American Archive of Public Broadcasting

The Advocates: Should the Federal Government subsidize political campaigns and limit individual contributions?

The founding fathers devised the presidential electoral process in the United States with the intention of establishing a representative democracy in which citizens cast votes for a slate of electors, rather than having the popular vote determine the election outcome. Presented in the Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, Congress asserted that by

“apportioning, limiting, and confining the Electors within their respective States, and by the guarded manner of giving and transmitting the ballots of the Electors to the Seat of Government, that intrigue, combination, and corruption, would be effectually shut out, and a free and pure election of the President of the United States made perpetual,”4

The founders left the details to future legislatures, however, and likely unaware of the development of partisan politics would come to rule U.S presidential elections. States began holding primaries in the first decade of the 20th century, but it was not until Teddy Roosevelt sought the Republican nomination via primary elections (and lost) in 1912, and the subsequent establishment of the Progressive Party, that the primary system began to develop into its contemporary, yet ever-evolving, form.5

Over the past 60 years, public media stations have developed programming intended to help explain the electoral and primary history and process to their audiences, including discussions on campaign finance reform, states’ debates on primary procedures, and analysis of the media’s role in the election process. The AAPB includes the 1976 Iowa Public Television (IPTV) special See How They Run, examining the press’s relationship to that year’s presidential primary, and The Best Elections Money Can Buy, a 1998 documentary on campaign finance and political reform, presented by WGBY. Public media has also produced content addressing election controversy--with pieces such as WGBH's episode of The Advocates focusing on the question of government subsidies and individual contributions to political campaigns and WILL’s interview with political commentator Steven Hill after the publication of his book Fixing Elections: The Failure of Americas Winner-Take-All Politics.

History

Primaries and Caucuses

Election Procedure and Reform

Media, Commentary and Analysis

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