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The National Association of educational broadcasters presents America's African heritage recorded in Africa by Skip Westfall program 11. The medicine gardens of Kew song too. Here is Kip Westfall program is coming to you again this week from the mission to send in the bosun come on our last recording we told a part of the story of the important contribution father Carmine's is made in the development of the medicine obtained from the rubble to root. Fortunately Father Collins is here today at the Botanical Gardens Research Center. I consider it a real honor to have the privilege to meet such a distinguished senators. Father Garland speaks to me and has asked a father houri to act as interpreter for other columns What do you consider to be the most important use of the rubble rooted in modern medicine. The government by the people who see it would not be found over
anything even of Do You Think You Can Love Live and you know that Mubarak is that of a better phone book than it is of the mother of the mother because other doors open for them if you know and follow them to the. But in the middle. Of all you have a break but I think that and on the organ and of course the father. He's not claiming came in many things but he he things especially you with the regulator high blood pressure. And again remember the.
Now in what way to the African Royal where we are superior to the Royal world 17 which is running when you happen in Havana in Africa you know beat it down you know. Yet even in India the role of the little field when we have been in the Oval and the front supposes that. We do really found here is Richard kindred be found in India. I say at this point perhaps it's like Father Cullen's understands and speaks the language fairly well. He was hesitant about attempting an interview in English at his suggestion. We will do the rest of this recording with Father our age who have been briefed concerning his absent father our A would you give us a brief description of how the round of your route was getting when I first saw the coverage here to go out to the indigenous markets in the villages to buy they're
made by natives. How far do they go out. Quite some distance. About 300 miles from here they cover a large area. You know how many trucks of the co-operative happened here in the middle aged 10 and what do they collect in addition to the route would be a route in addition to remove your road and then connect also. Man you're be all sorts of vegetables and fruits and so on. Yes. Then they also sell merchandise to the people in the villages do they. They fetch so much knives from their home which they do the villages for instance furniture gardening. I'm kind of cooking utensils perhaps pots and pans not afford them. Now you might say that these trucks of the co-operative are similar to the peddler's wagon that we
used to see years ago throughout the countryside back in the States. Except that these travelling margins in Africa by produce in addition to selling the merchandise. Now this project of the cooperatives is certainly a wonderful service to the people of this region isn't it. So they help the people to eat. Now is the business of gathering there I won't hear it continue throughout the year. No they got it principally during the dry season. Why why don't they gather it during the website when it seems it doesn't come things as much as a peep during the wet season when the plant is bedding and flowering than during. Right which is the rest of the plan now is this the main area in Africa where the route of your route is to be found. If you did not mean area where there will be a road is to be found in all
principal area where did I look at you how to connect and how this story of the route of the river has been of especial interest to me because of mine because one of my purposes and coming here for the Ford Foundation is to do a series of radio programs on Africa's contribution to modern medicine and I would be interested to know what other plants or trees grown in Africa are used in the making of medicine. Father comes to me that there are several of them here used for heart disease for instance I've been on the Evoque I also try to use this but yes the fruit of higher for food. Also another kind of plant. Hope for heart disease. Evidently in spite of the fact that synthetic medicines are widely used throughout the world there is still a great demand for medicines which are made from France and three.
Well in fact the natives have been using. These plans on drugs here for hundreds of years already and now it is with a little. Their medical knowledge is made available for them to grade the mother from the Through the Night Fever which is doing every effort and a great research in this field and it is only in fairly recent years that modern medicine has realized the value of some of these plants which the Africans have used for a long time. Why yes for instance final things. Nineteen hundred and fifty that they are going to go into the 1950 that other colonies first sent the first land region of the country. Well I know father got one for that and you didn't father our 8. Important work which demands your attention. I don't want to impose
on your good nature by thinking too much of your time. It has been most kind of your father hour and by the columns to talk with me today and I wish you continued success in your efforts to help relieve the suffering of mankind. Now that Father Collins has left we will use the few minutes remaining on this broadcast to describe our visit this afternoon to the beautiful botanical gardens of cosigned first perhaps I should explain the loud noise you no doubt heard a few moments ago. Oh I had told the boy who brings me my meals that he should wait until 12:30. He evidently didn't understand my French and he burst into the room right in the midst of our interview. He did it very quietly however as though he had dumped a load of bricks on the floor. I'm sure that boy had no idea that he would slam the door so hard that it could be heard all the way across the Atlantic Ocean. My tour of the Botanical Gardens was a wonderful experience. Father Collins took
about two hours to show me the tree the plants and the flowers which are his pride and joy. He's a gentle kindly person as you would expect and very humble about the important contribution he has made to the people of the Congo on our tour he pointed out to me many plants and trees from which medicines are made. He showed me the tabernacle from which your medicine is made to treat diseases of the heart. He pointed out 22 species of the Stroh finest plant from the seeds of which just manufactured the important drug cortisone used in the treatment of arthritis. He proudly displayed his collection of 200 different species of the aloe cactus from the leaves of this plant as obtained a medicine to cure digestive ailments. In addition to the many plans which are used in the making of medicines Father Collins has in his gardens trees and flowers from practically every tropical country in the world. I was particularly interested in the giant bamboo from Gemma which grows an
inch in a day and reaches a height of up to almost 100 feet. One of the interesting things about the consent of the news is that they are almost self-supporting. Seventy men are employed here and they raise many products which are sold in the markets in this area. And even as far away as Leopoldo. Among the produce which is delivered to the markets are bananas pineapples mango oranges and many other kinds of citrus fruits. There is also a set up at this place a horticultural school attended by 80 students who are trained to be gardeners in the homes of Europeans and that hospitals and various institutions all over this part of Africa that descend to botanical gardens have a most unusual history. They were begun shortly after the mission was founded 70 years ago. At that time the food of the natives consisted only of leaves of plants and trees and what meat they were able to obtain from hunting wild again moved
with compassion for these undernourished people. The fathers began to import vegetables and fruits from other parts of the world and for many years they conducted experiments on methods of acclimating them to this tropical climate. Now as a result of these experiments the African people throughout this whole area can raise in their gardens potatoes manuf beans carrots practically everybody as well as all kinds of citrus fruits. And the Co-operative movement which was begun by Father Cali only a few years ago there is an amazing project for me. There were many women in this area who had to leave their home at daybreak one day every week and walk for three or four hours to the market carrying on their heads. What produce they had for sale. Then after the market was over they had another four hours to walk back to their homes in the bush. Now as Father houri explained a moment ago there are 10 crux of the Co-operative which go out to the villages with merchandise to sell
and they return with the produce which has been delivered to them by the African people. You can easily imagine what a boon this co-operative movement is to the people of the villages in this area. It's an experiment in practical Christianity of which the Cassandra mission has good reason to be proud. In addition to the world renowned Botanical Garden the horticultural school and the hospital there is also a school here attended by over 2000 boys and girls. One of the most inspiring sights here at the mission's groom is to see the boys marching to their cries in put big step arms swinging and head held high remarks to the coming of a rousing father out of a Powerade tells me the words of one of their marching song My teacher has given us a print. What is it. It is our homework for tonight.
Let's listen. To. It.
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America's African heritage
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University of Maryland (College Park, Maryland)
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Race and Ethnicity
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University of Maryland
Identifier: 4914 (University of Maryland)
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