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The following program is a rebroadcast of Front Street Weekly which aired earlier this year. Oregon Public Broadcasting presents Front Street weekly television magazine featuring news and arts coverage from an Oregon perspective with Gwyneth gamble and Jim Swinson.
Good evening. I'm going to gamble. Welcome to Front Street Weekly. I'm Jenny sponson And here's a preview of some of tonight's stories for many years. Tourette Syndrome an organic sort of the central nervous system has been unidentified and mis diagnosed. Tonight we'll investigate what's being done to correctly diagnose and treat this little known disorder. And tonight we'll talk with Senator Bob Packwood about political issues essential to the northwest. If you want to keep condominiums off the wall and inside across the falls if you want to keep development outside of the incorporated cities at a minimum so that our children and grandchildren can enjoy that gorge. My bill is important. The Russian Old Believers a unique religion and way of life. We'll travel to Woodburne and visit this community to discover the problems this endangered culture is facing. Meet quarter flash. One of the hottest musical bands to come out of Oregon.
The private school will examine its growth in Oregon and find out why more parents are sending their children into this alternative form of education. And finally scrimshaw an old art form that is flourishing on the Oregon coast. Meet nationally recognized grim Shandor Bonnie sheltie. She explains how this intricate art is made. An estimated three and a half million people in the United States have a rare disorder called Tourette's syndrome. As Field Producer all of that found out it's not the syndrome that's so rare it's the diagnosis. Well. First the Bill Thomas talks with the head and then I would do things with my hand and fly up in the air and I would. BACK I'M little skip sing and go from one thing to another and then suddenly they all combined together right to make a noise in my head.
Two years ago. Fifteen year old Clarie schelm was told that she had a rare disorder called Tourette's Syndrome. The symptoms of this puzzling disorder usually begin between the ages of 2 and 16. Initial symptoms include uncontrollable muscular jerking of the face or upper body. These movements are soon joined by verbal tics such as grunting throat clearing hissing or barking sounds the movements and sounds may come and go over a period of time and may be more or less severe but the symptoms don't go away completely. This is what distinguishes two rats from common childhood ticks. Those which children will outgrow while Tourette's Syndrome is not life threatening. Its effects can last a lifetime. Even though Tourette Syndrome was originally identified in 1889 by a Frenchman named George Videla to read the cause is still not known. The symptoms were then thought to be the result of a psychological problem and were treated with psychotherapy and
relaxation. But today Tourette syndrome is recognized as a neurological ailment and is generally treated with medication. The biggest problem with Tourette's is that it's often either overlooked completely or confused as hyper activity or some other common motion disorder. That's what happened in Clarice's case she went nearly three years before being diagnosed. She never really had any problems until she began school. Then there was a disruptive problem and the teachers complained that she was so disruptive in the classroom and couldn't concentrate and stay on task and remain it and they felt too was hyper doctors said Clarice was not hyperactive. But nobody seemed to know exactly what was wrong with her. Larissa's parents weren't getting any answers at least not until they saw this public service announcement narrated by honorary national chairman Dick Cavett. Symptoms include involuntary movements like fast eye blinking or shoulder jerking and uncontrollable noises grunting barking throat clearing the symptoms that cabut
described were much like those Clarice was experiencing. When the shell OM's realized the Tourette's was a neurological problem. They took Clarice to see child neurologist Dr. James Shem shock. At that time I took Clary's. Shortly after I took her to see child neurologist and I told her I thought that she might possibly be showing early symptoms of Tourette's. And he said absolutely not. Dr shim shock sent the results of Clarice's exam to her pediatrician stating that her symptoms did not strongly indicate the presence of Tourette's syndrome. We spoke to the doctor about the problem of misdiagnosis because of confidentiality laws he was unable to comment on specific cases but did acknowledge that the diagnosis of Tourette syndrome is a challenge. Usually it's a matter of what the individual looks like on the day I see him and the history sounds like. There is no laboratory test as black and
white. It's not a. Hard diagnosis to shim shack was only one of many doctors who didn't recognize that Claris had Tourette's. Months passed and she wasn't getting any better. In fact the existing symptoms were getting worse and new ones were now appearing. The physical tics had been joined by vocal outbursts bits of barking and swearing. I really felt I had a child that was almost crazy. In some ways. Are possessed. So I would say mean I don't believe in it but at the same time her symptoms led me to believe that that was a possibility. But Clarice wasn't crazy and she wasn't possessed. Unknown to the Shallum is that the time these vocalizations were another significant symptom of Tourette's. Nearly half of all Tourette's patients have these swearing spells known as. Shortly after Clarice's sparring began. She was easily diagnosed. The variety of symptoms shown by another Tourette's victim 13 year old Aaron Baker
led to a string of incorrect diagnoses as well. The head was just twitching constantly. The body was moving. Vocalizations. Strange noises and squeals. Leg movements arm movements. And this was all diagnosed as behavioral. He was diagnosed as autistic. I was the first. In a long line of diagnoses the diagnosis of parents being autistic was then followed by one of being hyper kinetic and emotionally disturbed. In Erin's case the correct diagnosis of Tourette's Syndrome didn't come along for almost nine years. Although doctors have learned a little more about Tourette's since its discovery in 1885 they still don't know much about its origin. They do have some theories however about why the tics occur based on studies involving the reaction of the patients to symptoms of various drugs. If the drug
reduces the tech doctors find they understand more about the cause. We have some theories based on how we think medicine is for Tourette syndrome where these medicines primarily work by blocking certain types of Preceptors and specific areas of the brain. And because these medicines are known to function in this way we work backwards and then conclude that Tourette Syndrome must involve the disorder of this special neurochemical system in the brain. All of us have a chemical in the brain called dopamine which is released in the form of an electrical signal. This chemical is transmitted from neuron to neuron permitting normal speech and movement in Tourette's patients symptoms such as the uncontrollable tics are the result of a lack of inhibition. This is because dopamine is not regulated effectively by their system drugs which can block the signal of dopamine into neurological receptors look promising.
The most effective medicines involve those drugs which can block dopamine receptors in the brain and the drug most studied. For Tourette syndrome is called How It All. Happened all is being used and used effectively for almost 40 percent of the Tourette's patients. How all is not a cure for Tourette's syndrome. However it does suppress the symptoms. But there are some patients who can't use the medication because held on can cause unpleasant side effects. These include frightening muscle contractions restlessness and depression both Clarice and Aaron began their treatment using held all but soon the side effects became worse than the original symptoms. Clarice's mother remembers a frightening experience with the help all Clary's to her milligrams when she had muscle spasms her muscles locked up and her neck was locked backwards and she looked like a cripple. Took her down to emergency at the hospital. They of course had to give a
kind of an antidote to. To you know help her muscles relax and her become Claris and Aaron are now taking alternative drugs to control her symptoms slurries is taking Stelazine and Erins using Clonidine. Each is a major tranquilizer. In some cases these optional drugs have side effects but ones that the patient can more easily tolerate. Although progress has been made toward the control of Tourette syndrome through the use of drugs many patients begin treatment with more than a physical problem because of months and years spent in an undiagnosed condition. Many of these patients and their families have suffered emotional pain as well. The tics if they're severe enough certainly can interfere with the child's day to day activities and they also. The major problem in my experience has been that the tics are a cause of the child's being subject to ridicule by his cool chums and playmates and what have you. It would have been nice not to get made fun of so much.
What a difference for other kids. There were other people and other people that did the same thing. I wonder if they would have known earlier. It is clear to many doctors that help is needed to keep Turits patients mentally stable. One way to do this is to relieve some of the pressure often through counselling or psychotherapy. A controversial method which copes with stress is biofeedback. This is something that Clarice uses along with her medication while getting feedback from her tics. She finds she's able to control her actions. So for now just relax. Read generally anything. Up to my monitor. They put these things on you. Sometimes a perm on your forehead. It's like a little number digit number in what I have an outburst or tech or something. You know any kind of septet trust. Goes. That. And what I try to do is like
I just sit back and I relax and try to hold that down to make the numbers go lower and lower and lower. Concentrate on something that is very pleasant and experience pain. This weekend the range while biofeedback is working for Clarice. Most doctors still are hesitant to recommend it as treatment for all Tourette's patients Tourette's syndrome. It's a neurological disorder. And the reason that I'm presenting this to you to the psychology classes. Is that. Tourette syndrome is still a mystery to the medical profession. Victims and Their Families. Early diagnosis further research and drugs may help a great deal but a major obstacle still remain in the public attitude toward Tourette's patients. If I was given a choice every year going on educating the general public about Tourette's Syndrome or covering up the symptoms I would be much easier to cover up symptoms. Cause I'm trying to change people's health patterns and health thinking is extremely difficult. I'm not terribly optimistic that that
will happen. I think if the public understand that said there has no problem because if people look at her and say Oh she has Tourette's then she's free to do anything she wants. But until that time comes it's going to be real difficult. I'm hoping that. He can develop a sense of himself. Try and gain back some of the lost. Esteem. Find that he's OK. That isn't the kid. Hopefully that he will be independent and be able to support himself. Know I mean I wish for my son the same thing any mother does. Remember Tourette Syndrome is not a life threatening disorder so the debate continues over whether these victims actually need strong drugs to mask their symptoms. Often young people like Clarice and Erin are excluded from school on a normal life because of ignorance about their disorder. That sad fact is not likely to change and tell information
about the disease spreads through society including the medical profession. Recently Oregon Senator Bob Packwood was in Oregon while the Senate was in recess. We caught up with him for a brief conversation. Senator Packwood are them is still suffering from the effects of the recession and we are very concerned about the president's budget and what it means in terms of our economy. What can you do as a senator when it isn't a question of what I can do just as a senator. This is going to have to be worked up between the House the Senate and the president. They tell you we're going to do it. It's going to require some good on everybody's part. The president will have to give on his defense budget. Will he. Yes. Put it this way as part of a package. He will give. He'll have to give a bit on the defense budget. Congress is going to have to give up some of its favorite programs that we like. We're going to have to adopt part of the so-called Grace Commission Report and The Great Commission as well the recommendations in it. And there's going to be some revenue increases and it's a package that everyone will have
to share in. We can't have 200 billion 200 billion two hundred billion two hundred billion back to back to back to back for the next years without the interest rates going back up to 16 18 19 20 percent and I don't need to tell you I drove Oregon. Well what about this dichotomy between Voelcker Faust on the president and of course and you get Donald Regan who says I must go. Well though Reagan basically at the moment is the secretary of the Treasury is parroting the president's position which is no significant revenue increases we're going to write out this deficit. Now interestingly in his budget even the president has said that without some revenue increases that the deficits are going to go away. I think the president's going to change. I think he's going to come around. He didn't California when he was governor down there. But I emphasize again it must be a part of a package in which Congress is going to have to give also. You have been on the other side of several issues of President Reagan
one is abortion and he is firmly against abortion prayer in the schools. Has this caused a conflict between you and the White House. Not not serious. Clearly we are at opposite ends on the subject of abortion. I think a woman ought to have a right to make a choice if she wants. He does for three years though on that issue he is not being a great problem. He says he's opposed to it and that's the end of it. What has bothered me is there's three times in a week including the State of the Union message he has highlighted that issue is if he's saying I'm going to put this on the front burner I'm going to push it if that's the case. Then there's going to be I think a record or quite a showdown between Congress and the president over that issue. I was wondering specifically for example there seems to be quite a difference in opinion between Mr. Weaver and say Mr. Smith that he is on the whip's issue. What is your feeling about what's going on here. We're not going to be a will. There's not going to be any federal bailout money trying to interest the rest of the country and works is like trying to get somebody in Oregon to be allowed TVA.
They know you mean you would be laughed out of the state if you said let's put up several billion dollars to help the Tennessee Valley Authority to bail itself out. It has been said that there is a general malaise on the part of the American voter that we don't have a good track record in getting people registered to vote. Would you comment on that and how you feel about the Oregon voter. Well what we have a higher turnout in Oregon than you do in the nation and every time there's a malade I don't fight it or you know I go around every place in the state and city by hackwork on Discovery in Oregon and it doesn't matter if I'm in Portland OR pilot rock I get some very sharp questions to get in about the budget I get about wildernesse I get them but the Columbia Gorge. If there is a malaise I don't find it at least in this state. Would you say then the Oregon voter is better informed. Perhaps we are on the average better educated state than others. You mentioned a minute ago. Can be a. And I know that you have proposed a bill about the gorge. This is certainly of interest to people here in Oregon and to our viewers in southwest Washington why Senator is your Columbia Gorge Bill important to this region.
It's important if you want to preserve the gorge as you know and several million other Oregonians and Washingtonians have known it. If you want to keep condominiums off the Washington side across multiple levels if you want to keep development outside of the incorporated cities at a minimum so that our children and grandchildren can enjoy that gorge. My bill is important. Senator timber contracts have been very much in the news recently. What is your feeling about those contracts and what it has done again to our economy. Well I hope we can pass a bill we almost had one last almost everybody in this world is entitled to finality and these people in the timber business are entitled over they're going to get or not. If not that's one thing or another but to dangle it and dangle it in Bangalore never quite knew anything about it. It's not fair to or it's not fair to them is Bob Packwood running for office. It has been said that you are running for the presidency running for re-election in 86 and barring unforeseen circumstances it's going to be the last result of a long run once
more and retire. But I have no plans of running for the presidency. I find that difficult to believe that he is going to retire. Does that seem surprising to you. It does. The man is 51 years old and he also told me in that interview Jim that there is no job you can imagine that's as much fun and rewarding as being a United States senator. So we'll have to see how he assesses that at the end of that term if indeed he wins. I can't believe he would not run also. I find it surprising. That. Almost everyone has certain traditions. But for one group in Oregon tradition means something more than what parents or grandparents always did on holidays. It's a way of life a way of life that is very private and makes many reluctant to have their pictures taken front street producer
Rhonda Barton narrates this report. The United States has always been known as a melting pot of many nationalities. Today millions of people still immigrate to this country with one thought to get a piece of the American dream. But that's not true of one ethnic group that settled here in Oregon. The Russian all believers in the last 20 years nearly 4000 old believers have moved into the Woodburne area about 50 miles south of Portland. They came in search of a place where they could practice their religion freely and keep their traditions intact. Ironically the freedom they found here now poses a threat to the continuation of their strong community and their centuries old way of life. Grant has to have all these things like these temptations. Where is that right now. Kids I mean I mean everything's right there in heaven and it's just it's hard. It's a lot harder for us to bring them up the way our grandparents were brought up to their grandparents and their grandparents ancestors were brought up
believing in a strict interpretation of the Bible their religion touched almost every aspect of their daily life. And it still does today in Woodburn old believer men still wear high collared embroidered shirts a sash around the waist symbolizes their obedience to God. The women also dress modestly in peasant dresses and headscarves. Tradition dictates that unmarried women must wear their hair in a single braid and married women wear two braids. The men keep their hair short but must never cut their beards. Diet is also strictly regulated. The old believers don't eat meat or dairy products on certain days of the week. No recent religious restrictions include no television no radio and no movies. Those are hard rules to follow for some younger members of the community who want to be more like their American neighbors and people who work with the Old Believers say they're seeing an easing of the restrictions. In the beginning when I just started working.
I would say there were more strict about certain things like diet and holidays and even games and singing and all that. But now it's more linear. I would say you only have to look at a couple like Ken and Irene got just to see if the changes are taking place. I guess from saying I like American people the way they live in it's more comfortable like that and you don't. Have to support all these kids you know. There's just I mean I don't know how my father does it. You know the God I his plan to have only three children instead of the more typical ten or 12. Irene wears makeup and works as a teacher's aide. The couple has a TV and they want their daughter to go to college. In contrast the melody family keeps more to the traditional ways ways that the old believers brought with them when they fled Bolshevik Russia. And settled in far flung places. What did you feel gets you 17.
First we went to Hong Kong from Hong Kong we went to Argentina and that's a few years in Argentina we came to the United States. When we left China that reason why we left China because of the communism regime. I said to them over and we love Belgium that because there was only so many people and we needed more. The melody's joined the Woodburne community 12 years ago and like many others here became very farmers. They expect most of their 12 children to follow in their footsteps and they view public education as a threat to their goal and security. So you got them we think as long as a child knows how to read write and do the main things in English. It's enough because if he'll go further to high school maybe college sure so he would probably leave out religion because of that fear
most old believer families do not encourage their children to remain in school past the compulsory age limits set by the state. Girls rarely stay past the eighth grade. Many are married by the age of 16. Boys usually don't go further than the tenth grade. As one youngster told fuel producer Elizabeth Allen. Other things are more important. Do you want to stay in school or do you want to graduate. Well not really that's too long for me. Just planned to go this year and probably next year or so and then what do you want to do. Just get a job. And start working in. Whitburn schools have been working to change that and they've had some success. Three old believers graduated from high school last year and a few girls are now attending ninth grade. Still Woodburn officials recognized how touchy the education issue is and they're treading lightly. We put no pressure whatsoever on the Russian community. We cooperate with them and their
beliefs we meet with their elders and we discuss. Educational Philosophy. What we would like to see what they would like to see and we come to a meeting of an agreement between the Russian elders and the school officials the Woodburne school district which is more than 30 percent Russian employs several Russian speaking aides and interpreters for parent teacher meetings. But schools do not offer instruction in Russian. Not even as a foreign language at the high school level. That's like the small school in nearby Parker ville. Fandi Tymoshenko teaches old believer children there to read and write Russian as well as English. She says that the youngsters lose their language. They will probably lose their traditions as well. They speak English all the time like if you talk to young kids now they speak better English than Russian. And of course their kids will speak even better English than their peers. You know they might lose it. That's why I guess
this is one of the reasons they are trying to stick together just to. Group their society and keep the tradition because language is the product of this tradition if there is no Russian language traditions no religion worried that their children will become Americanized and forget their old believer ways. Some community members have left Oregon. They've moved to their own village in Alaska away from the temptations of the modern world. Trying to keep their religion tradition alive. And they think they were more way away from civilization from American influence. They could keep it longer. So this is one of the reasons the more. Those that remain here will go on teaching their children the old ways tempered by the knowledge that it's impossible to avoid the modern ways. I think we should tell them about it but I don't think I'd run the district. To too as my my grandparents were to I-pads I mean that's just too hard.
To know what's happening here. Although many of the younger members of the community do seem to want to be more modern When asked they say that they wouldn't think of ever leaving a church or marrying outside the community. Interesting dilemma Jim. If you visited the local clubs in the late 70s you probably remember a band called seafood mama. And if you listen to a radio since then you know that seafood mama has become quarter flash quarter flash is quickly becoming an international success story. I mean because Walker has been following the band's success and has this report. Quarter flash has been called the hottest thing to come out of the Northwest musically since Jeanette McDonald and Nelson Eddy. They're just good to hear. For one based band make it big and make it big they have quarter flash signed a major recording contract before they had a single nationwide hit and their first album turned gold with over a half million sold in just eight weeks. I like her voice and her range is pretty high and I like this prime. She sounds really
good. Not much more. Than good music. They got a good beat. It was just over five years ago that Marvin Rindy Rause quit their teaching jobs in Bend Oregon gathered up their savings and agreed to give themselves a year and a half to make it in music. It. Looks like the Deschutes County School District has lost two of its school teachers for good. If you want a spread Walker Good morning. I remember these people singing this song when they were still seafood mama and only those of us who live around here know them is that elsewhere in the country they are corner flash. Ms Rossin company hard in my heart at 60 to KGW. Way. Way way. Off. Gave me. Two. Words for you.
I know my heart the song that started it all was recorded on a basement tape recorder and called her flash manager Isaac used it to achieve the near impossible convincing coin TV in Portland to feature the band on prime time local television. One day he came and sat down. I think I will go along to the concert here. Said. Grouching. We do that. Just like it was. And. This guy is in the ozone and he came back with glasses while. It's set for this day and we just all. Penny. Didn't even have a record do push. So seven hundred copies of hardened my heart were quickly pressed and distributed to record stores. The song eventually convinced Geffen Records in Los Angeles to do something it had never done.
Sign an unknown band and one without a national hit. At the same time seafood mama broke up one arguments over the band's direction came to a head. Rindy and Marv's signed up for new members of another Portland band pilot and dropped any last remnants of a country folk sound. Jeff Charles plays lead guitar and composes Rick to Joe Nardo plays keyboard Brian David Willis is on drums and Rick Gooch is on bass. You know I think initially there was some skepticism on just in the industry's part that a band could break from its head like this. Well I think what I felt was our look at these cute kids from Oregon. It was more. Refreshing. It just. Has its own disgusting qualities I think. Despite hard driving rock n roll concerts flashes described by promoters as wholesome all American sounding not an image rock groups usually
cultivate. Oh. Yeah I could I could easily get rid of some of. It because I'm not exactly sure. What were nice people but I'm not really sure completely where that came from because we're not that nice. But they are careful about the quarter flash image. They recently turned down an offer to do a soda pop commercial because they felt the product contain too much caffeine and they've also refused to do beer commercials. Quite a flash. I can go to an adult contemporary station I can go to an album rock station I can go to a top 40 station and still be received with open arms and they'll be there waiting for the record. Whereas other types of groups you really can't as far as their sound. It's a contemporary rock sound. It's the kind of sound where. A mother of 30 or
40 with like quarter flash and her daughter will also like for pop to me means accessible. And. I wrote I do think that music has for the most part been fairly accessible and you can you can harm it. I'm comfortable with being a commercial band because I do believe that you can be artistic and commercial the whole time. And at the core of that successful sound are the soulful lyrics and simple melodies written mostly by husband Mark Ross. But then there's also that saxophone too. Vocally I really love school but I can make my sax pay scale. So it's a it's a great extension
of my voice and I think that I can play the sax kind of passion. And that passion sells six to eight months of the year are now spent on tours and the group is recognizable enough to headline around the US as well as open for rock superstars like Elton John and Linda Ronstadt. When they are back home. The pace doesn't let up since manager Jay Isaacs suggested Rindy move to the forefront. She has handled nearly all the interviews and appearances and if she tires of the questions particularly the ones about what happens if the next album fails she doesn't show it. It. Doesn't do real well. As. For. It. I do realize that that
we are in the business that we are. To quote Joni Mitchell The Star milking machine. That's what it's all about. And. And I would be deluding myself to say that that is not. How we are Buddh groomed. It just means that we think you might be surprised at. The promotions and interviews and concerts continue. But for how long. According to Warner Brothers Greg Lee probably as long as there are rock n roll families the people that bought the Frankie Avalon records are the Chuck Berry records and I think technically those people do like to rock and we how old they are. Please welcome Richie. And Greg Lee also says a quarter flash has put Portland on the map in the music industry. In fact Geffen Records has signed another Portland band by the name of black and blue. While quarter Carter meanwhile is at work on their third album.
Since the publication of the controversial president's report on excellence in the schools education has been the focus of many debates nationwide. Parents concerned with their children's education are increasingly turning to alternative schools to find what they think is lacking in public education today. Elizabeth Allen has this report on some of the alternative schools here in Oregon. Public schools have been on the budgetary chopping block in the last few years. Cutbacks have caused school closures and overcrowding. Standard Test scores have shown a steady decline since 1963. And many parents are dissatisfied with the education they're getting in the public school system nationally and in Oregon. People are looking to private or independent education to fill the academic gap. The public schools have left but are the schools in Oregon filling the gap. It's a backlash kind of feeling and people wanting to have their children have a more personal education which means smaller classrooms. Teachers who to put out an
extra bit of with pay for it or not. And that seems to happen independent schools. More people are opting for independent schools in this country than earlier than that because remember of course to the right has been over the years some disenchantment with the fringes of public education in this country and part of the problem we've gone through is expecting to let both students. And the teachers administration and substitute parents. But I think if you have those expectations that implies a commitment. To provide the resources to meet those expectations and I think that the difference in the expectations and the willingness to provide the resources to meet those expectations is where the disenchantment occurs. So it's out Davidsons belief that people want better public education but aren't
willing to pay for it. Oregon's public schools rate high in the nation in almost all areas of education. Yet private schools flourish here as well. Most independent schools in Oregon have a religious affiliation but there are several elementary and high schools that are not church related. What where do you think private education plays in Oregon. I don't think it plays a role contrary to to what the public school. Does but maybe complimentary to what the school the public school does and there is some kids that are not going to be served well by as large a system as the public schools have. The largest group of non church related schools in the state or the Montessori schools. As a grade school they give a child more freedom of choice and a broader curriculum than the public schools. Almost any child can appear gifted provided they are given a stimulating and exciting environment in which every day is a learning experience for them every day. There's so much more to take in.
Most educators agree that children in private schools do better academically than those in the public system. Not that the teachers are better but classes at a private school average about 10 students. But the public schools usually have classes of over 20 parents and students feel that more individualized attention is a major plus to an education. The ratio of child to teacher was something that you could never never get in a public school is one to ten. And. That plus the devotion of the teachers down here in the really family commitment to everything. Both my children attended here and it was really nice to send them both to the same school and have them come home and share some of the same experiences but they weren't and one wasn't in a classroom down the hall and they never ever saw each other. They weren't separated. What made you decide to come here. I kind of felt like a member. Of. That school I. Was so large that I didn't feel I was getting a lot of individual attention I needed. I think when I compare public schools in private. When it thinks about private school is that you have 10
people. In a class. And you. You. Have a chance to. Be with a teacher who is also a good friend. Private schools also have a broader curriculum including foreign languages for primary children students at an independent school are rarely exposed to children who dislike school board and many private schools have stricter academic requirements. They also have a more select student body. Several independent schools have entrance requirements even so schools like Catalin Gable and Oregon Episcopal School have long waiting lists of students who want to attend because of their high standards select student body and cost. Independent schools have long had the reputation of being elitist. Most independent administrators say it isn't true. They say it may cost a lot to go to a private school but rarely is the school itself rich. Or elitist in the sense that I think we're trying to represent a certain kind of learning. And asking for real thinking and real grapple with material.
But I don't see what's the matter with that. It's nothing elitist about this school. It's just that the people who bother. To take the trouble and it is a trouble to send a child to a school like this have to have a commitment. And so they all agreed to which were in a sense favored by the by the enthusiasm and the commitment of those parents. Parents who choose independent schools say it is because they want the best education for their children. And educators say that parental involvement is the key to a good education. This is one of over 300 private schools registered in Oregon. Most preschools but the children here range from ages 4 for 12. It's very unusual to find a private school in such a rural setting but because of strong teacher and parent involvement these hoes manage to operate for the last 10 years. Parents say they like independent education because they have no control over their child's schooling. They can shop around for the type of learning environment they want and have a say over that environment
because they pay for it. I think having more of a say in what's going on because when you're when you're doling out the cash in hand to the school they listen. And when it's being diluted down through a system I don't feel that that you have much of a say you still have a say but not nearly the same that you do in a private system. According to Davidson many parents don't realize they're paying for the public system too. I think that they probably exercise more say in a private school if you're paying. Somewhere between five hundred and fifteen hundred dollars a year for your child to go to school. You're going to approach it in a little different manner. A lot of parents don't realize you're paying the same kind of fees in the public school but they're not exercising as much of their parental authority and their parental rights. Most educators agree it is possible for children to get as good an education in public schools
as they do in private schools. Public school officials claim that if faced with only the need to school children they would do extremely well. But public schools by law must fulfill many non-academic functions. Something that independent schools needn't worry about. And some parents feel that academically the public schools are lacking. When you're educating a large number of children 430000 students in our schools. And you have a responsibility to educate everyone. It's it's a little difficult sometimes to make sure that every single child gets what he or she deserves. That's our goal. That may be further hindered by tuition tax breaks in question again this year. Tax credits for many would be a strong incentive to chose Independent Education independent administrators have a divided opinion now. Some feel a little competition wouldn't hurt the public system and tax credits would help the parents of independent school children.
Others don't want the government intervention that would go with it. Public administrators claim the loss of revenue would be near fatal right now with the schools already in financial troubles. Also at issue in Oregon is the regulation of private schools. Oregon has one of the lusus systems the standards for private schools in the nation independent schools in Oregon aren't even required to register with the State Board of Education. Administrators say Oregon should have some form of regulation for teacher certification and curriculum but agree that it is a difficult issue to deal with. Obviously any time you start talking about regulating private schools you get into a church state question how much regulation is too much and is state interference with religion particularly as it relates to parochial schools. Yet on the other hand the situation in Oregon is that there can be a private school with no oversight. No accountability to anyone.
And in fact could be just ripping off the public private administrators disagree. They say the essence of independent education is being free as an alternative to public education. Setting standards would infringe on that freedom. It so happens that more than half of our faculty here and most school has are going to set up the occasion but that's irrelevant what is relevant is quality teaching and quality people who meet with kids. That is what truly matters not the license or certificate that one has from a state. I think schools stand or fall on their own merits. If a school is irresponsible lackadaisical or incompetent. People aren't going to pay tuition to send their children. You could have parents sending their children to a school with all the best intentions on the part of the parents. And in fact the children are not being taught what the school says they're being taught. And of course once you find out it's going to
be too late and it's the kids that are going to have to put up with that for the rest of it. Just as public education isn't right for every child. Private schools aren't always the best choice. While independent schools usually have higher standards and better academic results it is the commitment of parents and the quality of the teaching that makes education better public or private. Nasco in Valley School has recently expanded to include seventh and eighth grades now has a full course of French in the future they hope to offer summer sessions in French and many other languages for older students. Or.
Wherever there is Ivry the art of scrimshaw can be found here in the Northwest close to Alaska supply of fossilized ivory scrimshaw is flourishing in the 19th century man at sea made scrimshaw using subjects they knew best. That was of course from the nautical world. Well today scrimshaw landers are producing a greater variety and higher quality than ever before. Scrimshaw is carving. Art engraving. Onto the ivory filling up the grooves that are engraved. With. Paint. Ink. All. On the sailing ships the whalers. Used the dirt. To fill up those. But. Basically it's filling up the grooves and and in so doing an image
appears on the surface of the ivory stony shoulder uses a sixteenth inch drill bit sharpened to a fine point to draw curved lines into the truss. She uses an Exacto knife for stippling. That becomes the shading in her designs. It's such an exacting tiny miniature art form that the slightest change in the way that these things are used can either make the scrimshaw look let's see raw for cleaning. I wear thick magnification glasses that were prescribed by an optometrist so it's a very intense experience to make scrimshaw. Is a fine arts graduate of Willamette University. She began to scream Shandor in 1976. She's lived in Newport on the Oregon coast for 10 years. The environment inspires her work.
Often short he explores the bay with her friend Dan studying the many forms of wildlife that can be found there in our boat. Experiences. I'm constantly excited by. All the different types of. Animals. It's funny because it does take me into wildlife scrimshaw. I have always loved Ruelas. I found it to be a challenge to. Say something meaningful or even powerful on a tiny surface on a very tiny object. And I feel that since I was a painter before I started scrimshaw I naturally my scrimshaw looks like a little painting. It forces me to design in my purest form. There can be no confusion or it's loss of.
Grantley. He is working on a series of knife handles for Gutin and public company based in Mount Vernon New York. The commission calls for 84 sets of knives with four knives in each set. Each of the four depicts a different animal on the endangered species list. The sets will retail for twenty six hundred dollars each and the project will last for 18 months. It's a reproduction kind of thing that I'm doing even though each knife is hand carved all exactly the same two minute detail no Ivory's used in these knife handles a synthetic substance. Mike Carter provides a good working surface for the pieces. My carda is is material that is manmade. It's paper that has been pressed or impregnated with resin and it the combination of those two materials produces a substance
very much like ivory only it's consistency for scrimshaw it is perfect. For many years scrimshaw was done on tusks taken from living animals. But today legislation governs the use of fresh ivory and it is increasingly hard to obtain so that she does not create a demand for fresh ivory shoulder uses only my Carta or fossilise tusk from extinct animals. We work on the fossilized Ivory's and even those we consider to be a very precious material and to not be squandered but to create something on a fresh Ivory's such as fresh walrus fresh elephant ivory whale's teeth. Any of those are absolutely taboo in my studio. The ancient Ivory's that shoulder uses are either mammoth or mastodon. These large mammals were common in North America during the latest glacial age. Twenty thousand years ago
in the 18th and 19th centuries the use of fossilized ivory for billiard balls piano keys and other articles before the advent of plastics decreased the ancient ivory supply. Today it is still available but always increasing in value. I happened to be at the right place and the right time. When scrimshaw was just getting started. Eileen Shaddock is not an artist but a Portland dealer and ivory carvings from many parts of the Northwest. What started out as a hobby grew into a full time job for her. She points out that each finished piece of scrimshaw has employed several people along the way in its production a cutter for lapidary work the Shandor to decorate the ivory and often another artist to set a piece in gold or silver. Bonnie Shelties is only one of nearly 20 artists whose work she markets in Oregon Washington Alaska and Hawaii. I do a lot of work with Bonnie through the mail and every time I get her work and it's like Christmas. Is just one look at it.
Each year since 1977 Shirley has done a piece on the theme of the lady and the tiger Shattuck keeps these in her personal collection. In Newport Bonnie Shelties work can be found at the wood gallery store owner Kelly Berger has carried scrimshaw since the shop opened in 1979. I'd say there's a real good demand for it. It's just coming of age is an art form. It has changed from a craft and into an art really over the last decade. When I think of this grand chanters I think of about. Three people that are. Talking. About is why Stan Gillis owner of the real mother goose a fine crafts gallery also admires her work. She was a painter at one time and that comes across into her work. The intricacy of her work the Schauder wing and everything that she does and I think probably more than anything else just the coloration in her work. Probably the finest work that's available anywhere in the country is available in the northwest.
Because she is well known. The future may bring more commissions and new artistic challenges for Bonnie Shelton and she will continue to make her home work at the Oregon coast. There's a kind of the power of passion that goes on. Living so near the end of the continent. Right next to such a powerful force in the ocean. As a place to. Become inspired or just to find solitude its very rich. And very enduring. That's beautiful stuff. And you know I was I was happy to learn that that we don't hunt down the mammals that bear ivory in order to obtain ivory for doing something animals alive today. Actually the Marine Mammal Act and the Endangered Species Act passed in the 70s severely
limit they use or sale of fresh ivory. And as you can see from this story scrimshaw handlers are careful about the kind of ivory they use. They are extremely sensitive to this issue for that matter we are extremely sensitive to the fact that our hour is up until next week for French Street Weekly. Good night. Good night to. Her. For. You.
Front Street Weekly
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Oregon Public Broadcasting (Portland, Oregon)
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Front Street Weekly is a news magazine featuring segments on current events and topics of interest to the local community.
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Local Communities
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Moving Image
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Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB)
Identifier: 113060.0 (Unique ID)
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Duration: 00:58:39:00
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Chicago: “Front Street Weekly; 318,” 1984-02-22, Oregon Public Broadcasting, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed November 27, 2022,
MLA: “Front Street Weekly; 318.” 1984-02-22. Oregon Public Broadcasting, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. November 27, 2022. <>.
APA: Front Street Weekly; 318. Boston, MA: Oregon Public Broadcasting, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (GBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from