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President, have you been surprised by the intensity of the protest against your decision to send to Cambodia and will these protest affect your policy in any way? No, I have not been surprised by the intensity of the protest. I realize that those who are protesting believe that this decision will expand the war in police American casualties and in police American involvement. And those who protest want peace, they want to reduce American casualties and they want our boys brought home. I made the decision, however, for the very reasons that they are protesting. 另eyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyeyey
I knew he'd be on our own, this summer I hear the drumming for ten years, oh, why don't we gotta get down to it? May 1970, six days of protest at the University of New Mexico, a special presentation of KUNM News. On Wednesday, April 29, 1970, President Nixon announced that he had already ordered U.S. troops to invade Cambodia at the request of the Cambodian government. By Monday, May 4, the Ohio National Guard had killed four students and injured eleven others at Kent State University during demonstrations against U.S. involvement in Cambodia.
By the following Thursday, more than 300 universities and colleges around the nation were on strike against the Indo-Chinese War and the atrocities at Kent State. The National Guard marched on more than 40 campuses to restore order. The following is the story of what took place at the University of New Mexico during those few days of national turbulence in May 1970. The National Guard marched on more than 40 campuses and injured eleven others at Kent State University during demonstrations against U.S. involvement in Cambodia. King Sosa's and Nixon's coming will finally be on our own. This summer I hear the drumming, or get in Ohio, or get in Ohio, or go get in Ohio. Though the University of New Mexico was only one of many universities on strike, what happened here was unique in two ways.
First, it was one of few universities during the strike where students were injured by the National Guard. In fact, it was the first time the National Guard has ever been used to quell a campus disturbance at the University of New Mexico. Secondly, the University remained virtually open and in student control, despite administrative attempts to close it down and send the students home. It can't happen here. It can't happen here. I'm telling you my dear, that it can happen here. The University of New Mexico is located in Albuquerque, population 356,000, the largest city in the state. The campus of 15,000 students has always been relatively quiet. Unlike Columbia and Berkeley, the University has never been very fertile ground for radical student movements.
If anything, the campus has always been a bit backward, too largely to the apathy of the student body, many of whom seem destined to enter the mainstream of Middle America. Protest issues had never gotten more than a small minority of students upset enough to get involved. Just why the sudden U.S. involvement in Cambodia and the grim tragedy of Kent State captured the emotions and anger of so many students at the University of New Mexico, no one can really say. It can't happen here. It can't happen here. I'm telling you my dear, that it can happen here. For the University of New Mexico, it all began on Monday, May 4. The day four students at Kent State were gunned down by the National Guard. That evening, after a day of frustration and anger, 300 students gathered at the University to hear a scheduled speech by actress Jane Fonda, her first before a university audience. In her speech, she called for, quote, nonviolent and vigorous protest of Nixon's Cambodian policy and an end to the bombing of North Vietnamese villages, unquote.
Miss Fonda said she, quote, could no longer live in Europe as an American trying to defend America, unquote. Miss Fonda appealed to the audience for, in her words, total involvement for peace. Quote, let the violence stay with those who are violent and let them hang for it. When Miss Fonda had finished, several members of the audience took over the microphone and called for a strike and a boycott of classes to protest the Kent State killings. The meeting then suddenly became a strike organizing committee. The assembled students voted to strike beginning on Wednesday, May 6. Three makeshift demands were drawn up to be presented to University of New Mexico President, Farrell Heddy. The group demanded more scholarships for Indian students, letters of protest from Dr. Heddy against American involvement in Cambodia, and similar letters protesting the atrocities at Kent State. When some students demanded the removal of ROTC from the campus, Miss Fonda appealed for nonviolence. Quote, we must act nonviolently, she said.
Asked by reporters whether she felt nonviolence would work, Miss Fonda replied. About 300 students then marched to President Heddy's home to present him with their list of demands, but Dr. Heddy chose not to appear. The crowd gradually broke up to make plans through the night for the strike. Small heated discussions about Cambodia and Kent State took place all over the campus throughout the night. Oh, I am just a student, sir, and only want to learn, but it's hard to read through the rise and smoke from the books that you like to bear.
So I'd like to make a promise and I'd like to make a vow that when I've got some to say, sir, I'm gonna say it now. Students arriving for classes on Tuesday morning stared in disbelief at the word strike, scrolled on sidewalks and buildings around the campus. To many, this was the first they had heard of the rumblings of discontent at the University of New Mexico. By 7.30 a.m., leaflets were already being distributed to inform people of plans for the strike. The strike began together momentum. In many classes, discussions about Cambodia, Kent State and the strike were taking place. Throughout the morning, department meetings were being called for the purpose of drafting statements and deciding whether or not to participate directly in the strike. By 11 a.m., word had been received that the Department of Educational Foundations of the School of Education had decided to join the strike on Wednesday.
By nightfall, all departments of the University except biology, geology, psychology, and the colleges of engineering and pharmacy had either voted to strike as a group or had issued statements expressing support for the strike and its goals, but leaving the decision of whether or not to strike up to the individual professors. The students at the School of Law boycotted classes for the day in order to draft a statement of concern to the office of the U.S. Attorney, Victor R. Ortega. The statement set in part, with a dreadful sense of urgency, we submit that it is time for all of us to consider carefully the future that we would have for our nation. It is time to realize that unlawful acts and armed repression are not answers to our affliction. All I am just a student, sir, and only want to learn, but it's hard to read through the rise and smoke from the books that you like to burn, so I like to make a promise that I'd like to make of all that when I've got some to say, sir, I'm going to say it now. At 1.30 p.m., a few minutes after associated student body President Eric Nelson was sworn into office, a news conference was held to issue a statement concerning the proposed strike.
The statement set in part, Americans have long endured a fruitless war in Southeast Asia. Now that war is spreading with alarming rapidities, students at home have once again stood up and said no, with anti-war marches, rallies and demonstrations. This time, however, their cries of outrage have been met with bullets which have left for dead and an undetermined number injured. The statement also called for a three-pronged course of action. It proposed that New Mexico adopted law similar to one which was recently passed by the Massachusetts State Legislature declaring that no citizen of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts could be drafted to fight in any undeclared war. It urged that President Farrell Heady and the University Board of Regents wire President Nixon to express their condemnation of the Cambodian action and the tragedy at Kent State. And lastly, it called for the University to refuse to pay the 10 percent federal telephone tax which is designed to provide revenue for the war effort.
That afternoon, Dr. Heady began to respond to student demands. In an apparent effort to show students that he was not against what they were advocating, Dr. Heady sent a telegram to President Nixon. I want to express a sense of deep personal concern for the acts of violence at Kent State University and particularly for the tragic loss of life there. I must also express my very strong feeling that your decision to extend the war by sending US ground troops into Cambodia was a mistake and is likely to slow down rather than step up the rate of withdrawal of our armed forces from Vietnam. I share the apprehensions expressed by Senator Clinton P. Anderson as to the consequences of this decision. At the same time, Dr. Heady declared a day of mourning on Wednesday in honor of the Kent State 4. That was the official response of the University Administration. Meanwhile, the newly elected student Senate met an emergency session. Among the actions it took were an authorization to fly the American flag at the University at half-mast until Saturday morning for the dead students at Kent State,
and an allocation for rental of buses to take students from the University to the Republican Governor's Conference in Santa Fe on Friday may 8th. The actions taken by the student Senate were indicative of the early direction this strike was to take. The flag became a center of controversy. By noon Tuesday before the student Senate action, crowds had gathered around the flagpole on the University campus and were disputing among themselves over whether or not to lower it to half-mast. Following the student Senate meeting, President Heady authorized the flag to be flown at half-mast every day until noon through Friday. The Governor's Conference became a focal point for strike action as a way of publicizing the demands of the nation's students. A march was being planned to interrupt a breakfast for the Governor scheduled for Friday at Albuquerque Civic Auditorium. It was felt that interrupting the Governor's breakfast would give national recognition to the general students' strike and the demands of students everywhere.
Meanwhile, trouble was beginning to brew over the flag. Following the student Senate meeting, associated student-body Vice President Frank Linn met with students gathered at the flagpole and informed them of the student Senate's decision. The meeting flag is being marked with the morning hour and honor of the 45 people who are killed at Kent State. I've received words from Dr. Hottak in her night. We'll be following normal protocols for the next three days. The flag will be a half-staff in the Marines and a full-staff in the afternoon as it usually is until I believe isn't so Saturday. The flag was then lowered but was raised again to full-mast by a group of anti-strikers shortly afterwards. At 5 p.m., the campus police, seeing the potential trouble over the flag, removed it from the pole.
Meanwhile, it was learned that Vice President Agnew had canceled his scheduled appearance at the National Republican Governor's conference. His cancellation was the death blow for the conference. President Nixon had canceled his appearance a few days earlier and many of the governors themselves had canceled following the outbreak of the general student's strike. In addition to the academic departments which had decided to participate in the strike, a group of physical plant workers had voted to stay off their jobs until the strike was resolved. The workers were involved in an attempt to unionize themselves to win collective bargaining rights. Their participation in the strike increased the perspective and scope of the strike demands to include their demand for collective bargaining. As evening approached, plans were being made for a strike rally to make some decisions above strike activities. The rally, scheduled to begin at 8 p.m., didn't get underway until 10-30 due to an incredibly long speech by John Kenneth Galbraith. As the restless students sat and listened, Galbraith criticized President Nixon for his Cambodian policy and student radicals for their impatience with what Galbraith termed the democratic process.
When the rally finally got underway, volunteers stepped forward to act as strike marshals and medic units were organized to deal with emergency problems. Discussion then focused upon what to do next. God damn fire! Of this, once we met Donald, after another step to this microphone is over, we were going to go anything! We must be united! And we can unite behind Nixon! We've got to prepare for what's coming tomorrow. We've got to, the Marshalls got to be ranked in a hell of a head.
Because they, and now tomorrow, when we start taking the Marshalls side, something's going to happen. All right, so we're going to have to take this around. Now, we need a first day group, too. We want you volunteers for that. Okay? Now, we want to keep going. If you can have just how we're going to story out, you're right. I think we've got to put it through again. We've got to make it hard. We're on strike. Now, we go forward and put up those solar hoses around the emphasis of the building. Right on! Now, we do that tonight. We need workers. Right now, that's what I've got. Excuse me for the true last thing. Right on both, right now. I've got a concrete...
We need help. Not tonight. Now, uh... I mean, uh... Well, listen. I mean, we're breaking against the military. Now, why don't we march toward the military? Let the war hold! Let the war go to Kirkland! Right now! We're going to work for Kirkland! We're going to work for Kirkland! We're going to work for Kirkland! We're going to work for Kirkland! We're going to work for Kirkland! Thank you, everybody. I think that brilliant suggestion will dissipate our energy and dissipate our focus. I would like to suggest that these specific things that tonight, that go back and detect a certain amount of creative tension here, which we can really use. That's really significant. I think that tonight will disintegrate. So, one day, during the Chese cheece,
the more energy is the higher the power of the people, the higher the power of the government in Turkey, and at the pronunciation of demonstration we all walk over to rat them to nightly chemical engineering, and we have a camp out-sleeping, surrounding the building now, and until they are under the strike, we're really out-of- theseической reports. We're sleeping rats for another three. So let's start here in a minute. corporation and other defense contractors. Also, the board for the striking worker. Also, ticketing of all the patents that are not on strike to make this back total. Any other idea? I have one idea for what we should do tomorrow. I'm not as good as this university, I'm one of John Finnish down the strip load so listen, a Peace Corps just got back. But I'm coming here in the fall and I think if you're a strike tomorrow, a strike means that no one gets in the building. And as that's simple, no one goes to plan. Okay, right now I wrote the Dementican classification program. Oh, yeah, but I'll take off work tomorrow, somebody joins me. I'll sit with you for the one who's 2070, that's you. And that's what you have to do. It's gonna be a strike, a strike, no one goes to plan and that means you put your body in front of that doorway. I'll put my body
there if somebody joins me. If nobody joins me, I'll do it anyhow. Because the point is let's make this very ineffective one. That's one suggestion. Use your body and if you have enough bodies there's never going to have to move you. Okay, so they move you. What do you prove? You prove that they want to break this strike and you prove that they subscribe to everything they believe in. And that's what we're fighting about, isn't it? Let's have a strike with less seven expected ones. All right, let's move John Finnish saying right now. Tonight. I got one question. There's got to be some people in this off in this town who are like pan radio people, you know, they've got mobile units in their fire. You get one on my own. You get one here at the university and then you find someone who's got me. Well, she's got me things for information. And when you can't start coming, you know where they're from. They're in. And they're doing it at first right now. They're close to fighting. They wouldn't hurt us. They're trying to make a difference. All right, I got one. Then I'll say the same. And that is. But then she'll make a set about there's been a strike. It is precisely right. Now, the objective should be
to close the thing down. That's where the close the thing down is. She's out, out, close, close. Now, if you're different, we finish. Now, today's people, if they're going to go and all you see right that's groovy, you may go. No threat. All right, if people are going to organize, if people are going to organize along with organizing, and he's organizing, he's up behind you right now, it's going to be organized to get ready. So, what we're going to start to do tomorrow, and it's the only beginning because we're going to tell him it's straight to the big room. So big stuff. I said, big dinner in all the 40 days. And there's going to be a lot of people doing this. Tell him that they ain't cut. And we're going to have to start preparing for that right now. So, those are doing what is going to happen. So, those are doing what is going to start a strike. Let's stay right there and start a strike.
While all this was going on, word was received that Governor Cargo had placed the National Guard on standby alert. All discussion turned immediately to the National Guard and ROTC and what to do about each. The task of organizing the strike was made a good deal simpler by the threat of National Guard action. Bickering subsided as problems arose requiring serious attention on the part of those students involved in the strike. The rally broke up with the bulk of students meeting in small groups to do concrete planning while about 300 others decided to march to the arrows T.C. building and occupy it. So, those are doing what is going to happen.
At 11.45 pm, while 250 students waited outside, about 75 others entered the ROTC building through an open door and began to fill the small lobby. The only damage done during the student's occupation of the building occurred with the first wave of students to enter it. Some file cabinets were overturned and a door was kicked in. ROTC records, however, were not disturbed. Associated student body President Eric Nelson arrived at the ROTC building shortly after it was occupied. He attempted to get those inside the building
to leave before violence erupted. The occupiers voted to remain in the building, so reinforcements of strike marshals were posted near the building along with medic volunteers to ensure the safety of the students involved. KUNM asked Eric Nelson shortly afterwards what the university administration's response to the occupation would be. Nelson said he had been in telephone contact with President Heddy during the evening. The President had assured him that peaceful picketing and connection with strike activities would be appropriate, but that interference with students wanting to attend class would not be permitted. Governor David Cargo in turn had been in contact with President Heddy during the evening. He called to inquire what Heddy knew of the ROTC building situation.
Heddy recalled that some mention was made at the time of the National Guard. I believe he brought it up, Heddy said. I don't think I did, about conditions under which the Guard would be used at UNM. He hoped it would not be necessary to use the Guard had he continued, and if it was necessary, the Guard would only be brought to the campus to be used for traffic control, to control entrances and exits, freeing the other officers for use on the campus. Only in a great emergency, Heddy said. Would the Guard be used on campus? I said I hope they wouldn't be used at all. I said I hope you understand the stance of the students and the administration about the use of the National Guard. At midnight Cargo told the press, I do not anticipate the guardsmen and the state police will go on the campus unless there is a real emergency. They won't do anything about moving them from the building until morning. Heddy said, I hope you understand the stance of the guardsmen and the state police
for use on the campus, freeing the other officers for use on the campus, freeing the other officers for use on the campus. Heddy said, I hope you understand the stance of the guardsman but you deny it's urgent and you are a man of war soon. You must give me lessons Now there are several lessons that I haven't mastered yet, I haven't got the hang out how to use the bayonet. If he doesn't die at once, I might just stick him with it more or I hope you will be patient, or I've never killed before. And the hand grenade is something that I just don't understand. You've got to throw it quickly or your absolute use your hand.
Throw them in the pieces with it, wicked my holder all. I've got so much to know because I've never killed before. Well, I want to thank this Argent for the help you've been to me. You've taught me how to kill and how to hate the enemy. And I know that I'll be ready when they march me off the wall. And I know that it won't matter that I've never killed before. I know that it won't matter that I've never killed before. Student occupiers at the Arrow T.C. building spent most of the night in animated discussion about the war, the military industrial complex and the strike in general. Word was received that those remaining in the building at dawn would definitely be arrested. At 5.30 a.m., strike medics assembled near the Arrow T.C. building to prepare for any violence as a result of arrests.
With the arrival of newsmen, an impromptu news conference was held. The students read a statement to the press explaining the reasons for the occupation. They said their primary reason was to protest American military involvement in Southeast Asia and especially the unwarranted invasion of Cambodia. The secondary reason they said was to protest all war in a nonviolent manner. As promised, the police arrived at dawn to clear the building. About 20 were uniformed campus policemen and approximately 100 other persons were gathered to watch the arrests. But were surprised to see the students file peacefully out of the building and disappear into the crowd. Meanwhile, a meeting was underway in the student union building to prepare for the picket lines which were to be the focus of the day's strike activities.
It was agreed that no buildings would be blockaded nor would students wishing to attend classes be prevented from doing so. As it turned out, no coercion was needed to make the boycott on classes effective since many classes had already been called off by individual professors. By Wednesday evening, only 30 percent of scheduled classes had actually been held and in most of these attendance was quite low. At 7 a.m., a strike flag bearing the symbol of a clenched fist was discovered flying from the flagpole. The hoistrope had been cut. By 9 a.m., the flagpole was again surrounded by strikers and anti-strikers debating the presence of the strike flag, how to remove it, and whether the American flag went again atop its perch should be flown at half or full mast. In the meantime, the strikers formed picket lines at the major entrances to the university. As the day progressed, their numbers, which were small at first, swelled until it became impossible for vehicles to travel through the picket lines.
Those who tried to run the picket lines were met by hundreds of angry students. Several of the intruding automobiles windows were smashed by the fists of demonstrators. In order to avoid further confrontations between strikers and automobiles, the students erected barricades and cordoned off the streets. Back at the flagpole, the crowds had grown and angry debate continued. At 11 a.m., a city fire truck arrived to remove the strike flag from the pole. When it was down, the flag was ceremoniously burned by anti-strikers, and the American flag again raised to full mast by the campus police. This action by the campus police obviously only increased the hostility of the crowd, and shortly thereafter, UNM Vice President Harold Lavender entered the crowd and ordered the campus police to lower the flag again to half mast to avert violence. But the flag stayed at half mast only for a short time. At noon, President Heady ordered the flag raised to full staff in accordance with his earlier instructions.
Dr. Lavender was giving the task of ensuring that the flag was raised. Shortly afterwards, KUNM spoke to Lavender about what was happening. Dr. Lavender, hi. Did anyone come? Did you order the raising of the flag again? Yes. When the Senate discussed the major yesterday, I pointed out the frankly prior to the session. Dr. Lavender said that half mast, flag is full of half mast. It's still the same process of respect. It went up by my order. It went down by my order when I went over there because at it gone up at 6 o'clock this morning, there was a problem. Things broke. It would have gone, it would have been at half staff almost. Tomorrow it will be at half mast to avert. The President has heard about the half mast in the request of the half staff for four days.
For any charges taken by the channel, I'm not going to charge it, but I left to get out of the, you know, because I was, there was no point in my standing there screaming at them. And I don't know what happened after I left, except the flag stayed down until noon as I told the police to do it. At least that it did. I hope that tomorrow, both groups will be tolerant of one another and understand that this is only you. That we have been given legal advice, that we have the authority to order this. And if we had not been given it, I would not have done it. I would have told the group ahead of time that I wouldn't do it. If I was told I couldn't do it legally. And what is your opinion of this strike so far? Well, I was the moral for a new wall and had to go over here and have been levied unfortunately, so I didn't get a feeling for the completeness of the thing. It certainly has generated a considerable amount of interest and a lot of people and I came fit.
So far, we haven't had any incidents that I didn't have to pay with our own resources. And I hope we can continue that way also, because, you know, we know what the alternatives are. Raising the flag to full mass did not end the matter. By this time participants on both sides of the issue were beginning to feel that something ought to be done. ASUNM President Eric Nelson appeared at the flagpole to calm the various factions. When this failed, he removed the flag and took it to the campus police station. Nelson requested from Mr. Karen's head of campus security that two or three campus policemen be sent to the flagpole to prevent any violence. However, no police were sent. 15 minutes later, a group of anti-strikers obtained the flag from campus police and raised it again to full massed on the flagpole. A challenge was issued that anyone who wanted to fly it at half mass was welcome to try and do so. No one took up the challenge until almost two hours later, when a group of black students declared their intention to lower the flag once again. This is what took place. They give a nice. That's not the way. These people are crazy. That's not the business. We don't know what they're saying.
That's not what they're saying. Then, the violence broke loose.
When one of the students reached up to cut the rope with a cardboard box cutter, a fight in suit in which three students were cut. At the time, it was claimed that they had been stabbed. Later in the day, warrants were issued for the arrest of six of the students involved in the fight. They were charged with aggravated assault, but a later investigation revealed that the injuries were accidental and all charges against the six were dropped. The injured students were taken to Bernalio County Medical Center and were treated for minor lacerations. The incident at the flagpole gave the university administration the opportunity it had been waiting for. A meeting of approximately 600 students had been called in the anthropology lecture hall to prevent Dr. Martin Fleck from giving an exam to the students in his biology class.
While the meeting was in progress, word was received that President Hetty, in collaboration with Governor Cargo, had closed UNM until Monday, May 11th. This is President Hetty, in view of the violence that has occurred on campus this afternoon, and a decision on my part that it is impossible to carry on normally under these conditions. I have recommended to him, and we have agreed jointly, that we will close down normal operations of the university for the rest of this week until next Monday, that our campus security forces will be supplemented by state police who will be on campus by direction of the governor. I am making this announcement to all people concerned that we clear the campus of all those except those who need to be here as promptly as possible.
I ask your cooperation in applying. I request that students who live off campus leave the campus, that students who live on campus go to the residence halls, that people from off campus leave the vicinity of the campus, that members of the university staff remain in their offices for the time being until they get instructions from them. The instructions from the supervisors has to bother to remain to the end of working hours today, or to leave their offices earlier. I request that everyone hearing this announcement take the action that I have reviewed. The students attending the meeting reacted with predictable anger at Heddy's announcement. It was felt that Heddy's closure of the university was merely an attempt on the part of the university administration to co-opt the momentum of the strike.
It was generally agreed that the strike should continue whether or not the school was closed. In order to place more control over the students during the university closure, the administration placed an 8 p.m. curfew on women's students residing in dormitories on the campus. This measure was no more than a week gesture, however, because striking women's students avoided the dormitories entirely. The anthropology lecture hall meeting broke up with the students marching and mass to the mall where it was decided to occupy the student union building since it was the best place to meet while classes were closed. UNM Vice President Travelstad, who had been standing silently to one side listening to the progress of the meeting, rose to the podium and pleaded with the students to leave the campus for, as he said, the safety of us all. He was ignored and students began to stream into the union. Inside, union officials tried to close the building, but were unable to persuade anyone to leave. The strike meeting was continued inside the building.
The strikers heard various speakers, including ASUNM President Eric Nelson. Among the speakers was George McGill, a law student who gave his reasons for going on strike. What we got to think about is right over here, and I can tell you why I'm here, and that's why they asked me to speak. In 1968, a lot of us took the political role for one of the peace candidates while we were discussing the war in Vietnam. And the end result of our efforts in our determination and our sincerity was claim-axing Chicago, where they think our heads and they kill our brothers and sisters, and that was the result of your involvement in the political arena. Well, they said to you, don't need to stay because you made some progress, and some of them are staying. And then came along to think about the mobilization committee and the Mediterranean day. And we went to the Mediterranean day with good faith, just like we had done in 1968. And we arrived with our brothers and sisters, and we arrived with the people, and outside of the university. And we marched down the Central Avenue of the United States, and it was one thing that we were sure of.
We might not have been victorious at that point because the troops were still in Vietnam. But we saw that a constructive notice had been put not only before this president, but every president to come, that the people in the United States would not tolerate. I'm a machination, I'm a fabulous ruler, we're men, and material will come in for some previous reasons and without our consent. And that, that we were sure of. Well, this meeting was still in progress. The second violin incident of that day took place at the barricades. The barricades had been erected at Stanford and Central to block any traffic at the university's main entrance. At approximately 5.30 p.m., one William Lee Stone, a student drove his Volkswagen into the barricades.
The impact tossed one student into the air and inflicted minor injuries upon three others. Three of the students were treated and released at a local hospital that evening. The injured students were identified as Michael Montgomery, William Jimerson, Martin McGuire, and Edward Williams. KUNM was at the scene. This is at school with the barricade on Stanford and Central. There's been an apparent hit and run here. A 10 Volkswagen with one man appeared at Rand the Barricade running down one unidentified victim. The victim is being attended by student medics and men from Gold Cross Ambulance Service. And now moving the victim into the ambulance. The victim has been lying still in the ground, bleeding from the nose and the mouth.
The officials here at the barricade have the license number of the car. This unidentified student or a non-student is being moved at the ambulance now. With Rob Bolton here who is here in the incident, Rob, can you tell us exactly what happened? The car came whizzing around the corner and just took three guys right out. Just hit him, didn't stop it all. Lipped him right over the car. One guy is just concussion. He's probably gone. I treated some guy for just completely ripped up back, completely scraped. This gave him a scraped off his back. Another guy, completely, his arm was wrecked. The last is a broken, what is his F from this incident? This morning some PE major hit me in the face and knocked my glances. We don't have any idea what kind of condition this fellow is in. He's been concussion, obvious concussion, severe bleeding in the face and mouth. Okay, thank you Rob. Later that evening, the driver of the hit and run vehicle, William Stone, turned himself into Albuquerque police. No charges were filed or citations issued according to Lieutenant Bob Stover who was acting station commander at the time. Stone was released to his attorney and to date, no charges have been lodged against Stone despite numerous attempts to do so by members of UNM's practical law program.
Back inside the sub, the occupation continued as the building's food supplies were opened and distributed. Students donated food, money and labor to keep the sub running all night. Outside, close to 1,000 strikers lie in central Avenue at the barricades, waving peace signs at passing motorists and yelling, honk for peace. This is Marcy Cohn. I'm speaking to a Robert Steinberg at the intersection of Stanford and Central. Bob, could you tell me why you're holding a rock in your hand? I'm holding a rock in my hand because four people have been hit by hit and run drivers today. And I'll tell you, anyone that tries to hit me or I see anyone that hits anyone else, I'm going to put out his windshield and that is why I'm holding a rock and it's a rather large rock. What do you feel about this barricade? Any feelings you feel this has been successful? I think it's a good way to bring it to the attention of the Albuquerque public. I don't feel there's too much reason to have a barricade to keep people off campus when the police will do it for us.
But it's reaching the city. It's affecting people judging by the traffic going by here. Do you think that this has helped to cure some of the divisions within the ranks of the students that we're very obvious today? I couldn't say there's some very big divisions. There's one group in the sub right now and the student government group is not associating with them. And this seems to be a third group out here now. I don't think this is actually bringing people together because there are some people that just don't want to be brought together. I think there are people here that want violence or other people that want results. And I don't really see this as bringing people together but it isn't hurting anything by any means. It's getting people away from the quarrel like in the sub. Do you have any idea how long this barricade will keep going? I imagine people beginning to get tired around 12 or so. I don't know. I think it'll last that long. Thank you very much.
Notwithstanding the incident of that afternoon, students manned the barricades throughout the night and an atmosphere of peace prevailed over the gathering. At 8 p.m., Dr. Travelsted announced that the student union building would remain open legally all night for the use of the students. In the sub ballroom, a meeting was taking place to discuss plans for a peaceful protest to the Republican Governor's conference. Meanwhile, law students were making plans for a meeting with Governor Cargo in Santa Fe the next morning. At 8.30 p.m., the sub was temporarily evacuated because of a phony bomb threat. The building was fruitlessly searched and students returned to their activities without incident. At closing time, no attempt was made to remove the students from the sub. The decision not to take action was made after university officials conferred with Major Hoover Wimbrily, head of state police intelligence, who was of the opinion that the building was in no danger. State police chief Martin V. Hill said he thought no action would be taken until the next Monday. V. Hill said, in his words, we were in favor of that because the last thing I wanted to do was to have to remove anybody by force.
What did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? What did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? I learned that Washington never told a lie. I learned that soldiers seldom die. I learned that everybody is free and that's what the teacher says to me. And that's what I learned in school today. That's what I learned in school. And what did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? What did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? I learned that policemen are my friends. I learned that justice never ends. I learned that murderers die for the crimes. Even if we make a mistake sometimes, that's what I learned in school today. That's what I learned in school. And what did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? What did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? I learned that war is not so bad. I learned about the great ones we have. We fought in Germany and in France. And someday I might get my chance.
That's what I learned in school today. That's what I learned in school. And what did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? What did you learn in school today dear little boy of mine? I learned our government must be strong. It's always right and never wrong. Our leaders are the finest men. And we elect them again and again. And that's what I learned in school today. That's what I learned in school. Early Thursday morning, governors of all 50 states were called to Washington by President Nixon for a special conference. The conference was called to discuss the strike actions and demonstrations which were taking place nationwide. At 10 a.m. elected officials of GSA, ASUNM and law students met with Governor Cargo in Santa Fe. 15 students were present including Eric Nelson, Bill Pickens and Duke Duquette. The group talked with Cargo for half an hour discussing plans for a group of UNM students being present at the Republican governor's conference.
During the meetings, the students asked Cargo about the alerting of the National Guard. Cargo assured the students that he could not foresee the use of National Guard troops at UNM. The establishment of a liaison between Governor's office and UNM was discussed but nothing definite was set up. At 11 a.m., Professor Walker of UNM's law school met with President Heady and asked him to make an immediate statement regarding ROTC and UNM's defense contracts. Heady told Walker to see Vice President travel stead about ROTC and Vice President Springer about the defense contracts. Walker then asked Heady to go over to the sub and take a look at what was being done there. According to Walker, Heady said he didn't have time to walk over to the sub. President Heady, however, denies saying he had no time. Heady said, quote, I saw no purpose in going and that I did not attend to discuss or negotiate about these matters while the sub was occupied, unquote. While this was taking place, five black students charged with aggravated assault in connection with the flagpole Malay were arraigned before Judge O'Toole.
Later that afternoon, the five appeared before Grand jury and all were indicted. ASUNM Senator Barbara Brown made this statement concerning the five men who were indicted. A May 5th student senate called an emergency meeting. During this meeting, a bill was passed to lower the flag at half mass by student senators. On May 6th, Sam Johnson, a student senator, attempted to lower the flag to half mass while doing so, he was attacked by a white male. During this attack, Sam Johnson had two front teeth knocked out and slipped and his lip was busted. At the time, the white male attacked Sam Johnson, a fight broke out between black males watching or watching the flagpole incident and white male students. Four white students were reportedly cut or stabbed. This morning, or late last night, I was informed that four black students had been arrested and that two more had been sought.
And according to the paper statement, that's three students have been arrested and two are still being sought. The black students on this campus are calling a meeting tonight at seven o'clock. We're also calling blacks from the community on this meeting because we feel that this is unjust, the thing that happened at the flagpole. At 1145, it was learned that the Republican governor's conference had been canceled due to the unrest and anger which had gripped campuses across the nation following the invasion of Cambodia. Two o'clock saw a strike rally taking place on the mall. During the rally, Eric Nelson talked about the meeting with cargo and some of the goals of the strike. Okay, I spent most of this morning in the bullsh** session on this strike, coming to the cargo. That is incredible. Okay, how we arranged there was the law students called him and he was pretty much freaked out by the whole thing down here.
And we wanted to talk with them, they wanted to talk with me to see what was going on here. So we went and we impressed upon him. I was really screwing this over with the statements he was making to the press and if he didn't want to turn this into a law right now, he was going to have to make some sort of moderating statement to the community to keep those weirdos from stepping out of the barricade yesterday. Okay, so he's going to do that. And as we left it wasn't finalized but he was a pretty strong statement. I'll have that a little later. I've got to call his office back. Okay, we talked to him about introducing a Massachusetts Bill to legislature and calling a special session.
He sort of smirked and said that he was even reluctant to call a legislature and a session for an ordinary session. He sees us freaked out about them as I think we are. Okay, now I'm hearing a lot of different ideas. I'm sorry I didn't get back. We've planned it out. I was going to learn on it and see what you think. Okay, I wanted to girls in all those, one of the local issues is to get brought to our campus. Now how do we do that? Yeah, it's very important. So what we've we've talked about is that it is having a special session tonight or tomorrow. They're going to have a referendum question, Monday or that as soon as the place is open or as soon as we can get students here. It's just a yes or no question to get it out. And to compliment this, we're starting a telephone campaign to the faculty because we don't have that stupid or all governance things straight now yet.
It's got one of the biggest lovers on the administration and the people are going to need people to do that. We want to dig into the background of the university and follow what kind of military contracts we've got. So we're going to investigate that and we need people for that too. Okay, now the world tax on the telephone. It's come down after a period several months. If people start realizing that they don't pay their tax, nothing happens. So, if you don't pay your war tax, you will not get tested. The people staying around, they have the other page of war tax, and they're still okay. The barricades at Stanford and Central were still up with a small number of students manning them. The campus was generally quiet.
Meanwhile, negotiations were taking place between students and faculty with President Heide also present. It was agreed that the students would leave the sub before morning on Friday. While they were out, the sub would be inspected by UNM officials. After the inspection was completed, the students would be allowed back inside. At 6 p.m., a meeting of the Union Board was held. There were not enough student members present to make a quorum official. The Board rejected a proposal to allow the sub to remain open 24 hours a day with students performing the necessary maintenance and cleaning functions under the supervision of one professional staff member. Unaware of the questionable constitutionality of the meeting when this decision was reached, President Heide stated that he considered the Union Board decision valid and binding. Thursday evening, ASUNM President Eric Nelson made this statement concerning the Union Board meeting. I would like to make clear that the meeting of the Union Board was illegal. It was not a quorum. The Union Board charter calls for five students to be present. Only three were present. Therefore, any action taken during the six o'clock emergency meeting cannot be legally upheld. Secondly, there was a stipulation with the decision that the Board would reconvene if the first proposal was rejected. The proposal was overwhelmingly rejected by the students in the Union Building.
Prior to Nelson's statement, Dr. Heide commented on the situation in the Student Union Building. In a phone conversation with K-1M News, Heide was asked how he intended to handle the situation. Well, I don't think I have any comment to make beyond what I've already made directly to the faculty and students who have talked to me earlier this evening. Okay, well, there are rumors running around the sub that the police will bust the sub. Do you have any comments on that? No, I'm just speculation. I think you understand that I'm not commenting exactly what will follow. Okay, well, if the people in the sub are not willing to accept the suggested arrangement and schedule, which was recommended to them by the Union Board earlier this evening.
Also, there's a question about the Union Board and I'm not having a quorum with this effect. I don't think it's very significant. It's a suggestion that we've made by as many members of the Union Board as were available. It's a suggestion that was accepted by the administration. President Heide could you repeat your earlier statement then? Are you earlier? Well, the one you said that you gave the students and people who were talking with you on the situation. Where are you going with that in the conversation? I just thought it might be different. I think I've covered this on the point that I hope that the arrangement that was suggested and would stipend that an equation approved will be followed by the people who are in the Union.
And I can't make any further comment about it. That's the final subject one, too. They said you're to follow that subject. Okay, thank you very much, Dr. Heide. You appreciate it. At 7 p.m., Eric Nelson held a news conference at the downtowner Motel. The conference was arranged by political science professors, Klein and Gilbert. There were about 20 local newsmen present. At the conference, Eric Nelson made the following statement. I came here to ask for community support, support for the student strike. I've been accused of trying to close the university. This is not true. I want to open the university. I want to open it to the community. Students, the outside world, so wrong shut out. I want to open it to the issues which are now turning our nation apart. I'm proposing that this university use the next three weeks, the final weeks of this term should confront at last the issues of our day, the Indo-China war and the resultant conflict over this war in America.
Until this conflict is set up, this university cannot make a legitimate claim to relevance in our society. One of our taxpayers are worried about credits and graduation. We're planning, we're working now to form alternate methods for graduation with administration and faculty. A meeting took place in the sub-ballroom at 8 p.m. in which Eric Nelson explained the idea of a free university to the students. During that meeting, the goals of the strike were also discussed. Meanwhile, the Board of Regents met informally in a conference call and decided that the occupation of the sub was illegal. They decided that the building should be vacated by 8.30 a.m. on Friday to return the sub to business as usual. The Regents decided to seek the aid of the courts by petitioning the court for a temporary restraining order and for an injunction. According to Regents President Arturo Ortega, the action was to be accomplished by the campus police and by the city police.
From 10 p.m. to midnight, a GSA meeting was held at the home of GSA President Bill Pickens. They discussed campus events at Eric Nelson's free university proposal. During the meeting, three resolutions were passed by those present. The first was a condemnation of the Cambodian invasion and a demand for the end end to the war in Southeast Asia. The second called for the reopening of UNM on Monday, May 11th, with increased options for the students to allow them to work for peace. The third resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective. The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective.
The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war. The sixth stage of protest at the University of New Mexico is a special presentation of the KUNM News and Public Affairs Department, produced by Matt Walsh and Mike Colvin. In our next segment, we will deal with the events of Friday, May 8th and the subject of repression on the campus of the University of New Mexico. The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective.
The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective. The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective. The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective. The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective.
The fourth resolution stated that when the university reopened, GSA would give its services and money to further the cause to end the war and to make the academic community more effective.
UNM Strike Documentary, Part I
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KUNM (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
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UNM Strike Documentary, covers six days of protest at UNM in May of 1970 against the Vietnam War and the Kent State killings. Demands were made of UNM President Heady. Jane Fonda appeals for non-violent protests. Students debate a strike. There is an incident at the flag pole about flying the flag at half-mast which gives Heady the opportunity to close the university and have police on campus. A car injures three protesters and raises tensions. Five Black students are charged for the flag pole incident. Part I of II.
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: McNerney
Producer: Colvin, Mike
Producer: Walsh, Matt
Producing Organization: KUNM
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Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Generation: Dub
Duration: 01:00:00
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Chicago: “UNM Strike Documentary, Part I,” 1971-11-23, KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed April 21, 2024,
MLA: “UNM Strike Documentary, Part I.” 1971-11-23. KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. April 21, 2024. <>.
APA: UNM Strike Documentary, Part I. Boston, MA: KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from