thumbnail of 
     Black Heroes; George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston
    Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington;
    Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper
Transcript
Hide -
If this transcript has significant errors that should be corrected, let us know, so we can add it to FIX IT+
ted weisberg it's been syrup herrera was born in cleveland ohio the daughter of alexander and mary brown martin her father was a distinguished black attorney and her mother was a much loved and respected
educator dr pereira graduated with honors in french from ohio state university first black at ohio university phi beta kappa she earned a master's degree in french a case western reserve university and a phd in romance languages at ohio state university dr pereira has taken advanced study in spanish french italian and portuguese and has received fellowships for the study of foreign languages from five universities including vanderbilt georgetown and catholic university she taught languages at shaw at tennessee a and i and served for twenty two years at the university of the district of columbia from which she retired in nineteen eighty she was for thirteen years a member of the nation of spiritual assembly of the behinds of the united states dr pereira through
all this has been a consistent and tireless advocate of the unity of mankind lecturing and teaching on the principles of world unity harmony of science and religion equality of men and women and freedom from prejudices during this black history month the high student association salutes dr sarah herrera libya j martin was born in cleveland in nineteen oh seven she was the eldest daughter of alexander martin the first black assistant attorney general and mary brown martin a distinguished educator and cleveland school board member she received her ba degree from ohio state university and a master's in education from case western reserve university she received a master's of library science from catholic university she taught french german and education at north carolina central university and durham and it's
in a dozen college in raleigh north carolina she served as dean of women at both delaware state college and arkansas state college she worked as a librarian and the cleveland public library and became the first black professional librarian at case western reserve university serving in that post for seventeen years whatever she lived or worked or studied lydia martin championed the idea of racial unity and encouraged activities that would bring people together though she changed jobs and professions she never changed her main purpose in life to assist in the bringing about of the consciousness of the oneness of humanity she died in march of nineteen eighty three during this black history month the buckeye state association remembers libya j martin a lifelong worker for the unity of mankind there was gregory was born on june sixth eighteen seventy four
the son of former slaves he graduated from fisk university and took a law degree at howard he became a high in nineteen oh wait and immediately began to promote racial unity every was one of the organizers and principal speakers at the first conference for race unity health in washington dc in may nineteen twenty one he traveled nationwide to speak in schools churches and conferences with courage and humility he met with high and low educated and illiterate and was accepted everywhere he was the first black elected to the national spiritual assembly of the baja eyes of the united states in nineteen twelve and served a total of sixteen years on that governing body for forty three years lewis' great reworked unceasingly in the effort to bring about the consciousness of the oneness of humanity he died july thirtieth nineteen fifty one doing this black history month the bar high student association
stewart's newest gregory robert as abbott was known as the dean of negro journalism he was editor and columnist for the chicago defender during its most influential years through his writing he educated blacks to demand their rights the soft despised him for his courage and with death threats forbade him to return to the land of his birth known as the dissent overture journalism his early career was one of toil poverty and hardship he never lost the common touch and was a militant defender of the lonely he believed in god and his race when he sought to raise the black race to the level of the white race he was branded a radical he became a bar high in nineteen thirty four and in that year he addressed the national convention with these words i hope to acquire more power part to fight for the unity of humanity i am identifying myself with this cause and i go out with you or down with you
anything for this caucus let it go out and remove the darkness everywhere save my people save america from herself doing this black history month the bar high steel association remembers robert as abbott with pride matthew bach son of slaves and at harvard law school in nineteen oh four reading his tuition as football coach at massachusetts agricultural college the first black head coach a predominately white institution during war one is vigorous opposition to racist policies anchored the hostility of commanding officers who caused him to serve fifteen months on the frontlines without leave he was recommended for a mill which is co refused to approve after the war he served in a career of law and public service in boston ever a champion of social justice and human dignity
bullet traveled frequently to encourage racial harmony he travels through north and south america the caribbean and africa and nineteen forty nine he was a member of the delegation from a baja international community to the third conference of non governmental organizations matthew boyle died on december seventeenth nineteen seventy two after a long and distinguished career service to humanity during this black history month of the highest an association remembers matthew bowl elaine the right lock one of the leading lights of the harlem renaissance graduated from harvard with honors and philosophy and english in nineteen oh seven he received a phd in nineteen eighteen from harvard in that same year he was awarded a rhodes scholarship to oxford for three years after his return to the us doctor lock spent six months in the southern states where for the first time in his life he came face to face with tall
segregation from then until his death in nineteen fifty four while teaching philosophy at howard university dr locked devoted his literary and educational talents to the analysis interpretation and cultural achievements of blacks and their relations with other races after he became a high in the early twenties dr lock immediately incorporate its teachings in his writings and public speeches wearing he pointed out that the advance of blacks is a part of the common advancement of all mankind lifting the level of civilisation as a whole dr lott's books and poems are numerous the best known being the negro in america the negro and his music and the negro in art during this black history month that the highest in association honors our lane the right walk it is
mary brown martin was born in raleigh north carolina circuit eighteen seventy seven she graduated from the cleveland normal school for teachers she taught school in cleveland ohio birmingham alabama and cotton plant arkansas mary brown martin was the first black ever elected to the cleveland board of education she serve two full terms and was elected to a third but died shortly there after the age of sixty two and cleveland all flags were flown at half mast and all public schools closed in her honor newspaper articles praised her humanitarian service and her adherence to the principals of her behind religion she was known as a mother to all mankind the mary b martin school was named in tribute to her excellent service to education and her example of fairness and justice during his black history month that the highest in association remembers mary brown martin art teacher
alberto diaz was born and reared in south carolina and earned her bachelor of science degree in business administration from south carolina state college and a four year scholarship she was among that class of students in nineteen fifty five fifty six who voiced their support for those teachers who were fired because of membership in and double a cpa she went on to earn a master's in education administration at the university of massachusetts and a doctorate in teacher education as well she earned the honor of membership and five delta kappa in nineteen seventy eight five delta kappa honored her as college professor of the year and in nineteen seventy nine honored her again with the recognition award for three years she has served as director of the louis gregory institute in south carolina one of the principal concerns of both the institute and mysterious is the bringing of harmony and unity between the
various races and nationalities albert hideous is at present serving as a member of the national spiritual assembly of that the highs of the united states during this black history month that the highest in association says its robert hideous alexander martin was born december eighth at age seventy four in cleveland ohio he took a law degree from case western reserve university and was one of only five blacks to be accepted by five beta kappa in the nineteenth century he lived to be almost ninety years of age and practice law for sixty five years he was one of the founders of the urban league of cleveland he became known as a great orator among both black and white listeners was especially known for his lectures and talks on the oneness of mankind and the south city for unity and harmony between the races his home on fortieth street was a central attraction for the hide media and any form concerned with the brain the bulk of the
consciousness of the oneness of humanity is a wonderful father to four children to a phone distinguish themselves in the field of education and to a phone distinguished themselves in the field of law doing as black history month ago hodsdon association members by alexandra morton phi beta kappa attorney and tireless worker in the calls of racial unity the polls but fb is
be on a plantation and diamond grove missouri a man was born who was later to be known as the wizard of tuskegee raise in a cell that was bitterly divided this man was destined to surpass bigotry and secure prominence worldwide for his agricultural contributions at an early age george washington carver embarked on a journey to learn discover and to experiment he was a black man seeking education in a system reserved for whites but george washington carver was a survivor four he had something that transcended black and white he had a burning passion to learn carver excelled at his schooling and in at ninety six accepted a request to teach at tuskegee normal industrial
institute and alabama he established a school of agriculture and earning recognition as the wizard of tuskegee it was here at tuskegee that george washington carver demonstrated another great passion the passion to help others when southern crops were devastated by the ball we will it was kabul who became the south's hero for his development of the peanut later in africa cover combat of the damage of the tutsi fly by developing alternative forms of milk yet cover was a silent hero for he was a humanitarian and not a businessman whose love reached all people of all races he advanced the black race by advancing the human race for his dedication to manage a week on a george washington carver
she was fearless at an early age a poor black woman raised in the south amid great racial strife she refused to believe her dreams would not come true she refused to believe provisions would die mary mcleod the phone instead chose to believe in herself she embarked on a mission to educate yourself and to educate others she knew education was the key to narrowing the gap between black and white at the early age of twenty nine overcoming many obstacles mary with an open the doors of the daytona educational industrial school for negro girls in florida raising the money to support the school was difficult but mary buffoon possessed the resolve and resilience to succeed soon people began to believe in her the same way and mary mcleod the phone believe in herself even in the nation's capital officials were compelled to listen invited to washington she served
under two presidents hoover and roosevelt establishing with eleanor roosevelt a lasting friendship in her lifetime she represented her country and many capacities always extending the belief of your people and the belief in her country for the determination to build her dreams into our reality we are not mary mcleod bethune he was appointed songwriter and a novelist and in each he excelled exquisitely born at the turn of the century langston hughes was to become an important voice for black america a voice that you're going to be hurt and early in his career hughes embarked on a journey to foreign nations learning from other cultures that which he was to bring back to his own country
he arrived at home at a time when many young blacks wish to express feelings and told the association of these voices synthesized into the harlem renaissance of which langston hughes became a major contributor hughes wrote from his soul he reached deep inside himself exposing feelings felt by blacks that had never before been expressed by pulling his culture together in bars he was sparked in the black man the incentive to search for an identity incentive to be someone to his country he communicated the hardships of being black two in america that did not know he want america not to be mistaken for the black man possesses the resolve to endure yet hughes new for the black man to thrive and white america he must unite the black men must act to achieve the dreams his mind so i actively sought to the world langston hughes gave a cry from his soul for equality a cry that was not better or broken but a cry that was
compassionate and hopeful for the future and tolerant of the past for the light provided amid the darkness we on a langston hughes she was a writer demonstrator an organizer more minutes the conflict between north and south she was not expose of the atrocities that afflicted her people no marriage here's ciara was raised in an atmosphere of affluence but how well did not miss guide her four she felt the persecution of her people she embarked on an early age to lead a crusade to fight injustice whenever or wherever it existed for the rest of her life mary church darrelle became a living testimony to the principles of equality for all citizens in her lifetime she accomplished many things including organizing delta sigma theta sorority number of the naacp and appointed to the washington
dc school board yet the greatest server she bestowed on society was as its constant watchdog for inequality to roll was on perpetual duty guarding the sacred hopes and aspirations of blacks and women against the ugly hand of discrimination are watchful eye spend far and wide often chosen as the united states' delegate to international conferences to row stood before all people with a simple message a message that declared that marriage urged to roll was a respect of human rights a defender of justice finally in nineteen fifty three she won her final battle in the restaurant of our nation's capital for she forced the enactment of an age old law that banned discrimination of respectable person's regardless of color at age eighty nine in every way mary church turow was a respectable person for the battle she fought for all of us we are not
very church turow he was a prosperous businessman and chiffon about the turn of the seventeenth century yet this man was not like most of his march and associates for he was only twenty one years old a quaker and the negro paul coffey was born in new bedford massachusetts a free man at the early death of his father he turned to the sea to conduct his business it was here on the shores of new england that he amassed a small fortune for he was as a businessman clever and prudent as a black man however he was benevolent and devoted to the problems of his people on a farm purchased at an early age he built a school for free negro children providing the rudiments of a formal education and education he never had later he
fought the state of massachusetts for the right to vote with his mind and with his money he battled for the rights of the black man to be counted as an american but paul coffey learned that he was fighting in america that would not listen disillusioned he took to the seas landing in africa sierra leone a he founded the society for immigration of free negroes to africa shortly afterwards he died for the ability to rise above his own circumstances and to advance the circumstances of others we are the paul coffey our hero he was an author a diplomat and a black civil rights leader in each he fulfilled his mission as an american citizen heroically or just a few years after the civil war james weldon johnson grew up in a cell with a black man was
free and name alone rising to prominence as a writer johnson began to assume responsibility as a black spokesman articulate an emotional johnson had the ability to enhance black robes while impressing white leaders his popular porn lift every voice and saying call for unity among blacks was some of his other writings explore the plight of the negro and white america it all johnson understood the journey for black equality would be arduous and often disappointing but he was ready to make the trip b in arguing against american foreign policy or leading a silent march or protest james weldon johnson was in the forefront of civil action as a leader of the naacp in the nineteen twenties he showed his diligence and dedication by strengthening local chapters he increased the organization's effectiveness to deal with many problems never bitter johnson proven to be a skilled mediate oh humane sensitive and intelligent he
was a consistent and clear voice and an america that needed one for a lifetime of service we are the james weldon johnson one year old she could achieve with the word what many were unable to achieve in a lifetime so it was set of sojourner truth born a slave of the turning of the eighteenth century and early years she re it was the power of god as she suffered her faith strengthened she believed god was inside her acting as the guiding force in the pilgrimage of our soul with on shaken the faith she set out to preach her message as of fame spread the message remained liberty for all sojourner truth lived at a time when the negro faith was being tested by the bonds of slavery was some abandon hope she stood tall as the prophet of optimism
for those who belittle the negro she demonstrated their fierce intelligence and an unmatched ability to communicate the glory of god and the glory of the black people yet her work was not limited to anti slavery no sojourner truth spoke for all whose rights were being violated as she talked many listen for meaning transcended the padded disputes among people in the very soul of her message she was living proof god was alive and working and sojourner truth for the thoughts and words that came from her art we honor sojourner truth hero and flashy close touch of dixieland and what you got is the duke duke ellington of course born at the turn of the nineteenth century a young edward kennedy ellington had dreamed of becoming an architect yet as he grew he showed a tremendous
propensity for music at age seventy he played the piano and by the time he was nineteen he had his own band but washingtonians in those days big time for musicians but getting book and the hollows famous cotton club in nineteen twenty seven the do perform the cotton club thus be getting a public life marked but russians' morality be a jazz mainstream kansas city style ellington translated american life through music beautiful music known for his appetite for life and leisure ellington also demonstrated a tremendous capacity for in a career that ran over five thousand compositions he'd never stop qualifying is like to the beat and mood of his soul composing writing and playing the duke did it all will the world of his listeners he added a gracious element to life becoming the quintessence of elegance and style and before he'd allow his normal soldier retired he'd have
real people of all races and still does today for sharing the magical moments of his life we are not edward kennedy ellington on a plantation in maryland this young slave toiled on the soil of our master here in the fields among men harriet tubman develop strength and endurance qualities she would employ for the rest of her life as a young adult tubman escaped the bonds of slavery and move north to freedom yet harriet knew that being free herself was not enough or she wanted to share her freedom with her people armed with a tremendous ability to escape trouble she returned to the south to lead the slave from bondage in the years to come her reputation spend far and wide rallying the hopes of many behind her mission's the systematic effort of whites and blacks to help the slaves was known as the
underground railroad fearless and clever harriet tubman became the railroads mo most active conductor traveling by night by the skies and secret passage tub and delivered her passengers to safety the price of the ticket for freedom was and risking your life but for as long as harriet tubman was conducted the price was right guided by cleverness motivated by problems she was indeed a lady who knew no fear for the pilgrimage is she made in the name of freedom we are not harriet tubman a black hero born in the south divided and black and white frederick douglass was to play a major role in a christening the black man's voyage toward equality raised as a slave and talk a whole maryland douglas was sent to baltimore and eighteen twenty five while working as a house boy he learned to read and write at age
twenty one after moving north in the skies he gained his freedom as a former slave who took advantage of the opportunity to speak his mind a mine stocked with bitter memories with dramatic force and the sense of urgency that was conveyed the compassion is of his people what he or raided his words acted in unison to smash barriers and dissolve prejudices of the many who listen traveling in pre civil war america that was appealed to an individual sense of fairness is pointed rhetoric and willingness to stand tall amid his detractors made him the spokesman for the black race although he was sometimes vindictive two of the white man the stress racial cooperation and humanity among all people when douglas' new the black men must struggle to move up within american society and he understood education was the key believing in the ideals of america he simply asked his fellow countrymen to live up to them and
the wisdom of his words that was planted the seeds that were to become the actions of black leaders and years to come his influence is still with us for the ability to stand up for what he believed in and to make others believe it to we aren't of frederick a douglas hero he envisioned a day when both blacks and whites would live and work together and in the ways that he could he work to achieve that day and abolitionists and the businessmen thirty years before the civil war william webber was an optimist when most blacks were not for worker believed in the basic ideals of his country indeed america had served him well as a young man he was a prosperous and successful owner of a lumber business and lancaster pennsylvania yeah as a global citizen he gave of his time and money for noble causes such is
Segment
Black Heroes; George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper
Contributing Organization
KUNM (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip-207-19s1rq2g
If you have more information about this item than what is given here, or if you have concerns about this record, we want to know! Contact us, indicating the AAPB ID (cpb-aacip-207-19s1rq2g).
Description
Raw Footage Description
George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper are among the proflies offered in these short spotlights on Black heroes.
Topics
Education
Media type
Sound
Duration
00:32:18.024
Embed Code
Copy and paste this HTML to include AAPB content on your blog or webpage.
Credits
AAPB Contributor Holdings
KUNM (aka KNME-FM)
Identifier: cpb-aacip-6b1f01341c1 (Filename)
Format: 1/4 inch audio tape
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:05:40
If you have a copy of this asset and would like us to add it to our catalog, please contact us.
Citations
Chicago: “ Black Heroes; George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper ,” KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed November 26, 2022, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-207-19s1rq2g.
MLA: “ Black Heroes; George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper .” KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. November 26, 2022. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-207-19s1rq2g>.
APA: Black Heroes; George Washington Carver; Mary McLeod Bethune; Langston Hughes; Paul Cuffe; James Weldon Johnson; Sojourner Truth; Duke Ellington; Harriet Tubman; Frederick Douglass; William Whipper . Boston, MA: KUNM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-207-19s1rq2g