Program
With All Deliberate Speed
Producing Organization
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Contributing Organization
Louisiana Public Broadcasting (Baton Rouge, Louisiana)
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip/17-042rcg7t
Public Broadcasting Service Series NOLA
WADS 000000
If you have more information about this item than what is given here, or if you have concerns about this record, we want to know! Contact us, indicating the AAPB ID (cpb-aacip/17-042rcg7t).
Description
Episode Description
Three decades after the Supreme Court's monumental decision in the cases collectively known as Brown v. Board of Education, Louisiana still struggles with school desegregation. The cases struck down the notion of "separate but equal"education and ended legalized segregation in America's public schools. Brown helped launch the civil rights movement that challenged America's race relations and social structure over the ensuing decades. A core group of Louisiana citizens and officials and U.S. Court appointees offer insight and perspectives on the themes addressed in WITH ALL DELIBERATE SPEED. This program features interviews and recordings of: Leander Perez; Video of Sen. W.M. Rainach of Summerfield; Video of Benjamin Hooks, Exec. Dir. NAACP; video J.K. Haynes, Educator; Hon. John M. Wisdom, Fifth Circuit Judge; William Shaw, Attorney; Rep. John Garrett, Haynesville; J.D. Deblieux, Attorney; Jack P.F. Gremillion, Attorney Gen. 1956 to 1972, 1969 video of speech; Sam Rosenberg, Orleans Board Attorney; Ed Reed, Davis Press Aide; Lloyd Rittner, Pres., Orleans Board (1960); Jack Stewart, 1960 Principal, Macdonogh 19; video Police Supt. Gianisse (1960); video of Leona Tate, one of the 3 girls to integrate McDonogh; Hon. J. Skelly Wright, U.S. District Judge; Ms. Louise Tate (Leona Tate\0xFFFDs mother); Gov. John J. McKeithen inauguration oath, campaign interview; Hon. Naumann Scott, U.S. District Judge; Louis Berry, Attorney; Hon. Edwin F. Hunter, U.S. District Judge; video of Freedom March \0xFFFD Bogulusa to Baton Rouge; Gov. George Wallace, Alabama (1966); William Dodd, LA Education Supt.(1970); Hon. E. Gordon West, U.S. District Judge (1970); John Ward, Atty. E. Baton Rouge; Gordon Foster, Deseg Expert; Sen. J. Bennett Johnston, Shreveport; Rev. Jesse Jackson; Allen Nichols, Supt., Rapides Parish; Rev. V.E. Washington, Pres., School Board Calcasieu Parish; Robert Williams, NAACP Atty., E. Baton Rouge; William B. Reynolds, Asst. Atty. Gen., Dept. of Justice (1983); Murphy Bell, NAACP Atty., E. Baton Rouge; Press Robinson, E. Baton Rouge, School Board.
Episode Description
A 1983 documentary chronicling the 30 year history of school desegregation efforts in Louisiana following the landmark Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. It follows several eras of school desegregation, including: the efforts of the Louisiana legislature to pass legislation maintaining segregated schools; the controversy and efforts to thwart the 1960 integration of the New Orleans public schools; token integration; the "freedom of choice" plans; forced integration following the end of "with all deliberate speed"; the effects of busing; and the status of pending school desegregation court cases, including those in East Baton Rouge Parish and St. Helena Parish.
Episode Description
"""'...With All Deliberate Speed...' traces the history of the legal process of school desegregation in the state of Louisiana since the historic Brown decision by the Supreme Court in 1954-55. The title comes from the text of the implementation order of 1955. At the time of production, the two oldest federal court cases still were school desegregation suits in the Middle District of Louisiana. This documentary seeks to explain why the process has taken so long and how the court system has functioned in that process. The first half of the program covers the early legislative resistance to the court order, culminating in a confrontation with a Federal judge's order to integrate schools in New Orleans in 1960. The next portion concerns the decade of the 1960s when court orders forced more and more local school systems to integrate. Finally, the program covers busing and profiles the two oldest suits still pending. The documentary concludes with a series of statements that suggest a final answer to the desegregation dilemma. Much of the story covering nearly three decades is told through archival film footage, with comments from legislators, parents, former Governor John McKeithen, late Robert Kennedy, and Alabama Governor George C. Wallace. The featured personalities are the judges and attorneys who have been instrumental in shaping the court decisions. The attorneys, representing both civil plaintiffs and school boards, explain their legal philosophies and illuminate the frustration at the extended litigation. The judges explain how various decisions have gradually shaped the implementation intended in the Supreme Court's original order. This program is intended to educate the general public about how the legal process has functioned to help bring about an essential change in the social and cultural structure of their society.""--1983 Peabody Awards entry form. The program details the policies behind segregation, the process of ending segregation from a legal standpoint, and the process of actually implementing desegregation in Louisiana. The first portion of the program focuses on the immediate reaction and resistance to the Supreme Court Order to end segregation. The program interviews judges, lawyers, and school officials about the legal decisions, the process of desegregation, and the meaning and interpretations of the phrase ""with all deliberate speed."" It also covers the first integrated schools in New Orleans, interviewing school officials, residents, and some students and parents. The program continues to detail the ""Freedom of Choice"" policy and the lack of impact it had on integration. The final portion of the program details busing policies and the two oldest school desegregation suits still pending. Interviewees: Rupert Richardson, Louisiana NAACP; Judge Edwin F. Hunter; Benjamin Hooks; J.K. Hayes; Judge John M. Wisdom; attorney J.B. Deblieux; former attorney general Jack P.F. Gremillion; attorney Sam Rosenberg; Davis press aide Ed Reed; Lloyd Rittiner; former principal Jack Stewart; 9th ward resident Elizabeth Rodgers; student Leona Tate; mother Louise Tate; Judge J. Skelly Wright; Judge Naumann Scott; attorney Louis Berry; Supt. Allen Nichols; attorney John Ward; desegregation expert Gordon Foster; attorney Lewis Berry; Rev. V.E. Washington; NAACP attorney Robert Williams; NAACP attorney Murphy Bell; Assistant Attorney General William B. Reynolds; and school board member Press Robinson. Also includes archival footage, photographs, and audio recordings of Leander Perez, Sen. W.M. Rainach, attorney William Shaw, Rep. John Garrett, Police Supt. Gianisse; parent James Gabrielle; Rep. John Garrett; Robert F. Kennedy, Gov. John McKeithen, Alabama governor George Wallace, Louisiana School Supt. William Dodd, Judge E. Gordon West, Richard Nixon, Sen. J. Bennett Johnston, Rev. Jesse Jackson, and principal Clyde Holloway."
Date
1983-00-00
Asset type
Program
Genres
Documentary
Topics
History
Subjects
CivilRights: Court Rulings; Civil Rights: African American Civil Rights; Civil Rights: School Desegregation; Supreme Court; African Americans; Civil Rights; Education; Desegregation
Rights
Louisiana Educational Television Authority/Louisiana Public Broadcasting. Restricted Use. For permission or licensing information contact: comments@lpb.org
Media type
Moving Image
Duration
00:00:00
Embed Code
Copy and paste this HTML to include AAPB content on your blog or webpage.
Credits
Audio: Bryan, William
Audio: Parker, Gene
Copyright Holder: Louisiana Educational Television Authority
Producer: Smith, Rick
Producer: Geltner, Naomi
Producing Organization: Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Writer: Moring, Greg
Writer: Godoy, Al
Writer: Carroll, Mark
Writer: Harrison, Jr., Joseph L.
Writer: James, Frank
Writer: Bocaccio, Bob
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: B343 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: Betacam: SP
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:58:48
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: B343.mp4 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: video/mp4
Generation: Copy: Access
Duration: 00:00:00
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: B343.mxf (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: application/mxf
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:00:00
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: C6551 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: U-matic
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:58:45
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: H214 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: 1 inch videotape: SMPTE Type C
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:58:46
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: B343A (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: Betacam
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:58:46
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: LWADS-01 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: U-matic
Generation: Master
Duration: 00:58:45
Louisiana Public Broadcasting
Identifier: LWADS-02 (Louisiana Public Broadcasting Archives)
Format: VHS
Generation: Copy: Access
Duration: 00:30:00
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: 83095dct-arch (Peabody Object Identifier)
Format: U-matic
Duration: 0:59:00
If you have a copy of this asset and would like us to add it to our catalog, please contact us.
Citations
Chicago: “With All Deliberate Speed,” 1983-00-00, Louisiana Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 27, 2022, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-17-042rcg7t.
MLA: “With All Deliberate Speed.” 1983-00-00. Louisiana Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 27, 2022. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-17-042rcg7t>.
APA: With All Deliberate Speed. Boston, MA: Louisiana Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip-17-042rcg7t