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thess not deserve americans and so but also in support including wageswages are also goodthough the black subjected to innovation to singand to resistanceand taken to beat them back so speaking to make that impossible and demand thatanyone associated with including know when commissionersto leave and some local whites who might have been inclined tosupport other to protect our businesses they became theoptics of the hour and attacked out of theplan to colleagues by any other name so thatit became a newrisk for whites of in strideof a local bar where from all get real risk for them too
to get into a programor project educate all of that thefreedman have a live in theblue dog emma get a crossfire between the oppositionfrom white to aninnocence of man be normanthat's helped reduce the jews who runs into thelead to some sense of love offairness and opportunity butit ought to be said to look through that many of the whites werenot prepared to go all the way here in termsof elevating blacks or in terms of lowoutflow of of extending a handful of ship of
equality to place it came downand who are teaching situationwhere no black teacher who's white teaches somethin summonses did not wantto live with a black teaches that one some distinctionthere and say what i do toocompromise their position so that they would not beattacked by the by the local player wherever they didn'twant to be seen as fostering social inequalityeven as they towed the freedom toread and write and whatever else it would teach him so that you get you thedistinction here that summer was between the blackstudents and black teachers
and white benefactors and white teachersattention that will make it difficult for them to work togetherwith the end in peace and harmony and this and thatbut you're all the time i'm at suggestions he did all of that but there were there were there was there weresome instances that and there was always thatdanger that the clamor push the whitetwo measures and teachers into a position to a compromise positionthis pursuingwell aware there wereteachers who write teachers who came down full of idealism and full of determinationand so deeply committed to the quality of the pain that they would notcompromise they would risk their own the well being
to show that they were they believed in equalitythey believed in the limitless opportunity of the freedom to move toachieve and to work hard and they they was simplynot compromise and the us some of them work as aresult of us put in harm's way andsome of them were less injured and some were incidencesoffensiveis that what's made this is avisit that whole ethic the old visionssecretion idealism issocialpages and this is
part of what was theoccasion genzer way to apologizefor the visitors on the way there were variousmotives for people tothem undertake to sue suefriedman was some saw in miss anopportunity to and to project themselvesand to the program of success where they might've been successful when theywere then there were those who werewho sells of this was there were doing god's word wiz was amission that they must carry florida ohand in every era and in a certain sense a westwe must make every sacrifice of the most risk of
themselves are words of mr there were those twowho had a more may have less rich religious motivationsand more social motivations in believing of this and our democracyyou have to have equality and you have tohave opportunity for everyone and you had toserve a relationship with your opposites forthe blacks will ever know that that that reflected well onglee ally democratic philosophyand you know you wouldn't you wouldn't compromise that you a newwidow insists you know if you'resecular system but this was the wayamericans are black veil to have ideals of equality which were
extended to everyone regardless of race ethnicity or what have youthere nevertheless those who felt it toothere was something ofitspecial duty postal service action war andto explode at them opportunitythere which of course meant that they might be able to work to achievepolitical or economic or social advantage throughtheir activities with the freedom so you get a range ofmotives and and i think that that one must recognize that theirworld thebenefits is
difficult at these schools like this onebook on obstacles that with theschool'smission to reviewthe opposition that drew school experiencefrom the klan publicationand true to treatmentand they also experienced difficult toan economic activity aboutdevelopment examplewhen they could not always secure your local supportfor something so simple as thoseprovisions getting provisions for the school
oh is that truehelp in terms of buildingmaterials help in terms of our phonei createdthis help in terms of a full of surprisesof it was notalways hopeful thing to dobusinesspeople who appeared to journalists toohopeful thesevarious institutions and they began apullback it was so of theseleung of the repression one supposes political pressure so
that not to be friendly to use to use black schoolfour of these schools were in a higherbid i'll of social equalitya hotbed of political activitysaloon every if this prison as soon they will besinking that they are in the position of powerand a man might take over now so thiswas ham and tennessee this was not as serious as it was in some otherareas for tennessee did not undergo much in the way of reconstruction itis over a lot of radical reconstruction whereblacks voting and holding officeand that sort of thing it's not to be compared with which aired in south carolinaor mississippi or louisiana or even virginia north carolina
those who've appeared of of love ofreconstruction radical restructuring in tennessee is virtuallynonexistent there was not a clear you know sort of a longperiod when when blacks voted in field officeand enjoyed political equality there were no blacksenators for example no black go so taylorgoes you see that but that's a privilege of option whichwas passed up in infancy because the leaderthe group will take over theidea about the radicals and there was fully realizedand you had the intimacyof prancing situation where that where you're most powerful
political know most powerful political leaders foundhimself dressed as vice president and then aspresident of the united states and then under severe fire fromevery side of the aisle for a book out of beingfor being pro summer protennis and so andrew johnson to succeedlincoln was president and at sixty five withand you looked up that that was a stray our unionman malle film reverses itselfand becomes sympathetic to the southern position uses thesefacilities from tennessee it wasn't their positionwhich is set in a unionist
and that supportive of the program's ideals thatwe've been talking about do they share programs and educationprograms and so forth for the freedom he doesn't think the freedman should have theseoptions and he will be very much opposed to all of thepolitical efforts of the of the union andreconstruction leaders to provide opportunitiesfor equality or even optimism education he simply will be opposed toremove lead all the bills and that will of coursegive to tennessee and embrace usednot to do anything about the freedom hehas itover the ages
you're a disease prisons a slightlydifferent picture from the other southern states and i think that with alittle dose of tennessee had been occupying much earlier than the otherstates generally and because of therejulia do you knowofficial end of course was still vice president lincoln'ssecond term andrew johnson nowandrew johnson's position as bruised vice president of themas a prisoner statesmeant that his influence would be ratherconsiderable and mudge relating the reconstruction program in tennessee and anotherseven states because he was opposed to the kind of reconstruction
that that the union wanted impose on the southand one would've thought that as a great union leader he would be in favor of what theywant to do to the self appointed self and he had spoken of punishing yourself butwhen it came down to it he was not in favor of it and indeedhe vetoed the measure is evident that would haveimposed some kind of punishment on the south theveto he wasn't he didn't believe in the quality of alove of freedom with freewifi with the whites to me vito russo writes village in nineteensixty six and he vetoedall efforts reconstruction bill of eighty six sixone at six am a veto them because they didn't believe that the blacks should have
political heat at quality andwell it's a little of this will put to put a damper on thereconstruction efforts in tennessee and some of the other southern states the tennesseedid not did not even go as far as some of the otherother southern states in providing political and it's usually coveredoptimist four of the friedman and you havea winner bailey opens with liveup to do for a political act nothing like you have insidemoscow's south carolina newark the mississippi are thosein our region and that willbe as i said because of the early occupation oftennessee and the andrew and the opposition of the presidentto in a kind of reconstruction radical reconstruction
in and most statesin the fiscal problems back to thisand say is this uber has been aneconomicsolution and george were supposed to sixtyyears agoit's difficult to conceived day ofthe economic problems at thecountry's fledgling institutions headthere was a promised construction buildings
can move hiring unpaid to choosea problem of providing foodand other provisions for the students themselvesare probably also of hope ofovercoming the joy opposition in missouriwe're overcoming political issuewith so little local supportand so little so few resourcesof those people who wanted firstto move move on up again ask themselves how canwe do this whatever resources we hero a weekendso to rejoin public enjoys wyden wasone of the teachers and it was close to the students and was training
students and singing and so fourth came up the idea thathe could put the other group if you go on the road until the fiskstory and on andrea shea himself todraw public support for the school andso he put the students together call them thejubilee singers they saying that polus also jubileejubilee was a day of freedom to say and they were going to tear thisold through northern states sothey had been seen as a newteams in antebellum period but not from a level ofthese young peoplepoor students events in for the motoshoot and begin to sort of
churches carriageand a joint white thought this would be a good ideaand he began to take them out on the road and we weresuccessful then a way out ofeliminating any kind ofreservations that joe public land head to these peopleand they were not exotic as such but they wereattractive and will end and provided a kind oflove of of cute of come to me in an endand voice that the general public had notexperienced before and the like what theysell and they paid for what they sew and they becamejealous and then it says he's in and
providing support for the force grew so whatwhite and the jubilee singers they had really was to seeingif it's going to still going through wellsums it into existence but to your existence existed but the stabilityand they were getting it as they moved into the northern to donorsand saying and do europeans jersey and boston and placeslike that theywere excited and i'm and these root thesewere very resourceful articulaterepresentatives and they represented the endowment fiskbut the the freemans position generallyand they they were so successfulattractive group you
go tothesethingsreal surprise especially poor ones we've neverseen black people that upholsteredcouches music in his own mindillinois a fee theaverage weight whether the picture and hismanager at his airmen about slavesor you about excellence that because you did notrise out of experience images of imagination and the
imagination was socrudei knowwhereas tr in a question of dignitychallenge krueger exposing talentpope says even even among thosewho are most favorable in time to reactquinn and tworoom though they were they would not they could not imagine whatthese young people could do and would do and sotheir dignity the carriage the voice
and the art to goodness of these young people surprised that largenumbers of northern as many who have neverhad the opportunity to do so you talk withyoung black men and womenthis was a national experiencethe most unforgettable for large lovely young people alsounforgettable experiences do says they have notbeen not been out in a world where they werefree and where they could therespected them and be met on basis of equalityor even no respect so that they wereaware that they had they had experiences through that were new for them
as experience is the whites written for them and so thatthere are fewer troops for two groups of people julie says on the onehand and the job robert were meeting for the firsttime and both seem to like what they sellfbfb
This record is featured in “Jubilee Singers Interviews.”
American Experience
Jubilee Singers: Sacrifice and Glory
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Interview with John Hope Franklin, Historian
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WGBH (Boston, Massachusetts)
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John Hope Franklin Interview about a group of young ex- slaves in Nashville, Tennessee, who set out on a mission to save their bankrupt school by giving concerts. Traveling first through cities in the North, then on to venues across Europe, the Jubilee Singers introduced audiences to the power of spirituals, the religious anthems of slavery. Driven to physical collapse and even death, the singers proved more successful - and more inspirational - than anyone could have imagined.
Race and Ethnicity
American history, African Americans, civil rights, racism, lynching, Mississippi
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Chicago: “American Experience; Jubilee Singers: Sacrifice and Glory; Interview with John Hope Franklin, Historian,” WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC, accessed May 20, 2019,
MLA: “American Experience; Jubilee Singers: Sacrifice and Glory; Interview with John Hope Franklin, Historian.” WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Web. May 20, 2019. <>.
APA: American Experience; Jubilee Singers: Sacrifice and Glory; Interview with John Hope Franklin, Historian. Boston, MA: WGBH, American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. Retrieved from