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the it's been in nineteen forty eight our problems in trying to game
first class citizenship media bury the foundation upon which the execution of democracy rest in the south especially in alabama racial discrimination critics say this is just simply a decision decisions dempsey pat news i'm very very courageous
individual hat of that raises a nineteen forties and fifties attempt to read to sort of all because the vote meant how prepared with his firemen what a very important feature of people like me so there's really good college lived he was an educator but that wasn't enough for him he still needs in the community and the people were in the back of somebody's just to get things going for them and he was just a man really avoid it was always delivered something bad and that was persuasive his manners and woman of the dna are
in nineteen oh nine a conference was held in springfield illinois to protest the horrible injuries occurring throughout the south the meeting was attended by philanthropists scientists and was rejected on a new crusade for their emancipation this coalition of blacks and whites neighbor to the national association for the advancement of color the university was founded in nineteen oh nine and broadway nineteen fifteen was opening affiliate choppers unincorporated associations around the country one was opened in alabama an unincorporated affiliate chopper was opened in nineteen eighteen by nineteen fifty one the end of one city opened a regional office in birmingham as a politically minded youngster growing up in birmingham that was very familiar with the naacp is reputation as a fighter for civil rights and other people talking about it and
what they would do and all that sort of thing they will soon as ten membership school at that time the naacp membership with fifty cents billion deal cain initiative and when my senior ira levin to believe the divorce whose insides at that time on the conditions you those who have nots galliano for him so he was sent back to me but i continued my government naacp until nineteen a day chewing it came in nineteen eighty two he was he was born in marion alabama the heart
patient that his father died when he was only five years old his mother died a year later in nineteen ninety eight and was then sent to me with his grandmother in birmingham she became a guiding force personally have every she insisted that we stay in school and coach when i finished high school i decided that i want to teach during the spring of nineteen thirty nine graduated from birmingham's industrial high school and in the fall of nineteen thirty he entered alabama state university in montgomery after finishing college in nineteen thirty four that went to work for the butler in sumter county school systems he developed a reputation as being more than an educated white residents patton was a strong activist who encouraged him to organize their communities and iago about a coat
not like people of any consequence in races in some to conduct at her house it leads him to go into a race that they didn't have any organization in search for community so i'll call analysis together and colonize and the nomination of steel and i'm going to do some city work to do that organization hazel hackett a retired teacher has known patent for over fifty years in nineteen forty three she served as secretary a patent greenville surgically he always was talking about improving community life and the boy's anger of it one of the best for them in the school system and he just he was a sincere energy at determined person they are persuasive and get things going and he was a live organism he thought the horse hundley is an assistant professor of history at the university of alabama
birmingham we probably is also the rest of the birmingham civil rights institute of oral history project and he was one of those young aggressive in psalm would say militant and really was not militants but one whose aggressive in an n consistent in his efforts to include black people in the bottom part of the country and he just look at the numbers of people that registered to become registered voters between nineteen forty and it says five even before little rights act and instead of alabama and some other it was other sites that would be our movie we would have to look at hundreds of patents as been very significant and really taking the end and enrolling people in nineteen forty seven there were only six
thousand registered voters in alabama often beilenson economic reprisals discouraged him from pursuing the ballot despite the hardships a few did manage to register well we have a vote that going to deal is with him and it tickled us here we will win registered and in heaven a problem there is that except they told us they reshape a gold that when the real problem at that time when his truthfulness in their little and then a lot of cars in a live again to interrogate him questions that they could not answer the forces against the exclusion of black people have been most significant one of warren's concern then is where public accommodations with them sir david ban former mayor of birmingham
in the nineteen fifties when they were members of the alabama council on human relations council was a biracial group that worked to bring about change in the state never lost his crew and he can't know because the reality is that there were racist and really wouldn't know there were problems with people and kill the number of voters in the larger community research station in three of the democratic governor will always be reflecting to some degree the feelings of the people and black people couldn't vote and all the white people they responded to a racial discrimination when dr patty why we're going to go go in and working and working and working and then to create a larger number one on a voter and
then in nineteen sixty five the voter on the voting on saturday with that in nineteen forty five had lived his teaching position and began working with the supreme council of the american would like a black fraternal organization a few months later he took on the full time job as president of alabama's naacp chapters that also served as secretary and president of the association and in nineteen forty seven he became the third executive director of the state ranchers england about his work that became friends with the couple of young civil rights activists thurgood marshall march first nineteen fifty dear mr penn this will acknowledge your letter of february twenty first inviting me to put something in your state freedom fund travel april thirteen i shall be most
happy to be with you sincerely or may ten nineteen fifty dear mr wilkins sure that by this time mr marshall has informed you of the very successful meeting with her in montgomery on april thirtieth as usual he was at his best the address was both informative and interesting very true years debbie seek patent it's b bryan ferry is an associate professor of law at the university of alabama that specializes in race women and constitutional issues involving the law brown was the most important supreme court decision of the twentieth century it was the culmination of a legal strategy to end state sponsored segregation of thurgood marshall charles hamilton houston away in history and many other lawyers working with
the endlessly p first attacked school desegregation on the graduate school level that are succeeding there in cases of texas and oklahoma and missouri the strategy was moved to primary and secondary schools in cases like brown with brown's victory over marshall will became known as mestre civil rights and in the place of puny the good offense and education fund became known as the principal civil rights organization in this country after the supreme court's historic brown decision the university of alabama was the first to order to desegregate for years the school's officials had resisted on february first nineteen fifty six offering lucy aided by the naacp registered for classes several days later she was expelled incidents at the stage one at a court battle between the state and the
associations legal defense fund the attorney general the state attorney general and a wizard direction and the un decided to the naacp should be put out of that and said the naacp had not registered with the city so they brought the charge against us unfold we went to court to fight the charges that we did need to register with the state has an obligation four months after authoring lucy attempted to enter the university of alabama state attorney general john patterson filed a petition to oust the naacp from alabama on the grounds it had failed to register as a foreign or out of state corporation the attorney general alleges the association was causing irreparable injury to the property and civil
rights of the citizens of alabama the complaints specifically mention the offering lucy inside circuit court judge walton jones agreed with the states and temporarily halted the naacp is operation musical interaction matters joe twelve but don't know patterson was good as anti asian injunction against a son he would build a facility owner little bit in nineteen fifty six he said reverend fred shuttlesworth was the management coordinator for the naacp is birmingham branch shuttlesworth was holding a meeting in a masonic temple when the restraining order was delivered and he unloaded sheaf of paper to know that their papers on went down to the floor and i said to him well what this is made he said things you can do nothing
new in us it can do nothing he said you can do nothing i say well what do you mean by came to nothing if it does mean that you came in there i say we came ek do that he's a candidate as though you whoever wrote this woman in particular episode you and ben acker macri had resisted the purpose of the ban was to prevent the university from assisting people walk off freelancing or rosa parks he recalled author lucy was attending to desegregate years you know alabama rosa parks and others in montgomery engaged in a bus boycott that new ad crippled the montgomery bus lines the attorney general intended to stop those kinds of attendance body in the police simply judge jones later issued an order requiring the association to travel which records and membership list that this ipad and the naacp is legal defense that complied with the records request
but said no to the membership list they knew that the year who could plan and the line mentality of the ku klux klan that would be a fair estimate of them and they would be fired from their job it was a form of intimidation if i know who you are then you would be definitely a target for information and that was very consistent indeed the technique that we that we used by the authorities do and you know the heights of the movement so yes if you get those are the names of the people were in fact were members those people simply become very vulnerable the naacp can of the state's claim by falling emotion to have the suit dismissed on the bases there was no substance of the state's comply the end was city
argued that all of them have not stated acclaim and its pleadings unattended to have a complaint just last night court did not dismiss the circuit court in montgomery found that i'll bet that the university was in violation of alabama law and imposed a substantial sanction initially ten thousand dollars which was to be raised two hundred thousand dollars a gallon if the university did not comply within five days the university did not comply with that order for it within five days and the court imposed a one hundred thousand dollars civil contempt fine plus forbade the inability to from conducting business in the state state outlawed the naacp like alabama
has began looking in the fight against jim crow three days after the ban reverend shuttlesworth step forward and started the alabama christian movement mr cliff a fall everything we can do not knowing a number of big long that plan won't go somewhere to the movie j own in practice three delegates and so if there was a tuesday night one meal out that we've been done and now they're in the church and media among national movement began meeting monday night after the ap to that was assistant in nineteen fifty six and we'd meet and people would know it was it was a human spirit truman people were so tell us and they thought i had dancers i have faith
as a project leader god was socially alabama's ban against the naacp did not stop weapons were he moved and became director of the association of education part there registering voters in sight registered voters colonize campaign to work in various anyone for his campaign allies within the memphis tennessee and not fear and what i wanted to do with only calms contamination
it'd make it into something that i'm good after the supreme court injunction against the naacp the associations little against that appeal the case to the alabama supreme court the high court upheld the law which decision and the band was not like ultimately the naacp would take the case four times to the us supreme court finally on june first nineteen sixty four the justices ordered alabama to immediately lift the year i think ultimately the state through its representatives underestimated the genius of marshall the genius of robert carter the genius of arthur shores and for a great many others who stayed with the litigation and
who ultimately prevailed in the supreme court i would like for them to enter a lacy naacp of getting it and trying to get people registered and getting onboard too low to insist on them john kavanagh this country and that and other than that i'd like people remember me as a person who is interested in people who love people and then how would free mr david unwin and they will need to somehow be a blessing to some bad art or some call mr patten first of all she remembered for
now courageous and i say that and i have really nice and with affirmative action because if you're mr alabama in the nineteen forties and fifties talking about a person who is attempting to change the status quo by roland people by suggestion that there is a need to make a final attack on the status quo that was a hit that was basically a death sentence in place to warm him for some to have in those ideas and businesses as he was a rather analytical invisible know he looked bad situations to analyze those situations and then he read it he attacked and what he tried to do he was sincere
he didn't try to fool the people he encountered going to be easy but he told if you work hard that you could move up to where you are and just follow leadership don't plan to leave where you don't know you're going and he just impressed that upon the people and when you get if you go and there'd be some other those things start falling especially if it went somewhere and that's what we use a man to the best of his ability and extent says his generation to the extent possible with the resources that we hate you did have the courage to be informed be tempted to believe and to try to lift and inspire people and folks and i think that that person so i would give him that i had to meet him on a scale from one to ten
in this process oh i sang that i assume that they moved i sail nice i assume that's a moot is like a tree a planet neither will honor ii so now being moved oh i do yeah i assume that they moved away to head and i assume that they moved as like a tree planted by the war or i say not being new for videotape of this program send a check or money order for twenty five dollars to the
university of alabama center for public television po box eighty seven thousand tuscaloosa alabama three five four eight seven or use your visa discover or mastercard by calling one eight hundred four six three eighth eight to five
The Alabama Experience
I Shall Not Be Moved: The Legacy of W.C. Patton
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University of Alabama Center for Public Television
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University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R) (Tuscaloosa, Alabama)
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Episode Description
W.C. Patton was a huge advocate for African Americans and helped ignite a political revolution. His greatest passion was getting Africian American people registered to vote. This piece includes information on Patton's work with the NAACP, his early life, Brown vs. The Board of Education, the ban on the Alabama chapter of the NAACP, the 1965 Voting Rights Act, and more.
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A series that focuses on bringing to life the inspiring stores and empowering characters that have helped form Alabama's past and are working to shape its future.
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: Clay, Kevin
Producing Organization: University of Alabama Center for Public Television
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University of Alabama Center for Public Television
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Duration: 0:26:07
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Chicago: “The Alabama Experience; I Shall Not Be Moved: The Legacy of W.C. Patton,” 1995-03-02, University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed June 8, 2023,
MLA: “The Alabama Experience; I Shall Not Be Moved: The Legacy of W.C. Patton.” 1995-03-02. University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. June 8, 2023. <>.
APA: The Alabama Experience; I Shall Not Be Moved: The Legacy of W.C. Patton. Boston, MA: University of Alabama Center for Public Television and Radio (CPT&R), American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from