Series
Exploring the Universe
Episode Number
8
Episode
How Did the Universe Begin?
Producing Organization
Mayer-Skylar Productions
Contributing Organization
Thirteen WNET (New York, New York)
Library of Congress (Washington, District of Columbia)
AAPB ID
cpb-aacip/75-38jdfrk1
NOLA Code
EXUN
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Description
How was our universe created? With Dr. Robert Jastrow, director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Dave Garroway discusses four theories of the creation of the universe. (1) Some scientists believe that all space is full of gas and dust. In the beginning, condensed segments formed as gravity pulled the particles together. This is how the nucleus of a star was formed. (2) This theory of the reincarnation of the universe states that, as stars age, they gradually cool then explode. The gas that forms slowly condenses into new stars. (3) Another theory, the steady state theory, says that matter is continuously created from nothing. (4) And yet another postulates that all matter in the universe was once condensed in a "primeval egg" so dense that one cubic inch of it weighted 500 million tons. This blew apart and the galaxies formed form the resulting gas. This still leaves the perplexing question of how the "primeval egg" was created. There are two generally accepted theories of the formation of our solar system - (1) it was formed as a result of a near collision between our sun and another star, and (2) a condensed region of matter around the sun began to spin, spitting out clods of matter which condensed and formed planets. In the next ten years, as scientists explore the moon, they may find the answer to the puzzle of the creation of the universe. The moon, unlike the earth, presents a unique source of ancient history because it has not suffered from erosion. Therefore, the moon contains, science thinks, the evolutionary record of our solar system. (Description adapted from documents in the NET Microfiche)
Exploring the Universe is an exciting look into the modern theories and advances of science from the possibilities of life on other planets to the creation of our universe. Host for the series is Dave Garroway. Mr. Garroway and his guests all prominent scientists convey their own awe and the wonder at the universe to the television audience. Additionally, they hope to develop a deeper understanding of the philosophy of science so that the lay citizen will be able to make responsible judgments concerning science and government. Each episode documents by pictures, film, and fascinating experiments, provides a glimpse of a provocative field. About the series, Mr. Garroway says, I have long felt that no one has really lived who has not looked into the eyepiece of a telescope. I hope Exploring the Universe conveys some of the feeling of excitement that science brings to me. Exploring the Universe was produced under a grant from the National Science Foundation, and is based on but is not a duplication of the American Foundation for Continuing Educations adult reading-discussion series, Exploring the Universe. Exploring the Universe is a production of Mayer-Sklar Productions, which consists of 11 half-hour episodes originally recorded on videotape. (Description adapted from documents in the NET Microfiche)
Broadcast
1963-00-00
Asset type
Episode
Genres
Talk Show
Topics
Science
Media type
Moving Image
Duration
00:29:01?
Embed Code
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Credits
Director: Kane, Dennis B.
Executive Producer: Vaughan, Charles
Guest: Jastrow, Robert
Host: Garroway, David Cunningham
Producer: Cooper, Lester
Producing Organization: Mayer-Skylar Productions
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Thirteen - New York Public Media (WNET)
Identifier: wnet_aacip_2050 (WNET Archive)
Format: 2 inch videotape
Duration: 00:29:01?
Library of Congress
Identifier: 2317086-1 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 16mm film
Generation: Copy: Access
Color: B&W
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Citations
Chicago: “Exploring the Universe; 8; How Did the Universe Begin?,” 1963-00-00, Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed September 16, 2019, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_75-38jdfrk1.
MLA: “Exploring the Universe; 8; How Did the Universe Begin?.” 1963-00-00. Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. September 16, 2019. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_75-38jdfrk1>.
APA: Exploring the Universe; 8; How Did the Universe Begin?. Boston, MA: Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_75-38jdfrk1