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<v Narrator 1>[theme music playing] The following is a Front Street weekly special report. <v Narrator 1>[music playing] <v Marilyn Deutsch>[inaudible speaking] What looks like medicine in a MASH unit is standard operating <v Marilyn Deutsch>procedure at the Shanthi Mongula health clinic in Agra, India. <v Marilyn Deutsch>The woman here is about to have a cataract removed from her right eye. <v Marilyn Deutsch>That will restore sight she hasn't had in years. <v Woman 1>Do you have a flashlight?
<v Man 1>Did the generator go out or what? I I can't go on if we're- ?inaudible? <v Man 1>I can't do anything. I have no power. <v Man 1>Nothing. Flashlight's not gonna ?do anything?. <v Marilyn Deutsch>That surgery took place just about two months ago in Agra, India. <v Marilyn Deutsch>In the Third World, a power outage is not unusual. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Even when it happens during a delicate operation. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Good evening, I'm Marilyn Deutsch. <v Marilyn Deutsch>This past January, a group of medical and lay people from the US journeyed halfway <v Marilyn Deutsch>around the world on a medical mission to Agra. <v Marilyn Deutsch>For two weeks volunteers, most of them from the Pacific Northwest, treated the poor <v Marilyn Deutsch>and the sick. Agra, India, is a city about the size of the Portland metro <v Marilyn Deutsch>area. It's best known as the home of the Taj Mahal. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But Agra is also home to some of the world's poorest people. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Most of Agra's citizens live in poverty, and seeing a doctor is a luxury few <v Marilyn Deutsch>can afford. We went to Agra to learn what health care is like in <v Marilyn Deutsch>the Third World and to see just how well two doctors from Oregon
<v Marilyn Deutsch>could practice medicine without all the comforts of home. <v Marilyn Deutsch>This small lumber community of Medford, Oregon, is home to Dr. Ralph Hibbs. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Hibbs, a retired physician, is a veteran of three medical missions. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Pay backs, he says, for surviving three years in a P.O.W. <v Marilyn Deutsch>camp during World War Two. <v Marilyn Deutsch>75 year old Dr. Hibbs hoped to do more in Agra than just dispense a few pills. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Leave something that the natives can have. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>And that's gotta be education. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>That means breaking down the superstitions. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Hibbs would not teach much, but once in India, he would learn about life <v Marilyn Deutsch>and medicine there. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Ms. Cane have you been having any trouble with his finger at all? <v Ms. Cane>No. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[speaking] Dr. Stanley Kern has been practicing family medicine in Newberg, Oregon, for <v Marilyn Deutsch>a quarter of a century. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>She has a uh small cyst on her finger here that we're just gonna open and drain.
<v Dr. Stanley Kern>It should be numb now. If you have any pain, you let me know. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Hmm? <v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Kern went to Agra to see what it would be like to doctor in the Third World. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Did ya have a good Christmas season? <v Dr. Stanley Kern>[inaudible speaking] <v Speaker>[crying] [people talking] <v Marilyn Deutsch>For two weeks, Dr. Kern and Dr. Hibbs called this clinic their office. <v Marilyn Deutsch>The Shanthi Mongula health clinic runs year round with Indian doctors. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But about once a year, the clinic imports doctors from America to tap <v Marilyn Deutsch>their expertise. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[inaudible talking] India is still a developing country, and many here consider American <v Marilyn Deutsch>doctors the best trained in the world. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Amazing. That's amazing. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Completely involves both lungs. <v Marilyn Deutsch>This morning in Agra, Stanley Kern meets Russell Khan.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>Russell Khan is just 55 years old, but he is too weak to <v Marilyn Deutsch>work. Russell Khan's lungs have almost quit working, too. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>[speaking another language] This chest X-ray is a year and a half old. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Uh 1987. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>October 87. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Has he been? Has he been on pulmonary uh has he been on uh tuberculosis treatment <v Dr. Stanley Kern>since then? <v Marilyn Deutsch>[coughing] Mr. Khan has an advanced case of tuberculosis, TB. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>He isn't uh moving much air. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>He just doesn't move much air does he? <v Man 2>Huh? <v Dr. Stanley Kern>He just doesn't move much air. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Russell Khan says he has not been hungry for months. <v Marilyn Deutsch>He coughs up blood- <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Ah. Ah. <v Russell Khan>Ah! <v Marilyn Deutsch>And every evening he gets high fevers.
<v Dr. Stanley Kern>He's uh, he's lost a lot of weight. I think he's very ?inaudible?. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Yeah, yeah. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Despite his illness, which is at least several years old, Russell Kahn <v Marilyn Deutsch>has not tried very hard to get better. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>He he's been uh he's obviously been seen in uh clinics before, but <v Dr. Stanley Kern>um for whatever reason, he wasn't taking his medication and the pulmonary tuberculosis <v Dr. Stanley Kern>has just continued to uh go on. <v Marilyn Deutsch>He looks deathly. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Would you expect him to survive? <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Well, um I think he could get better on <v Dr. Stanley Kern>uh treatment if it started uh promptly. <v Dr. Judeo Sharma>[speaking foreign language] <v Marilyn Deutsch>But neither Dr. Kern nor his Indian colleague Dr. Judeo Sharma <v Marilyn Deutsch>know whether Mr. Khan will take the medicine they prescribed. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Well he- he's gonna, if he doesn't get started on treatment he's gonna be- <v Dr. Judeo Sharma>Yes. [bell ringing]
<v Marilyn Deutsch>[speaking foreign language] In the Indian system of health care, there's little follow <v Marilyn Deutsch>up, and Russell Kahn is one of roughly 150 patients seen <v Marilyn Deutsch>during just one day's sick call. <v Marilyn Deutsch>The [bell rings] sick and the needy here are strangers coming in, strangers <v Marilyn Deutsch>on their way out. <v Woman 2>?inaudible? Gonna find your parents. <v Marilyn Deutsch>There was not much time to get a good case history on this patient. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Here's what the doctors know. <v Marilyn Deutsch>About six months ago, this little boy was in some kind of an accident. <v Marilyn Deutsch>He suffered a compound fracture that became infected. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>It was just uh, you know, a horrible contraction. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>It's all fixed and tendons in the bone. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>And he has a skin graft on which did nothing. <v Marilyn Deutsch>And according to Dr. Hibbs, if this treatment had happened back in the states, <v Marilyn Deutsch>one result would have been one whopping medical malpractise lawsuit.
<v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>?inaudible? [foreign language] <v Marilyn Deutsch>As it is now, this young boy is left with one scarred, withered, useless <v Marilyn Deutsch>arm in a country where the maimed are usually seen begging for rupees. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[foreign language] Dr. Atti Sharma tells the boy's father to go to the bigger, government <v Marilyn Deutsch>hospital because his son will need a series of operations <v Marilyn Deutsch>and also lots of therapy. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>And he needs, you know, sophisticated reconstructive <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>surgery over a matter of years, probably. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>He could get a functional arm [audio cuts] ?out?. I'm- depending on <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>the uh the surgery and that type of uh facility <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>being available here, as it would be in the States. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>But if he can't, he could get a functional arm out of it. <v Marilyn Deutsch>The child will be referred to the government hospital for the poor in Agra. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But his chances of getting in are slim.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>Some estimate that India's government hospitals serve just 10 percent of the poor, <v Marilyn Deutsch>that many of those who do get treatment are not poor at all, but have money <v Marilyn Deutsch>and connections. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[people talking] On paper, India's system of health care looks pretty good, but in <v Marilyn Deutsch>practice, it's a mess. There are free health clinics all over India, but the facilities <v Marilyn Deutsch>are meager and medicine, too, is supposed to be available to the poor. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But it often gets to the black market before it gets to the sick and the needy [horn <v Marilyn Deutsch>honking]. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>There are crooks and dishonest people uh in in <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>in that system- <v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Aftab Ahmed should know. <v Marilyn Deutsch>A heart surgeon from India, Dr. Ahmed, now lives and works <v Marilyn Deutsch>in Portland. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>There are some dishonest people, you know, who take advantage uh of their positions and <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>suddenly, you know, they have been doing things like diverting the medicine and <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>um other stuff uh to a black market. <v Man 3>More emergencies.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>For the fortunate few who go to the government run hospitals, here's what they get. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[foreign language] portable oxygen, and the intravenous of- [baby cries] [coughing] <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>the father stands watch and observes the thing is working. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>That's real dedication. You have patients that have had eye <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>surgery? <v Marilyn Deutsch>Along with Dr. Ralph Hibbs, we walk through the hospital for the poor in Agra. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>These are just open beds in a big ward. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>And layin' on a bare mattress there's some <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>patients here you see scattered along. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Looks like there's a little little pot maybe for water <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>or food. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>You really don't get uh, you don't see any nurses <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>or any help being given. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Let's see what there's out here.
<v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Oh. To my patients here, we don't know from looking <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>at them what they've had done, but- well, <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>by our standards, this isn't even the bare necessities. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>But this is what we have for the ?eye ward?. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>I see the heart clinic comin' up there. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>That was nose and throat here. <v Marilyn Deutsch>This was an uninvited tour of the government hospital. <v Marilyn Deutsch>20 minutes after it began, we were asked to leave <v Marilyn Deutsch>[foreign language]. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>I'm a physician from the United States and I'm here in India <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>by permission and I'm working in a ?inaudible? <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[foreign language] hospital. I just came out of the- <v Man 4>See, but without the permission of ?inaudible? I think it is not possible. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>?inaudible? Whatever is- <v Man 4>How can we allow this? Hm? <v Marilyn Deutsch>To be poor in India is to be unhealthy.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Hibbs says if you could improve the diet, personal hygiene and sanitation <v Marilyn Deutsch>of the poor, you could eliminate more than two thirds of their medical problems. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Walk through Agra's neighborhoods and you see what he means. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>It's the filth, stagnant water, debris just uh <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>scattered all over in a random fashion. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>This thing here is an open sewer drainage ?in fact? <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>it's got everything in it. It's not running. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>It's about as uh good a reservoir for germs and diseases as one <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>could construct. <v Marilyn Deutsch>What do you notice about the children? <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Uh their uh their clothes have old dirt and new dirt. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Now you don't mind a little new dirt, come in and take a bath or clean yourself up. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>But I, I don't like old dirt that's been there after
<v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>one day. I think the older it should be gotten rid of. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>In other words it- and they don't have soap. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>These people don't have soap in their home. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[children speaking] [bells ringing] There's a little girl doin' her job. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>They'll take a bath and drink out of the same faucet and the same platform and this <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>same nozzle. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>You know, I think these- you really oughtta be separated between <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>the dirt and cleanliness. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Whether you're gonna wash it or whether you're gonna drink. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Drink it. Well, there's a there's a little activity there. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[laughter] [bell ringing] You have two, four, six, seven pigs <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>tryna tryna get their lunch in and uh pick up any goodies. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>I saw a little boy the other day with a plastic sack right with the pigs. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>He was gnawing around trying to pick up the same stuff. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>I just know no way you can reconcile that as it's not very bad <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>or or we're used to it. I just think it's it's not even debatable. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>I think it's horrible.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>In these neighborhoods, there is no indoor plumbing. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[crying] Diseases that can be eliminated simply by <v Marilyn Deutsch>immunizations and vaccines often go unchecked in India. <v Lisanne Pastori>It's a polio. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Lisanne Pastori, a physical therapist from Connecticut is also part of the medical team <v Marilyn Deutsch>working here at the clinic. <v Lisanne Pastori>You lie down. When did he get polio? <v Marilyn Deutsch>He is four years old and he has had polio for half his life. <v Lisanne Pastori>[inaudible talking in background] Um he's very little uh muscle power in his legs and <v Lisanne Pastori>all. ?You? can barely- He's got some because he can <v Lisanne Pastori>begin to hold himself. <v Lisanne Pastori>But he's basically flaccid. <v Lisanne Pastori>He can kneel or he could he could stay on all fours, on his hands and knees for a short <v Lisanne Pastori>while. So he's got some muscle strength <v Lisanne Pastori>there. But very, very little. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Lisanne tells the boy's father intense physical therapy <v Marilyn Deutsch>might help his son regain some strength.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>While polio has been virtually eradicated in the U.S., in India, there are still <v Marilyn Deutsch>tens of thousands of cases a year. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[talking] Owen Prakash lives in a crowded neighborhood of Agra with <v Marilyn Deutsch>his wife and two sons. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Owen Prakash. [silverware clattering] O.P. <v Marilyn Deutsch>to his friends, eats and speaks without benefit of teeth. <v Marilyn Deutsch>They fell out a long time ago. <v Marilyn Deutsch>O.P. is a rickshaw driver. In fact, at 65, he is the oldest rickshaw driver <v Marilyn Deutsch>in Agra. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[horn honking] O.P. often works from 5 or 6 in the morning until 10 or 11 at <v Marilyn Deutsch>night, 7 days a week. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[motors running] How long have you been driving a rickshaw? <v Owen Prakash>Uh 18 years [Deutsch: 18 years] driving. <v Marilyn Deutsch>18 years. <v Owen Prakash>Yes. Now ?inaudible?. <v Owen Prakash>I am old man, I am poor man.
<v Owen Prakash>?No degrees?. ?No other? degrees. <v Marilyn Deutsch>No other business? <v Owen Prakash>Yeah. No business. No money. Money, my problem. <v Marilyn Deutsch>O.P. is a member of one of the working castes or classes. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Sometimes he earns just 70 cents a day. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[sounds of traffic] It takes quick reflexes and a sharp eye to navigate through Agra City <v Marilyn Deutsch>streets. O.P. is not as quick as he used to be [inaudible speaking]. <v Marilyn Deutsch>And now he has trouble seeing his way through traffic. <v Marilyn Deutsch> <v Owen Prakash>Traffic ?inaudible? good now. <v Owen Prakash>Then far away. <v Owen Prakash>No. No ?head?. ?inaudible? <v Marilyn Deutsch>Oh I see, you can't see far away. <v Marilyn Deutsch>You can see close by, though. <v Owen Prakash>Yeah. [horns honking] <v Owen Prakash>[speaking foreign language] Better. Better. <v Marilyn Deutsch>O.P. has needed glasses for a long time. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Today, he decides he will spend the money to get his eyes examined. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[talking] The process at the health clinic will take him most of the day.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>There's little that is systematic or efficient about health care in India. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[talking] Five hours later, O.P. gets his eyes checked. <v Owen Prakash>[counting in foreign language] <v Marilyn Deutsch>After a day of lost rickshaw fares, O.P. <v Marilyn Deutsch>is told his glasses will be ready in a few weeks. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But O.P. has been told this before. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[inaudible speaking] He hopes, but he's still not sure that this time he will get his <v Marilyn Deutsch>glasses. Like others, O.P. <v Marilyn Deutsch>has little trust or faith in his country's ability to deliver health care. <v Marilyn Deutsch>If life for India's poor is full of obstacles, so is the practice of medicine
<v Marilyn Deutsch>in India. For our two Oregon doctors, their daily routine became <v Marilyn Deutsch>a lesson in perseverance. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[brick laying] While doctors examined their patients on the first floor, the clinic's <v Marilyn Deutsch>second floor was being built one brick at a time. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[construction work] Noise was a constant distraction, but it was the lack of modern <v Marilyn Deutsch>medical equipment that proved an insurmountable problem. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>He does not have a che- this man does not have a chest X-ray. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Uh very few patients actually get uh actual chest X-rays. <v Marilyn Deutsch>For Dr. Stanley Kern, that meant rarely being able to rely on scientific data <v Marilyn Deutsch>from X-rays and lab tests. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Instead, Dr. Kern played his hunches. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Uh that's been the difficult part for me. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>And so I think if it- you come away feeling like your <v Dr. Stanley Kern>diagnoses are very superficial.
<v Marilyn Deutsch>Because there's not- nothing to back it up. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[Kern: Yeah] it it's guess work- <v Dr. Stanley Kern>There's not a lot of laboratory or uh diagnostic <v Dr. Stanley Kern>uh clues to back- <v Marilyn Deutsch>To confirm your suspicions. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>Yeah. Confirm the diagnosis. <v Dr. Stanley Kern>So, where is the pain? [speaking foreign language] <v Marilyn Deutsch>Another problem: cultural differences. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Indians do not undress when they see a doctor. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Women are especially timid and reveal at most only about six inches around <v Marilyn Deutsch>the belly. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Well, it's just false modesty. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>Just ridiculous. If you're gonna come in, I don't care what sex you <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>are, take your clothes off and give the doctor a fair chance to examine. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[street sounds] The delivery of health care to an underdeveloped country of almost 800 <v Marilyn Deutsch>million is no easy task. <v Marilyn Deutsch>And it's a job that will likely get tougher. <v Marilyn Deutsch>By the year 2000, India's population is expected to reach one <v Marilyn Deutsch>billion. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But the reasons for India's failure to improve the lives of the poor may be rooted
<v Marilyn Deutsch>in something deeper. <v Man 5>This Krishna. This my Krishna. <v Marilyn Deutsch>The religion of most Indians is Hinduism. <v Man 5>?inaudible? [rings bell] <v Marilyn Deutsch>And Hindus believe in reincarnation. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Again, Portland heart surgeon Dr. Aftab Ahmed. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>And they really believe that if their suffering is more in this life, <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>then God, a creator, will probably improve their next life. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>And they are just paying a sort of a price for some of their misdeeds. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>[birds chirping] <v Marilyn Deutsch>While in Agra, in back of the Taj Mahal, we saw a <v Marilyn Deutsch>body in the Jamuna River. <v Marilyn Deutsch>We were told it was a suicide. That that was common and that some people <v Marilyn Deutsch>are all too eager to get to the next life. <v Marilyn Deutsch>We were struck almost by the feeling that life did not seem to be worth as much over <v Marilyn Deutsch>there as it does over here. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>For the people who are underprivileged, uh your <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>um your observation [children talking] is totally correct. That
<v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>the people who don't have money, who don't have uh any uh important <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>connections, uh they are basically totally destitute and <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>uh not just in terms of medical facility, but in terms of basic needs like food and <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>shelter. Uh I think uh nobody's paying attention to those. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>The one thing you know, that they have no choice. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>And as I said, you know, they're used to misery. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>Uh they are used to uh uh their uh uh limitations. <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>Uh and there's nothing they can do about it. So all they do uh is just <v Dr. Aftab Ahmed>to accept things as they are. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Still, there are some small victories in this country where it seems so difficult to <v Marilyn Deutsch>change anything. Here's the woman you saw at the beginning of the story when <v Marilyn Deutsch>the lights went out during eye surgery. <v Doctor 1>The eye was just operated on yesterday and it's nice and quiet.
<v Doctor 1>?inaudible?. She's pointing to you, she sees you. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[street noises] 10 minutes ago Toofan Singh arrived at the Shanti Mongula health clinic. <v Marilyn Deutsch>By oxcart. Neither he nor his wife nor the ox cart driver <v Marilyn Deutsch>tried to get help. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[man speaking] No one noticed them except for us. <v Marilyn Deutsch>We called for help. <v Marilyn Deutsch>?inaudible? <v Marilyn Deutsch>Twice, Lisanne Pastori tried and failed to coax a doctor outside <v Marilyn Deutsch>to examine Toofan Singh. <v Lisanne Pastori>Can you help me? [speaking foreign language] Can you just help me take him?
<v Speaker>?inaudible? <v Marilyn Deutsch>His words are cries of pain. <v Marilyn Deutsch>With his blanket as his stretcher, 70 year old Toofan Singh, too <v Marilyn Deutsch>weak to walk, is hauled in to see a doctor. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Toofan Singh has been feeble and ill like this for a month now. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But this is the first time he or his family has sought medical care. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[speaking] Toofan Singh came to get some medicine. <v Marilyn Deutsch>He hoped he could just take a few pills then go back home. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[child crying] [door creaking] Let's see if we can get a temp on him now. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>[inaudible speaking] Let's get a thermometer in his mouth.
<v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>?inaudible? His temp- temperature yeah please. <v Marilyn Deutsch>?inaudible? Toofan Singh is emaciated and dehydrated <v Marilyn Deutsch>and he is burning up. <v Marilyn Deutsch>They never did find a thermometer. <v Marilyn Deutsch>So no one knows exactly what his temperature is. <v Dr. Ralph Hibbs>He has to go to the hospital today. <v Marilyn Deutsch>Dr. Ati Sharma tells the ox cart driver that Mr. Singh should go to the <v Marilyn Deutsch>government hospital. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[speaking foreign language] Tell everyone not to worry about me, Toofan Singh tells his <v Marilyn Deutsch>wife. <v Marilyn Deutsch>To get to Agra's government hospital, Toofan Singh has a four mile ride. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[talking] We figure by oxcart it might take him four hours to get there. <v Marilyn Deutsch>[chirping sounds] The next day and the day after, neither doctors here at the clinic nor <v Marilyn Deutsch>officials at the government hospital seem to know what happened to Toofan Singh [bell
<v Marilyn Deutsch>rings]. <v Marilyn Deutsch>To the people who could save his life, Toofan Singh simply disappeared. <v Marilyn Deutsch>But the story of Toofan Singh is the story of India. <v Marilyn Deutsch>A dying man, an oxcart for an ambulance and a hospital <v Marilyn Deutsch>that might turn him away when he gets there.
Front Street Weekly
Episode Number
Oregon's Passage to India
Producing Organization
Oregon Public Broadcasting
Contributing Organization
Oregon Public Broadcasting (Portland, Oregon)
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia (Athens, Georgia)
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Episode Description
This special report follows a group of medical and laypeople from the United States on a 2-week trip to treat the sick in the city of Agra, India. While best known as the location of the Taj Mahal, Agra is poor to the point that seeing a doctor is a luxury unto itself, and two such doctors, Stanley Kern and Ralph Hibbs, travel to see if they can provide their services without access to their regular medical supplies.
Episode Description
"""OREGON'S PASSAGE TO INDIA examines the problems of providing medical care in India. This is accomplished, in part, through the eyes of two Oregon doctors who [traveled] to India last January (January 1989). The doctors' mission was to treat the poor and the sick of Agra, India. One doctor was a seasoned veteran of such medical missions. The second doctor was new to the Third World. Both doctors are compassionate men, but the frustrations of India sometimes got the better of them. ""We wanted to show our audience what medical care was like in the Third World and that, despite the best of Western and Eastern intentions, delivering good care to the poor is not an easy task. India is a complex country. The Western medical care we all take for granted is also complex. ""We think this half hour special deserves Peabody consideration for two reasons. One, we enlightened our audience. From phone calls and letters, our viewers told us how surprised they were that conditions were so poor for so many. They also asked us how they could help. We know of at least one church group that is considering setting up a medical mission to India. Two, we feel we told the story in a moving documentary style that brought he viewer to India. We chose not to lecture our audience, but to let them glimpse another world.""--1989 Peabody Awards entry form."
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Front Street Weekly is a news magazine featuring segments on current events and topics of interest to the local community.
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News Report
Oregon Public Broadcasting 1989
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Associate Producer: Mitchell, Jessica
Editor: Gosson, Steve
Executive Producer: Lindsay, John
Host: Deutsch, Marilyn
Producer: Deutsch, Marilyn
Producing Organization: Oregon Public Broadcasting
Reporter: Deutsch, Marilyn
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB)
Identifier: 112961.0 (Unique ID)
Format: U-matic
Generation: Original
Duration: 00:26:44:00
The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia
Identifier: 89008pst-arch (Peabody Object Identifier)
Format: U-matic
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Chicago: “Front Street Weekly; 818; Oregon's Passage to India,” 1988-03-17, Oregon Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 28, 2022,
MLA: “Front Street Weekly; 818; Oregon's Passage to India.” 1988-03-17. Oregon Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 28, 2022. <>.
APA: Front Street Weekly; 818; Oregon's Passage to India. Boston, MA: Oregon Public Broadcasting, The Walter J. Brown Media Archives & Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from