Black Journal; 1
Program is run by any National Educational Television that I was. In.
Good evening. This is Black Journal program number one as our aim of the next hour and in the coming months to report a review of the events the dreams the dilemmas of black America and black Americans. Shortly before his tragic death Dr. Martin Luther King was invited by the graduating class of Harvard University to speak at their Class Day ceremonies. This afternoon his widow business Kuroda King went to Harvard to speak in his place. Here was a story from Cambridge Massachusetts.
His point sheet a peeress of Ebony magazine traditionally day here in the family and Nobby attended by graduates. Pocket PC is back to date range and go on only the graduating class and the family no graduating class of 1980. However I could have picked a more of an image of Martin Luther King.
So I must say that many of the young feel as I do that official responses to the rifle and to the personally painful assassinations of these past months have been inadequate. Has not however heard the grim tidings. The anguish from the get out the rurales along. The battlefield and. The violence which periodically shocks in a reflection of the violence to which we have become immune.
It is a reflection of the violent media salivary it is. I say with all due respect to the office of the president of the United States that even intense prayer and a new commission of notables will not ease the violence in our lives.
Thank you. Ye.
Ye all acting for ride me on the recommendations of the Kerner Commission report might help.
This is no time for business as usual and strengthening the police is business as usual. The Iraq tired and false and and the passions of recent weeks. I sometimes think that the best of our young do not always understand understand the extent to which our great universities are authentically the most liberal of our institutions but the universities too must face up to some very hard questions that they have just avoiding the eve. Of. This war which is the most cruel and evil war and I history must come to any end.
I call upon the president of the United States to stop the bombing in Vietnam now. The EU.
This war and the cries of the hungry and the young who have made these their causes however will not let them rest and that is good. There is reason to hope and to struggle if young people continue to hold high the banner of freedom they have made mistakes and will make more. But the older generation has failed America dismally. And if he is discredited it has earned its best description. We are. It is time for bold fresh ideas and new leadership to come forth. Because without thinking so I am historians of the future may record that the alliance of the civil rights movement the student movement began in the late 1950s and matured into broad political and social action in the 60s 60s was the salvation of the nation.
At University graduating class thinking.
Eat. The affectionate strains of Alma Mater down here at Southern University at New Orleans will be echoing poignantly over many campuses this week as some 35000 black students proudly airing their degrees from colleges and universities.
To gauge the mood of the graduates and to learn what his involvement will be in a turbulent time of history. Black general talked with seniors at schools north and south. First Harvard University Women because of the Afro-American students society spoke out.
We'd all like to think that we're here because we qualify. We might as well face facts we have because we're black because I was a Mississippi farmer using Stokely in the early days got out into the street raised. We did because we were black. And the only reason that we haven't been murdered like King is not because of our social status or position is just because we were absent we would have been sat down just like he was and I would say no we got to come you know we got to face the hard facts and then determine what we're going to do from day one and I think it's important we don't shut ourselves off as we have been during our four years or three years possibly graduate school at Harvard from the community.
One problem we might face and I haven't faced it yet but I might going back to my hometown the summers the fact that people might sense that we've been alienated from the community they might not be willing to accept us back in the community we talked earlier this image of a Harvard man and I might think that we have some ideas that are relevant to permit a black community you see any way that we could actually convince the people that we are still in contact with people of your view this is a problem.
I don't. And that's a problem I think that if we go back with a sincere desire to be of use and who can be recognized as special I mean I'm sure we have a lot of us to be able to go back in and come out with the binocular you know because that's where we came from just be natural and be one of the folks but if we can't so what I mean I think the point is that if you people will recognize us for what we are if we have harbored attitudes than might they're going to go to hell you know.
And in ten years sooner than 10 years and five years we're going to have a large number of educated but very black people in the market and if those people use their skills the right way I mean it's going to help force man.
There's a hell of a lot of good that they we can do to get you know what we're going to do simply as we get out of here is to provide our technical skills in our bodies to the movies you see because the movie is not a monolithic front. It's annoying. Yeah Nick's friend there will be people who are concerned with politicizing the communities people who'll be concerned with protecting the community and easiness is and people of the concern was setting up businesses somewhere there's a place for us most likely an area setting up businesses.
At Morehouse College in Atlanta. The graduating class was not unaware of the legacy left by a member of the class of 48. In a dialogue between singers from our house and poets from the sister school Spelman College. The talk centered on where each would be going after graduation and why.
I'm going on a special program at the University of Chicago Divinity School and wish to court is out of the academic year I've been in the Southside Training Center of Chicago working with black people and I chilled out instead of going to some academic hall and stand in some books because I've been at Morehouse for four years and I'm tired of being in buildings and I want to move out into black communities and I'm using this as my background I want to know why do you choose a lot of money and he was the class conscious why not take the teaching position that area right here right here I mean Guyana is they have been I mean we are right here.
Everything is in our main line line out here are you trying to say and the family has a beautiful four years at Morehouse.
Not enough to really comprehend what it means to be a part of that culture. So if I go to is it it is hoped that what I learned I can relate to America.
What are you going to finance it into. Some things you don't want to go here rather than have your friends and neighbors just see you going to go over there and help the Africans. Now I feel no more part of Africa as I have common Anglo-Saxon would feel about the people who came over on the Mayflower. Sure there ancestors but that's that's that's in the past you see where you want to go back.
Why would why would the whining all Saxons here want to go over and help the people in my being there when I don't want to hear them and you say you claim you were early this week helping myself. You're being egocentric.
Wait a minute mister mister everything is what you do you know. Because if you remember reading this right. So you know you still give me satisfaction.
Now my choice is this if you're concerned about that. And next year working as a field worker with a seal see why because I want to work with not only black people but poor people period. I want to work with all people you see and I feel that this community and I do think this is a community I feel that we should work together which will make it come only Asli and we should strive for one and as to get the rats out of everybody's home get the poor people get everybody get peace toothpick legs a nice pot bellies off of the people in the Delta as well as Appalachian if you feel a necessity now going to go in with the FARC because you want to let people you know when my own personal feeling that I'm making this between us and a man a man like that.
People particularly people with any kind of mental alertness as we should have. We finished college in a kind of political sociological psychological technical field for knowledge.
Now all of this all of this needs to be used in the building of a black community because it was run. And one thing that I learned that was obvious to me you know that that whole civil rights and idealism that that people had about America.
That you know savvy enough to steal on a way of you know just as a country.
But one thing that if the dialogues were state along with the George and the issues and principles were not.
A basic dilemma of America is whether the negro should be accepted and taken seriously as a human being the commencement speaker at Southern University is in his memory out of the Louisiana House of Representatives and the gross part in this basic dilemma is whether to persist. The insistence on his rights as a human being without regard to the risk of consequences whether to accommodate to the resistance by some flagrant forms of withdrawal from the fray. From America. Cannot survive if we do nothing and we and no other group of human beings are likely to survive. If America does not you. Today's graduates among the thousands of college graduates of America in 1968 must be the architects of change. The engineers who build and construct a social system within our democracy for our nation to survive.
Williams We are unlike any other black graduating class in history. These young men and women must make up their minds about participating in the black youth and thus the new American Revolution. Well the answer to be for middle class detachment. Oh insightful involvement later. This is a mandate to the class of 68.
That was punchy to Paris reporting for black Journal. Ross Ellison has written of the black American as the invisible man. For those who only read the white press this has long been the case. But for 140 years there has existed in the United States a black press borne of the subsidy which has reflected every shade of opinion from conservative to revolutionary and the black press is a story in itself and its beginnings that fill the vacuum created by the refusal of most white papers to print anti-slavery appeals or notice social abolitionists rallies the first black paper on record was called Freedom's journal and it appeared in New York City on March 20th eighteen twenty seven. It was published by John B Ross warm Jamaican and Samuel Cornish of Delaware the paper's first issue declared. We wish to plead our own cause too long have others spoken for us. Just two years later and 18 29 David Walker a free Afro-American who was a contributor to freedom's journal published Walker's appeal a 70 page pamphlet that exhorted slaves to rise up with violence against their masters in 1847 the black abolitionist Frederick Douglas a former escape slave who had bought his freedom founded his famous North Star in Rochester New York. The paper helped recruit black regiments in the civil war. Throughout the 19th century black papers continued to take up the cry of Afro Americans for justice. But it wasn't until 1985 when the Chicago Daily defender appeared with its man or headlines that a black paper appealed to the less educated masses. The black press continued to speak out against racial injustice. Black troops played a prominent role in World War 2 as they had in World War One and the Afro-American press was active in denouncing discrimination in the armed forces. The black press today consists of two dailies in Atlanta and Chicago and almost 200 weeklies. These papers are largely unknown to white Americans and common with the rest of the nation. The black press has mourned the tragic death of Robert Kennedy long known for a strong civil rights stand headline stories point out that two black athletes Rafer Johnson and Rosevelt Greer felt the alleged assassin of all presidential candidates Kennedy was the most favored by the black people of America. But curiously enough Vice President Hubert Humphrey was all along the candidate who seemed to be favored by most of the black press. One observer points out that the black establishment is traditionally tied to the incumbent administration which Humphrey represents the death of Kennedy was less shocking to black people than to whites. According to Tom Pico executive editor of The Chicago Daily defender picos says this is because black Americans live in the shadow of white violence. Donal knows me as a correspondent in Korea for the Chicago Daily defender which has a circulation of thirty seven thousand. He reports an interview we had with Marion Williams who was the only accredited black woman reporter there and she told him black soldiers have no business fighting and dying for these people because the Vietnamese people hate them just as they hate the Montigny ards who are black people to other charges that black servicemen have been discriminated against and that the confederate flags have been flown at the naval installation of Cameron Bay have been soft pedaled by the Navy says the defender. Here at home the Michigan Chronicle with a circulation of 55000 regularly honors fallen black soldiers in Vietnam on its front page. Chicago has been quiet for some time after the wave of teenage gang violence which caused twenty eight deaths earlier this year. The violence is deplored by defender staff writer Cheryl Fitzgerald who says the tragedy is that when black youth kills black youth nobody cares. A bitter campaign by the Weekly Carolina times circulation 22000 may prevent the sale of a leading black insurance company to white interest a Financial Corporation in St. Petersburg Florida wants to buy the banker's fire and Casualty Company of Durham North Carolina. The only black casualty insurance company in America. The Times called on the present owners to stand up like men and not sell out and the deal is not reported. Shaky Incidentally the Atlanta Daily World reports that the black owned Atlanta life insurance company recently announced assets of 70 million dollars. Altogether there are forty six black insurance companies in the United States. In the weekly magazine jet with a circulation of three hundred and seventy thousand charges a prominent Afro-Americans are being used by federal anti poverty forces to spy on the Poor People's March. The magazine says that the group is furnishing hourly security reports on the marchers to the Office of Economic Opportunity. Well those are just some of the stories that are appearing in the black press. They are stories with a difference. The difference being the unceasing concerned of black America with racial injustice. The black press in fact often gives full coverage to important stories that would otherwise go unreported. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. left to the people of this land a legacy of love a dream of peace freedom and an end once and for all to the misery of poverty. He challenges the country's conscience. He conceived the Poor People's Campaign a petition for human dignity to be presented at the gates of power by the mass bodies of the powerless. So a commentary on the progress of the campaign here is to see Gerald Fraser of the New York Times.
The Poor People's Campaign is more than six weeks old now and the poor that Dr. Martin Luther King wanted to bring to Washington have come the blacks the whites the Puerto Ricans The Mexican Americans and Indians. More than 3000 of them have come from across the country. And as Dr. King had dreamed they built a shanty town to expose a nation's shame. They call it Resurrection City and it sits on the lawn beside the reflecting pool at the Lincoln Memorial. But instead of this as a symbol of the nation's poverty for many it has become little more than another tourist attraction. Many of the poor who came to see their high hopes trickle away in disillusionment even a number of those who stay on in the dismal plywood huts seem to have given up on their cause they realize that the campaign is at a virtual standstill. But perhaps because they have nothing to go back to they stay and continue to hammer together new buildings and say that they will not leave until the government has dealt with the many problems facing the poverty stricken in America. There is little doubt that the campaign has lost its momentum. The staff of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference has not devoted adequate time to conducting demonstrations that would dramatize the plight of the poor. Instead the organization has been bogged down with problems overrunning Resurrection City a task that has proved larger than most staffers would have believed. There have also been differences among campaign leaders and a lack of organizational planning that has had a telling effect. But Reverend Ralph David Abernathy Dr. King's successor as leader of the campaign remains confident. He denies accounts of internal disputes and he promises that the poor will not abandon their campsite until the government meets their demands. A position that leads some observers to guess that Mr. ravenously wants a clash with the federal officials perhaps at the June 19th mobilization or when the permit for Resurrection City expires on June 23rd. For the opinion of march leaders only a massive confrontation with the authorities can rally the national support so sorely needed to revitalize this campaign.
New breed is an organization of some one hundred and fifty soul brothers in law for a new directions in men's clothing. The Afro-American look the new breed clothes are designed for the black man of today incorporating elements of his past and present new breed is looking toward the day when it will be able to satisfy all black consumer any.
In the words of new breed President Jason Bunnings we are quietly building a nation.
The new breed Corp organizer. Problem by Ben NG's in 1967 is now nationwide holding outlets in New York Chicago Detroit Washington DC and Los Angeles.
The measurement of the male black male let's say slimmer in the waist slightly trooping back side with just a little bit heavier chest. So this jacket is constructed with this and taken in consideration. And this is the same is done with a peacock jacket comes down to the center and out which causes the peacock's plan to open up just slightly. And this is the same thing that we do with the. Slightly wider lapel we get the piece to give strength and also the squared front to also has strength to the garment. None of the Shiki is an indication of an African feast is what we mean when we say Daschle he is freedom. Our source of freedom so but to die shaky ends up being one of the pieces that have the freedom in the garment itself it was a garment is free in this piece. I never am attacked I can do almost anything or I can move in any direction and I never feel the restriction. I reg'lar jacket. So this is are the new breed piece is the dash is a new breed super so to speak. Now we have another thing that we do in the let's say conventional types is called a militant who has a lot of radar and every dollar is one piece. It's a take off on the overall size the weight overall when I was on the run in Georgia. Now I'm in New York. So this is a bridge to take off he has another job while he's here. So he has a new pay over our So this is a we call it.
It's a new restart is fine just clothing stores they end up being stores that involve paintings and any number of things that might be reflective of lack of cultural ization.
It's not the business of blacks but a chance for me to get an uprising with other peoples that have the same goals.
Milton Clark in charge of new breed clearly production cuts the pattern for our summer African print dye sheepy we say we say our new breed which is an idea which is an idea one which says that the black man can do whatever he needs to do to be successful.
Being black orientated and being concerned about the lack of progress and the lack of self-determination of black people I think new readers pretty groovy idea. So that the price of fish that becomes a poverty to breed really becomes a part of the idea of blacks helping blacks and blacks a new breed is just a matter of when the cast going to say hey in the green come oh that's good enough.
I spend most of my images trying to make new memories and see I enjoy it as they succeed so that in this sense the white man is really an irrelevant person it doesn't really matter that much and this has been the thing that has enabled us to get as much done as we have.
The fact that we have spent our time concentrating on positive things for negative things for other people.
New breed financing came from sale of stock to the black community at $1 per share with additional support from the Negro industrial and economic union headed by Jimmy Brown.
You always get this retort Well you know black people and I don't. How to run a business etc. Now what we have done is we've disproved that theory because in the last say five and a half to six months we can i was Fleming's administrative adviser discusses the sale of the new breed stock to the black community. Now the stock for say is we're still selling stuff. We're concerned about the guy and his street. So in history to get a couple dollars when I say we sell them in blocks of 100 but now that was on an installment basis that was really to get the guys a little down the pieces the check comes in is still up at the retail shop. She says look she brings the friends in an elderly lady part of the store. This is my store and we want this because I want she brings that in we want to feel this type of thing so if I stock is going to sag. Everybody can get a piece of the action really feel that this is really a part of their like they see a garment that's a part of them.
You follow this visit to restructure each department has a fund raising thing on so. So we have the funds necessary to catch the next step that the problem on that particular company whatever the thing is a session one of their functions.
Tuesday night business meeting members of the new breed black communications department to discuss allocation of funds for the organizations of drum magazine could be published at the end of June.
There was no thing a try this is again here.
You are just like the whole plan I guess would be to say that we are attempting to create a nation or citizens of where we live. For every person and well that isn't slavery.
Next on black Journal PEOPLE IN THE NEWS.
Here is William Graves a wide variety of people have made news recently in the nation's black press. In fact they range from a black Air Force general to the first Afro-American to undergo a heart transplant operation. Patrolman Ronald Smith of The New York City police died after receiving the heart of a Bronx man who reportedly killed himself. In Richmond Virginia the family of Bruce Tucker whose heart was transplanted to a white man who later died is suing the doctors involved. The family says the transplant was not authorized by them. Retiring secretary of Housing and Urban Development Robert Weaver has been the subject of closed door discussions by organizers of the Poor People's Campaign. They have considered picketing his office because they claim he has done little to improve housing conditions. The Senate's only black member Edward Brock of Massachusetts will be the first senator affected by the Senate's new code of ethics which begins on June 20th. That's the date on which Brooks supporters had planned to hold a fundraising dinner to pay off his 1966 campaign debts. A dinner which may now be canceled. The reason John Stennis the Mississippi Democrat who heads the Senate's new ethics code committee has ruled that retroactive fund collecting is unethical. Lieutenant General B O Davis Jr. of the Air Force has been promoted to chief of the United States strike Command in charge of all United States military operations in the Middle East Southeast Asia and Africa. The Muslims have reportedly endorsed Wesley south a black Democrat in his bid for Congress from a Chicago district. This was the first time. Time that the Muslims have endorsed a candidate of any party. I profile in the news tonight is the story of a jockey in the early days of bred horse racing black jockeys dominated the field in fact their greatest jockey of all time was a black man. Isaac Murphy who rode 1400 20 horses and won almost half the races he entered including three Kentucky Derby. These black jockeys have won the Derby 14 times. The Immortal Jimmy Winkfield won two straight dairies and then had spectacular success touring great tracks abroad. However as racing became a big business the black jockey gradually disappeared from the scene. Today there is only one racing at the major eastern tracks is 21 year old apprentice jockey Ronnie Tanner there at Belmont Park.
Tanner is usually out on the track at 6:30 am exercising horses and showing trainers what he can do in only nine months of regular racing and he's done remarkably well winning 70 races and earning $40000 right now.
I'm not a runner.
Unlike most jockeys Tena rarely has a problem making the grade. The average is a hundred pounds. Sometimes he faces the problem of discrimination.
Free trade sometimes can be a kind of strategy before a race with trainer and owner John Chaney.
Cheney is one of the owners and racing. Takes. Place.
You know some of the first four of it makes one think Oh.
I am. I am I am and I think thank you. In my life I can run a good race.
Passing forces stretch that hypothetical fourth place where I asked him what happened.
The race was the largest ever was taken from the face to face. The race horses to come back to race.
I was. Back with my few races this race alone. Remember the big problem with them is because.
Huey Newton the leader of the militant Black Panther Party will go on trial July 15th in Oakland California accused of murdering a policeman. The Black Panther Party has attracted strong national support from radicals and intellectuals. Black and White the panzers openly advocate the use of guns against the police claiming that they don't attack but only shoot in self-defense. A point disputed by Bay Area law enforcement agencies the fencer say this is the only means of reading the black ghetto of what they call police brutality and oppression. The party was founded in 1966 by Huey Newton and has membership estimated between 250 and 1000. It was in the last eight months their policy and police response has led to two major gun battles and to the deaths of a policeman and a panzer teenager.
The Black Panthers first made national news just a year ago when they enter the state capitol in Sacramento armed with rifles and pistols. They were there they said to demonstrate opposition to the proposed legislation that would outlaw the carrying of a loaded weapon.
I mean you know I am I am not. I never take your hand off me if I am Greg. And I am again.
In the year following this incident there were a series of armed confrontations between the Oakland police and the Panthers. The police maintain the Panthers have provoked these incidents. The Panthers claim the police are trying to liquidate their leadership and destroy the party. Last April when the Oakland Police stopped the caudal Panthers a gun battle broke out in this house. The details remain confused. Both sides claim they fired south of the sense after 90 minutes of shooting. The Panthers surrendered. The panzers say 17 year old Bobby Hutton came out first with his hands up and was shot to death. The police say they thought he had a gun and was trying to escape. Eldridge Cleaver author of the much praised book saw on ice and Panther leader was shot by police and arrested in the incident.
Oakland Police Chief Gainer say there have been many people in this city who have maligned this police department who had to resign Marlin sentimentality or other reasons. Sympathize with the Black Panthers and the peace and freedom movement. And what really what real evidence is there to cause people to be so sick as to do that aligning. Take a look at those more or less justified junk that has been put out by we I mean they tried it. Even if I won we try to murder a policeman and what do they say on this piece of paper. A black man who dedicated his life to defending the black community from racist oppression was murdered in cold blood by local police. TO KILL US allies. Second US attempts to create prejudice why can't their party poses a real threat to peace and tranquility of the city of old on.
The panzers have a different version of their rule. Huey Newton Panzer leader will soon be on trial for his life. We asked him about the origins of the party and their concept of sun's distance and we use the Black Panther I suppose.
Simple because of the nature of man better strike anyone but when he's a sailor bone the very back of the first person the aggressor continues stand your strength and wipe out his aggressors Durley wholly absolutely and completely. The party is highlighting a secondary rather than third party because we see very little difference as far as black people are concerned between a Republican or Democratic Party here in the United States. We've us colonized people so we're in a situation of a mother country and a colony and the politics of the mother country is not answer the needs of the blacks objects in the colony. So therefore this is the black political party and it's a Vanguard Group for the freedom of black people. Originally I'm sorry you called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The name has been changed to the Black Panther Party because many people misunderstood it. The scope of self-defense leave power structure the establishment has been aggressive towards and in every area social area the economical area and the political area. So therefore we felt it necessary to bring a political party to defend and promote the general interests of black people. Aggression and economic aggression physically bad a racist police community as a foreign troop occupation occupies territory while continuing their defined stand against the police.
They seek support by running candidates on the right organized Peace and Freedom Party ticket kind of publishing their own newspaper.
Bobby Seale answered this baby did you know black people program every black man you know to write black community. So which I am a free human being. People. Just doing what they have to do. We don't want.
The fans or supporters or market organized by the blacks for Justice Committee or advisory committee.
Lot of consumer community organizations about we have repeated complaints about the media the worst in the city the sanitary conditions or the worst 96 percent of the people who shop here blank and less than 5 percent of people who work here like this is an equitable and this is why we're here and there is a connection between boycotting here and housewares and the indictment of the murder of at least without is connected because the economic interests they control the city also control the House at least. We're saying it is regrettable that there's a need for police in a society with systems that is so racist. We have to have feelings for these issues who should control those police and we're saying to black people as you control the police 60 percent of the policemen in a city vocal about Sadr City we are saying that the police must live in the black community.
So they would have an opportunity to relate to humans properly and they must be black.
The major issue in race relations in Oakland is the continued friction between the black community and the police. Both sides are holding firm to their positions and the situation remains potentially explosive. We asked Townsend good luck publisher of the influential San Francisco blank weekly The Sun reporter for his evaluation and comment.
I believe that the police department is slowly but surely becoming the provocateur and the insiders of the incident said could very easily lead to the extermination if necessary members of the Black Panther Party. I do believe that the possibilities of racial harmony. And peace in Oakland is certainly on trial. If the police respond to the demands of these young people for. The ending of two standards of police action one for white citizens apprehended and one for black then probably racial peace can be restored in that city if not we would see ourselves move simplicity to that separation. Mention in the President's Commission on Civil disorders one nation black on one hand and one nation white on the other.
Yesterday in San Francisco Eldridge Cleaver a panther minister of information and noted author was granted a writ of habeas corpus and bail has been set at $50000. The state is appealing the decision and now Bligh Journal the heir's news my Dateline Washington DC this stately home and Washington's Black Gold Coast cost $70000. Its new occupants will be Stokely Carmichael and of course his wife Miriam Akiva neighbors joked that they're living in the most riot proof area in Washington. Once the Carmichaels are there and Durham North Carolina the black newspaper Carolina times has gone full circle by recommending a return to the word colored to describe black America not afro americans not Negro not Black says the newspaper but colored. It points out that Adam Clayton Powell for instance who constantly describes himself as a black man is less dark than some white Americans in Richmond Virginia. The Baltimore Afro-American reports that soul music sensation James Brown was recently banned by the Parks Department from appearing at the mosque Amphitheater in Richmond. Authorities said that Brown was likely to cause a problem by his habit of hugging and kissing women in the audience. Hollywood solves a problem dealing with race relations and I recently praised film which asked the question can a rich beautiful white girl find happiness married to an average negro who happens to be a world famous award winning doctor whose credentials run longer than the film. Today network television executives grapple with the enormous problem how to portray the average negro in a realistic and courageous manner. The network tries to place negroes in executive positions where they can be effective respected and at times of crisis considered a tower of strength. Black journal takes you nod to Beverly Hills where a network executive meeting is now in progress.
Oh go on. When trouble because you don't have a friend at work but maybe by a play sermon it and the black market sweepstakes where in trouble boy.
How about a series about a nun who flies you know Debbie Reynolds was in the picture and we can do a spin off. Are you kidding. Here we can have her help the poor negroes. Yeah that's to cancer I know will make I'm Puerto Rican. They look almost white. Result the relationship. How could that I would want to be me again. Understand what you want you to be Bahrain's and see in one Spanish Harlem and some great pictures or better yet well make her a spy for the Vatican sort of ecumenical subversive if you know about spying or A. It's been done but something different.
How do we get a white guy THE BLACK ICE agent for the CIA. Yes a sort of defiant ones without that chained together bit. Yeah like like you guys talk you know masculine. Yeah yeah so we don't get all hung up on that you know of sex.
Yeah did you imagine Liberace was a colored fart. I am going to letters and we will get on well we're going to take one of my computers.
I know spies in my idea but how about we make them doctors. Yeah I don't use the word TEARS ARE YOU KIDDING Ben Casey until they are dead.
But if we make the kind of guy a doctor why people loved him they could identify. We can make him a woody strode that you know gentle as a rose with a constant smile on his face running around fixing knees and working on a cure for cancer has spent time in his lab over the garage.
The sort of course between outright Jonas Salk and the Jolly Green Giant negro.
Garage just wait a minute I am supposing they Dunaway heard certainly and I guess try and avoid the letters you can touch your name I am your own spies is it. Yeah I will stop by working for the government that's difficult.
I got it when I got in the first show we can make the color guy loved by all of White America who was coming out of my head it was going to be when he was ready. If you're a seal. But we can't have them running down an American Negro Red turned cold and we can call the turncoat Patrick Henry Bass more ironically I am going to have company said Patrick Henry.
Yeah right just scrapes the racial situation.
Give the ranch a lot of propaganda you know to describe it and that's the reason I have to give the wife outside but I am always close and it is too obvious too obvious.
Say what about white women on the show you know we can't have a car guy next to white women a lot of pressure their letters or if he touches Raquel Welch we're in big trouble.
Why don't we make your way you'll make my day. You're a genius.
I know we'll do the first season on Con I mean if you get snakes to an Oriental children here we have the white Asian making love the commie Stephens's already Asian and the color guy combined like the shy are you want to sing a scourge of the Hong Kong. Here I am trying to get sex a light woman. He can make a boy scout sign you know some people knows lots of people.
This man well it's so obvious. Now look we've got to get this color cast on love. But I'm thinking some sort of a queer when we throw my spaceship every now and color coded. I want to jump this way doesn't get all hung up in a lasting relationship to my spade coming back in a state of true blue untrustworthy. We can move the show slowly back to us for more stories. Don't rush things B.J..
These things take time. Say supposing for the second season we go to Mexico. Now who cares about Mexican chicks. Yeah man I don't even drink their water. Knicks fans are a very small pressure group. I mean let's give them a family a mother the whole bit.
And Tiger Negro family great team you first. I've gotta make history. I will be grabbed off a couple of Emmy just for courage.
Wait a minute wait a minute there but will the public accept it. According to our latest surveys Why did Michael only buy the Negro family if it's a common law relationship and you know these people never met mine in my head of the College of illegitimate kids.
That just doesn't make it. Of course it would make it if we had the muscle of the dinette available.
Oh and I'll own that Shetland stuff and cornpone Jazz will just treat I'm not as Negro but dark white people for civil rights and all that jazz. What they're worried about is straightening Samson steet crabgrass and trying to keep the national average of two point two children young beautiful laugh.
You look like a speck on the Prairie. Oh it's covered. Well what it does mean I want to tell you that.
I am what you think I am you think. I gotta get back to my desk near the door of the equal opportunity but only my goal.
I am in no shape to be on the team.
I'm in my at.
My YES Prep was.
A big day I just heard it reporting a Negro family in a good place.
Incredible. I did read the book to see the picture of me in the waiting room when they're right in 67 and she did. I must be a few of them. Well they wouldn't dare.
And that's a blank journal for this evening. Will return one month from tonight on Wednesday July 10th. We will look at black CEOs or medicine on the major events of concern to black America.
This transcript is machine-generated and has not been corrected. It is likely there will be errors.
- Black Journal
- Episode Number
- Contributing Organization
- Thirteen WNET (New York, New York)
- Library of Congress (Washington, District of Columbia)
- AAPB ID
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- The premiere episode of NET's monthly magazine, Black Journal, the first of a series devoted to the interests and concerns of black America. Segments include a satire by Godfrey Cambridge, an address by Coretta Scott King, a report on the Poor People's Campaign, and a study of the African American political reaction to the [Robert] Kennedy assassination. The first segment consists of taped highlights of an address given on June 12 at Harvard University by Coretta Scott King, the first woman ever to present the Class Day address at Harvard. "It's In to Be Black," a skit written, staged, and performed by Cambridge with members of Chicago's Second City troupe, examines the quest for representation in the mass media. The progress of the Poor People's Campaign is analyzed by Earl Caldwell, daily columnist from Resurrection City for the New York Times. Other stories concern the attitudes of graduating black seniors at Harvard University and at Atlanta's Morehouse and Spelman colleges toward war, the draft, Black Po
- Black Journal began as a monthly series produced for, about, and - to a large extent - by black Americans, which used the magazine format to report on relevant issues to black Americans. Starting with the October 5, 1071 broadcast, the show switched to a half-hour weekly format that focused on one issue per week, with a brief segment on black news called "Grapevine." Beginning in 1973, the series changed back into a hour long show and experimented with various formats, including a call-in portion. From its initial broadcast on June 12, 1968 through November 7, 1972, Black Journal was produced under the National Educational Television name. Starting on November 14, 1972, the series was produced solely by WNET/13. Only the episodes produced under the NET name are included in the NET Collection. For the first part of Black Journal, episodes are numbered sequential spanning broadcast seasons. After the 1971-72 season, which ended with episode #68, the series started using season specific episode numbers, beginning with #301. The 1972-73 season spans #301 - 332, and then the 1973-74 season starts with #401. This new numbering pattern continues through the end of the series.
- Asset type
- Race and Ethnicity
- Copyright 1968, National Educational Television and Radio Center
- Media type
- Moving Image
- Embed Code
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Copyright Holder: Educational Broadcasting Corporation
Executive Producer: Perlmutter, Alvin H.
- AAPB Contributor Holdings
Thirteen - New York Public Media (WNET)
Identifier: 22406 (unknown)
Format: Betacam SP
Generation: Preservation Master
Thirteen - New York Public Media (WNET)
Identifier: netnola_bljl_1_doc (WNET Archive)
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-2 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 1 inch videotape: SMPTE Type C
Generation: Master: preservation
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-1 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 2 inch videotape
Generation: Master: preservation
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-3 (MAVIS Item ID)
Format: 3/4 inch videotape: U-matic
Generation: Copy: access
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-5 (MAVIS Item ID)
Generation: Copy: access
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-6 (MAVIS Item ID)
Generation: Copy: access
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-8 (MAVIS Item ID)
Generation: Copy: access
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-4 (MAVIS Item ID)
Generation: Master: preservation
Library of Congress
Identifier: 1832283-7 (MAVIS Item ID)
Generation: Master: preservation
If you have a copy of this asset and would like us to add it to our catalog, please contact us.
- Chicago: “Black Journal; 1,” 1968-06-12, Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed April 19, 2019, http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_62-5m6251fv96.
- MLA: “Black Journal; 1.” 1968-06-12. Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. April 19, 2019. <http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_62-5m6251fv96>.
- APA: Black Journal; 1. Boston, MA: Thirteen WNET, Library of Congress, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://americanarchive.org/catalog/cpb-aacip_62-5m6251fv96