protesting is the conspiracy in Washington. And in some conspiracy of the CIA and the Pentagon in this Johnson administration the place that CIA shipping Korean waters start talking about nuclear war. That's the conspiracy. That's where I was in the people who are writing about in training people or training American dream and in my opinion are increasingly guilty of treason. No one is saying that we have a job to do in this area which is the charges of conspiracy like this have been used against the movement. For years. They've been used against the labor movement. They've been used against the civil rights movement. Anytime they can't get a conviction for anything else they try to rock you for conspiracy. If they succeed. In these prosecutions it will mean
that here and throughout the nation. It will be impossible to organize any kind of demonstration on any issue because any time you organize any kind of demonstration. So coalitions of war can take place and you can accuse the conspiracy. That's the point of picking conspiracy. Therefore. Knowing we have the possibility of uniting the entire anti-war movement and traffic and the defense of these people we have the opportunity to unite everyone. About peace. And about their own democratic rights. To unite and to find these people on the grounds that they had a right to organize. I became a resistance. And not something that we can do in this case and that we're going to have to do it we're going to be able to successfully defend. And I would say that we see we must succeed in this defense effort where I've been told that somebody wanted to go much of this
to ask you for money so that the people who are still in jail. We have to bail them out. They have to be available to speak all over the place in their own defense. We need money to conduct an offense for legal work and everything and a great part of the whole movement rests Oh whether or not we're successful here in Berkeley and being able to defend. So I want us. A Spanish poet. Said something which I think. I.
Hear. Really you're. Going on your. Few years in. Jail for want. To be very serious. And most people there are in opposition. Repression is a very modern one. It's very efficient.
So you have your great hippie revolt. Liberate. So. We can even have free speech. I want to begins to intrude. There is going to be crushed. I was going to be crushed brutally. I was going to be crushed in the same style as the revolution of Vietnam where humor. Is going to be crushed. Because what we're talking about in Vietnam. Or here. Is really a world example. And what our society is saying to us. And there are certain things they will not tolerate abroad or at home. I want to so it is so huge I was in Vietnam. And in the United States. And now we're going to make an example. Of those people who attempt to challenge our power. And we now know particularly because of the
events of the last few weeks. And the war in Vietnam is clearly a war of example I mean the crushing revolutions. Once the Hanoi government so that it would negotiate if there was a halt in the bombing. Once a gave us unconditional commitment for talks. And everyone knows that commitment was made. And the administration continued its bombing. We know that this was a walk to the finish. This is a war often total victory. To establish the military supremacy of United States government. And to teach a lesson to people in the world that they cannot make. The revolutions of the choice. And the only kind of peace that will be tolerated is the Roman peace. I noticed the started. The only kind of freedom that we will have is the freedom of the Roman circus. And the carnival. And those people in this is sorry you attempt to intrude. To provoke that war machine from functioning are going to be crushed. Across quite. So the
world example in Vietnam. Has been brought home. And I think we should understand that understand very clearly. I hear something interesting about the fact that we used to think of Coakley as a right winger. I was there there was a twink Oakley's indictments in Johnson's and I. Was there was a bring the indictment of Mark Rask an indictment of Frank body. And I would come to understand very clearly. That the forces of hysteria. The forces of reaction American do not exist just among the kooks of the right. Exists right at the center of our politics. When the Johnson indicted Benjamin Spock in progress. Very reasonable respectable individuals you don't walk around going to work on security and kindly ministrations. He served notice in his country at the time was at hand. To crack down. I always see in state after state now. There's a very serious very selective
and very precious repression. And the frightening thing is that most of our citizens don't even know what's going on. Most of our citizens are just quietly intimidated by. Other person or something. Really odd as yesterday when he said you know intimidation works when you feel intimidated. And you have to admit that he felt intimidated. And many people will be making that move. From this part so that our. Cause is a lot easier to revolt and be free over there than it is over here nowadays. And they were not to mock that. Rock what the government has done is put us all on the spot. And we have got to decide are we going to allow them to construct their own society. Are we going to allow them to make bad examples. And are we going to allow them to make that example stick at home. And I think the time is over we can just talk about mild debate you know carrying a magazine which I just happen to read as published in kind.
And it's I guess the Life magazine OK. Only this week that if you want to because they're not as intimately involved they can be more honest. And on page 14 they had a photograph of an American Marine. With his foot on the body of a Vietnamese presidents was in a coma. That Vietnamese president was just wrong and had his foot on it and had his hand up with his gun and the trophy shots. Pictures in this magazine was about a million copies. That man is not going to go to jail. The people who sent them there are not going to go to jail but someone who attempts to intrude on the process of sending them there will go to jail and I think the time is at hand and we have to challenge that notion of legality. I don't think we should deny the facts of what happened in Oakland. We should affirm the legitimacy from a mauler political point of view all of that having happened. I think we should all do. But it is essential that the Senate be taken off the campus until the induction center
of dissent has not the luxury of intellectuals assert this a charade unless it interferes with the society unless it stops people from going to Vietnam unless it stops the powerlessness already. And I think that the kind of struggle we have to engage in is precisely the kind of struggle that intrudes. And instead of being inseminated we have to say. That you were forced to arrest these people because they were effective. And we have learned a lesson from it. We're going to shift our tactics more and more to those kind of tactics because they are effective and we're not effective you would not throw those people in jail and I think that's the lesson that has to be learned. And we have to say that the center cannot be a joke. Dissent cannot be a private matter. I dissent is not important to Saudi Unless of course the Saudis confront the enormity of its crimes to consider in a deep sense what it is doing. And if it is true that our society is committed to preventing revolutions in the world. Then we have to indicate Aust solidarity with
those people that have resisted. We have to act in the spirit of a change of heart. Not because we were raised back in this breach of our own but because the time calls for the spirit of unshakable. I said I think these are the sounds revolutionary. Most of us were not born to be revolutionary. And I think again of a person like Mark Rask or coughing. Or spawn. These men were raised to be reasonable men. Didn't want to work in the White House with George Bundy because he thought he would bring peace to the world. He signed a complicity statement of people not to go into the Army because you know it was the only step to take at this time. People do not become Che Guevara's had a choice to become Che Guevara's when the situation demands that they become Che Guevara's and they have the personal integrity to me. And what our society is saying to us at
this time. Is that if your dissent is going to matter at all you're going to have to break with your lifestyle and what I would urge is that we begin now to plan the next stop the draft week. And that all of us volunteered to be the leaders of that demonstration not the followers. That we all of us who have been speaking so long in the teachings and writings that we stepped forward at this time and say. We will not stop the draft. We had her first on our list of what have you. I think we have to take seriously one injunction to filling the jails not because it's good to be in jail not because we want to be martyrs not because we believe Washington is just that when they see us in jail I'll change course to stop the drug must continue because the local induction center must be closed down and up the price because you have to go to jail then you have to go to jail. And the lesson to be drawn from this experience is that Washington is
upping the ante. They have said that the situation will be serious but again the dissent is over. And we are now on the spot. We are now in the position of having to demonstrate to them. That we will not accept their world example here any more than the Vietnamese people except in their own country. And if we act in that spirit I know that we will win out. And if we don't act it out spreads and we worry about our own personal happiness and our joy in our own personal liberation and we have failed not only the people of Cuba all the people. Bob Avakian comes on I want to know first of all that a little rain never hurt anybody. And second of all.
Second of all that on Monday a rally will be given to say why there's a strong possibility that this campus will be on strike within three weeks. Why did you want to find out why this may happen. We've come to Monday's rally and listen when they talk on behalf of you and the others. Bob Avakian from the Peace and Freedom Party. I'm not leaving because I'm going to be right. So. Even the people who join us. Now I want to tell you first of all. We intend to put our resources and the effort
because they're interrelated and. Are interrelated with what they are doing. Now as a starter I would like to say the number of active party convention in March. A major portion of his time planning and helping to lay the groundwork for next stop a draft and it got me all the people in that convention. Well later we give a damn about that. Also. Another party intended for running for Congress. We believe that a very significant way to raise the issue which he knew was involved in the entire issue of black liberation and the state this country is in where black people are at where the Reeses power structures are. Beyond that I want to go into a question and not too many people have gone into it or if anybody here today and why specifically all these crackdowns
occurring why is the repression now it seems to me the fundamental law is that people who are oppressors. Do not like to show the wrong group or so their oppression it was unnecessary for them to do so. And these people that run this government in this country are no different than any other oppressor. They would like to have people throughout the world be passive big client so it was unnecessary for them to use their brute force. Because when people see brute force manifest and they react against it the way we have it stop with the open induction center where people did at the Dean Rusk reception a few weeks ago in the way you did and you can see that in Vietnam the United States goes into Vietnam in the first place or into Latin America. They don't go in immediately with the Marines and napalm and fragmentation bombs and all the other horrors that we've come to know. They first go in with the CIA maybe with the prostitute or professors with the phony aid programs the Alliance for Progress or whatever it be they try to cajole the people. And if all that fails and they can't pull the wool over people's eyes then they resort to brute
power then the Marines come after special forces perhaps not maybe the Marines are first anymore but then the Marines come and all the proof military power is going to play you know as things develop and we see the same kind of thing has been just happening here it's very important to American imperialism and I'm sorry that slogan here is because what it is is very important to the imperialist in this country to be able to at the same time commit the most barbarous crimes imaginable abroad while creating and maintaining the veneer of freedom a democracy here at home. Now it's been difficult for them to do that in the ghettos because the blatant oppression there has been rather obvious. But among you know students of other middle class people least white people in this society. Up until very recently we believed in all that mythology that we had no right to advocate we had the right to organize the right to act politically. And it was very important for the power structure to keep that mythology alive and the reason they're so mad at us so mad at the people who planned and participated in stopping traffic for example is because we took a step toward exploring that whole mythology. We forced them to bring out the Oakland police
and call up the National Guard and Reserve and to begin to show the people right here in this privileged sanctuary exactly what the nature of American power is all about and that's why they're moving against us. As if they had a caucus on their heads a little I can do that because it didn't look good going out over TV and people began to ask questions as to why a middle class lady with a stroller a little kid and she beat over the head and maced and I began to pick up people's consciences and they didn't. The power structure didn't like that at all because people began to ask questions and they're not supposed to ask. And it's important to realize that if we just interested in peace in the world and the oppressed of the world want peace they can have it by paying one price and that is to submit to oppression. But if they refuse to submit to oppression and they have to recognize that they're going to have the full force of this power structure who can bring to bear brought down upon them and this is what's beginning to happen to us now we still want to go through you see this legal process. They didn't just take Steve Hamilton like Smith party to wrest line him up and shoot him because I would have been a little too obvious it was a little bit too much ahead of their timetable. So what they do is they take this phony court system and they have
rigged up. And they indict them on these ridiculous charges which you know was like not only do they get a conspiracy when they get in for a felony rather than just a misdemeanor. Now if I walk down the old induction center and they start disturbing the peace according to their definition you know all they're already doing that all over the world. But if I disturb their peace they can arrest me and charge people for one five misdemeanor but if I talk to one of these gentlemen up here about it and then we go down and do it and they can charge with a felony for planning to commit a misdemeanor and this is just a way of getting around double jeopardy so that made a mistake and put in to think about you could try a person for the same crime twice. So they had to get around that by inventing a felony conspiracy charge and they could not only try him for the same crime twice but make one of the felony and that's what we see happening now and what happened at the local induction center. Remember we were down there in front of the thing and they said in the name of the people we said we are the people and they said no you're not and cops came down on our head and they walk up to us and they smashed one of us over the head or like Bob and Ellie grabbed his wife to try to calm the defense of his wife as any man would. And he talked with Polonius assault on an officer. Now how is that any different than what happened to you when you
cop comes up to you and you can provoke him as they have been for months. Well they knew every car but he drove in where they had his picture all over the you know the police departments when in fact as a black man the leaflet says the trigger that fired the bullet and he was really pulled several hundred years ago. How is that any different. You see they come up on you and try to kill him and because he defended himself now he's charged with murder and assault with intent to commit murder. And it's not only the Oakland Police Department and the way they relate to us and whether or not you knew them but joined up at least at this point the black liberation struggle with the anti-war movement. It's a much broader question. And that question is the question of a fundamental challenge to the power of the society. The black liberation movement poses that challenge the anti-war movement the anti-graft movement as it moves toward resistance is beginning to pose that challenge and they are responding the way all blind tyrants respond when their powers challenge by brute force and by attempting to mitigate that brute force through the veneer of a court apparatus which we all know is great. And I think that we have to look to Germany we've all been talking about Yuri let's look at
Germany. You know the Jews weren't the first people that got in Germany and don't forget that they went in the trade union movement smashed that ripped out all the people they call Communists and then they felt secure to move against the Jews and they did so we all know what happened there. Well oppression against black people in society has always been most direct most brutal. And they've moved first against black people they moved against Rap Brown against LeRoi Jones now gives you a new. And it's directly in our interest to link our struggle in our defense to their struggle in their defense because we stand by as we do then Germany. I hope it doesn't make me anti-Semitic and allow a communist you know other commies to be smashed and we do the same kind of thing with our black brothers here then we're going to have no defense we're going to prodding ourselves or allowing the power structure to deprive us of an ally. So there is a direct even in terms of self-interest. There is a direct link between our struggle on this level with you we didn't and the whole struggle of the anti-war movement the black liberation movement is important to recognize that this and I want to make one last point. There was a direct link between the open court house today 2:00 p.m. and our own liberation because you liberate yourself not by
standing on the brow steps and talking about having a little informal forums over there on the terrace but you liberate yourself by acting every day for your own liberation for liberation of other people. We can begin to do that at 2:00 p.m. today and I think it's vital that we do so because let me just say this. There is a certain dialectic to this repression is going on. But try to suggest. Brute force is used by tyrants when they feel challenged. The very fact that they're moving hard against us the very fact that they even moved against Dr Spock tells us they feel challenged for once feel warm and defensive and that's coming back at us hard and I think this is what we must do. In contrast to what happened in the 50s is to mount a massive offensive to turn our defense into an office to push them against the war to broaden our movement and to take over the machinery that they're using out of oppressed people and use it to liberate all people of the world including ourselves. Thank you very much. The next speaker is a professor of mathematics professor John Kelly.
We want to join vigorously. We want to join our opposition to.
Noyon. With far less money. I think we might. The military stupidity of terrorists to threaten our social life. Its. Military. But this is not the military of this country. We must stop this threat. I think if we pursue our course without question. To the last war.
- Producing Organization
- KPFA (Radio station : Berkeley, Calif.)
- Contributing Organization
- Pacifica Radio Archives (North Hollywood, California)
- AAPB ID
- This is a recording of speeches given at a rally on January 26, 1968 on Sproul Hall Steps at University of California, Berkeley calling for the release of the Oakland Seven and Huey Newton, the co-founder of the Black Panthers. The Oakland Seven, consisting of Frank Bardacke, Terry Cannon, Reese Erlich, Steve Hamilton, Bob Mandel, Jeff Segal, and Mike Smith, had been indicted and held on conspiracy charges for the October 1967 anti-draft demonstrations in Oakland. The group would be acquitted in 1969. Huey Newton was imprisoned and awaiting trial for allegedly killing an Oakland police officer during a traffic stop, a charge that was overturned in a 1970 appeal. In the recording, speakers condemn police brutality against black individuals and anti-draft demonstrators, and call for these groups to unify and jointly advocate for release of Huey Newton and the arrested demonstrators. Speakers include Bobby Seale, Chairman of the Black Panther Party and Black Panther Party co-founder; Bettina Aptheker, Free Speec
- Broadcast Date
- Created Date
- Event Coverage
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Protest movements; African Americans--Civil rights--History
- Media type
Producing Organization: KPFA (Radio station : Berkeley, Calif.)
Speaker: Aptheker, Bettina
Speaker: Scheer, Robert
Speaker: Seale, Bobby, 1936-
Speaker: Kelly, John
- AAPB Contributor Holdings
Pacifica Radio Archives
Identifier: 21334_D01 (Pacifica Radio Archives)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Pacifica Radio Archives
Identifier: PRA_AAPP_BB1783_Rally_for_the_Oakland_Seven (Filename)
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- Chicago: “Rally for the Oakland Seven and Huey Newton in Berkeley, California,” 1968-03-26, Pacifica Radio Archives, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 28, 2022, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-28-ft8df6kf9j.
- MLA: “Rally for the Oakland Seven and Huey Newton in Berkeley, California.” 1968-03-26. Pacifica Radio Archives, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 28, 2022. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-28-ft8df6kf9j>.
- APA: Rally for the Oakland Seven and Huey Newton in Berkeley, California. Boston, MA: Pacifica Radio Archives, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-28-ft8df6kf9j