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Episode Number
Africa: The Hidden Frontiers
Producing Organization
Contributing Organization
Library of Congress (Washington, District of Columbia)
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Episode Description
1 hour piece, produced by Associated-Rediffusion and initially distributed by NET in 1964. It was originally shot on film.
Episode Description
Africa: The Hidden Frontiers journeys into the heart of the newly independent African nation of Kenya and documents the problem it is experiencing in its attempting to unify its numerous African tribes, its Europeans and Asians, into a coherent nation. In this Intertel program, produced by Associated Rediffusion of London, England, there emerges a perceptive look at this challenge and a revealing examination of the contrasting way of life of several dominant tribes, the influence of the European and Asian settlers, and the social progress that has been made in spite of this mosaic of peoples. In tracing the problems that face Kenya's effort to reach real unity among its eight million people, the program looks at life among the Kikuyu - farmers who led the wars that resulted in Kenya's independence, and the dominant political tribe; the Masai - once a great warrior clan who want their isolation accepted as part of Kenya's emerging political and social pattern; the unpretentious Giriama who live off the land and want nothing to do with the centralized government; and the Somali of the remote northern district, whose customs are more similar to neighboring Somalia and Ethiopia and who threaten to secede from Kenya. The symbol of Kenya's effort to nullify racism is explored in a visit to the melting pot city of Nairobi. Here, where whites came, conquered, prospered, and where Asians control commerce, viewers see the attempt by these societies to come to terms. Here, too, the African is seen growing into responsible and specialized positions. Here also, a mutual social acceptance between white and African is found to be slowly emerging. The program stresses the struggle for unity with Kenya's Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta, who stresses the need to achieve this goal in a speech to a huge tribal gathering. Africa: The Hidden Frontiers is a 1963-64 Intertel production by Associated-Rediffusion of London, England. (Description adapted from documents in the NET Microfiche)
Other Description
Intertel, a dramatic breakthrough in the dissemination of ideas and cultural exchange through television, was conceived in November 1960. Five television broadcasters in the four major English-speaking nations joined to form the International Television Federation, to be known as Intertel, the first such international organization. The participants were Associated Rediffusion, Ltd. of Great Britain, the Australian Broadcasting Commission, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and for the United States, the National Educational Television and Radio Center and the Westinghouse Broadcasting Company. Intertel produced on a bi-monthly basis hour-long documentaries on important world topics, inaugurating a global television production agency dedicated to the creation of programs of substance and meaning. John F. White, President of NET, called Intertel more than a fusion of the creative talents of the organizations involved in producing television programs of outstanding merit. It is a step forward to world understanding, he added. I believe that the exchange of documentaries, while of great significance in the vastness of the mutual understanding in it can foster, is but the first step in a regular exchange of all forms of programming. Donald H. McGannon, President of WBC, hailed the new organization as a pool of the technical and creative ability and knowledge of all the groups which will extend the international horizons of television in all aspects. This is the first practical step, after years of talking and hoping, toward the creation and use of international television for cultural exchange and an effective weapon for peace. By having observers examine topics far removed from their everyday assignments, Intertel gives viewers a fresh viewpoint. The founder members indicated that by dubbing these programs in foreign languages and making them available to all nations, they hoped television companies in Europe, Asia and South America will eventually join this unique project. The supervisory committee for the United States programming segments consists of Mr. McGannon and Mr. White; Richard M. Pack, WBC Vice President Programming; and Robert Hudson, NET Vice President for Programming. Intertel came into formal being November 14, 1960, in a special meeting in Vancouver, B.C., and the culmination of plans for such an association which has been under way for a long time. John McMilliam of Associate Rediffusion, was named contemporary Coordinating Officer at that time. (Description adapted from documents in the NET Microfiche)
Broadcast Date
Asset type
Local Communities
Race and Ethnicity
Public Affairs
Politics and Government
Media type
Moving Image
Director: Gamble, Rollo
Narrator: Cameron, James
Producing Organization: Associated-Rediffusion
AAPB Contributor Holdings
Library of Congress
Identifier: 2329502-1 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 16mm film
Generation: Copy: Access
Color: B&W
Indiana University Libraries Moving Image Archive
Identifier: [request film based on title] (Indiana University)
Format: 16mm film
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Chicago: “Intertel; 19; Africa: The Hidden Frontiers,” 1964-08-24, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 21, 2022,
MLA: “Intertel; 19; Africa: The Hidden Frontiers.” 1964-08-24. Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 21, 2022. <>.
APA: Intertel; 19; Africa: The Hidden Frontiers. Boston, MA: Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from