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that the 4,000 dollars was paid in 2 installments to ?food in? Washington .They were both granted immunity from prosecution for their admitted part in the stable burning, so forth and so on. Now at the the time, this 4,000 dollar was paid to the two key witnesses th- that testify against the three black leaders of the liberation struggles in Charlotte, North Carolina. John Mitchell was the one one who was uh..the attorney general. The assistant attorney general with a man named Rob- Robert ?Mardian?. He was the one who was directly responsible for paying the- these these witnesses so that they would testify against ?TJ Redi? Charlie Parker and the Jim Grant. Robert ?Mardian? R..Robert ?Mardian? is the one who was uh indi- indicted indicted last month for allegedly conspiring to seek secret payments for the Watergate burglars. The same Robert ?Mardian?
witnesses they lived in in a beach front apartment, at a cost of the federal government of ten thou-thousand thousand eight hundred dollars, according to a very high justice department's source. Belay this too because I think it's important to see the connections between what is the Watergate trials and what has been happening for a long time to the black liberation movement, the Chicano liberation movement, the Indian liberation movement, the Puerto Rican liberation movement, and the movement of working people in general. It is ?par-part? ?now? and I think that further we ought to be
on the campuses through the country. the University of Missouri in Columbia, the situation is even more disastrous and it's pretty bad nationally, pretty bad. Not very long ago, the American council on education released a report on colleges and universities; and they reported that in 1973 1973, there have been an approximately 11 percent drop in the number of black students accepted in 19..1972, 8.7 percent of freshmen all across the country were black. Last year only 7 po-point point 8 percent of all freshmen were black. And when you talk about
about students of color: Chicanos Puerto Ricans, Asians, Indians the drop is been from 14.8 percent to 13 percent. That's about uh what about uh um 18 or 19 percent drop the the number of uh students of color. In the whites students from working class backgrounds on the college campus campuses. In 1972, 14.1 percent of the fre-freshmen freshman class consisted of students from families whose incomes were less than 6,000 dollars. 1973, only 11.1 percent and there's been of course a corresponding rise in the uh acceptance of students who come from families with incomes over 30,000 dollars.
They are no longer afraid of the ability of cha-challenge and to force them to give to us what is right f- for serious about developing a struggle against racism ri- rights ?dge? black students has drop to the very low percentage of 7.8 percent. On this campus, you only have 2.5 percent ?hire? admissions of but you all
I hope he hasn't been around here trying to speak at the university, uh has he? ?I?, of course, there's been the attempt of many so called liberals to...try to convince the academia that Shockley has an inalienable right to freedom of speech and he has his right to academic freedom. You are ought to be given the opportunity to teach and discuss his so-called controversial theories. ?See, I think? that argument fails to take into account th..that their freedom of speech and academic freedom are things that can be con- considered considered in a human freedom further human progress ?fools? that these very same people that they could say Nazis, prior to the seizure of power by Hitler in 1933, had the academic freedom had...the academic freedom to penetrate the university and
?right? their anti-Semitic racist theories, pseudo scientific theory they maybe have an academic right, an aca..the academic freedom to form experiments on human beings, on mental patients, on Jews, on Communists, on trade unionists. Because what was the result of it all all was mass extermination, genocide. Sharply, recently and I have to say this before uh you know I conclude cause I think it's real-really important for black students, students of color, and white students as well to take the offensive against people like \Wwilliam Shockley, who say and I quote "my research leads me, it's a tragic conclusion" he says
"my research leads me inescapably to the opinion that the major cause of the American Negroes, intellectual and social deficit, is hereditary and racially genetic in origin and thus not remediable to a major degree by practical improvements in the environment ?so? all across college campuses and that inferiority is genetic, it's hereditary and no matter how how much education black people have access to, they aren't going to come any less inferior, they aren't gonna become any more int- intelligent ?a?
again, from a statement which he made, maybe some quote "in the black community, the birth rate is very high at the bot- bottom bottom end. You know when he ?means? he uses all words that uh-a supposed to conceal his racism at the bot- bottom bottom end black people he goes on to say it is well known throughout the world that where there are higher rates and localized populations, these almost inevitably are associated with poor economic situations. So that in the black community is as I see it's suffering as a whole from the very high birth rate of the least effective ele- elements elements. That's what they call it, the least effective element. Then the means of stop-stopping by voluntary bonuses
which would give annuities ss to the people who are involved. This might be to the people involved this might be accomplished." End of quote. Let me translate a bit because he he tries to use all these, you know, words don't make any sense but what he's saying is and he went on to say that he was referring; for example, to what th..they had done in India where they had given transistor radios to people who voluntarily allowed the- themselves themselves to be sterilized. When he says annuities to the people who involved, he me- means he means, you know, givin' people ah certain amount of money per year they rob themselves of their right to bear children. See, you know, I don't think it's entirely coincidental that we have a situation, 'know, where...racism and
institutions such as colleges and universities becoming ever more blatant I don't think that it's coincidental that you only have 2.5 percent black people on this campus and we're not even talking about the uh black students in the freshman sophomore, junior, and senior class cause you talking about the graduate students as well and you're talking about black people from many other parts of the world as well. So when it gets down to You know this is a very tiny minority of black students on this campus thisss mounting trend of racism which it which it expresses itself..blatantly and openly through various forms of repression which expresses itself through the economics squ- squeeze squeeze which black people and people of color are the first to feel which expresses itself itself and the rise of vigilante groups which ex..expresses itself and the
ideological offense that people like uh William Shockley are waging on the campuses and as I said before I came here to, sisters and brothers, to get involved in this movement bec- because because it's a struggle for survival and I'm sure every black student in this hall this evening knows th- that black students earlier this afternoon before I was arrested in 1970, I was organizing around the demand for the fr- I said to people when I spoke ?grind? that the various places in the state o- of state of California was that you HAVE to get involved in this fi- fight fight because's a fight to protect your
your right to be politically active, your right to str- strive to be the next of what we were sayin with only a few months and i found myself on the ten most wanted wanted list running around the country trying hide from uh the FBI with their their uh machine guns and..and..and..and you know with...their designation of me as one of the most dangerous criminals in the country. It was only a few months later that I found myself uh
in jail. ?involved? in the fight to free the ?solitaire? brother. The fight to free and Bobby and Huey. The fight to protect the uh LA team, the New York 21. I can go then....sisters and brothers, what not, have come to ?mind? would not, would not have to by appealing to you to..assist us in building this movement around repression On July ?4th? get involved in the movement right he- here the Missouri state penitentiary right here in Jeff- Jefferson Jefferson City, about 30 miles from here. Find out what's happening and I know, I KNOW
I used to..I got letters from MANY brothers in that prison..when I was in jail myself and I continue to receive mail from them and I know in that prison [applause] Get involved working people, work is from the repression that is inflicted upon them when they they organize themselves and fight militantly for their rights is that, you know just because you you're here on this campus just because you're getting a little book education, that doesn't me- mean mean that you can't follow the leadership of sisters and brothers who have been struggling out there in the streets out there in the shops and who know it's..I usually conclude the presentations I make, sisters and brothers, let me refer to
to....a statement that was ma- made was made during the course of the Attica rebellion by one of the brothers who participated in that struggle. At the very height of the reb- rebillion, when the prisoners that organized peaceful...a peaceful demonstration and presented their demands expose of conditions in Attica and political oppression which they were experiencing...and when things looked..indeed very beautiful in so far as struggle goes before the massacre took place. One of the brothers cried out "we have got the answer. We have have found the solution. The solution
solution is unity...unity, unity, unity." That is something that we can never have enough of. And I think it's about time that we ?headery? petty bickering about you know who is a communist and who is a socialist and who is a is a democrat and who is a minister and who is a trade unionist and who who is..who is uh and who is Chicano and who is Puerto Rican and who is Asian and who is Indian and who is white. See, I think that we need every single person of getting involved and
and someone just handed me a note to to remind you that there are struggles going on all over the country. There is the struggle in Florida for the I said we need unity because we..that is ?unity? sisters and brothers, with unity we can talk about seeing to it that the that the wounded knee defendants are acquitted . with unity..with unity, we can free the San Quentin, Ruchell Magee was once said to me
and if you compare that stru- struggle struggle...the participants in that struggle, to the far fingers of your your hand A'll probably break it into a fist My sisters and brothers; THAT is what unity is all about, THAT is what power is all about. We will be able to knock knock the living daylights out of our enemy. We will be able to [applause] [whistling] [applause] [whistling]
Angela Davis in Columbia
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KOPN-FM (Columbia, Missouri)
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An excerpt of a Angela Davis speech delivered in Columbia, MO circa April 1974. Davis discusses race issues in America, William Shockley, and the ongoing Watergate scandal.
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Chicago: “Angela Davis in Columbia,” KOPN-FM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed August 12, 2022,
MLA: “Angela Davis in Columbia.” KOPN-FM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. August 12, 2022. <>.
APA: Angela Davis in Columbia. Boston, MA: KOPN-FM, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from